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Bogotá: nacimiento de una metrópoli : La originalidad del proceso de concentración urbana en Colombia en el siglo XX

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ISBN: 9782821844872 DOI: 10.4000/books.ifea.3252 Language: Spanish
Publisher: Institut français d’études andines
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-06 13:15:32
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

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Los procesos de concentración urbana acelerada en América Latina, de jerarquización progresiva de las redes urbanas nacionales y de metropolización, han sido ampliamente estudiados desde 1950. En particular, desde el inicio sorprendió a los investigadores la similitud con la cual casi todos los Estados de la región experimentaron una concentración de tendencia "unipolar", con supremacía cada vez más fuerte de la ciudad de mayor importancia sobre el resto de la red urbana. Se designa a este fenómeno con el término de "primacía urbana". Creado en otra época y otro lugar, el concepto de primacía urbana se adecua perfectamente a la realidad latinoamericana de los últimos 60 años, en la que la combinación del éxodo rural masivo, la explosión demográfica y la industrialización acelerada han tenido como resultado una concentración urbana particularmente rápida, con un carácter primacial muy marcado. En la actualidad, Colombia experimenta un proceso muy notorio de concentración primacial alrededor de una sola ciudad. El libro análiza el período de 1930 a principios de los años 90, que abarca dos ciclos claves de la organización del espacio colombiano. El primero es el de la cuadricefalia urbana que nace en los años 30 y finaliza entre los años 60 y 70; constituye una transición original entre la situación de atomización urbana, existente a principios de siglo, y la tendencia actua la concentración. El segundo es el de la primacía urbana de Bogotá, que ha crecido sin interrupción desde los años 60 y sigue afirmándose hoy día tal como lo podemos comprobar. El propósito de nuestro estudio es comprender por qué estos dos cielos aparentemente contradictorios han podido iniciarse en un período relativamente corto, y cómo ha sido la transición del uno al otro.

Les narrateurs d’Auschwitz

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ISBN: 9782760626638 9782821897687 Year: Language: French
Publisher: Presses de l’Université de Montréal
Added to DOAB on : 2018-01-26 15:12:21
License: OpenEdition licence for Books

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Prendre l'Histoire à rebrousse-poil pour faire entendre les voix de ses victimes ; exposer la barbarie que cachent la culture et le progrès technique ; montrer que la mémoire n'est pas l'affaire du passé, mais du présent et que l'écriture peut et doit faire justice. Telle est l'entreprise d'Esther Cohen, qui s'inscrit entre autres dans le sillage de Walter Benjamin et Jacques Derrida. Son livre se veut, comme les œuvres qui le nourrissent, un acte de résistance contre le silence et l'indiffér...

Coupled 3D hydrodynamic models for submarine outfalls. Denvironmental hydraulic design and control of multiport diffusers

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Book Series: Dissertationsreihe am Institut für Hydromechanik der Universität Karlsruhe ISSN: 14394111 ISBN: 9783866441606 Year: Volume: 2006,3 Pages: 219 p. DOI: 10.5445/KSP/1000006668 Language: ENGLISH
Publisher: KIT Scientific Publishing
Subject: General and Civil Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-30 20:01:59
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The book describes the hydraulic design and environmental impact prediction technologies for such installations. Focus are the hydrodynamics approached by computer models. First, a multiport diffuser design program was developed. Second, two model systems for discharge analysis, CORMIX for the near-field and intermediate-field and Delft3D for the far-field were coupled, and third a regulatory procedure is proposed to license and monitor outfall installations.

Provence-Auschwitz

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ISBN: 9782853996938 9782821885578 Year: Language: French
Publisher: Presses universitaires de Provence
Added to DOAB on : 2017-11-21 16:19:30
License: OpenEdition licence for Books

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De 1939 à 1944, de nombreux camps d'internement existèrent dans l'actuelle région Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur. Le camp des Milles, près d'Aix-en-Provence, occupa, avec ses « annexes », plusieurs fonctions : camp d'internement pour ressortissants du Reich en 1939-1940, centre de transit pour étrangers désireux de quitter la France, lieu de regroupement des juifs étrangers raflés de l'été à l'automne 1942. À partir de sources peu explorées, cet ouvrage fait le point sur cette galaxie de l'inter...

Industrial Concentration and the Chicago School of Antitrust Analysis

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Book Series: Hohenheimer volkswirtschaftliche Schriften ISBN: 9783631408742 Year: Pages: 422 DOI: 10.3726/b13907 Language: English
Publisher: Peter Lang International Academic Publishing Group
Subject: Law --- Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:32:26
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After roughly 15 years of merger control application in the Federal Republic of Germany a reassessment of the significance of this instrument of antitrust policy seems necessary. This is particularly so in view of the reorientation of merger control policy in the United States which has been - in its original version - the model for the German merger control system.
Concerning merger control, the reorientation is characterized by the notion that the structure-conduct-performance paradigm which has dominated U.S. antitrust for a quarter of a century is imprecise or even incorrect and «that bigness in business does not necessarily mean badness.»
This makes the fundamental question arise of whether the German merger control system is still up to date in terms of the underlying market theory and of whether the German Act Against Restraints of Competition needs a reorientation towards aspects of market conduct and performance instead of market structure by means of a Fifth Amendment.

Sport under Unexpected Circumstances

Authors: --- ---
Book Series: Veröffentlichungen des Instituts für Europäische Geschichte Mainz ISBN: 9783666310522 Year: DOI: 10.13109/9783666310522 Language: English
Publisher: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 103603
Subject: Law
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:34:03
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Sport was an integral part of life in camps during the twentieth century, even in Nazi concentrations camps or in the Soviet Gulag. Traditionally perceived as a symbol of equality, play, and peacefulness, sport under such unexpected circumstances irritates most observers, back then and today. This volume studies the irritating fact of sport in penal and internment camps as an important insight into the history of camps. The authors enquire into case studies of sport being played in different forms of camps around the globe and throughout the twentieth century. They challenge our understanding of camps, question the dichotomy of insiders and outsiders, inner-camp hierarchies, and the everyday experience of violence. This fresh perspective complements the existing camp studies and gives way for the subjectivity of camp inmates and their action.

« Les mots sont aussi des demeures » : Poétiques de Jean Cayrol

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ISBN: 9791030005240 DOI: 10.4000/books.pub.24541 Language: French
Publisher: Presses Universitaires de Bordeaux
Subject: Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2020-09-09 12:19:32
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

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Depuis quelques années, Jean Cayrol émerge des limbes de l’oubli. La redécouverte de l’un des grands absents de l’histoire littéraire de l’après-guerre se fait sous l’enseigne du « lazaréen ». À son retour des camps, Jean Cayrol, à la différence de tant d’autres survivants, avait refusé de porter témoignage de son expérience, pour explorer par l’écriture romanesque la persistance du « concentrationnaire » dans « le psychisme européen et même mondial ». Pour l’ancien résistant, il n’y avait pas d’« après », il n’y a qu’une vie dans et avec l’épouvante des camps. La nouvelle poétique qu’il concrétisera dans ses essais, ses récits, ses poèmes et ses films, pose la catastrophe comme condition préalable de toute création littéraire et artis­tique de l’après-guerre. Ce volume, réunissant les actes du premier colloque universitaire consacré à l’œuvre cayrolienne, s’appuie sur le titre d’un de ses recueils de poèmes, Les mots sont aussi des demeures, pour s’interroger sur la ou les poétique(s) de Cayrol. Les mots, à condition d’être restaurés « dans leur splendeur première », offrent au poète la possibilité de bâtir des « demeures », certes transitoires mais « ouvertes, hospitalières ». C’est dans cet esprit que des chercheurs provenant de plusieurs pays - France, Allemagne, Italie, Autriche, Suisse - sont venus habiter les « demeures » d’un grand auteur bordelais et mondial.

Innovative Places in Europe

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Book Series: Hohenheimer volkswirtschaftliche Schriften ISBN: 9783631633038 Year: Pages: 433 Language: English
Publisher: Peter Lang International Academic Publishing Group
Subject: Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:32:59
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Regional disparities and spatial clustering are ubiquitous in today’s world. This study contributes with empirical findings on the distribution of European research and patenting activity since the 1980s at the regional level. Besides a general theoretical part, it offers a quantitative clustering analysis, which makes use of EPO patent applications and a harmonized regional and technological classification. Moreover, the pan-European study incorporates a structural analysis of inter-regional co-patenting networks at the regional and technological level that covers the 1990s and 2000s. Finally, European regional income and growth disparities are addressed by placing emphasis on the spatial distribution of research activity and the regional settlement structure.

Short Rotation Woody Crop Production Systems for Ecosystem Services and Phytotechnologies

Authors: --- --- ---
ISBN: 9783039215096 9783039215102 Year: Pages: 316 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-510-2 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Science (General) --- Biology --- Forestry
Added to DOAB on : 2020-01-07 09:08:26
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While international efforts in the development of short rotation woody crops (SRWCs) have historically focused on the production of biomass for bioenergy, biofuels, and bioproducts, research and deployment over the past decade has expanded to include broader objectives of achieving multiple ecosystem services. In particular, silvicultural prescriptions developed for SRWCs have been refined to include woody crop production systems for environmental benefits such as carbon sequestration, water quality and quantity, and soil health. In addition, current systems have been expanded beyond traditional fiber production to other environmental technologies that incorporate SRWCs as vital components for phytotechnologies, urban afforestation, ecological restoration, and mine reclamation. In this Special Issue of the journal Forests, we explore the broad range of current research dedicated to our topic: International Short Rotation Woody Crop Production Systems for Ecosystem Services and Phytotechnologies

Recent Advances in Urban Ventilation Assessment and Flow Modelling

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ISBN: 9783038978060 9783038978077 Year: Pages: 448 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-807-7 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-04-25 16:37:17
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This book contains twenty-one original papers and one review paper published by internationally recognized experts in the Atmosphere Special Issue ""Recent Advances in Urban Ventilation Assessment and Flow Modelling"", years 2017&ndash;2019. The Special Issue includes contributions on recent experimental and modelling works, techniques, and developments mainly tailored to the assessment of urban ventilation on flow and pollutant dispersion in cities. The study of ventilation is of critical importance, as it addresses the capacity with which a built urban structure is capable of replacing the polluted air with ambient fresh air. Here, ventilation is recognized as a transport process that improves local microclimate and air quality and closely relates to the term &ldquo;breathability&rdquo;. The efficiency with which street canyon ventilation occurs depends on the complex interaction between the atmospheric boundary layer flow and the local urban morphology.The individual contributions to this Issue are summarized and categorized into four broad topics: (1) outdoor ventilation efficiency and application/development of ventilation indices, (2) relationship between indoor and outdoor ventilation, (3) effects of urban morphology and obstacles to ventilation, and (4) ventilation modelling in realistic urban districts. The results and approaches presented and proposed will be of great interest to experimentalists and modelers, and may constitute a starting point for the improvement of numerical simulations of flow and pollutant dispersion in the urban environment, for the development of simulation tools, and for the implementation of mitigation strategies.

Keywords

street canyon --- seasonal variation --- air flow --- pollutant dispersion --- pollutant removal --- natural ventilation --- residential wind environments --- building arrangements --- space pattern --- ventilation efficiency --- CFD simulation --- air change rate (ACH) --- flow and turbulence profiles --- hypothetical urban areas --- street-level ventilation --- ventilation assessment --- wind-tunnel dataset --- street vegetation --- CFD --- aerodynamic and deposition --- tree scenarios --- urban planning --- indoor-outdoor --- mass concentration --- nanoparticles --- particle number concentration (PNC) --- PM10 --- PM2.5 --- sampling --- Total Suspended Particles (TSP) --- ultrafine particles (UFP) --- urban street canyon --- wind enhancement --- architectural intervention --- water channel experiment --- CFD simulation --- passive ventilation --- street canyon --- computational fluid dynamics (CFD) --- ventilation effectiveness --- the age of air --- convective boundary layer --- LES --- street-level ventilation --- small open space --- air change rate per hour (ACH) --- concentration decay method --- urban age of air --- computational fluid dynamic (CFD) simulation --- natural ventilation --- residential building --- climate zone --- thermal comfort --- natural ventilation hour --- Japan cities --- building energy use --- inter-building effect --- highly-reflective building envelope --- BEopt analysis --- source apportionment --- data assimilation --- urban air quality modelling --- wind environment --- Natural Ventilation Potential (NVP) --- PM2.5 --- building–tree grouping patterns --- Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) --- LES --- ventilation --- urban planning --- dispersion --- air quality --- street canyon --- traffic tidal flow --- numerical simulation --- vehicular pollution --- non-uniform distribution of the pollution source --- on-road air quality --- traffic composition --- high emitting vehicles --- street canyon --- mobile laboratory --- CFD model --- heat loss --- optimisation --- residential building --- air quality --- carbon dioxide concentration --- ventilation system --- wind pressure coefficient --- airflow network --- multiple linear regression --- natural ventilation --- urban layout --- surrogate model --- schematic urban environment --- wind tunnel --- LES --- validation --- street canyon --- coherent structures --- road tunnel --- natural ventilation --- wind catcher --- intake fraction --- street canyon --- CFD --- Large Eddy Simulation (LES) --- urban air quality --- pedestrian exposure --- concentration fluctuation --- outdoor ventilation --- urban morphology --- building site coverage --- ventilation efficiency --- n/a

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