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Promoting Active Citizenship: Markets and Choice in Scandinavian Welfare

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ISBN: 9783319553801 9783319553818 Year: Pages: 325 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-55381-8 Language: English
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan
Subject: Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2017-11-23 18:35:10
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This book analyses the considerable variation in the shares of private provision for core services in education, health and social services, in the Scandinavian countries.The chapters compare countries, service areas, and the for-profit, non-profit and public sectors. Each focuses on different levels of change: the mix of welfare providers, national laws and regulations, governance in municipalities, nursing homes and schools, and finally, the consequences experienced by the users of the services. The authors ask which combinations of governance structures, service sector providers, and user choice give the best results for active citizenship. Promoting Active Citizenship will be of interest to students and scholars across a range of disciplines, including Public Administration and Management, Non-Profit Management, Social Policy, Innovation in Public Service, Social Care and Education and School Research.

The Politics of Silence : Myanmar NGOs' Ethnic, Religious and Political Agenda

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ISBN: 9782355960055 DOI: 10.4000/books.irasec.868 Language: English
Publisher: Institut de recherche sur l’Asie du Sud-Est contemporaine
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-06 13:15:36
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

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The political regime in Myanmar used to be a seemingly monopolistic structure where power was exclusively in the Army’s hands. A marginal external influence was exercised by businessmen with close ties to the regime while the country is also exposed to the influence of powerful regional states. Since the General Elections in November 2010, the establishment of the Republic of the Union of Myanmar with a parliamentary democracy (which remains under some control of the Army, but with notable civilian representation) is the most noticeable change in Myanmar politics for decades as it may shift the state away from the Army monopoly, although concrete changes remain to be demonstrated.

Énergies nouvelles, territoires autonomes ?

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ISBN: 9782858312788 DOI: 10.4000/books.pressesinalco.17363 Language: French
Publisher: Presses de l’Inalco
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-06 13:15:40
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Londres, Aberdeen, Malmö, l’Allemagne, le Japon… autant de cas qui illustrent la diversité des approches retenues par les acteurs locaux pour jouer un rôle dans la transformation des systèmes énergétiques. En s’appuyant sur la géographie, la science politique, l’histoire, l’architecture, le droit, cet ouvrage collectif illustre combien la libéralisation du secteur de l’énergie engagée non seulement en Europe mais aussi hors d’Europe a conduit à une recomposition des partenariats entre les acteurs publics locaux, les États et le secteur privé. Si la montée en puissance des énergies renouvelables n’a pour autant pas (encore ?) offert une nouvelle chance aux utopies d’un habitat ou d’un territoire totalement autonome, elle a en revanche ouvert un large éventail de possibilités aux territoires. Projets citoyens, initiatives privées, stratégies publiques concourent à un renouvellement des pratiques et donnent lieu à des innovations susceptibles de toucher la forme des villes et l’économie de leur territoire sans oublier la production architecturale appelée à se refonder. On peut cependant s’interroger. Dans un monde fondé sur l’échange, la circulation, les réseaux, l’aspiration à l’autonomie énergétique n’est-elle pas un anachronisme ? La multiplicité des innovations locales change-t-elle radicalement la donne quant à l’équilibre des pouvoirs et des rapports de force entre États et acteurs locaux ? La question invite à appréhender la décentralisation énergétique à différentes échelles. C’est en effet dans l’articulation entre niveaux de gouvernance et dans l’interaction entre acteurs publics et acteurs privés que l’avenir de la transformation des systèmes énergétiques se prépare.

Gouverner les territoires : Antagonismes et partenariats entre acteurs publics

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ISBN: 9782111287471 DOI: 10.4000/books.igpde.85 Language: French
Publisher: Institut de la gestion publique et du développement économique
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2020-09-09 12:19:30
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

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La gestion du territoire est complexe, pluridisciplinaire… et conflictuelle. Chaque acteur public en a sa propre représentation qui, ­combinée à sa conception de l’intérêt général, génère des concurrences institutionnelles, des divergences sur le fond même des politiques à conduire, des antagonismes. Cet ouvrage trouve son origine dans un séminaire entre géographes, politistes, juristes, économistes et décideurs territoriaux qui ont ­cherché à mettre en lumière les interactions des différents niveaux de l’action publique. Les sujets abordés sont divers : le concept de cohésion territoriale au sein de l’Union européenne et son évolution, les rapports entre ­Washington et les États fédérés, la décentralisation italienne, l’importance des régions métropolitaines aux États-Unis, le Grand Paris, la réforme du fédéralisme allemand, la Catalogne et son expérience de réhabilitation urbaine. À partir de ces exemples, les auteurs démontrent que la gouvernance des territoires est une question éminemment géopolitique. Les affrontements qui en résultent compromettent souvent la réussite des politiques publiques et la compétitivité des territoires. Parfois, au contraire, ils font surgir innovation et dynamisme.

Chapter 3. Brothers Re-United! Federal Citizenship in Socialist Yugoslavia (Book chapter)

Book title: Nations and Citizens in Yugoslavia and the Post-Yugoslav States

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ISBN: 9781474221559 Year: Pages: 55-70 DOI: 10.5040/9781474221559.ch-004 Language: English
Publisher: Bloomsbury Academic Grant: H2020 European Research Council - 230239
Subject: Political Science --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2018-01-31 11:01:47
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The creation of the multinational federation involved at the same time the re-creation of the Yugoslav polity and a laborious construction of the sub-state entities and their own political communities. The creation of republican citizenships and the Yugoslav common two-tier or bifurcated citizenship was part and parcel of this intensive construction of modern states within a larger multinational federation. Citizenship was an important attribute of the republics’ statehood, although it was rarely mentioned as such by the authorities and was almost completely neglected by scholars. The institution will show its resilience and importance only later. The constitutional process at the same time seemed endless: post-war Yugoslavia introduced three constitutions between 1945 and 1963, which shaped the country in a different way, oscillating between Yugoslav socialist unity and the decentralization process empowering the republics. The establishment of multinational federation at the formal level and the Yugoslav brand of ‘self-managing socialism’ at the ideological level provided foundation for the new Yugoslav community. However, constant changes opened the whole construction, including citizenship regime, for redefinitions in the next period.

Essays in International Trade and Public Economics

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Book Series: Finanzwissenschaftliche Schriften ISBN: 9783631621394 Year: Pages: 139 DOI: 10.3726/b13718 Language: English
Publisher: Peter Lang International Academic Publishing Group
Subject: Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:32:35
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The essays of this book are contributions to the empirical Literature in International Trade and Public Economics. They deal with the relationship between the structure and quality of the public sector and the process of economic integration. Two of the essays add to the empirical determinants of trade and foreign direct investment (FDI) and to the numerous applications of the theory of government decentralization. Decentralization tends to discourage inward FDI and domestic trade and to increase imports and exports. A third essay focuses on the effect of governments’ intangible assets – such as consumer perceptions about countries and products from these countries – on FDI. A country’s nation brand is shown to have a significant and large positive effect on investment flows.

Postsowjetische Transformationen in der Weltgesellschaft

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Book Series: Global Studies & Theory of Society ISBN: 9783837631012 9783839431016 Year: DOI: 10.14361/9783839431016 Language: German
Publisher: transcript Verlag Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 103340
Subject: Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2018-03-30 11:01:59
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Der Zerfall der sowjetischen Organisationsgesellschaft hat vielfältige Veränderungen in Gang gesetzt. Evelyn Moser perspektiviert diese Veränderungen mithilfe der Differenzierungstheorie und der Theorie der Weltgesellschaft. Auf der Grundlage ethnographischer Feldforschung untersucht sie die Umstellungen und Neuordnungen, die sich im Kontext von politischer Dezentralisierung und landwirtschaftlicher Privatisierung vollziehen und die Transformationsgesellschaft im ländlichen Russland kennzeichnen. Zu beobachten ist lokale Kontingenz im Horizont der Weltgesellschaft: Änderungsabsichten müssen Engpässe passieren, Normalitätserwartungen verschieben sich und neue Anschlussmöglichkeiten entstehen.

Renegotiating boundaries

Authors: ---
Book Series: Verhandelingen van het Koninklijk Instituut voor Taal-, Land- en Volkenkunde ISBN: 9789067182836 9789004260436 Year: Volume: 238 Pages: 540 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_376972 Language: English
Publisher: Brill
Added to DOAB on : 2013-10-11 21:10:18
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For decades almost the only social scientists who visited Indonesia’s provinces were anthropologists. Anybody interested in politics or economics spent most of their time in Jakarta, where the action was. Our view of the world’s fourth largest country threatened to become simplistic, lacking that essential graininess. Then, in 1998, Indonesia was plunged into a crisis that could not be understood with simplistic tools. After 32 years of enforced stability, the New Order was at an end. Things began to happen in - the provinces that no one was prepared for. Democratization was one, decentralization another. Ethnic and religious identities emerged that had lain buried under the blanket of the New Order’s modernizing ideology. Unfamiliar, sometimes violent forms of political competition and of rentseeking came to light. Decentralization was often connected with the neo-liberal desire to reduce state powers and make room for free trade and democracy. To what extent were the goals of good governance and a stronger civil society achieved? How much of the process was ‘captured’ by regional elites to increase their own powers? Amidst the new identity politics, what has happened to citizenship? These are among the central questions addressed in this book. This volume is the result of a two-year research project at KITLV. It brings together an international group of 24 scholars – mainly from Indonesia and the Netherlands but also from the United States, Australia, Germany, Canada and Portugal.

Atlas du Liban : Les nouveaux défis

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9782351595442 DOI: 10.4000/books.ifpo.10709 Language: French
Publisher: Presses de l’Ifpo
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-06 13:15:32
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

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Après une quinzaine d’années de reconstruction dans un climat de paix relative, de 1990 à 2004, le Liban a connu depuis 2005 une succession d’épisodes politiques violents mêlant de manière complexe enjeux internes et tensions régionales. Le déclenchement de la crise syrienne et ses retombées politiques, économiques et démographiques sur le Liban accentue cet état de fait. Cet ouvrage met en lumière ces nouveaux défis et complète en intégrant des volets différents l’analyse des transformations libanaises déjà entreprises dans l’Atlas du Liban. Territoires et société publié en 2007 par la même équipe. Outre la crise internationale et les mouvements de population, il prend en compte les dimensions socio-économiques à l’intérieur du Liban, les problématiques environnementales liées à l’urbanisation incontrôlée et aux risques, ainsi que la gestion territoriale et les conflits locaux qu’elle suscite. Cet atlas est le fruit d’une collaboration entre des chercheurs et universitaires français et libanais. Il utilise une approche géographique, plaçant au premier plan de l’analyse la spatialisation des faits sociaux et naturels. Les sources publiques sont limitées, notamment du point de vue de la finesse géographique, parfois peu fiables et difficiles d’accès. C’est particulièrement vrai pour les données sur la population libanaise, moins bien connue que la population réfugiée. Les données internationales permettent de situer le Liban par rapport à ses voisins. Des données thématiques, issues des ministères, offrent néanmoins une vision détaillée pour certains domaines. L’analyse d’images aériennes et de satellites fournit des données essentielles sur l’urbanisation et l’environnement. Des enquêtes de terrain localisées et thématiques complètent la panoplie des informations utilisées. L’ouvrage comprend six chapitres. Le premier porte sur la géopolitique régionale, les violences politiques internes et leurs effets locaux, à savoir l’installation des réfugiés syriens et la réémergence au grand jour des milices et groupes armés en conflit entre eux et avec l’armée libanaise. Le Liban apparaît de nouveau comme un territoire fragmenté entre de multiples allégeances. Le deuxième chapitre montre la fragilité du modèle économique libanais. Sa dépendance aux investissements extérieurs et aux remises de la diaspora, les blocages de l’industrie et de l’agriculture aggravent les déséquilibres sociaux. Le troisième chapitre est un bilan de l’urbanisation du pays, qui s’est accrue en superficie de 80% en vingt ans, au détriment des espaces naturels et de l’agriculture. Le littoral, objet d’intenses convoitises, est largement artificialisé et dégradé. De multiples signes de mutations et de dégradation de l’environnement sont observables sur le territoire libanais et sont l’objet du quatrième chapitre. Certains semblent annonciateurs du changement climatique global et de ses effets locaux. En outre, il existe un lien direct entre l’urbanisation massive et de nombreux risques mesurés et cartographiés de plus en plus clairement. Le chapitre cinq se concentre sur les dysfonctionnements de quelques services publics en lien avec l’exploitation des ressources naturelles : l’approvisionnement en eau, en énergie, tous deux marqués par la pénurie, et la gestion des déchets solides, qui traverse une crise profonde. Le sixième chapitre étudie les mutations dans la gestion du territoire libanais, marqué par le retrait voire la marginalisation de l’État et l’affirmation d’autres acteurs agissant sur le territoire, notamment les municipalités, les pouvoirs locaux mais aussi des associations de la société civile.

Atlas of Lebanon : New Challenges

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9782351595497 DOI: 10.4000/books.ifpo.13178 Language: English
Publisher: Presses de l’Ifpo
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-06 13:15:32
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

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After fifteen years of reconstruction in a relatively peaceful environment spanning the years 1990 to 2004, Lebanon has experienced successive violent political events resulting from complex entangled internal and external struggles. The Syrian crisis and its political, economic and demographic consequences on Lebanon have increased these tensions. This atlas sheds light on these new challenges and adds new data that complete the analyses already published in the Atlas du Liban. Territoires et société (Atlas of Lebanon. Territories and Society) released in 2007 by the same research team. Some of its components are included in this edition. Beyond the international regional crisis and the population movements, it takes into account Lebanon’s socio-economic dimensions, the environmental issues linked to uncontrolled urbanization and to natural risks, as well as conflicts due to local territorial management. This atlas is the result of a collaborative endeavor between French and Lebanese researchers. It uses a geographical approach that puts in the foreground a spatial analysis of social and natural phenomena. Public sources are scarce in Lebanon, especially at the local scale. They are sometimes less reliable and difficult to access. It is particularly the case for the Lebanese census data, conversely data are abundantly available on the refugees population, which is less known than the population of refugees. International data help compare Lebanon to its neighbors. Thematic data produced by some ministries are helpful to provide a detailed view regarding specific domains. Analyses processed on aerial and satellite images have produced essential data on urbanization and environment. Local thematic fieldwork surveys have provided additional data. The book consists of seven chapters. The first one deals with the territorial state-building seen in the light of regional geopolitics, and emphasizes internal violence and the reemergence of militias and armed groups that fight each other and the state army. Lebanon is once again perceived as a territory divided between multiple allegiances. The second chapter is devoted to the analysis of population dynamics, despite the lack of reliable data whose sources are subject to discussion. It includes analyses of internal population flows, the Lebanese diaspora, and the assessment of Syrian refugees’ influx. The third chapter shows the fragility of the Lebanese economic model. Its dependency on foreign investments and on the remittances of the diaspora, as well as the deadlocks of industry and agriculture, which aggravate social imbalances. The fourth chapter is an assessment of urbanization in the country, which has increased by 80% in surface in twenty years at the expense of natural spaces and agriculture. The shore is highly coveted and widely artificialized and damaged. Multiple signs of environmental degradation are examined in chapter five. They seem to announce the global climate change and its local effects. In addition to that, there is a direct link between massive urbanization and many risks, measured and mapped in an increasingly detailed way. Chapter six tackles the dysfunctional public services that exploit natural resources: water and energy supply, both marked by massive shortages, and the management of solid waste hit by a serious crisis. The seventh and last chapter studies the mutations of the local territorial management, which is marked by the retreat of the state, if not its marginalization, and the rise of other actors, notably municipalities, local powers and also civil society organizations.After fifteen years of reconstruction in a relatively peaceful environment spanning the years 1990 to 2004, Lebanon has experienced successive violent political events resulting from complex entangled internal and external struggles. The Syrian crisis and its political, economic and demographic consequences on Lebanon have increased these tensions. This atlas sheds light on these new challenges and adds new data that complete the analyses already published in the Atlas du Liban. Territoires et société (Atlas of Lebanon. Territories and Society) released in 2007 by the same research team. Some of its components are included in this edition. Beyond the international regional crisis and the population movements, it takes into account Lebanon’s socio-economic dimensions, the environmental issues linked to uncontrolled urbanization and to natural risks, as well as conflicts due to local territorial management. This atlas is the result of a collaborative endeavor between French and Lebanese researchers. It uses a geographical approach that puts in the foreground a spatial analysis of social and natural phenomena. Public sources are scarce in Lebanon, especially at the local scale. They are sometimes less reliable and difficult to access. It is particularly the case for the Lebanese census data, conversely data are abundantly available on the refugees population, which is less known than the population of refugees. International data help compare Lebanon to its neighbors. Thematic data produced by some ministries are helpful to provide a detailed view regarding specific domains. Analyses processed on aerial and satellite images have produced essential data on urbanization and environment. Local thematic fieldwork surveys have provided additional data. The book consists of seven chapters. The first one deals with the territorial state-building seen in the light of regional geopolitics, and emphasizes internal violence and the reemergence of militias and armed groups that fight each other and the state army. Lebanon is once again perceived as a territory divided between multiple allegiances. The second chapter is devoted to the analysis of population dynamics, despite the lack of reliable data whose sources are subject to discussion. It includes analyses of internal population flows, the Lebanese diaspora, and the assessment of Syrian refugees’ influx. The third chapter shows the fragility of the Lebanese economic model. Its dependency on foreign investments and on the remittances of the diaspora, as well as the deadlocks of industry and agriculture, which aggravate social imbalances. The fourth chapter is an assessment of urbanization in the country, which has increased by 80% in surface in twenty years at the expense of natural spaces and agriculture. The shore is highly coveted and widely artificialized and damaged. Multiple signs of environmental degradation are examined in chapter five. They seem to announce the global climate change and its local effects. In addition to that, there is a direct link between massive urbanization and many risks, measured and mapped in an increasingly detailed way. Chapter six tackles the dysfunctional public services that exploit natural resources: water and energy supply, both marked by massive shortages, and the management of solid waste hit by a serious crisis. The seventh and last chapter studies the mutations of the local territorial management, which is marked by the retreat of the state, if not its marginalization, and the rise of other actors, notably municipalities, local powers and also civil society organizations.

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