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Debt as Power

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ISBN: 978152610013 Year: Pages: 216 Language: English
Publisher: Manchester University Press
Subject: Economics --- Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2016-08-26 11:01:21
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"Debt as power is a timely and innovative contribution to our understanding of one of the most prescient issues of our time: the explosion of debt across the global economy and related requirement of political leaders to pursue exponential growth to meet the demands of creditors and investors. The book is distinctive in offering a historically sensitive and comprehensive analysis of debt as an interconnected and global phenomenon. Rather than focusing on the historical emergence of debt as a moral obligation, the authors argue that debt under capitalism can be conceived of as a technology of power, intimately tied up with the requirement for perpetual growth and the differential capitalization that benefits ‘the 1%’. &#xD;&#xD;Their account begins with the recognition that the histories of human communities and their natural environment are interconnected in complex spatial and hierarchical relations of power and to understand their development we need to not only examine the particularities of a given case, but more importantly their interconnected, interdependent and international relations. Since debt under capitalism is increasingly ubiquitous at all levels of society and economic growth is now the sole mantra of dominant political parties around the world, the authors argue that tracing the evolution and transformation of debt as a technology of power is crucial for understanding the ‘present as history’ and possible alternatives to our current trajectory."

Advising in austerity: Reflections on challenging times for advice agencies

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ISBN: 9781447334156 Year: Pages: 136 Language: English
Publisher: Policy Press Grant: FP7 Ideas: European Research Council - 284152
Subject: Political Science --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2016-12-29 13:23:06
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Available Open Access under CC-BY-NC licence. In a world dominated by austerity politics and policies, Advising in austerity provides a lively and thought-provoking account of the conditions, consequences and challenges of advice work in the UK, presenting a rare and rich view of the world of advice giving. Based on original research it examines how advisors negotiate the private troubles of those who come to Citizens Advice Bureaux (CAB) and construct ways forward. Exploring how advisors are trained, the strong contributor team reflect on the challenges facing Citizens Advice Bureaux in the future, where austerity will ensure that the need for advice services increase, while funding for such services declines.

Keywords

debt --- law --- citizens --- citizens advice --- austerity

Of the Contract

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ISBN: 9781947447042 9781947447059 Year: Pages: 162 DOI: 10.21983/P3.0174.1.00 Language: English
Publisher: punctum books
Subject: Law
Added to DOAB on : 2019-06-12 09:24:33
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Of the Contract is a version of a text that is as old as any memory, or a form of legal instrument that constitutes the basis of the world in which its terms have been translated. The text remains as open to renewal as that world remains to future alteration, and the terms are both already past, and always yet to come. The notion of the debt that is presented by the contract corresponds to a conception of accountancy and finance that provide a new approach to the contemporary problem of the sense of that external to the terms of human access. A reinterpretation of the philosophical tradition that runs through Levinas and Heidegger to Kant, Of the Contract is also grounded in the medieval tradition that was centered on the notion of “contraction,” and its writing was inspired by forms of life such as those found in the development of monastic constitutions, and the novels of knight errantry. It is also an oblique contribution to the recent discussions on the nature of debt, and is deeply marked by an awareness of climate change, and the insufficiencies of capital to overcome this crisis. All of these concerns however were contracted in a more acute awareness of the process of expression, and the work is given first of all as literature. It is the nature of the terms that they are open to untold interpretations.

Taxation and the Financial Crisis

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9780199698165 Year: Pages: 321 DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199698165.001.0001 Language: English
Publisher: Oxford University Press Grant: OAPEN-UK
Subject: Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2013-09-21 22:37:28
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The financial crisis has opened up a global debate on the taxation of the financial sector. A number of international policy initiatives, most notably by the G20, have called for major changes in the tax treatment of financial institutions and transactions as well as individuals working in the financial sector. This book examines how tax policies contributed to the financial crisis and whether taxation can play a role in the reform efforts under way to establish a sounder and safer financial system. The book looks at the pros and cons of various tax initiatives, including limiting the tax advantages to debt financing, special taxes on the financial sector and financial transactions taxes.

Lehman Brothers

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ISBN: 9781526100580 Year: Pages: 288 Language: English
Publisher: Manchester University Press
Subject: Business and Management --- Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2016-08-26 11:01:17
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"On September 12th 2008, Lehman Brothers was valued at 639 billion US dollars. On Monday 15th September, it was worth nothing. How could trillions of dollars seemingly melt into air? Lehman Brothers had a long and prestigious history, and certainly until the end of 2007 had appeared to be conducting a very successful business. Its collapse was the largest bankruptcy in American history and is widely regarded as a crucial event in triggering the turmoil in the markets that triggered the global financial crisis. &#xD;&#xD;In this book, Oonagh McDonald, the author of Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac, unravels the events of that fateful September weekend. Using extensive documentary evidence and interviews with former Lehman employees, she reveals the decisions that led to Lehman's collapse, looks at why the government refused a bail-out and whether the implications of this refusal were fully understood. In clear and accessible language she demonstrates both the short and long term effects of Lehman's collapse. &#xD;&#xD;This is a fascinating story, with very wide implications. In particular, it raises vital questions about virtual capital and artificial value. McDonald uses her study of the Lehman collapse to examine what is meant by economic value and how it should be identified and measured."

The Political Economy of Sovereign Default

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ISBN: 9782940503070 9782940503087 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Graduate Institute Publications
Added to DOAB on : 2017-10-09 11:02:38
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What do self-interested governments’ needs to maintain loyal groups of supporters imply for sovereign incentives to repay debt? Many sovereign defaults have occurred at relatively low levels of debt, while some highly indebted nations continue to honour their obligations. This poses a problem for traditional models of sovereign debt, which rely on the threat of economic sanctions to explain why and when a representative agent seeking to maximise social welfare would choose debt-repayment. The...

Resetting the International Monetary (Non)System

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Book Series: WIDER Studies in Development Economics ISBN: 9780198718116 Year: Pages: 304 DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780198718116.001.0001 Language: English
Publisher: Oxford University Press Grant: UNU WIDER
Subject: Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2017-12-05 11:01:51
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This book provides an analysis of the global monetary system and the necessary reforms that it should undergo to play an active role in the twenty-first century. As its title indicates, its basic diagnosis is that it is an ad hoc framework rather than a coherent system—a ‘non-system’—which evolved after the breakdown of the original Bretton Woods arrangement in the early 1970s. The book places a special focus on the asymmetries that emerging and developing countries face within the current system, and therefore on the development dimensions of the global monetary system and of global monetary reform. The book proposes a comprehensive yet evolutionary reform of the system that includes: (i) provision of international liquidity through a system that mixes the multi-currency arrangement with a more active use of the IMF’s Special Drawing Rights (SDRs), the only true global currency that has been created; (ii) stronger mechanisms of macroeconomic policy cooperation, including greater cooperation in exchange rate management, and freedom to manage capital flows as a complement to counter-cyclical macroeconomic policy and other instruments of financial regulation; (iii) additional automatic balance-of-payments financing facilities, and the complementary use of swap and regional arrangements; (iv) a multilateral sovereign debt workout mechanism; and (v) major reforms of the system’s governance, based on a more representative apex organization, more equitable participation of emerging and developing countries in decision-making, and a network of global, regional, inter-regional, and sub-regional organizations.

The Stability of Currency Boards

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Book Series: cege-Schriften ISBN: 9783631520314 Year: Pages: 238 DOI: 10.3726/b14167 Language: English
Publisher: Peter Lang International Academic Publishing Group
Subject: Economics --- Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:32:14
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The 1990s saw a revival of the currency board system, and proponents have advocated it as an easy-to-set-up exchange rate arrangement providing effective stabilization of the economy. However, the experience of Argentina has highlighted the risks of having a currency board. This study presents both the potential benefits, as well as the risks, of having a currency board by examining the stability of the currency board arrangement and identifying factors affecting the stability. The analysis is based on second-generation currency crisis models, extended to incorporate currency-board specific features and to account for particular aspects often found in currency-board economies.

A aventura da moeda única europeia: Enredos e dilemas, progressos e desafios. Ensaio de história e de política

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Book Series: Investigação ISBN: 9789892613543 Year: Pages: 172 DOI: https://doi.org/10.14195/978-989-26-1355-0 Language: Portuguese
Publisher: Coimbra University Press
Added to DOAB on : 2019-04-23 16:21:06
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De todas as manifestações de crise que têm fustigado a União Europeia, em particular na segunda década do novo século, aquela que mais estragos produziu no estado de alma dos europeus foi a da zona euro, que persiste sem solução perene e consistente. Os reflexos negativos na relação entre os estados-membros e na afeição dos cidadãos para com a Europa, na confiança das instituições da União e na sustentabilidade do projeto europeu serão, por certo, extensivos e duradouros. Da eficácia e da ousadia terapêuticas das medidas (não) concertadas – para colmatar a vulnerabilidade primordial da união económica e monetária europeia e robustecer a credibilidade e a dinâmica integradora da moeda única –, dependerá o devir desta construção europeia de unidade, de paz e de progresso, iniciada depois e por causa das duas catástrofes bélicas do séc. XX, mas já ambicionada por muitos desde há séculos. Esboça-se, pois, um ensaio histórico e político, uma reflexão interdisciplinar, retrospetiva e analítica, sobre a aventura da moeda única europeia e a crise da zona euro, um balanço deste sexénio frenético (2010-2016): da vertigem dos acontecimentos

DevOps for Digital Leaders: Reignite Business with a Modern DevOps-Enabled Software Factory

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9781484218419 9781484218426 Year: Pages: 173 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4842-1842-6 Language: English
Publisher: Apress Grant: CA Technologies
Subject: Computer Science
Added to DOAB on : 2018-07-20 17:59:08
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Learn to design, implement, measure, and improve DevOps programs that are tailored to your organization. This concise guide assists leaders who are accountable for the rapid development of high-quality software applications.In DevOps for Digital Leaders, deep collective experience on both sides of the dev–ops divide informs the global thought leadership and penetrating insights of the authors, all three of whom are cross-portfolio DevOps leaders at CA Technologies. Aruna Ravichandran, Kieran Taylor, and Peter Waterhouse analyze the organizational benefits, costs, freedoms, and constraints of DevOps. They chart the coordinated strategy of organizational change, metrics, lean thinking, and investment that an enterprise must undertake to realize the full potential of DevOps and reach the sweet spot where accelerating code deployments drive increasing customer satisfaction, revenue, and profitability. Digital leaders are charged to bridge the dev–ops disconnect if their organizations are to survive and flourish in a business world increasingly differentiated by the degree to which dynamic application software development harmonizes with operational resilience and reliability. This short book applies the DevOps perspective to the competitive challenge, faced by every high-performance IT organization today, of integrating and automating open source, cloud, and enterprise tools, processes, and techniques across the software development life cycle from requirements to release.What You Will Learn:Remove dependencies and constraints so that parallel practices can accelerate the development of defect-free softwareAutomate continuous delivery across the software life cycle to eliminate release bottlenecks, manual labor waste, and technical debt accumulationGenerate virtualized production-style testing of applications through real-time behavioral analyticsAdopt agile practices so operations teams can support developer productivity with automated feedback, streamline infrastructure monitoring, spot and resolve operations issues before they impact production, and improve customer experienceIdentify the DevOps metrics appropriate to your organization and integrate DevOps with your existing best practices and investmentWho This Book Is For:IT leaders in large companies and government agencies who have any level of responsibility for the rapid development of high-quality software applications. The secondary readership is members of development and operations teams, security professionals, and service managers.

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