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Kosmos: Weltentwürfe im Vergleich

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ISBN: 9783858814517 Year: DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_615698 Language: German
Publisher: Scheidegger & Spiess Grant: FP7 Ideas: European Research Council - 324146
Subject: Astronomy (General) --- Social Sciences --- History
Added to DOAB on : 2018-06-22 11:01:50

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cosmos - cosmology - culture - myths

Keywords

culture --- myths --- cosmology --- cosmos

Redefining Standard Model Cosmology

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ISBN: 9781838808631 9781838808648 9781838808655 Year: Pages: 122 DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.75275 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Geophysics and Geomagnetism
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:53

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The current standard model of cosmology is based primarily on two incompatible theoretical models: (1) the standard model of particle physics, which describes the physics of the very small in terms of quantum mechanics, and (2) the general theory of relativity, which describes the physics of the very large in terms of classical physics. Both these theoretical models are considered to be incomplete in the sense that they do not provide any understanding of several empirical observations, such as the Big Bang, dark matter, dark energy, gravity, and matter-antimatter asymmetry in the universe. The main aim of this book is to discuss these serious problems that threaten to undermine the current standard model of cosmology.

Il discorso di Eraclito

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ISBN: 9783487143866 Year: Pages: 308 Seiten DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_507997 Language: Italian
Publisher: Georg Olms Verlag Grant: Austrian Science Fund - D 4144
Added to DOAB on : 2015-01-28 11:01:18
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Since the “scuola urbinate” (e. g. B. Gentili) applied the oral theory to the Greek lyricists, orality is seen to have influenced thought and language not only of rhapsodists, but of archaic authors in general. Against this background, I investigate how the interaction between orality and literacy, which I suggest to call “aurality”, influences the semantics and the linguistic reasoning chiefly of Heraclitus among the early presocratic thinkers. On the one hand Heraclitus is an oral “image-thinker” (Havelock) and his prose is poetically constructed; on the other hand only by writing he can figure out the discourse (λόγος) as a ὀνόματα-composed unity, as I mean he does, rather than holistic or as a continuum, what is common in oral societies. Such a λόγος is able to serve as a cosmological model, for the physical world consisting of a multiplicity of phenomena closely jointed to each other into an invisible unity.

One Hundred Years of General Relativity:From Genesis and Empirical Foundations to Gravitational Waves, Cosmology and Quantum Gravity

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ISBN: 9789814635134 Year: Volume: 1 Pages: 720 DOI: 10.1142/9389-vol1 Language: ENGLISH
Publisher: World Scientific Publishing Co.
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-04 08:59:32

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The aim of this two-volume title is to give a comprehensive review of one hundred years of development of general relativity and its scientific influences. This unique title provides a broad introduction and review to the fascinating and profound subject of general relativity, its historical development, its important theoretical consequences, gravitational wave detection and applications to astrophysics and cosmology. The series focuses on five aspects of the theory:Genesis, Solutions and EnergyEmpirical FoundationsGravitational WavesCosmologyQuantum GravityThe first three topics are covered in Volume 1 and the remaining two are covered in Volume 2. While this is a two-volume title, it is designed so that each volume can be a standalone reference volume for the related topic.

One Hundred Years of General Relativity:From Genesis and Empirical Foundations to Gravitational Waves, Cosmology and Quantum Gravity

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ISBN: 9789814678506 Year: Volume: 2 Pages: 636 DOI: 10.1142/9389-vol2 Language: ENGLISH
Publisher: World Scientific Publishing Co.
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-04 09:01:47

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The aim of this two-volume title is to give a comprehensive review of one hundred years of development of general relativity and its scientific influences. This unique title provides a broad introduction and review to the fascinating and profound subject of general relativity, its historical development, its important theoretical consequences, gravitational wave detection and applications to astrophysics and cosmology. The series focuses on five aspects of the theory:Genesis, Solutions and EnergyEmpirical FoundationsGravitational WavesCosmologyQuantum GravityThe first three topics are covered in Volume 1 and the remaining two are covered in Volume 2. While this is a two-volume title, it is designed so that each volume can be a standalone reference volume for the related topic.

Trends in Modern Cosmology

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ISBN: 9789535132097 9789535132103 Year: Pages: 224 DOI: 10.5772/66010 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Geophysics and Geomagnetism
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:50

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The modern cosmology has been turned into an outstanding field of active research through the years. Today, we have more scientific data in modern cosmology than we could get rid of it, which makes the present days an exciting era for scientific knowledge. ""Trends in Modern Cosmology"" invites the reader to tackle the big questions of the universe from cultural aspects of cosmology and its influence on arts, philosophy, and politics to more specialized technical advances in the field as the physics of dark sector, black holes, galaxies, large structure formation, and particles. In fact, it reveals our endless searching for the better understanding of the universe as a legacy of knowledge for next generations.

Cosmic Rays

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ISBN: 9781789235920 9781789235937 Year: Pages: 172 DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.72533 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Geophysics and Geomagnetism
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:51

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Measurements in present experiments have dramatically advanced our understanding of ultrahigh-energy cosmic rays. The suppression of the flux at the highest energies is now confirmed without any doubt, and strong limits have been placed on the photon and neutrino components. There are indications for a small, large-scale anisotropy both below and above the energy of the angle and for a correlation on smaller angular scales at E > 5.5*1019 eV. Around 3*1018 eV, there is a distinct change of slope with energy, and the shower-to-shower variance decreases. Interpreted with the leading LHC-tuned shower models, this implies a gradual shift to a heavier composition, and a number of fundamentally different astrophysical model scenarios have been developed to describe this evolution.

Rubinrote Federn, Walzähne und schimmerndes Perlmutt: polynesische Kosmologie in Ritualobjekten (Book chapter)

Book title: Kosmos: Weltentwürfe im Vergleich

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783858814517 Year: DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_615699 Language: German
Publisher: Scheidegger & Spiess Grant: FP7 Ideas: European Research Council - 324146
Subject: Astronomy (General) --- Social Sciences --- Medicine (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2017-02-27 11:01:21
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This article is concerned with cosmological concepts of the peoples of Polynesia in the Pacific. Following a creation myth from Tahiti, the authors explore the realms of te ao (the world of space and light which came to be inhabited by humans) and te po (the engulfing darkness, associated with the night, the ancestors and spirits) by investigating artefacts from the region. Certain qualities of the rare materials used in the highly skilled making, and the knowledge of the utilisation of these artefacts enabled pacific islanders to establish a connection to divine entities but also to protect themselves of their powers. Many of the cosmological principles finally can be rediscovered in the objects themselves, which therefore are a study of the cosmos in miniature.

On the Origin (and Evolution) of Baryonic Galaxy Halos

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783038427223 9783038427216 Year: Pages: 230 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Physics (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2018-02-16 08:49:06
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This book covers aspects and achievements of the baryonic (star and gas) component of galaxy halos as presented at the successful conference “On the Origin (and Evolution) of Baryonic Galaxy Halos”, held on the Galapagos Islands, Ecuador, March 13–17, 2017. It can be regarded as a compendium of the prominent results in this field. The main focus is the latest simulations and observations of galaxy halos. This compendium is recommended to researchers, and advanced students, as it contains peer-reviewed high quality papers that will meet their scientific needs and help to initiate new research directions. Everything described in this book is the result of a truly collective effort from the participants of the Galapagos conference.

Die waarheidsweg Dhammapada

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ISBN: 9781928396192 Year: DOI: 10.4102/aosis.2017.dwd42 Language: Afrikaans
Publisher: AOSIS Grant: University of Pretoria
Subject: Religion
Added to DOAB on : 2018-02-21 11:01:48
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This book aims to contribute to the understanding of Early Buddhism, specifically the Dhammapada (one of the great classical religious scriptures of the world) in its historical setting, namely India in the third to fifth centuries BCE, comprising a unique linguistic, religious and socio-cultural setting. It further aims to contribute to the hermeneutics of bridging the historical gap of two and a half millennia between ancient India and contemporary society and to bridge the gaps between various cultures (African, Western, Indian) and religions, mainly theistic religions (specifically Christianity) and Buddhism in contemporary society. The central foci of this interest are the crucial issues of the existence of God and life after death. The book further investigates the possibility of a metaphysical mystical model, embarked on by myself over some decades. Lastly, it explores the field of a translation strategy from classical metaphysical and religious texts, in this case into Afrikaans, which is a relatively new medium in this field, with unique challenges. Regarding research methodology, the book utilised the historical critical method of explaining the content of the Dhammapada, taking into account its context. It further used the method (derived from phenomenology) of understanding the subjective intentionality structure of the original author(s), going back to the Buddha as well as the method of tendentional interpretation, extrapolating the intentionality structure to a metaphysical-mystical model of religious ‘peace’. It entails a first-hand study of the text in the original language, as well as of extensive secondary literature on the aspects noted above. The book contributes to scholarship by unfolding the history and language of this Buddhist text, revealing the structure of its conceptual edifice, the specific style of its communication of its message and the ultimate goal of this system. It makes a case for the relevance of this ancient system of thought across various divides. It also makes a case for the relevance of an inclusive metaphysical mystical theory of all human systems of ultimate meaning and confirms work done in this regard by the author while offering a translation of the text, regarded as excellent by peers. The target audience of the book is envisaged as three concentric circles. The centre target consists of scholars in one or more of the fields of Pāli and Buddhist studies, theology, comparative religious studies and philosophy. Secondly, the text is aimed at readers with a wide education and cultural interest but not necessarily trained in any of the fields mentioned above. Thirdly, and more peripherally, the book intends being of value to the general public where inter-religious understanding and dialogue is of great significance on a global scale and of particular relevance to South African society.

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