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Papierherstellung im deutschen Südwesten. Ein neues Gewerbe im späten Mittelalter

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Book Series: Materiale Textkulturen ISSN: 2198-6932 ISBN: 9783110583717 Year: Volume: 18 Pages: 630 DOI: 10.1515/9783110583717 Language: German
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2018-09-11 11:41:35
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This study examines the rise of paper production while looking specifically at southwestern Germany. The first part illuminates technical and historical aspects through a material investigation of paper and the clues it provides concerning the production process. The second part focuses on the founding of paper mills in Basel and other southwestern German cities while giving particular consideration to social and economic history.

Unternehmer - Fakten und Fiktionen. Historisch-biografische Studien

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Book Series: Schriften des Historischen Kollegs ISSN: 2190-1392 ISBN: 9783110443509 Year: Volume: 88 Pages: 392,00 DOI: 10.1515/9783110443509 Language: German
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2019-06-27 13:08:38

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The essays in this volume examine successful entrepreneurs from different industries and time periods. They show that at least in terms of Schumpeter`s model, entrepreneurship must be regarded as an individual quality, for no specific defining characteristic can be found, including social background, that suggests the existence of a specific ´entrepreneurial` type.

Beyond Empire and Nation; The Decolonization of African and Asian societies, 1930s-1960s

Authors: ---
Book Series: Verhandelingen van het Koninklijk Instituut voor Taal-, Land- en Volkenkunde ISBN: 9789067182898 9789004260443 Year: Volume: 244 Pages: vi+291 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_424255 Language: English
Publisher: Brill Grant: Nederlandse Organisatie voor Wetenschappelijk Onderzoek
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2012-08-19 16:57:33
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The decolonization of countries in Asia and Africa is one of the momentous events in the twentieth century. But did the shift to independence indeed affect the lives of the people in such a dramatic way as the political events suggest? The authors in this volume look beyond the political interpretations of decolonization and address the issue of social and economic reorientations which were necessitated or caused by the end of colonial rule. The book covers three major issues: public security; the changes in the urban environment, and the reorientation of the economies. Most articles search for comparisons transcending the colonial and national borders and adopt a time frame extending from the late colonial period to the early decades of independence in Asia and Africa (1930s-1970s). The volume is part of the research programme ‘Indonesia across Orders’ of the Netherlands Institute for War Documentation.&#xD;Contributors to the volume are: Greg Bankoff, Raymond Betts, Ann Booth, Cathérine Coquéry-Vidrovitch, Freek Colombijn, Frederick Cooper, Bill Freund, Karl Hack, Jim Masselos and Willem Wolters.

Public Debt, Inequality, and Power: The Making of a Modern Debt State

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ISBN: 9780520284661 9780520960428 Year: Pages: 174 DOI: 10.1525/luminos.14 Language: English
Publisher: University of California Press
Subject: Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2016-06-29 11:01:14
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Who are the dominant owners of US public debt? Is it widely held, or concentrated in the hands of a few? Does ownership of public debt give these bondholders power over our government? What do we make of the fact that foreign-owned debt has ballooned to nearly 50 percent today? Until now, we have not had any satisfactory answers to these questions. Public Debt, Inequality, and Power is the first comprehensive historical analysis of public debt ownership in the United States. It reveals that ownership of federal bonds has been increasingly concentrated in the hands of the 1 percent over the past three decades. Based on extensive and original research, Public Debt, Inequality, and Power will shock and enlighten.

Painting and Publishing as Cultural Industries

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Book Series: Amsterdam Studies in the Golden Age ISBN: 9789089647023 Year: Pages: 352 DOI: 10.5117/9789089647023 Language: English
Publisher: Amsterdam University Press
Subject: History of arts
Added to DOAB on : 2016-11-09 11:01:17
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The Dutch Republic was a cultural powerhouse in the modern era, producing lasting masterpieces in painting and publishing-and in the process transforming those fields from modest trades to booming industries. This book asks the question of how such a small nation could become such a major player in those fields. Claartje Rasterhoff shows how industrial organisations played a role in shaping patterns of growth and innovations. As early modern Dutch cultural industries were concentrated geographically, highly networked, and institutionally embedded, they were able to reduce uncertainty in the marketplace and stimulate the commercial and creative potential of painters and publishers-though those successes eventually came up against the limits of a saturated domestic market and an aversion to risk on the part of producers that ultimately brought an end to the boom.

Der Kapitalismus entdeckt das Volk. Wie die deutschen Großbanken in den 1950er und 1960er Jahren zu ihrer privaten Kundschaft kamen

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Book Series: Schriftenreihe der Vierteljahrshefte für Zeitgeschichte ISSN: 0506-9408 ISBN: 9783110345254 Year: Volume: 108 Pages: 248 DOI: 10.1524/9783110345254 Language: German
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2018-11-14 18:42:56

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For a long time, big banks had little interest in having workers or employees as their customers. Only in the aftermath of the German Economic Miracle did Deutsche Bank, Dresdner Bank, and Commerzbank begin wooing the common people and their savings with new financial products. But were the big banks the real driving forces behind this change or were the banks being impelled by the dawn of a new dynamic epoch?

Transformations of Trade Unionism

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Book Series: Work around the Globe : Historical Comparisons ISBN: 9789463724715 9789048544486 Year: Pages: 312 DOI: 10.5117/9789463724715 Language: English
Publisher: Amsterdam University Press
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-17 11:41:37
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The historical experiences of workers organizing in Europe and the United States figure among the many forms of workers’ resistance resulting from the variety of labour relations in the global past. They cannot and will not be uniformly duplicated or copied from their present form in the global transformations of labour and workers’ movements that we are witnessing today. Nevertheless, in the twentieth century trade unionism as a form of collective agency among workers became a global phenomenon. With growing numbers of workers being exposed to wage labour and labour markets, the cases of workers organizing in the original heartlands of trade unionism in Europe and the United States can provide a historical background for future prospects and transformations. Based on comparisons of long-term developments and focusing on transnational connections, Transformations of Trade Unionism shows that historically there have been many varieties of trade unionism, emerging independently or transforming older ones, and that these varieties and transformations can be explained by specific and changing labour regimes. The case studies all start from Dutch examples, or incorporate a Dutch element, but the comparative and transnational approach connects these histories to general developments in Europe and United States from the eighteenth to the twenty-first century.

Culture and Money in the Nineteenth Century

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9780821421963 9780821445471 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Ohio University Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 102793
Added to DOAB on : 2019-04-11 11:21:07
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Since the 1980s, scholars have made the case for examining 19th-century culture, particularly literary output, through the lens of economics. Bivona and Tromp have collected contributions that push New Economic Criticism in new directions.Spanning the Americas, India, England, and Scotland, this volume adopts a global view of the cultural effects of economics and exchange. Contributors use the concept of abstraction to show how economic thought and concerns around money permeated all aspects of 19th-century culture, from the language of wills to arguments around the social purpose of art.The characteristics of investment and speculation; the symbolic and practical meanings of paper money to the Victorians; the shifting value of goods, services, and ideas; the evolving legal conceptualizations of artistic ownership are all essential to understanding nineteenth-century culture in Britain and beyond.

Agency and Causal Explanation in Economics

Authors: ---
Book Series: Virtues and Economics ISBN: 9783030261146 Year: Pages: 171 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-26114-6 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Economics --- Ethnology --- Sociology --- Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-04 11:21:04
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This open access book provides an exploration of the consequences of the ontological differences between natural and social objects (sometimes described as objects of nature and objects of thought) in the workings of causal and agency relationships. One of its important and possibly original conclusions is that causal and agency relationships do not encompass all of the dependent relationships encountered in social life. The idea that social reality is contingent has been known (and largely undisputed) at least since Wittgenstein’s “On Certainty”, but social science, and most notably economics has continued to operate on the basis of causal and agency theories borrowed or adapted from the natural sciences. This volume contains essays that retain and justify the partial or qualified use of this approach and essays that totally reject any use of causal and agency theory built on determined facts (closed systems).The rejection is based on the possibly original claim that, whereas causation in the objects of the natural sciences reside in their properties, human action is a matter of intentionality. It engages with critical realist theory and re-examines the role of free will in theories of human action in general and economic theory in particular.

Modelling our Changing World

Authors: ---
Book Series: Palgrave Texts in Econometrics ISBN: 9783030214326 Year: Pages: 128 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-21432-6 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Economics --- Environmental Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-04 11:21:07
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This open access book focuses on the concepts, tools and techniques needed to successfully model ever-changing time-series data. It emphasizes the need for general models to account for the complexities of the modern world and how these can be applied to a range of issues facing Earth, from modelling volcanic eruptions, carbon dioxide emissions and global temperatures, to modelling unemployment rates, wage inflation and population growth. Except where otherwise noted, this book is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. To view a copy of this licence, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0.

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