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The Social Life of Economic Inequalities in Contemporary Latin America: Decades of Change

Authors: ---
Book Series: Approaches to Social Inequality and Difference ISBN: 9783319615356 9783319615363 Year: Pages: 289 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-61536-3 Language: English
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan
Subject: Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2017-11-23 18:54:37
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This edited volume examines how economic processes have worked upon social lives and social realities in Latin America during the past decades. Through tracing the effects of the neoliberal epoch into the era of the so-called pink tide, the book seeks to understand to what extent the turn to the left at the start of the millennium managed to challenge historically constituted configurations of inequality. A central argument in the book is that in spite of economic reforms and social advances on a range of arenas, the fundamental tenants of socio-economic inequalities have not been challenged substantially. As several countries are now experiencing a return to right-wing politics, this collection helps us better understand why inequalities are so entrenched in the Latin American continent, but also the complex and creative ways that it is continuously contested. The book directs itself to students, scholars and anyone interested in Latin America, economic anthropology, political anthropology, left-wing politics, poverty and socio-economic inequalities.

Ineguaglianze economiche. Le certezze e le incertezze (Book chapter)

Book title: Disuguaglianza economica nelle società preindustriali: cause ed effetti / Economic inequality in pre-industrial societies: causes and effect

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Book Series: Datini Studies in Economic History ISBN: 9788855180535 Year: Volume: 1 DOI: 10.36253/978-88-5518-053-5.05
Publisher: Firenze University Press
Subject: Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2020-11-26 11:35:25
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The aim of the opening speech is to present the most discussed issues in relation to inequality in personal distribution of income and wealth. In particular, it first examines the current trends in economic inequality (§ 1-4). Overall, some certainty has been achieved on these trends over the last century. In a second part of this opening speech (§ 5-7), some knowledge we have about pre-modern inequalities is summarized. In this regard, uncertainties are much more numerous than certainties.

Unequal Family Lives

Authors: --- --- ---
ISBN: 9781108235525 9781108415958 Year: Pages: 344 DOI: 10.1017/9781108235525 Language: English
Publisher: Cambridge University Press Grant: H2020 European Research Council - 680958
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2018-09-08 11:01:03
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Across the Americas and Europe, the family has changed and marriage is in retreat. To answer the question of what's driving these changes and how they impact social and economic inequality, progressives have typically focused on the economic causes of changing family structures, whereas conservatives tend to stress cultural and policy roots. In this illuminating book, an international group of scholars revisit these issues, offering competing and contrasting perspectives from left, center, and right, while also adding a third layer of analysis: namely, the role of gender - changes in women's roles, male employment patterns, and gendered family responsibilities - in driving family change across three continents. Unequal Family Lives: Causes and Consequences in Europe and the Americas adds richness and depth to our understanding of the relationship between family and economics in the United States, Europe, and Latin America. This title is also available as Open Access.

Growing Apart: Religious Reflection on the Rise of Economic Inequality

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783038425779 9783038425786 Year: Pages: 192 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03842-578-6 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Social Sciences --- Religion --- Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-24 10:37:32
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Many people are increasingly concerned about economic inequality within their own nations, or between wealthy nations and poor ones. But is today's vast economic inequality best addressed by appeals to ethics, by altering social structures such as taxes and laws, or some combination of the two approaches? This volume brings together leading scholars from across the disciplines who believe today's extreme economic inequality threatens human flourishing and who are determined to address it using their own disciplinary tools. The broadly interdisciplinary volume incorporates contributions from fields as varied as theology, philosophy, economics, education, social work, sociology and law. Our work together illustrates how incorporating a variety of perspectives in a conversation enriches religious and ethical reflection on a significant social ill, and how quantitative and secular fields can help offer practical solutions to contemporary ethical problems.

Justice-based ethics

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ISBN: 9781928396710 Year: Pages: 332 DOI: 10.4102/aosis.2018.BK77 Language: English
Publisher: AOSIS
Subject: Religion --- Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2019-04-05 11:21:03
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The book reflects academically on important and relevant ethical fields from a multidimensional South African context. The book challenges conventional borders from different ethical, theological, philosophical, economic and cultural perspectives with insight and expertise and seeks to add academic-ethical value, locally and globally, with its different points of departure deeply embedded in justice. From a mainly qualitative methodological perspective, this scholarly book demonstrates that ethics requires analytical thinking and critical people who, in an existentially and emancipatory way, can help make the world a more just, decent and humane place in which to live. The authors, who represent different academic and cultural backgrounds, present in their respective chapters their research systematically, intersectionally and constructivistically, based on profound theoretical analysis and reasoning. This epistemology results in an act of knowing that actively gives meaning and order to the reality to which it is responding. By doing this, they point out that people are in an ongoing process of becoming more human – allowing ourselves and our fellow human beings to flourish and to reach fuller potential through justice-based ethical reflection and action.

Achieving Inclusive Growth in the Asia Pacific

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9781760463816 Year: DOI: 10.22459/AIGAP.2020 Language: English
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: Economics --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2020-09-03 00:01:06
License: ANU Press

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The world’s developed economies are experiencing a sharp backlash against globalisation, and it appears to be contagious. Will Asia catch it next? Asia has seen spectacular growth in recent decades. It has benefited substantially from global trade, finance, openness and the rules-based international order. But much of the growth Asia has enjoyed has not been shared. It has not been inclusive growth. Inequality in Asia is among the highest in the world. The richest man in Vietnam now earns more in a single day than the poorest person does in a decade. Asia has far to go in making its societies more inclusive to women, ethnic minorities and the LGBT community. How can Asia reduce inequality? What are the forces that determine whether growth in the Asia Pacific is inclusive or not? And what can be done to make Asia’s growth more inclusive in the future? This book brings together the region’s leading thinkers to explore how to change Asia’s trajectory, before it is too late. The Pacific Trade and Development (PAFTAD) conference series has been at the forefront of analysing challenges facing the economies of East Asia and the Pacific since its first meeting in Tokyo in January 1968.

Economic inequality in the rural Southern Low Countries during the Fifteenth century: sources, data and reflection (Book chapter)

Book title: Disuguaglianza economica nelle società preindustriali: cause ed effetti / Economic inequality in pre-industrial societies: causes and effect

Authors: ---
Book Series: Datini Studies in Economic History ISBN: 9788855180535 Year: Volume: 1 DOI: 10.36253/978-88-5518-053-5.16
Publisher: Firenze University Press
Subject: Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2020-11-26 11:35:25
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This chapter seeks to explore local and regional variation in levels of inequality in different types of rural localities and regions within the late medieval County of Flanders. Our research indicates that fiscal sources for the County of Flanders can produce reliable data on the distribution of income during the late medieval period. The analysis of these data shows that important local and regional differences can be observed in the distribution of rural income. To a large extent, these local variations can be explained by differences in access to local economic resources. Our results, however, also indicate that substantial regional differences in access to rural resources can produce similar income distributions.

Feeding inequalities: the role of economic inequalities and the urban market in late medieval food security. The case of fourteenth-century Ghent (Book chapter)

Book title: Disuguaglianza economica nelle società preindustriali: cause ed effetti / Economic inequality in pre-industrial societies: causes and effect

Authors: ---
Book Series: Datini Studies in Economic History ISBN: 9788855180535 Year: Volume: 1 DOI: 10.36253/978-88-5518-053-5.25
Publisher: Firenze University Press
Subject: Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2020-11-26 11:35:25
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Although the Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO) revised their theoretical model of food security for over two decades ago, historians have been slow in adopting these new insights to study pre-modern societies. Showcasing the potential of the holistic approach proposed by the FAO, this paper analyses the evolution of food security in the calamitous fourteenth century in Ghent, one the most populated cities at that time. In the long-term, access to food seem to have bettered during the second half of the century thanks to increased wages, wealth and investments into farmland. While these gains can partly be linked to demographic evolutions, we found no evidence of an often-hypothesized Malthusian ceiling before the Black Death.

Looking for the islands of equality in a sea of inequality. Why did some societies in pre-industrial Europe have relatively low levels of wealth inequality? (Book chapter)

Book title: Disuguaglianza economica nelle società preindustriali: cause ed effetti / Economic inequality in pre-industrial societies: causes and effect

Author:
Book Series: Datini Studies in Economic History ISBN: 9788855180535 Year: Volume: 1 DOI: 10.36253/978-88-5518-053-5.27
Publisher: Firenze University Press
Subject: Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2020-11-26 11:35:25
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This paper scrutinizes the insights won by recent studies in wealth inequality in pre-industrial Europe. It focuses on the regions and periods where levels of inequality were relatively low, trying to arrive at an inventory of causes of these exceptions. It discusses catastrophic events, colonization and revolution as possible causes, but argues that these only occasionally had a leveling effect, depending on the social and institutional context in which they occurred. Most clearly wealth accumulation was restricted, even by maximums on ownership, where associative organizations held a solid position, and market and state played lesser roles as coordination systems.

Economic inequality in Germany, 1500-1800 (Book chapter)

Book title: Disuguaglianza economica nelle società preindustriali: cause ed effetti / Economic inequality in pre-industrial societies: causes and effect

Author:
Book Series: Datini Studies in Economic History ISBN: 9788855180535 Year: Volume: 1 DOI: 10.36253/978-88-5518-053-5.20
Publisher: Firenze University Press
Subject: Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2020-11-26 11:35:25
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The chapter reviews existing evidence regarding four aspects of economic inequality: relative factor rents, which relate to the factorial distribution of income and also underlie the so-called Williamson index (y/wus), which is correlated with the Gini index of household income; real inequality in terms of opposite movements of the price of consumer baskets consumed by different strata of society; the inequality of pay according to gender and skill, as well as between town and countryside; and wealth inequality, particularly with respect to the access to land. The main result is that, with given technology and agrarian institutions, there is a positive correlation between population and inequality.

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