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High Performance Light Water Reactor : Design and Analyses

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ISBN: 9783866448179 Year: Pages: X, 241 p. DOI: 10.5445/KSP/1000025989 Language: ENGLISH
Publisher: KIT Scientific Publishing
Subject: Technology (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-30 20:01:59
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The High Performance Light Water Reactor is a nuclear reactor concept of the 4th generation which is cooled and moderated with supercritical water. The concept has been worked out by a consortium of European partners, co-funded by the European Commission. It features a once through steam cycle, a pressure vessel type reactor, and a compact containment with pressure suppression pool. The conceptual design enables to assess its feasibility, its safety features and its economic potential.

Civil Engineering and Symmetry

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ISBN: 9783039210022 9783039210039 Year: Pages: 198 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-003-9 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General) --- General and Civil Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2019-06-26 08:44:06
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A topic of utmost importance in civil engineering is finding optimal solutions throughout the life cycle of buildings and infrastructural objects, including their design, manufacturing, use, and maintenance. Operational research, management science, and optimization methods provide a consistent and applicable groundwork for engineering decision-making. These topics have received the interest of researchers and, after a rigorous peer-review process, eight papers have been published in this Special Issue. The articles in this Printed Edition demonstrate how solutions in civil engineering, which bring economic, social, and environmental benefits, are obtained through a variety of methodologies and tools. Usually, decision-makers need to take into account not just a single criterion, but several different criteria and, therefore, multi-criteria decision-making (MCDM) approaches have been suggested for application in five of the published papers; the rest of the papers apply other research methods. Most approaches suggested decision models under uncertainty, proposing hybrid MCDM methods in combination with fuzzy or rough set theory, as well as D-numbers. The application areas of the proposed MCDM techniques mainly cover production/manufacturing engineering, logistics and transportation, and construction engineering and management. We hope that a summary of the Special Issue as provided here will encourage a detailed analysis of the papers included in the Printed Edition.

Micro/Nano Manufacturing

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ISBN: 9783039211692 9783039211708 Year: Pages: 208 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-170-8 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-09 11:49:15
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Micro manufacturing involves dealing with the fabrication of structures in the size range of 0.1 to 1000 µm. The scope of nano manufacturing extends the size range of manufactured features to even smaller length scales—below 100 nm. A strict borderline between micro and nano manufacturing can hardly be drawn, such that both domains are treated as complementary and mutually beneficial within a closely interconnected scientific community. Both micro and nano manufacturing can be considered as important enablers for high-end products. This Special Issue of Applied Sciences is dedicated to recent advances in research and development within the field of micro and nano manufacturing. The included papers report recent findings and advances in manufacturing technologies for producing products with micro and nano scale features and structures as well as applications underpinned by the advances in these technologies.

Keywords

fluid jet polishing --- deterministic polishing --- variable pitch path --- residual error optimization --- path adaptability --- chatter identification --- three-dimensional elliptical vibration cutting --- empirical mode decomposition --- intrinsic mode function --- feature extraction --- micro-EDM molds --- micro-lens array --- contactless embossing --- friction coefficient --- micro 3D printing --- micro stereolithography --- process parameter optimization --- Taguchi’s method --- multi-objective particle swarm optimization --- flow control --- culture dish adapter --- small recess structure --- closed environment --- perfusion culture --- optical encoder --- grating --- blaze --- injection molding --- micro assembly --- active alignment --- opto-ASIC --- wafer-level optics --- antireflection nanostructure --- microlens array mold --- ultraprecision machining --- anodic aluminum oxide --- spatial uncertainty modeling --- additive manufacturing --- uncertainty quantification --- Image segmentation --- gaussian process modeling --- additive manufacturing --- selective laser melting --- surface roughness --- design of experiments --- Ti6Al4V --- SERS --- Surface-enhanced Raman scattering --- nanosphere array --- nanocone array --- hot embossing --- nanoimprinting --- plasma nitriding --- micro-nozzle --- micro-spring --- nitrogen supersaturation --- hardening --- hydrophobicity --- stiffness control --- product development --- conceptual design --- micro assembly --- data structure --- design for manufacturability --- low PC clinker --- Portland limestone ternary fiber–cement nanohybrids --- flexural strength --- TGA/dTG --- XRD --- MIP --- water impermeability tests --- micro and nano manufacturing --- micro-fluidics --- micro-optics --- micro and nano additive manufacturing --- micro-assembly --- surface engineering and interface nanotechnology --- micro factories --- micro reactors --- micro sensors --- micro actuators

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