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Multitasking: Executive Functioning in Dual-Task and Task Switching Situations

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Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889454532 Year: Pages: 196 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88945-453-2 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Science (General) --- Psychology
Added to DOAB on : 2018-11-16 17:17:57
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Abstract

Multitasking refers to performance of multiple tasks. The most prominent types of multitasking are situations including either temporal overlap of the execution of multiple tasks (i.e., dual tasking) or executing multiple tasks in varying sequences (i.e., task switching). In the literature, numerous attempts have aimed at theorizing about the specific characteristics of executive functions that control interference between simultaneously and/or sequentially active component of task-sets in these situations. However, these approaches have been rather vague regarding explanatory concepts (e.g., task-set inhibition, preparation, shielding, capacity limitation), widely lacking theories on detailed mechanisms and/ or empirical evidence for specific subcomponents. The present research topic aims at providing a selection of contributions on the details of executive functioning in dual-task and task switching situations. The contributions specify these executive functions by focusing on (1) fractionating assumed mechanisms into constituent subcomponents, (2) their variations by age or in clinical subpopulations, and/ or (3) their plasticity as a response to practice and training.

Entropy Measures for Data Analysis: Theory, Algorithms and Applications

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ISBN: 9783039280322 9783039280339 Year: Pages: 260 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03928-033-9 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General) --- General and Civil Engineering --- Environmental Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2020-01-07 09:21:22
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Entropies and entropy-like quantities play an increasing role in modern non-linear data analysis. Fields that benefit from this application range from biosignal analysis to econophysics and engineering. This issue is a collection of papers touching on different aspects of entropy measures in data analysis, as well as theoretical and computational analyses. The relevant topics include the difficulty to achieve adequate application of entropy measures and the acceptable parameter choices for those entropy measures, entropy-based coupling, and similarity analysis, along with the utilization of entropy measures as features in automatic learning and classification. Various real data applications are given.

Keywords

experiment of design --- empirical mode decomposition --- signal analysis --- similarity indices --- synchronization analysis --- auditory attention --- entropy measure --- linear discriminant analysis (LDA) --- support vector machine (SVM) --- auditory attention classifier --- electroencephalography (EEG) --- vague entropy --- distance induced vague entropy --- distance --- complex fuzzy set --- complex vague soft set --- entropy, entropy visualization --- entropy balance equation --- Shannon-type relations --- multivariate analysis --- machine learning evaluation --- data transformation --- sample entropy --- treadmill walking --- center of pressure displacement --- dual-tasking --- analog circuit --- fault diagnosis --- cross wavelet transform --- Tsallis entropy --- parametric t-distributed stochastic neighbor embedding --- support vector machine --- information transfer --- Chinese stock sectors --- effective transfer entropy --- market crash --- system coupling --- cross-visibility graphs --- image entropy --- geodesic distance --- Dempster-Shafer evidence theory --- uncertainty of basic probability assignment --- belief entropy --- plausibility transformation --- weighted Hartley entropy --- Shannon entropy --- learning --- information --- novelty detection --- non-probabilistic entropy --- learning systems --- permutation entropy --- embedded dimension --- short time records --- signal classification --- relevance analysis --- global optimization --- meta-heuristic --- firefly algorithm --- cross-entropy method --- co-evolution --- symbolic analysis --- ordinal patterns --- Permutation entropy --- conditional entropy of ordinal patterns --- Kolmogorov-Sinai entropy --- algorithmic complexity --- information entropy --- particle size distribution --- selfsimilar measure --- simulation --- data analysis --- entropy --- entropy measures --- automatic learning

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