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La voix des phénomènes : Contributions

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ISBN: 9782802804673 Year: DOI: 10.4000/books.pusl.18472 Language: French
Publisher: Presses de l’Université Saint-Louis
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-06 13:15:50
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

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Abstract

Ce volume est le fruit d'une réflexion menée autour du thème de l'affectivité, des émotions, des passions, du désir, dans l'horizon du sens. La relation vivante à autrui et au monde, la condition charnelle et relationnelle de l'homme, l'infinitude de ses aspirations et la finitude de ses réalisations en constituent tout à la fois les présupposés et les données phénoménologiques de base. Mais ce livre est né avant toute chose de l'amitié que Ghislaine Florival a fait naître autour d'elle, qu'elle a pratiquée sans relâche, dont elle vit et dont elle a fait vivre l'Institution qu'elle a servie pendant presque quarante ans. C'est en hommage à son œuvre et à son action au sein du monde universitaire que ces études ont été composées et rassemblées.

Explaining Criminal Careers: Implications for Justice Policy

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9780199697243 Year: DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199697243.001.0001 Language: English
Publisher: Oxford University Press Grant: OAPEN-UK
Subject: Mathematics --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2014-03-03 22:50:17
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Explaining Criminal Careers presents a simple quantitative theory of crime, conviction and reconviction, the assumptions of the theory are derived directly from a detailed analysis of cohort samples drawn from the “UK Home Office” Offenders Index (OI). Mathematical models based on the theory, together with population trends, are used to make: exact quantitative predictions of features of criminal careers; aggregate crime levels; the prison population; and to explain the age-crime curve, alternative explanations are shown not to be supported by the data. Previous research is reviewed, clearly identifying the foundations of the current work. Using graphical techniques to identify mathematical regularities in the data, recidivism (risk) and frequency (rate) of conviction are analysed and modelled. These models are brought together to identify three categories of offender: high-risk / high-rate, high-risk / low-rate and low-risk / low-rate. The theory is shown to rest on just 6 basic assumptions. Within this theoretical framework the seriousness of offending, specialisation or versatility in offence types and the psychological characteristics of offenders are all explored suggesting that the most serious offenders are a random sample from the risk/rate categories but that those with custody later in their careers are predominantly high-risk/high-rate. In general offenders are shown to be versatile rather than specialist and can be categorised using psychological profiles. The policy implications are drawn out highlighting the importance of conviction in desistance from crime and the absence of any additional deterrence effect of imprisonment. The use of the theory in evaluation of interventions is demonstrated.

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