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Investigations into the Phenomenology and the Ontology of the Work of Art: What are Artworks and How Do We Experience Them?

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Book Series: Contributions to Phenomenology ISSN: 09239545 ISBN: 9783319140896 9783319140902 Year: Volume: 81 Pages: 264 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-14090-2 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Arts in general --- Philosophy --- Multidisciplinary
Added to DOAB on : 2016-04-14 17:57:27
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​This book investigates the nature of aesthetic experience and aesthetic objects. Written by leading philosophers, psychologists, literary scholars and semioticians, the book addresses two intertwined issues. The first is related to the phenomenology of aesthetic experience: The understanding of how human beings respond to artworks, how we process linguistic or visual information, and what properties in artworks trigger aesthetic experiences. The examination of the properties of aesthetic experience reveals essential aspects of our perceptual, cognitive, and semiotic capacities. The second issue studied in this volume is related to the ontology of the work of art: Written or visual artworks are a specific type of objects, containing particular kinds of representation which elicit a particular kind of experience. The research question explored is: What properties in artful objects trigger this type of experience, and what characterizes representation in written and visual artworks? The volume sets the scene for state-of-the-art inquiries in the intersection between the psychology and ontology of art. The investigations of the relation between the properties of artworks and the characteristics of aesthetic experience increase our insight into what art is. In addition, they shed light on essential properties of human meaning-making in general.

Compositionality and Concepts in Linguistics and Psychology

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Book Series: Language, Cognition, and Mind ISSN: 2364-4109 / 2364-4117 ISBN: 9783319459752 9783319459776 Year: Pages: 337 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-45977-6 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Linguistics
Added to DOAB on : 2017-11-24 11:28:46
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By highlighting relations between experimental and theoretical work, this volume explores new ways of addressing one of the central challenges in the study of language and cognition. The articles bring together work by leading scholars and younger researchers in psychology, linguistics and philosophy. An introductory chapter lays out the background on concept composition, a problem that is stimulating much new research in cognitive science. Researchers in this interdisciplinary domain aim to explain how meanings of complex expressions are derived from simple lexical concepts and to show how these meanings connect to concept representations. Traditionally, much of the work on concept composition has been carried out within separate disciplines, where cognitive psychologists have concentrated on concept representations, and linguists and philosophers have focused on the meaning and use of logical operators. This volume demonstrates an important change in this situation, where convergence points between these three disciplines in cognitive science are emerging and are leading to new findings and theoretical insights.

La sociologie cognitive

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ISBN: 9782735119325 DOI: 10.4000/books.editionsmsh.14367 Language: French
Publisher: Éditions de la Maison des sciences de l’homme
Subject: Science (General) --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-06 13:15:29
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

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À l'âge où les sciences du cerveau et de la cognition apportent de fascinantes révélations sur les fondements matériels de la nature humaine, est-il possible pour la sociologie de continuer à réfléchir en vase clos, hors de l'effervescence scientifique qu'entraînent ces découvertes ? Les auteurs qui s'expriment dans cet ouvrage exposent leurs points de vue argumentés sur le lien entre sciences de la cognition et sciences du social et sur les conditions d'élaboration d'une véritable sociologie cognitive. La diversité des perspectives offre un état des lieux passionnant sur une « querelle des disciplines » qui n'a jamais vraiment cessé de hanter la sociologie.

Multitasking: Executive Functioning in Dual-Task and Task Switching Situations

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Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889454532 Year: Pages: 196 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88945-453-2 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Science (General) --- Psychology
Added to DOAB on : 2018-11-16 17:17:57
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Multitasking refers to performance of multiple tasks. The most prominent types of multitasking are situations including either temporal overlap of the execution of multiple tasks (i.e., dual tasking) or executing multiple tasks in varying sequences (i.e., task switching). In the literature, numerous attempts have aimed at theorizing about the specific characteristics of executive functions that control interference between simultaneously and/or sequentially active component of task-sets in these situations. However, these approaches have been rather vague regarding explanatory concepts (e.g., task-set inhibition, preparation, shielding, capacity limitation), widely lacking theories on detailed mechanisms and/ or empirical evidence for specific subcomponents. The present research topic aims at providing a selection of contributions on the details of executive functioning in dual-task and task switching situations. The contributions specify these executive functions by focusing on (1) fractionating assumed mechanisms into constituent subcomponents, (2) their variations by age or in clinical subpopulations, and/ or (3) their plasticity as a response to practice and training.

Representation in Cognitive Science

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ISBN: 9780198812883 Year: Pages: 304 DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780198812883.001.0001 Language: English
Publisher: Oxford University Press Grant: H2020 European Research Council - 681422
Subject: Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:34:11
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"Our thoughts are meaningful. We think about things in the outside world; how can that be so? This is one of the deepest questions in contemporary philosophy. Ever since the 'cognitive revolution', states with meaning-mental representations-have been the key explanatory construct of the cognitive sciences. But there is still no widely accepted theory of how mental representations get their meaning. Powerful new methods in cognitive neuroscience can now reveal information processing in the brain in unprecedented detail. They show how the brain performs complex calculations on neural representations. &#xD;&#xD;Drawing on this cutting-edge research, Nicholas Shea uses a series of case studies from the cognitive sciences to develop a naturalistic account of the nature of mental representation. His approach is distinctive in focusing firmly on the 'subpersonal' representations that pervade so much of cognitive science. The diversity and depth of the case studies, illustrated by numerous figures, make this book unlike any previous treatment. It is important reading for philosophers of psychology and philosophers of mind, and of considerable interest to researchers throughout the cognitive sciences."

Raum – Weltbild – Kontrolle

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ISBN: 9783863882204 9783863880545 Year: Pages: 241 DOI: 10.3224/86388054 Language: German
Publisher: Verlag Barbara Budrich
Subject: Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-03-22 11:21:06
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What are the connections between space, control and world view? The author answers this question using the concept of cognitive mapping, which he presents and discusses as a theoretical concept of social analysis and as an empirical means of research. Surveillance - so his thesis - makes the examination and control of worldviews possible and thus becomes a form of social orientation. At the same time, worldviews also provide a basis for understanding attitudes towards surveillance measures. Surveillance in this sense is not a product of modernity, but occurs in all historical epochs and serves the organization of reality. Space and spatial notions of the world are shaped by the environment and the experiences people have in it. Socio-spatial conceptions are the origin of discourses of surveillance and are in turn influenced by forms of control. Worldviews can be used to trace attitudes and surveillance and the orientation patterns behind them. This book deals with these interrelations using the concept of cognitive mapping. This concept analyses causes and effects and explains how they play an important role in processes of social exclusion/integration or the possibilities of identity formation.

Update on Dementia

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ISBN: 9789535126546 9789535126553 9789535141785 Year: Pages: 558 DOI: 10.5772/61983 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Neurology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:49

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The dementia challenge is the largest health effort of the times we live in. The whole society has to move to a realization of the significance of prioritization to make an attempt in the direction of mental health promotion and dementia risk reduction. New priorities for research are needed to go far beyond the usual goal of constructing a disease course-modifying medication. Moreover, a full empowerment and engagement of men and women living with dementia and their caregivers, overcoming stigma and discrimination should be promoted. The common efforts and the final aim will have to be the progress of a ''dementia-constructive'' world, where people with dementia can take advantage of equal opportunities.

Mechanisms of Neuroinflammation

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ISBN: 9789535134510 9789535134527 Year: Pages: 318 DOI: 10.5772/66067 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Neurology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:50

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""Mechanisms of Neuroinflammation"" book explains how the neuronal cells become swollen at the moment of the blood-brain barrier disruption and how they lose their immunological isolation. A cascade of cytokines and immune cells from the bloodstream enters the nervous system, inflaming neurons and activating the glia. This produces a neuroinflammatory process that can generate different neurodegenerative diseases. Better understanding of mechanisms that are activated at the time when the damage to the brain occurs could lead to the development of suitable therapies that revert the neuronal inflammation and thus prevent further damage to the nervous system.

The Amygdala - A Discrete Multitasking Manager

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ISBN: 9789535109082 9789535142621 Year: Pages: 420 DOI: 10.5772/2973 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Neurology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 09:47:09

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Among the components of the limbic system, the amygdala is a fascinating structure that is involved in the processes of liking and disliking and in the ways our emotions drive our actions and affect the strength of our memories. Combined with new conceptual breakthroughs, the very latest data obtained by leading world experts in amygdala function that are reviewed in this book have helped to understand how the amygdala contribute to these processes and also to a variety of neurological and neuropsychiatric pathologies. Of course, due to the rate of research advancement, all the chapters presented here correspond to precise questions addressed by experts using highly specific techniques. Therefore, each chapter should be viewed as pieces of a puzzle that represent all the different research areas that have to be taken into consideration in discussing the role of the amygdala in emotion and memory. Although the primary goal of this book is to inform experts and newcomers of some of the latest data in the field of brain structures involved in mechanisms underlying emotional learning and memory, we hope it will also help to stimulate discussion on the functional role of the amygdala and connected brain structures in these mechanisms.

High-Resolution Neuroimaging - Basic Physical Principles and Clinical Applications

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ISBN: 9789535138655 9789535138662 9789535140450 Year: Pages: 174 DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.68268 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Neurology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:51

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Dr. Ahmet Mesrur Halefoğlu mostly deals with research fields in body imaging and neuroradiology with multidetector computed tomography and high-resolution magnetic resonance imaging. He has served as postdoctoral research fellow at Johns Hopkins Hospital. Currently, he is working as an associate professor of radiology in Istanbul, Turkey. He has more than 50 high-impact-factor publications and has written 3 book chapters. He is a member of Turkish Society of Radiology and European Society of Radiology. During the recent years, there have been major breakthroughs in MRI due to developments in scanner technology and pulse sequencing. These important achievements have led to remarkable improvements in neuroimaging and advanced techniques, including diffusion imaging, diffusion tensor imaging, perfusion imaging, magnetic resonance spectroscopy, and functional MRI. These advanced neuroimaging techniques have enabled us to achieve invaluable insights into tissue microstructure, microvasculature, metabolism, and brain connectivity.

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