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Looking for the islands of equality in a sea of inequality. Why did some societies in pre-industrial Europe have relatively low levels of wealth inequality? (Book chapter)

Book title: Disuguaglianza economica nelle società preindustriali: cause ed effetti / Economic inequality in pre-industrial societies: causes and effect

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Book Series: Datini Studies in Economic History ISBN: 9788855180535 Year: Volume: 1 DOI: 10.36253/978-88-5518-053-5.27
Publisher: Firenze University Press
Subject: Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2020-11-26 11:35:25
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This paper scrutinizes the insights won by recent studies in wealth inequality in pre-industrial Europe. It focuses on the regions and periods where levels of inequality were relatively low, trying to arrive at an inventory of causes of these exceptions. It discusses catastrophic events, colonization and revolution as possible causes, but argues that these only occasionally had a leveling effect, depending on the social and institutional context in which they occurred. Most clearly wealth accumulation was restricted, even by maximums on ownership, where associative organizations held a solid position, and market and state played lesser roles as coordination systems.

Steuern, Transfers und private Haushalte

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Book Series: Finanzwissenschaftliche Schriften ISBN: 9783631752340 Year: Pages: 275 DOI: 10.3726/b13793 Language: German
Publisher: Peter Lang International Academic Publishing Group
Subject: Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2020-10-03 00:15:48
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The Fish Lands. German trade with Iceland, Shetland and the Faroe Islands in the late 15th and 16th Century

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ISBN: 9783110655575 Year: Pages: 655 DOI: 10.1515/9783110655575 Language: English
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2020-11-12 19:29:15
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The late medieval German trade with the North Atlantic islands, in the margins of the Hanseatic trade network, has received only limited scholarly attention. Merchants from predominantly Hamburg and Bremen established direct trade relations with these islands in the late 15th century, and managed to control the international trade with Iceland, the Faroes and Shetland for much of the 16th century. However, the Hanseatic commercial infrastructure was absent in the North Atlantic, which forced these merchants to develop new trade strategies. Besides a critical re-evaluation of the economic and political conditions, this volume offers a comprehensive study of the organisation of the trade and the methods used to establish and maintain networks between islanders and German merchants. Moreover, it analyses the role and socio-economic position of the communities of merchants with the North Atlantic in their home towns. The book shows that the North Atlantic trade was anything but insignificant. It was a dynamic and integral part of the trade network of the northern German cities, and its study is highly relevant for the economic history of Northern Europe.

Movimento portuale, reti marittime e diversit&agrave; dei mercati a Valenza nel XV secolo (Book chapter)

Book title: Reti marittime come fattori dell’integrazione europea / Maritime Networks as a Factor in European Integration

Author:
Book Series: Atti delle «Settimane di Studi» e altri Convegni ISSN: 27045668 ISBN: 9788864538570 Year: Volume: 50 DOI: 10.36253/978-88-6453-857-0.05
Publisher: Firenze University Press
Subject: Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2020-11-26 11:35:25
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An analysis of Valencia’s fifteenth-century port activity functional to the study of the city’s diverse maritime networks and markets based on first-hand archive research mainly focusing on the second half of the fifteenth century. The text also takes into account an assortment of further late-fourteenth to early-sixteenth century data collected and analysed by other authors.

Papierherstellung im deutschen Südwesten. Ein neues Gewerbe im späten Mittelalter

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Book Series: Materiale Textkulturen ISSN: 2198-6932 ISBN: 9783110583717 Year: Volume: 18 Pages: 630 DOI: 10.1515/9783110583717 Language: German
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2018-09-11 11:41:35
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This study examines the rise of paper production while looking specifically at southwestern Germany. The first part illuminates technical and historical aspects through a material investigation of paper and the clues it provides concerning the production process. The second part focuses on the founding of paper mills in Basel and other southwestern German cities while giving particular consideration to social and economic history.

Unternehmer - Fakten und Fiktionen. Historisch-biografische Studien

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Book Series: Schriften des Historischen Kollegs ISSN: 21901392 ISBN: 9783110443509 Year: Volume: 88 Pages: 392 DOI: 10.1515/9783110443509 Language: German
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2019-06-27 13:08:38

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The essays in this volume examine successful entrepreneurs from different industries and time periods. They show that at least in terms of Schumpeter`s model, entrepreneurship must be regarded as an individual quality, for no specific defining characteristic can be found, including social background, that suggests the existence of a specific ´entrepreneurial` type.

L’électricité et les pouvoirs locaux en France (1880–1980)

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Book Series: Histoire de l’énergie/History of Energy ISBN: 9782807605732 Year: Pages: 450 DOI: 10.3726/b13060 Language: French
Publisher: Peter Lang International Academic Publishing Group
Subject: History --- Political Science --- Agriculture (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2020-10-03 00:09:22
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Tracking Venice’s Maritime Traffic in the First Age of Globalization: A Geospatial Analysis (Book chapter)

Book title: Reti marittime come fattori dell’integrazione europea / Maritime Networks as a Factor in European Integration

Authors: ---
Book Series: Atti delle «Settimane di Studi» e altri Convegni ISSN: 27045668 ISBN: 9788864538570 Year: Volume: 50 DOI: 10.36253/978-88-6453-857-0.08
Publisher: Firenze University Press
Subject: Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2020-11-26 11:35:25
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The present collaborative work in progress is an empirical attempt verifying the interplay between political change, fleet nationality, and the evolution of shipping networks. On the basis of historical data on ship positions retracted from archival sources, we create GIS-based online maps to conduct a geospatial analysis of the traffic intensity and movement patterns along the regional and inter-regional sea routes that connected the Venetian port system with the Mediterranean ports, with special attention to the Eastern Mediterranean. In this sense, the platform “simulates” modern real-time technologies used to visualise shipping trends per vessel types.

England’s Maritime and Commercial Networks in the Late Middle Ages (Book chapter)

Book title: Reti marittime come fattori dell’integrazione europea / Maritime Networks as a Factor in European Integration

Author:
Book Series: Atti delle «Settimane di Studi» e altri Convegni ISSN: 27045668 ISBN: 9788864538570 Year: Volume: 50 DOI: 10.36253/978-88-6453-857-0.06
Publisher: Firenze University Press
Subject: Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2020-11-26 11:35:25
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This paper, basing its analysis on England’s national customs accounts between the thirteenth and fifteenth centuries, briefly examines England’s ports as commercial nodes (of which London was the busiest, with Hull, Southampton and Bristol becoming the main regional hubs by the fifteenth century), its shipping (which provided both liner and tramping services and sailed all year round), and its exports (which shifted from wool to woollen cloth over the period). It then focuses on the range of markets with which English merchants and ships had direct maritime contacts.

Funduq, Fondaco, Feitoria. The Portuguese Contribution to the Globalisation of an Institution of Overseas Trade (Book chapter)

Book title: Reti marittime come fattori dell’integrazione europea / Maritime Networks as a Factor in European Integration

Author:
Book Series: Atti delle «Settimane di Studi» e altri Convegni ISSN: 27045668 ISBN: 9788864538570 Year: Volume: 50 DOI: 10.36253/978-88-6453-857-0.11
Publisher: Firenze University Press
Subject: Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2020-11-26 11:35:25
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A particular kind of institutions contributed importantly to the organisation of overseas trade: funduqs and fondacos which originated around the medieval Mediterranean. This article aims to contribute to the debate on these institutions. This will be done by looking at the Portuguese feitoria, which may be considered as the missing link between the medieval Mediterranean institutions known as funduqs and fondacos and the early modern factories overseas. This allows to shed new light on relations and entanglements between different seascapes and thus to contribute to the fields of new institutional economics and global history.

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