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Cross-Border Dissemination of Online Content

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Book Series: Schriftenreihe Medienforschung der Landesanstalt für Medien NRW ISBN: 9783748906438 Year: Volume: 81 Pages: 324 DOI: https://doi.org/10.5771/9783748906438 Language: English
Publisher: Nomos Verlagsgesellschaft mbH & Co. KG
Subject: Law
Added to DOAB on : 2020-03-16 09:26:47
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Can the rules of the European Union’s E-Commerce Directive, which date back to the year 2000, continue to be valid with regard to the dissemination of content in view of the constantly evolving online environment and the changing role of platforms as a result of new business models?The relevant legal foundations in this respect at EU and national level are complex, and their interplay is often unclear. The resulting uncertainty about who is responsible and therefore liable for certain content requires a critical review of the current legal framework.This study, conducted by the Institute of European Media Law (EMR) on behalf of the State Media Authority NRW, analyses the current legal framework and reveals ways of enforcing the applicable provisions concerning illegal content. It pays special attention to the need for reform of the E-Commerce Directive in light of the changing role of platforms.Können die Regelungen der bereits im Jahr 2000 verabschiedeten europäischen E-Commerce-Richtlinie angesichts der sich stetig weiterentwickelnden Online-Welt und der auf neuen Geschäftsmodellen beruhenden veränderten Rolle von Plattformen bei der Inhalteverbreitung fortbestehen?Die einschlägigen Rechtsgrundlagen auf EU- und nationaler Ebene sind vielschichtig und das Zusammenspiel oftmals unklar. Die daraus resultierende Unsicherheit darüber, wer für einen Inhalt verantwortlich und daher haftbar ist, erfordert die Überprüfung des geltenden Rechtsrahmens.Die vom Institut für Europäisches Medienrecht (EMR) im Auftrag der Landesanstalt für Medien NRW erstellte Studie analysiert den aktuellen Rechtsrahmen und zeigt rechtliche Gestaltungsmöglichkeiten der Rechtsdurchsetzung bei als rechtswidrig einzustufenden Inhalten auf. Besonderes Augenmerk wird dabei auf den Reformbedarf der E-Commerce-Richtlinie vor dem Hintergrund der sich wandelnden Rolle von Plattformen gelegt.

Les métamorphoses de la marque

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ISBN: 9782379280139 DOI: 10.4000/books.putc.2588 Language: French
Publisher: Presses de l’Université Toulouse 1 Capitole
Subject: Law
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-06 13:15:51
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

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La marque, signe distinctif traditionnel, est en pleine mutation. Identifiant des produits et services de l'entreprise, elle est aussi un instrument de conquête du marché. La marque fait vendre le produit ; elle fait désirer le service. Elle est un condensé de l'image de l'entreprise et reflète sa réputation de sérieux, de fiabilité, de compatibilité avec le développement durable, son aura de luxe,... La prise en compte par le droit de cette puissance de la marque, jusque là principalement exploitée par le marketing et la publicité, ouvre des perspectives nouvelles. La marque, titre longtemps tenu pour inférieur car non associé comme le brevet ou le droit d'auteur à la créativité et à l'ingéniosité, pourrait désormais jouer un rôle de premier plan, non pas seulement comme indicateur d'origine, mais comme moyen de protection du goodwill, voire du savoir-faire de l'entreprise. Les juristes, économistes, spécialistes du marketing, universitaires ou praticiens, présentent ici leurs regards croisés sur ces phénomènes.

Governing Finance in Europe: A Centralisation of Rulemaking?

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ISBN: 9781839101113 9781839101120 Year: Pages: 224 DOI: https://doi.org/10.4337/9781839101120 Language: English
Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing
Subject: Political Science --- Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2020-08-13 15:45:52
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How do regulatory structures evolve in EU financial governance? Incorporating insights from a variety of disciplines, Governing Finance in Europe provides a comprehensive framework to investigate the dynamics leading to centralisation, decentralisation and fragmentation in EU financial regulation.

Governing Integrated Water Resources Management: Mutual Learning and Policy Transfer

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ISBN: 9783039281565 9783039281572 Year: Pages: 284 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03928-157-2 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2020-01-30 16:39:46
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Integrated Water Resources Management (IWRM) has become a global paradigm for the governance of surface, coastal and groundwaters. This Special Issue contains twelve articles related to the transfer of IWRM policy principles. The articles explore three dimensions of transfer—causes, processes, outcomes—and offer a theoretically inspiring, methodologically rich and geographically diverse engagement with IWRM policy transfer around the globe. As such, they can also productively inform a future research agenda on the ‘dimensional’ aspects of IWRM governance. Regarding the causes, the contributions apply, criticise, extend or revise existing approaches to policy transfer in a water governance context, asking why countries adopt IWRM principles and what mechanisms are in place to understand the adoption of these principles in regional or national contexts. When it comes to processes, articles in this Special Issue unpack the process of policy transfer and implementation and explore how IWRM principles travel across borders, levels and scales. Finally, this set of papers looks into the outcomes of IWRM policy transfer and asks what impact IWRM principles, once implemented, gave on domestic water governance, water quality and water supply, and how effective IWRM is at addressing critical water issues in specific countries.

Keywords

dam --- local communities --- lived experiences --- environmental narratives --- Cambodia --- transitions --- water management regimes --- water resource management --- niches --- visions --- agency --- ocean governance --- fisheries management --- ecosystem-based management --- overfishing --- sustainable fishing --- European Union --- Turkey --- Europeanisation --- institutions --- policy transfer --- Water Framework Directive --- drinking water --- agriculture --- EU policy --- governance --- integrated scientific support --- water quality --- nitrates --- pesticides --- environmental policy --- policy coherence --- environmental governance --- integrated catchment management --- catchment --- conservation authorities --- governance --- governmentality --- integrated water resources management (IWRM) --- watershed councils --- Ontario --- Oregon --- Integrated Water Resources Management --- Integrated Urban Water Management --- urban water security --- governance --- Singapore --- Hong Kong --- process tracing --- Water Framework Directive --- policy implementation --- integrated water resources management --- river basin planning --- public participation --- water governance --- scale --- top-down and bottom-up --- estuaries --- governance --- sustainability --- governance models --- integrated water resources management --- IWRM --- Water Framework Directive --- WFD --- participation --- United Kingdom --- England --- water governance --- IWRM --- integrated water resources management --- drivers --- EU water framework directive --- implementation --- coordination --- participation --- Germany --- water governance --- polycentricity --- integrated water resources management --- IWRM --- policy transfer --- water governance --- Water Framework Directive --- learning

Unlocking the Right to Data Portability

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ISBN: 9783748902706 Year: Volume: 38 Pages: 76 DOI: https://doi.org/10.5771/9783748902706 Language: English
Publisher: Nomos Verlagsgesellschaft mbH & Co. KG
Subject: Law
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-25 11:57:14
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Trade Union Cooperation in Europe

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ISBN: 9783030387709 Year: Pages: 157 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-38770-9 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Business and Management --- Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2020-06-17 00:00:19
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This open access book discusses transnational trade union cooperation in Europe – its forms, focuses, conditions, and obstacles. It provides an overview of existing trade union cooperation and includes detailed analyses of two specific questions: the debates on statutory minimum wages and the Posting of Workers Directive. Drawing on empirical research, the authors take a comparative approach, considering national industrial relations regimes as well as individual sectors. With the ongoing processes of integration in Europe, it has become increasingly important for unions to cooperate with regard to employers and EU institutions. The authors illustrate the interconnections between national and European industrial relations, and explore the process of European integration in labour markets. Illustrating the potential for and difficulties involved in deepening trade union cooperation across Europe, this work is a vital read for trade unionists, researchers and students interested in European trade unionism and labour markets.

Environmental Enrichment of Pigs

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ISBN: 9783039280780 9783039280797 Year: Pages: 174 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03928-079-7 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Science (General) --- Biology --- Animal Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2020-04-07 23:07:08
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Pigs have a strong motivation to explore and root. In conventional pig husbandry systems, this need is difficult to fulfil, unless adequate enrichment materials are provided. This book summarises how enrichment strategies for pigs have evolved over the last few decades in different countries and provides a vast array of possibilities to enhance the exploratory needs of pigs. The role of enrichment material on avoidance of tail biting outbreaks or as an element triggering positive emotions in pigs is also discussed.

Energy Performance and Indoor Climate Analysis in Buildings

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ISBN: 9783039213795 9783039213801 Year: Pages: 374 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-380-1 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General) --- General and Civil Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-09 11:49:16
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HVAC systems, load shifting, indoor climate, and energy and ventilation performance analyses are the key topics when improving energy performance in new and renovated buildings. This development has been boosted by the recently established nearly zero energy building requirements that will soon be in use in all EU Member States, as well as similar long-term zero energy building targets in Japan, the US, and other countries. The research covered in this Special Issue provides evidence of how new technical solutions have worked, in practice, in new or renovated buildings, and also discusses problems and how solutions should be further developed. Another focus is on the more detailed calculation methods needed for the correct design and sizing of dedicated systems, and for accurate quantification of energy savings. Occupant behavior and building operation is also examined, in order to avoid common performance gaps between calculated and measured performance. These topics demonstrate the challenge of high performance buildings as, in the end, comfortable buildings with good indoor climate which are easy and cheap to operate and maintain are expected by end customers. Ventilation performance, heating and cooling, sizing, energy predictions and optimization, load shifting, and field studies are some of the key topics in this Special Issue, contributing to the future of high performance buildings with reliable operation.

Keywords

Jaya algorithm --- smart grid --- optimal energy management --- demand response --- demand side management --- indoor temperature after renovation --- electricity use --- DHW energy use --- user behavior --- standard use --- energy performance modeling --- gray box --- satellite-based solar radiation data --- meteorological reanalysis data --- ISO 52016-1 --- energy efficiency --- HVAC systems --- chiller plants --- chiller performance --- COP --- data-driven analysis --- energy --- building --- ventilation --- cooling --- outdoor air --- air jet --- personalized ventilation --- skin temperature --- CFD --- thermal analysis --- corner impinging jet --- mixing ventilation --- displacement ventilation --- tracer gas --- air exchange effectiveness --- local air change effectiveness --- draught rate --- Monte Carlo method --- ISO 7730 --- TRNSYS --- greenhouse --- indoor temperature uniformity --- multiple sensor nodes --- qualitative control --- corner impinging jet --- corner mixing ventilation --- hybrid displacement device --- heating mode --- thermal comfort --- air exchange effectiveness --- local air change effectiveness --- draught rate, --- downdraught --- smart buildings --- smart readiness indicator --- energy efficiency --- energy performance of buildings directive --- energy flexibility --- load shifting --- demand response --- building energy simulation --- occupant behavior --- energy performance --- indoor climate --- retirement home --- user input data --- condenser evaporative precooling --- rooftop air conditioners --- building energy modelling --- control strategy --- ground source heat pump --- heating power --- sizing --- DHW heating --- space heating --- alternate operation --- daylight --- existing buildings --- daylight factor --- daylight simulations --- daylight survey --- energy efficiency --- student dormitories --- Indoor Environmental Quality (IEQ), Pro-GET-onE H2020 --- in situ measurements --- monitoring measurements --- energy signature --- indoor air quality --- stratification --- basketball hall --- CFD --- field measurement --- single room ventilation unit --- building pressure condition --- stack effect --- wind pressure --- ventilation renovation --- decentralized ventilation unit

Assessment and Governance of Sustainable Soil Management

Authors: --- --- ---
ISBN: 9783039214792 9783039214808 Year: Pages: 310 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-480-8 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Science (General) --- Biology --- Agriculture (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2020-01-30 16:39:46
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The role of soils for achieving the Sustainable Development Goals is multifarious. Soils are the essential basis for food and biomass provision in support of food security (SDG 2) and energy security (SDG 7). Soil carbon sequestration is paramount for climate action (SDG 13). Soil-mediated water purification and retention, nutrient and matter cycling, and soils habitat functions are essential for maintaining ecosystem services and biodiversity (SDG 15). Healthy soils perform well in all these functions simultaneously. However, the globally increasing demand for food, fiber, and bio-based products poses massive challenges to soil health. Minimizing trade-offs between biomass production and soil health requires systemic approaches to assessment and governance of sustainable soil management in agriculture and food systems. It provides interdisciplinary insights into key questions: What are the impacts of agricultural management practices on sustainability targets in specific geophysical and socio-economic contexts? What are the opportunities and risks of future trends such as climate change, digitalization, and emerging technologies for soil management and soil health? How can institutions and governance instruments be improved to enable decision makers to take action on sustainable soil management? The book was initiated in the frame of the National German research program ‘BonaRes—Soil as a sustainable resource for the bioeconomy’, and it is meant to trigger interdisciplinary thinking.

Keywords

conservation agriculture --- crop–livestock interactions --- Syria --- soil health --- agricultural innovation --- arid oasis --- combination of modern and indigenous knowledge --- Driver-Pressure-State-Impact-Response sustainability framework --- bayesian network --- soil functions --- conservation agriculture --- conventional farming --- zero tillage --- environmental zones --- phosphorus --- legal comparison --- governance --- sustainable agriculture --- fertilization --- soil protection --- Germany --- Costa Rica --- Nicaragua --- crop rotation modelling --- spatially explicit --- dynamic programming --- gross income --- carob --- yield --- soils --- desertification --- coffee by-products --- nutrient composition --- N leaching --- production --- so-called organic fertilizer --- ecosystem services --- governance --- institutions --- land --- property rights --- soils --- sustainability --- landowner --- tenant --- rent price --- rent proportion --- yield potential --- sustainable soil management --- soil degradation --- soil functions --- soil framework directive --- soil policy --- soil threats --- contamination --- sealing --- soil compaction --- risk assessment --- soil functions --- soil management --- subsoil --- compaction --- agricultural yields --- soil functions --- societal acceptance --- farmer motivations --- subsoil loosening --- alfalfa --- sustainable soil management --- resource scarcity --- Germany --- ecosystem services --- soil food web --- earthworms --- monitoring --- water infiltration --- agricultural policy --- behavioural studies --- literature review --- soil functions --- soil pressures --- justifying soil protection --- sustainable soil management --- creation ethics --- Laudato si’ --- property rights --- German Constitutional Law --- soil --- ecosystem services --- land management --- soil remediation --- Europe --- soil functions --- agricultural practices --- sustainability assessment --- ecosystem services --- resource use efficiency --- soil policy --- soil governance

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