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Promissory Notes : On the Literary Conditions of Debt

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ISBN: 9781643150024 Year: Pages: 135 DOI: 10.3998/mpub.10209707 Language: English
Publisher: Lever Press Grant: Lever Press
Subject: Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2020-03-02 12:23:35
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There is no&nbsp;doubt that the beginning of the twenty-first century was marked by crises of&nbsp;debt. Less well known is that literature played a&nbsp;historical role in defining&nbsp;and teaching debt to the public.&nbsp;Promissory Notes: On the Literary Conditions of Debt&nbsp;addresses how neoliberal finance has depended upon a historical linking of geopolitical inequality and financial representation that positions the so-called “Third World” as negative value, or debt. Starting with an analysis of Anthony Trollope’s novel,&nbsp;The Eustace Diamonds,&nbsp;Goodman shows how colonized spaces came to inhabit this negative value.&nbsp;Promissory Notes argues that the twentieth-century continues to apply literary innovations in character, subjectivity, temporal and spatial representation to construct debt as the negative creation of value not only in reference to objects, but also houses, credit cards, students, and, in particular, “Third World” geographies, often leading to crisis. Yet, late twentieth century and early twenty-first literary texts, such as Soyinka’s&nbsp;The Road&nbsp;and Ngugi’s&nbsp;Wizard of the Crow,&nbsp;address the negative space of the indebted world also as a critique of the financial take-over of the postcolonial developmental state. Looking to situations like the Puerto Rican debt crisis, Goodman demonstrates how financial discourse is articulated through social inequalities and how&nbsp;literature can both expose and&nbsp;contest the imposition of a morality of debt as&nbsp;a mode of anti-democratic control.
Keywords

debt --- history

Debt as Power

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9781526101013 978152610013 Year: Pages: 216 Language: English
Publisher: Manchester University Press
Subject: Economics --- Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2016-08-26 11:01:21
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"Debt as power is a timely and innovative contribution to our understanding of one of the most prescient issues of our time: the explosion of debt across the global economy and related requirement of political leaders to pursue exponential growth to meet the demands of creditors and investors. The book is distinctive in offering a historically sensitive and comprehensive analysis of debt as an interconnected and global phenomenon. Rather than focusing on the historical emergence of debt as a moral obligation, the authors argue that debt under capitalism can be conceived of as a technology of power, intimately tied up with the requirement for perpetual growth and the differential capitalization that benefits ‘the 1%’. Their account begins with the recognition that the histories of human communities and their natural environment are interconnected in complex spatial and hierarchical relations of power and to understand their development we need to not only examine the particularities of a given case, but more importantly their interconnected, interdependent and international relations. Since debt under capitalism is increasingly ubiquitous at all levels of society and economic growth is now the sole mantra of dominant political parties around the world, the authors argue that tracing the evolution and transformation of debt as a technology of power is crucial for understanding the ‘present as history’ and possible alternatives to our current trajectory."

Advising in austerity: Reflections on challenging times for advice agencies

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ISBN: 9781447334156 Year: Pages: 136 Language: English
Publisher: Policy Press Grant: FP7 Ideas: European Research Council - 284152
Subject: Political Science --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2016-12-29 13:23:06
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Available Open Access under CC-BY-NC licence. In a world dominated by austerity politics and policies, Advising in austerity provides a lively and thought-provoking account of the conditions, consequences and challenges of advice work in the UK, presenting a rare and rich view of the world of advice giving. Based on original research it examines how advisors negotiate the private troubles of those who come to Citizens Advice Bureaux (CAB) and construct ways forward. Exploring how advisors are trained, the strong contributor team reflect on the challenges facing Citizens Advice Bureaux in the future, where austerity will ensure that the need for advice services increase, while funding for such services declines.

Keywords

debt --- law --- citizens --- citizens advice --- austerity

Of the Contract

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ISBN: 9781947447042 9781947447059 Year: Pages: 162 DOI: 10.21983/P3.0174.1.00 Language: English
Publisher: punctum books
Subject: Law
Added to DOAB on : 2019-06-12 09:24:33
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Of the Contract is a version of a text that is as old as any memory, or a form of legal instrument that constitutes the basis of the world in which its terms have been translated. The text remains as open to renewal as that world remains to future alteration, and the terms are both already past, and always yet to come. The notion of the debt that is presented by the contract corresponds to a conception of accountancy and finance that provide a new approach to the contemporary problem of the sense of that external to the terms of human access. A reinterpretation of the philosophical tradition that runs through Levinas and Heidegger to Kant, Of the Contract is also grounded in the medieval tradition that was centered on the notion of “contraction,” and its writing was inspired by forms of life such as those found in the development of monastic constitutions, and the novels of knight errantry. It is also an oblique contribution to the recent discussions on the nature of debt, and is deeply marked by an awareness of climate change, and the insufficiencies of capital to overcome this crisis. All of these concerns however were contracted in a more acute awareness of the process of expression, and the work is given first of all as literature. It is the nature of the terms that they are open to untold interpretations.

Keywords

legal philosophy --- contract law --- finance --- debt --- capital

State Cash Resources and State Building in Europe 13th-18th century

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9782821855656 Year: DOI: 10.4000/books.igpde.3806 Language: English
Publisher: Institut de la gestion publique et du développement économique
Subject: Business and Management
Added to DOAB on : 2020-09-09 12:19:30
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

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In July 2012 historians and economists met in Paris for a conference entitled State Cash Resources and State Building in Europe: taxation and public debt, 13th-18th centuries. This volume is one of the products of that meeting. By making these essays available in both French and English translations, the editors hope to ensure a wide audience for an important set of contributions on questions relating to the development and management of public finance and its connection with the growth and power of the early modern state. Contributors were asked to consider three major themes in their essays: first, the choices that faced states seeking to raise funds and, in particular, questions of how to balance taxation and borrowing. Second, contributors were asked to explore the connections between political regime and finance. This included the much-explored question of whether particular regimes were more effective at raising funds and were viewed as more reliable borrowers but the essays also ask how the rights of creditors were enforced and how creditors monitored those to whom they lent money. The final theme concerned the primary and secondary markets in state debt and here the contributors focused on questions of liquidity, transparency and the skills of those who traded and manipulated the instruments of the state’s debt. The resulting essays offer a comparative perspective over six centuries of European history. Taken together they provide a rich new resource and challenge both the neat dichotomies that have been drawn between absolutist and constitutional states and entrenched ideas about how practice evolved and knowledge and skills were shared and transferred between actors and states.

Ressources publiques et construction étatique en Europe. XIIIe-XVIIIe

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ISBN: 9782821854352 Year: DOI: 10.4000/books.igpde.3934 Language: French
Publisher: Institut de la gestion publique et du développement économique
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2020-09-09 12:19:30
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

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Cet ouvrage présente, dans une perspective comparatiste et sur la longue durée, les moyens de mobilisation des ressources publiques des États médiévaux et modernes, dont les besoins de fonds sont accrus par les guerres. Couvrant six siècles de l’histoire de l’Europe occidentale, les contributions étudient les transformations des méthodes de financement (émission monétaire, fiscalité, emprunt public à court ou long terme, forcé ou volontaire, vente d’offices) et les institutions, les acteurs, les marchés primaire et secondaire des titres de dette. Elles interrogent les modèles d’organisation politique et leurs interactions avec le drainage efficace de l’argent, la construction d’une information statistique, financière et fiscale et ses conséquences sur la prise de décision des gouvernants. Elles invitent à examiner l’impact des innovations financières, les différents modes d’anticipation des ressources et les effets macro­économiques des mécanismes de mobilisation de la richesse privée. Elles explorent l’influence de déterminants tels que les dimensions spatiales des États, les régimes politiques, l’inégale distribution des richesses, l’utilisation du privilège, les différents degrés de risque imposés aux prêteurs, pour expliquer comment et pourquoi un mode de financement l’emporte ici et non ailleurs.

Taxation and the Financial Crisis

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9780199698165 Year: Pages: 321 DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199698165.001.0001 Language: English
Publisher: Oxford University Press Grant: OAPEN-UK
Subject: Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2013-09-21 22:37:28
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The financial crisis has opened up a global debate on the taxation of the financial sector. A number of international policy initiatives, most notably by the G20, have called for major changes in the tax treatment of financial institutions and transactions as well as individuals working in the financial sector. This book examines how tax policies contributed to the financial crisis and whether taxation can play a role in the reform efforts under way to establish a sounder and safer financial system. The book looks at the pros and cons of various tax initiatives, including limiting the tax advantages to debt financing, special taxes on the financial sector and financial transactions taxes.

La dette publique dans l’histoire : «

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9782821828339 Year: DOI: 10.4000/books.igpde.1180 Language: French
Publisher: Institut de la gestion publique et du développement économique
Subject: Business and Management
Added to DOAB on : 2020-09-09 12:19:30
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

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La question de la dette publique, de son rôle économique ou de son poids excessif, est au cœur des préoccupations contemporaines. Le paradoxe est que les problèmes liés à l’endettement de l’État ont finalement peu mobilisé la réflexion des historiens, hormis pour certaines périodes particulières comme la France de la fin du XVIIIe siècle ou l’Europe d’après la Première Guerre mondiale. Existe-t-il un modèle européen de la dette publique ? Quand le phénomène a-t-il vraiment émergé ? Des sociétés sans dette publique sont-elles possibles ? Quels ont été les états les plus innovants et les plus inventifs en matière d’emprunt ? Les actes de ce colloque international présentent les différentes formes qu’a revêtues la dette publique depuis l’Antiquité, ses rapports avec la construction de l’autorité étatique, le rôle des guerres dans sa formation et ses effets économiques et sociaux. Il n’existe pas une histoire de la dette publique mais plutôt des histoires. C’est ce que confirme l’enquête menée dans des situations variées, dans le temps ­comme dans l’espace, avec des contributions sur la Rome ancienne et le Japon de l’ère Meiji, la Chine des Song et les États-Unis du XIXe siècle, les cités ­grecques et la France du XXe siècle… Cette large fresque permet d’ébaucher une géographie planétaire et une chronologie de la dette publique. Les travaux proposés offrent des clefs pour lire les débats d’aujourd’hui dont la dette publique, directement ou indirectement, est rarement absente.

Lehman Brothers

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ISBN: 9781526100580 9781526100580 Year: Pages: 288 Language: English
Publisher: Manchester University Press
Subject: Business and Management --- Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2016-08-26 11:01:17
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"On September 12th 2008, Lehman Brothers was valued at 639 billion US dollars. On Monday 15th September, it was worth nothing. How could trillions of dollars seemingly melt into air? Lehman Brothers had a long and prestigious history, and certainly until the end of 2007 had appeared to be conducting a very successful business. Its collapse was the largest bankruptcy in American history and is widely regarded as a crucial event in triggering the turmoil in the markets that triggered the global financial crisis. In this book, Oonagh McDonald, the author of Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac, unravels the events of that fateful September weekend. Using extensive documentary evidence and interviews with former Lehman employees, she reveals the decisions that led to Lehman's collapse, looks at why the government refused a bail-out and whether the implications of this refusal were fully understood. In clear and accessible language she demonstrates both the short and long term effects of Lehman's collapse. This is a fascinating story, with very wide implications. In particular, it raises vital questions about virtual capital and artificial value. McDonald uses her study of the Lehman collapse to examine what is meant by economic value and how it should be identified and measured."

The Political Economy of Sovereign Default

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ISBN: 9782940503070 9782940503087 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Graduate Institute Publications
Added to DOAB on : 2017-10-09 11:02:38
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What do self-interested governments’ needs to maintain loyal groups of supporters imply for sovereign incentives to repay debt? Many sovereign defaults have occurred at relatively low levels of debt, while some highly indebted nations continue to honour their obligations. This poses a problem for traditional models of sovereign debt, which rely on the threat of economic sanctions to explain why and when a representative agent seeking to maximise social welfare would choose debt-repayment. The...

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