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Towards Elimination of Dog Mediated Human Rabies

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Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889452996 Year: Pages: 148 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88945-299-6 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Medicine (General) --- Public Health --- Animal Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2018-02-27 16:16:44
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Rabies is an ancient zoonotic viral disease that still exerts a high impact on human and animal health. The disease is almost 100% fatal after clinical signs appear, and it kills tens of thousands of people per year worldwide, particularly in Africa and many parts of Asia. Although the disease in humans can be prevented by timely post-exposure prophylaxis, its access and affordability is limited in rabies endemic countries. With 99% of infections in humans caused by rabid domestic dog bites, controlling the infection in this reservoir population has been proven to be most effective to reduce and eliminate human rabies cases. In this context, this Research Topic invited contributions on the control and elimination of dog mediated human rabies. Publications on epidemiological, educational, policy-related and economic aspects of dog and human rabies surveillance, implementation of control in dogs and humans and scientific documentation of success stories were consolidated. We hope that these articles contribute to reaching the ambitious goal, set by key players in global health, of the elimination of dog mediated human rabies by 2030.

Children and Companion Animals: Psychosocial, Medical, and Neurobiological Implications

Authors: --- --- ---
Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889455591 Year: Pages: 90 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88945-559-1 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Medicine (General) --- Animal Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-23 14:53:42
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Children and companion animals seem to have a natural affinity towards each other. Most children desire a relationship with their own companion animals or at least demonstrate an interest to interact with animals in general. Living with companion animals or interacting with animals may have psychosocial, neurobiological, or medically relevant effects on typically developing children and juveniles as well as those with diverse and special needs.


In this eBook, we present several articles addressing the relationships between children/juveniles and animals in different countries, including Austria, Germany, Jamaica, Japan, the United Kingdom and the United States. Three articles discuss approaches in animal-assisted education, including animal keeping and animal assisted interventions in schools, and an experimental study investigating immediate effects of dogs on reading competence and accompanying stress reactions with cortisol and behavior. Other articles address topics involving children and their companion animals, including dog-walking by children and juveniles, risks of dog bites by the family dog, selection of pet dogs for families with a child with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and the relationships that children with ASD have with their family cats.


The interactions between children/juveniles and animals addressed in this eBook provide new insights into some scarcely investigated themes, and underline the significance of animals in children's lives.

We Are Best Friends: Animals in Society

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ISBN: 9783039215362 9783039215379 Year: Pages: 162 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-537-9 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Social Sciences --- Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-09 16:10:12
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Friendships between humans and non-human animals were once dismissed as sentimental anthropomorphism. After decades of research on the emotional and cognitive capacities of animals, we now recognize human–animal friendships as true reciprocal relationships. Friendships with animals have many of the same characteristics as friendships between humans. Both parties enjoy the shared presence that friendship entails along with the pleasures that come with knowing another being. Both friends develop ways of communicating apart from, or in addition to, spoken language. Having an animal as a best friend can take the form of relationship known as the “pet”, but it can also take other forms. People who work with animals often characterize their non-human partners as friends. People who work with search-and-rescue dogs, herding dogs, or police dogs develop and depend on the closeness of friendship. The same holds for equestrians, as horses and riders must understand each other’s bodies and movements intimately. In some situations, animals provide the sole source of affection and interaction in people’s lives. Homeless people who live on the streets with animal companions experience togetherness 24/7. This book explores the various forms these friendships take. It sheds light on what these friendships mean and how they expand the interdisciplinary knowledge of the roles of animals in society.

Left Versus Right Asymmetries of Brain and Behaviour

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ISBN: 9783039216925 9783039216932 Year: Pages: 118 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-693-2 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Psychology
Added to DOAB on : 2020-01-07 09:08:26
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This book is a collection of papers written by leaders in the field of lateralized brain function and behaviour in non-human animals. The papers cover the asymmetry of brain mechanisms and behaviour in a wide range of both vertebrate and invertebrate species. Each paper focuses on one of the following topics: the link between population-level lateralization and social behaviour; the processes in the avian brain that permit one brain hemisphere to take control of behaviour; lateralized attention to predators and the common pattern of lateralization in vertebrate species; visual and auditory lateralization; influences that alter the development of lateralization—specifically, the effect of temperature on the development of lateralization in sharks; and the importance of understanding lateralization when considering both the training and welfare of dogs. Collectively, these studies address questions of why different species have asymmetry of brain and behaviour, how it develops, and how this is dealt with by these different species. The papers report on the lateralization of different types of behaviour, each going beyond merely reporting the presence of asymmetry and shedding light on its function and on the mechanisms involved in its expression.

Soft and Hard Tissue Regeneration

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ISBN: 9783039283040 9783039283057 Year: Pages: 86 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03928-305-7 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Medicine (General) --- Dentistry
Added to DOAB on : 2020-04-07 23:07:09
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This special issue entitled “Soft and hard tissue regeneration” will cover both periodontal and implant therapies. Regenerative periodontal treatment goal is to restore functional periodontal support offering a valuable treatment alternative even for teeth with large periodontal destruction, which may be successfully treated and maintained in health for long periods. In most cases where teeth are extracted for periodontal reasons, implant therapy will demand large bone augmentation procedures. Lack of sufficient bone volume may prevent placement of dental implants. In extreme cases, large bone reconstruction is indispensable before implant placement can be performed. Although, most bone grafts are only able to fill and maintain a space, where bone regeneration can occur (“osseoconductive”), the ideal bone graft will also promote osseous regeneration (“osseoinductive”). Several bone augmentation procedures have been described, each, presenting advantages and shortcomings. Success of bone augmentation procedures depends on the presence of bone forming cells, primary wound closure over the augmented area, space creation and maintenance where bone can grow and proper angiogenesis of the grafted area. Factors that influence the choice of the surgical technique are the estimated duration of surgical procedure, its complexity, cost, total estimated length of procedure until the final rehabilitations may be installed and the surgeons’ experience. This special issue will have a definite clinical orientation, and be entirely dedicated to soft and hard tissue regenerative treatment alternatives, both in periodontal and implant therapy, discussing their rationale, indications and clinical procedures. Internationally renowned leading researchers and clinicians will contribute with articles in their field of expertize.

Zoonotic Diseases and One Health

Authors: --- --- ---
ISBN: 9783039280100 / 9783039280117 Year: Pages: 182 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03928-011-7 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Social Sciences --- Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2020-06-09 16:38:57
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Humans are part of an ecosystem, and understanding our relationship with the environment and with other organisms is a prerequisite to living together sustainably. Zoonotic diseases, which are spread between animals and humans, are an important issue as they reflect our relationship with other animals in a common environment. Zoonoses are still presented with high occurrence rates, especially in rural communities, with direct and indirect consequences for people. In several cases, zoonosis could cause severe clinical manifestations and is difficult to control and treat. Moreover, the persistent use of drugs for infection control enhances the potential of drug resistance and impacts on ecosystem balance and food production. This book demonstrates the importance of understanding zoonosis in terms of how it allows ecosystems to transform, adapt, and evolve. Ecohealth/One Health approaches recognize the interconnections among people, other organisms, and their shared developing environment. Moreover, these holistic approaches encourage stakeholders of various disciplines to collaborate in order to solve problems related to zoonosis. The reality of climate change necessitates considering new variables in studying diseases, particularly to predict how these changes in the ecosystems can affect human health and how to recognize the boundaries between medicine, veterinary care, and environmental and social changes towards healthy and sustainable development.

Pheochromocytoma (PHEO) and Paraganglioma (PGL)

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ISBN: 9783039216543 9783039216550 Year: Pages: 380 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-655-0 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Medicine (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-09 11:49:16
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This book outlines some new advances in genetics, clinical evaluation, localization, therapy (newly including immunotherapy) of pheochromocytoma and paraganglioma including their metastatic counterparts. Well-known and experienced clinicians and scientists contributed to this book to include some novel approaches to these tumors. This book will serve to various health care professionals from different subspecialties, but mainly oncologists, endocrinologists, endocrine surgeons, pediatricians, and radiologists. This book shows that the field of pheochromocytoma/paraganglioma is evolving and a significant progress has been made in last 5 years requiring that health care professionals and scientists will learns new information and implement it in their clinical practice or scientific work, respectively. This book should not be missed by anybody who is focusing on neuroendocrine tumors, their newest evaluation and treatment.

Keywords

pheochromocytoma --- paraganglioma --- adrenocortical carcinoma --- adrenal tumor --- pan-cancer analysis --- neural crest --- neuroendocrine --- paraganglioma --- head and neck --- radiotherapy --- 18F-FDOPA --- PET --- GTV --- SDHB --- SDHD --- mortality --- paraganglioma --- pheochromocytoma --- radiofrequency ablation --- cryoablation --- percutaneous ethanol injection --- neuroendocrine tumor --- minimally invasive procedure --- percutaneous ablation --- PASS --- GAPP --- histology --- meta-analysis --- paraganglioma --- pheochromocytoma --- carotid body --- angiogenesis --- mitochondria --- neural crest --- neurogenesis --- paraganglioma --- stem-like tumor cells --- vasculogenesis --- xenograft --- pheochromocytoma --- catecholamine --- global longitudinal strain --- speckle-tracking echocardiography --- subclinical systolic dysfunction --- pheochromocytoma --- paraganglioma --- neuroendocrine tumor --- targeted therapy --- therapy resistance --- FGF21 --- pheochromocytoma --- paraganglioma --- diabetes mellitus --- obesity --- energy metabolism --- calorimetry --- chromogranin A --- metanephrines --- pheochromocytoma --- paraganglioma --- hypoxia --- pseudohypoxia --- spheroids --- HIF --- EPAS1 --- catecholamine --- pheochromocytoma and paraganglioma --- phosphorylation tyrosine hydroxylase --- dog --- pheochromocytoma --- paraganglioma --- SDHB --- SDHD --- mutation --- chromosomal alteration --- comparative genomics --- pheochromocytoma --- paraganglioma --- metastatic --- immunotherapy --- innate immunity --- adaptive immunity --- toll-like receptor --- pathogen-associated molecular patterns --- neutrophil --- T cell --- pheochromocytoma --- paraganglioma --- hypertension --- blood pressure variability --- average real variability --- weighted standard deviation --- paraganglioma --- somatostatinoma --- polycythemia --- EPAS1 --- transgenic mice --- erythropoietin --- pheochromocytoma --- paraganglioma --- TCA cycle --- germline mutation --- metastatic OR malignant pheochromocytoma --- paraganglioma --- ectopic secretion --- lL-6 --- normetanephrines --- VHL --- NF1 --- EPAS1 --- hypoxia-inducible factor --- inflammation --- radiosensitization --- succinate dehydrogenase --- mouse pheochromocytoma cells --- immunohistochemistry --- fluorescence imaging --- pheochromocytoma --- paraganglioma --- next-generation sequencing --- sporadic --- hereditary --- CNV detection --- pheochromocytoma --- paraganglioma --- PET-CT --- 11C-hydroxy-ephedrine --- adrenal incidentaloma --- pheochromocytoma --- paraganglioma --- 177Lu-DOTATATE --- peptide receptor radiotherapy --- PRRT --- neuroendocrine tumor --- NET --- PCC --- PGL --- postoperative --- pheochromocytoma --- hypertension --- hypotension --- arrhythmia --- PPGL --- catecholamines --- adrenomedullary function --- n/a

Blood-Derived Products for Tissue Repair/Regeneration

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783039218608 9783039218615 Year: Pages: 178 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-861-5 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Medicine (General) --- Therapeutics
Added to DOAB on : 2020-01-07 09:08:26
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This Special Issue on “Blood-Derived Products for Tissue Repair and Regeneration” reveals the evolution and diversity of platelet rich plasma (PRP) technologies, which includes experimental research on novel formulations, the creation of combination therapies, and the exploration of potential modifiers of PRPs, as well as efficacy of PRP therapies in clinical veterinary and human applications. Scientist and clinicians are now starting to develop different treatments based on their reinterpretation of the traditional roles of platelets and plasma, and the current Issue has provided a forum for sharing research and ways of understanding the associated medicinal benefits from different points of view. The research interest in this area has covered different medical disciplines, such as ophthalmology, dentistry, orthopedics, and sports medicine.

Keywords

platelets --- burns --- growth factors --- platelet rich plasma --- quantification --- articular cartilage --- cartilage repair --- redifferentiation --- collagen hydrogels --- biologics --- hyperacute serum --- platelet-rich plasma --- fibrosis --- myoblasts --- myofibroblasts --- myogenesis --- Platelet-Rich Plasma (PRP) --- Platelet-Poor Plasma (PPP) --- satellite cells --- skeletal muscle regeneration --- stem cell niche --- regenerative medicine --- hyperacute serum --- platelet-rich plasma --- blood derived products --- composition --- meniscus --- meniscus repair --- meniscus tear --- trephination --- platelet-rich plasma --- PRP --- chronic meniscal lesion --- horizontal meniscal tear --- periosteal sheet --- platelet-rich fibrin --- growth --- differentiation --- bone grafting material --- PRGF --- Carprofen --- dog --- fracture --- bone healing --- wrist osteoarthritis --- microfat --- platelet-rich plasma --- cell therapy --- adipose tissue --- PRP --- knee arthrosis --- growth factors --- autologous platelet concentrates --- bone defects --- bone grafting --- bone regeneration --- furcation defects --- periodontal defects --- periodontal regeneration --- periodontal surgery --- platelet-rich plasma --- platelet-rich fibrin --- plasma rich in growth factors --- tissue healing --- corneal epithelial defect --- cornea regeneration --- serum eye drops --- plasma rich plasma (PRP) --- serum derived from plasma rich in growth factors (s-PRGF) --- hyaluronic acid (NaHA) --- wound healing --- bone regeneration --- bone repair --- fibrin sealant --- biomaterial --- photobiomodulation therapy --- low-level laser therapy --- n/a

Biomaterials and Implant Biocompatibility

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ISBN: 9783039282166 9783039282173 Year: Pages: 420 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03928-217-3 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Physics (General) --- Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2020-04-07 23:07:09
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The scientific advances in life sciences and engineering are constantly challenging, expanding, and redefining concepts related to the biocompatibility and safety of medical devices. New biomaterials, new products, and new testing regimes are being introduced to

Keywords

carbonate apatite --- hydroxyapatite --- ?-tricalcium phosphate --- artificial bone substitute --- crystallite size --- dissolution rate --- hybrid dog --- bone levels --- dental implants --- neck design --- soft tissue dimensions --- peri-implantitis --- biofilm --- dental implants --- in vitro model --- MSN --- biopolymer --- drug delivery system --- in vitro kinetic studies --- articular cartilage defect --- bioplolymers --- C-reactive protein --- haptoglobin --- in vivo testing --- serum amyloid A --- serum protein fractions --- sheep --- contact lens --- materials --- biomedical implant --- smart dentin grinder --- autogenous particulate dentin graft --- tooth graft --- ground teeth --- human teeth --- bone grafts --- autologous graft --- dolomitic marble --- seashell --- CaCO3 derived-calcium phosphates --- modulated synthesis set-up --- SEM --- image analysis --- pre-osteoblasts --- titanium implants --- dental implants --- antibacterial coating --- gentamicin --- silver --- zinc --- cytotoxicity --- MC3T3-E1 --- Staphylococcus aureus --- plasma chemical oxidation --- bone infection --- local drug delivery --- bone graft --- demineralized bone matrix --- gentamicin --- regeneration --- colon cancer cells --- copper ions --- hydrogel sphere --- sodium alginate --- polyethyleneimine --- surface modification --- biocompatible metals --- coating techniques --- hydroxyapatite --- real-time live-cell imaging technology --- in vitro study --- biocompatibility --- 3D printing --- flow cytometry --- adipogenic mesenchymal stem cells --- porous SHS TiNi --- biocompatibility --- rheological similarity --- corrosion resistance --- bone substitution --- superparamagnetic scaffold --- composite --- laser direct writing --- static magnetic field --- extracellular matrix mineralization --- bone tissue engineering --- three-dimensional co-culture --- osteoblast --- endothelial cell --- microfiber scaffold --- osteogenesis --- angiogenesis --- tissue engineering --- diamond nanoparticles --- fish gelatin --- adipose-derived stem cells --- biocompatibility --- spaced TiO2 nanotubes --- osteoblast --- cell adhesion and morphology --- cell proliferation --- osteogenic differentiation --- protein–polymer matrices --- nanowelding --- single-walled carbon nanotubes --- point defects --- absorption --- laser radiation --- cell membrane --- mesenchymal stem cells --- osteogenic differentiation --- lactoferrin --- polymer composite --- bioceramics --- in vitro testing --- hydroxyapatite --- angiogenesis --- osteogenesis --- signaling pathways --- microRNA --- bioceramics --- bioactive glass --- hydroxyapatite --- root canal sealer --- bioactive glass --- mechanism --- caries --- review

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