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Le sport malade de ses contradictions… : L’Europe, médecin imaginaire

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ISBN: 9782858925049 DOI: 10.4000/books.msha.4287 Language: French
Publisher: Maison des Sciences de l’Homme d’Aquitaine
Subject: Sports Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-06 13:15:39
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

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Abstract

La réflexion sur le sport cultive le paradoxe et s'enferme dans une voie sans issue : elle ne cesse de plaider en faveur des "valeurs" du sport, et dans un même mouvement, au nom du "réalisme", elle renie ce qu'elle vient de défendre... L'Université d'Été 1999 a pris pour sujet cette impasse et s'est penchée sur quelques-unes des zones de tensions que sous-tendent des conflits, menaçant à court terme de conduire à des explosions. La première concerne l'image du champion. À la merveilleuse figure d'un sport qui unit les uns et les autres dans une fête pour tous, vécue à l'occasion de la finale de la Coupe du Monde de Football, fait tristement écho la désolante image du champion du Tour de France... Combien de temps encore, dans ces conditions, pourra rester crédible le discours sur les valeurs du sport ? Faut-il alors - et c'est la deuxième ligne de tensions - se prendre à rêver d'un sport "bio", garanti "sans engrais chimique". Faut-il imaginer comme inévitable une fracture du sport avec d'un côté les jeux du cirque et de l'autre un sport santé, pratiqué par le plus grand nombre ? Une troisième zone de tensions est celle qui voit se développer les OPA sur le sport. Ces offres publiques d'achat, de glissements en dérapages, finissent par conduire à des dérives potentiellement explosives, introduisant une barrière entre un sport de "riches" et un sport de "pauvres". Du même coup se pose - et c'est la dernière zone de tensions qui est étudiée -, la question de la formation. Quelle définition donner à cette formation quand l'avenir du sport apparaît aussi incertain ?

Keywords

sport --- contradiction --- santé --- formation --- champion --- éthique --- dérapage

Contemporary Natural Philosophy and Philosophies - Part 1

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ISBN: 9783038978220 / 9783038978237 Year: Pages: 350 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-823-7 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2019-06-26 08:44:06
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Modern information communication technology eradicates barriers of geographic distances, making the world globally interdependent, but this spatial globalization has not eliminated cultural fragmentation. The Two Cultures of C.P. Snow (that of science–technology and that of humanities) are drifting apart even faster than before, and they themselves crumble into increasingly specialized domains. Disintegrated knowledge has become subservient to the competition in technological and economic race leading in the direction chosen not by the reason, intellect, and shared value-based judgement, but rather by the whims of autocratic leaders or fashion controlled by marketers for the purposes of political or economic dominance. If we want to restore the authority of our best available knowledge and democratic values in guiding humanity, first we have to reintegrate scattered domains of human knowledge and values and offer an evolving and diverse vision of common reality unified by sound methodology. This collection of articles responds to the call from the journal Philosophies to build a new, networked world of knowledge with domain specialists from different disciplines interacting and connecting with other knowledge-and-values-producing and knowledge-and-values-consuming communities in an inclusive, extended, contemporary natural–philosophic manner. In this process of synthesis, scientific and philosophical investigations enrich each other—with sciences informing philosophies about the best current knowledge of the world, both natural and human-made—while philosophies scrutinize the ontological, epistemological, and methodological foundations of sciences, providing scientists with questions and conceptual analyses. This is all directed at extending and deepening our existing comprehension of the world, including ourselves, both as humans and as societies, and humankind.

Keywords

n/a --- compositional hierarchy --- development --- dissipative structures --- final cause --- internalism --- Second Law of thermodynamics --- subsumptive hierarchy --- agonism --- apophasis --- autocatalysis --- centripetality --- contingency --- endogenous selection --- heterogeneity --- indeterminacy --- process --- mathematics --- physics --- philosophical foundations --- natural philosophy --- the logic of nature --- ontology --- epistemology --- in the name of nature --- philosophy of information --- natural philosophy --- metaphysics --- physics --- problem of induction --- physicalism --- theoretical unity --- philosophy of science --- scientific method --- scientific progress --- pessimistic induction --- awareness --- cognition --- computation --- cybernetics --- differentiation --- fitness --- holographic encoding --- memory --- perception --- quantum information --- signal transduction --- spatial representation --- thermodynamics --- unitarity --- Leibniz --- monad --- internal quantum state --- relational biology --- reflexive psychology --- self --- induction --- naturalism --- evidence and justification --- epistemic norms --- induction and concept formation --- induction and discovery of laws --- natural philosophy --- R.M. Unger --- L. Smolin --- Aristotle --- F.W.J. Schelling --- Naturphilosophie --- A.N. Whitehead --- Ivor Leclerc --- dialectics --- discourse --- discursive space --- information --- knowledge --- humanistic management --- language --- natural philosophy --- subjective experience --- process --- dual aspects --- consciousness --- information-theory --- theoretical biology --- 1st-person and 3rd-person perspectives --- hylomorphism --- mind --- form --- matter --- neurodynamics --- natural philosophy --- philosophy of science --- Jungian psychology --- depth psychology --- analytical psychology --- phenomenological psychology --- evolutionary psychology --- active imagination --- Aristotle’s four causes --- aesthetics in science --- philosophy as a way of life --- common good --- contradiction --- ethics --- information --- logic --- naturalization --- realism --- science --- synthesis --- natural philosophy --- philosophy of nature --- naturalism --- unity of knowledge --- qualitative ontology --- intentionality --- dispositions --- qualia --- abduction --- agent-based reasoning --- creativity --- eco-cognitive model --- eco-cognitive openness --- fallacies --- errors of reasoning --- third-way reasoning --- naturalization of logic --- causality --- embodiment --- measurement --- regulation --- retrocausality --- second-person description --- symmetry breaking --- temporality --- natural philosophy --- cosmology --- emptiness --- vacuum --- void --- dark energy --- space flight --- exoplanet --- big freeze --- big crunch --- everyday lifeworld --- digitization --- computability --- complexity --- reverse mathematics --- quantum computing --- real computing --- theory of everything --- acategoriality --- state-space approach --- mental representation --- dual-aspect monism --- exceptional experiences --- intentionality --- mind-matter relations --- category theory --- memory evolutive system --- emergence --- emergentist reductionism --- anticipation --- creativity --- info-computational model

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