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Pfade in die Krise

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ISBN: 9783737008358 Year: DOI: 10.14220/9783737008358 Language: German
Publisher: V&R unipress Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 103502
Added to DOAB on : 2018-07-06 11:01:02
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Why is it so diffcult for companies like Schlecker to leave once chosen paths of strategic development at the right time, and to rearrange their strategies when faced with new environmental challenges? This paper shows with a perspective on organizational path dependence theory how economic und social mechanisms might favour the reproduction of established strategies - and at the same time complicate leaving the strategical development paths even more. The part of familial influence on decision processes is researched and the factor of family in the formation of strategic path dependence is inquired based on qualitative case studies.

Alternative Models of Addiction

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Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889197132 Year: Pages: 173 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88919-713-2 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Psychiatry --- Medicine (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2016-04-07 11:22:02
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For much of the 20th century, theories of addictive behaviour and motivation were polarized between two models. The first model viewed addiction as a moral failure for which addicts are rightly held responsible and judged accordingly. The second model, in contrast, viewed addiction as a specific brain disease caused by neurobiological adaptations occurring in response to chronic drug or alcohol use, and over which addicts have no choice or control. As our capacity to observe neurobiological phenomena improved, the second model became scientific orthodoxy, increasingly dominating addiction research and informing public understandings of addiction. More recently, however, a dissenting view has emerged within addiction research, based partly on new scientific research and partly on progress in philosophical and psychological understandings of relevant mental phenomena. This view does not revert to treating addiction as a moral failure, but nonetheless holds that addictive behaviour is fundamentally motivated by choice and subject to at least a degree of voluntary control. On this alternative model of addiction, addictive behaviour is an instrumental means to ends that are desired by the individual, although much controversy exists with respect to the rationality or irrationality of these ends, the degree and nature of the voluntary control of addictive behaviour and motivation, the explanation of the difference between addictive and non-addictive behaviour and motivation, and, lastly, the extent to which addictive behaviour and motivation is correctly characterised as pathological or diseased. This research topic includes papers in the traditions of neuroscience, psychology, philosophy, law and social science that explore alternative understandings of addiction.

Zurück in den Alltag – Mütter nach Behandlung ihrer Alkoholabhängigkeit

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ISBN: 9783863882921 9783863887285 Year: Pages: 156 DOI: 10.3224/863887285 Language: German
Publisher: Verlag Barbara Budrich
Subject: Gender Studies
Added to DOAB on : 2019-03-22 11:21:07
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What challenges do mothers face after treating alcohol dependence? The study conducted by the Zurich University of Applied Sciences in cooperation with the Forel Clinic focuses on mothers who have undergone in-patient or day-care treatment. The results of the qualitative study provide an insight into the lives of these mothers returning to their everyday lives.

Information flow control for java : a comprehensive approach based on path conditions in dependence Graphs

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ISBN: 9783866443983 Year: Pages: 221 p. DOI: 10.5445/KSP/1000012049 Language: ENGLISH
Publisher: KIT Scientific Publishing
Subject: Computer Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-30 20:01:59
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Information flow control (IFC) is a technique to assert the security of a given program with respect to a given security policy. The classical policy noninterference requires that public output of a program may not be influenced from secret input. This work leverages a technique called program slicing, which is closely connected to IFC and offers many dimensions for improving analysis precision, the most powerful are Path Conditions. Our evaluation shows scalability with a low annotation burden.

The EU and China in African Authoritarian Regimes: Domestic Politics and Governance Reforms

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Book Series: Governance and Limited Statehood ISBN: 9783319635903 9783319635910 Year: Pages: 261 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-63591-0 Language: English
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan Grant: Deutsche Institut für Entwicklungspolitik (DIE)
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2018-06-01 15:29:45
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This open access book analyses the domestic politics of African dominant party regimes, most notably African governments’ survival strategies, to explain their variance of opinions and responses towards the reforming policies of the EU. The author discredits the widespread assumption that the growing presence of China in Africa has made the EU’s task of supporting governance reforms difficult, positing that the EU’s good governance strategies resonate better with the survival strategies of governments in some dominant party regimes more so than others, regardless of Chinese involvement. Hackenesch studies three African nations – Angola, Ethiopia and Rwanda – which all began engaging with the EU on governance reforms in the early 2000s. She argues that other factors generally identified in the literature, such as the EU’s good governance strategies or economic dependence of the target country on the EU, have set additional incentives for African governments to not engage on governance reforms.

Nanoscience and Nanotechnology, Proceedings of the INFN-LNF 2018 Conference

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ISBN: 9783039219681 9783039219698 Year: Pages: 90 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-969-8 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Added to DOAB on : 2020-04-07 23:20:03
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The results presented in this volume highlight some of the most recent advances in nanoscience and nanotechnology studies, from both the physical and chemical point of view, with an eye also to possible engineering applications. These studies demonstrate directly how effective, and at the same time stimulating is implementing the “cross-fertilization” procedure. Indeed, multidisciplinary research allows one to catch more easily the analogies inherent different areas of science, as well as to take advantage and optimize different methods and techniques, often borrowed from other research areas.In the present Special Issue, we included six published papers. The latter contributions, on the one hand, are developed at the theory level and, on the other hand, show experimental results on the realization and experimental characterization of nanostructured systems, suitable for yielding progress towards the realization of systems and devices, that can ultimately lead to industrial applications. The results show that recent scientific research advances in these areas may provide important steps in the direction of fostering innovation and technological development.

The Limits of Art

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Book Series: SpringerBriefs in Philosophy ISBN: 9783030547950 Year: Pages: 57 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-54795-0 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Philosophy --- Arts in general
Added to DOAB on : 2020-09-23 00:02:44
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This open access book is about exploring interesting borderline cases of art. It discusses the cases of gustatory and olfactory artworks (focusing on food), proprioceptive artworks (dance, martial arts, and rock climbing qua proprioceptive experiences), intellectual artworks (philosophical and scientific theories), as well as the vague limits between painting and photography. The book focuses on the author’s research about what counts as art and what does not, as well as on the nature of these limits. Overall, the author defends a very inclusive view, 'extending' the limits of art, and he argues for its virtues. Some of the limits discussed concern our senses (our different perceptual modalities), some concern vagueness and fuzzy boundaries between different types of works of art, some concern the amount of human intention and intervention in the process of creation of an artwork, and some concern the border between art and science. In these various ways, by understanding better such borderline cases, Benovsky suggests that we get a better grip on an understanding of the nature of art.

Nonparametric Econometric Methods and Application

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ISBN: 9783038979647 9783038979654 Year: Pages: 224 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-965-4 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Science (General) --- Mathematics
Added to DOAB on : 2019-06-26 08:44:06
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The present Special Issue collects a number of new contributions both at the theoretical level and in terms of applications in the areas of nonparametric and semiparametric econometric methods. In particular, this collection of papers that cover areas such as developments in local smoothing techniques, splines, series estimators, and wavelets will add to the existing rich literature on these subjects and enhance our ability to use data to test economic hypotheses in a variety of fields, such as financial economics, microeconomics, macroeconomics, labor economics, and economic growth, to name a few.

Risk, Ruin and Survival: Decision Making in Insurance and Finance

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ISBN: 9783039285167 / 9783039285174 Year: Pages: 210 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03928-517-4 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Business and Management
Added to DOAB on : 2020-06-09 16:38:56
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Developing techniques for assessing various risks and calculating probabilities of ruin and survival are exciting topics for mathematically-inclined academics. For practicing actuaries and financial engineers, the resulting insights have provided enormous opportunities but also created serious challenges to overcome, thus facilitating closer cooperation between industries and academic institutions. In this book, several renown researchers with extensive interdisciplinary research experiences share their thoughts that, in one way or another, contribute to the betterment of practice and theory of decision making under uncertainty. Behavioral, cultural, mathematical, and statistical aspects of risk assessment and modelling have been explored, and have been often illustrated using real and simulated data. Topics range from financial and insurance risks to security-type risks, from one-dimensional to multi- and even infinite-dimensional risks.

Carbon Capture and Storage

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ISBN: 9783039213993 9783039214006 Year: Pages: 178 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-400-6 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General) --- General and Civil Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-09 11:49:15
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Climate change is one of the main threats to modern society. This phenomenon is associated with an increase in greenhouse gas (GHGs, mainly carbon dioxide—CO2) emissions due to anthropogenic activities. The main causes are the burning of fossil fuels and land use change (deforestation). Climate change impacts are associated with risks to basic needs (health, food security, and clean water), as well as risks to development (jobs, economic growth, and the cost of living). The processes involving CO2 capture and storage are gaining attention in the scientific community as an alternative for decreasing CO2 emissions, reducing its concentration in ambient air. The carbon capture and storage (CCS) methodologies comprise three steps: CO2 capture, CO2 transportation, and CO2 storage. Despite the high research activity within this topic, several technological, economic, and environmental issues as well as safety problems remain to be solved, such as the following needs: increase of CO2 capture efficiency, reduction of process costs, and verification of the environmental sustainability of CO2 storage.

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