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Compositionality and Concepts in Linguistics and Psychology

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Book Series: Language, Cognition, and Mind ISSN: 2364-4109 / 2364-4117 ISBN: 9783319459752 9783319459776 Year: Pages: 337 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-45977-6 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Linguistics
Added to DOAB on : 2017-11-24 11:28:46
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By highlighting relations between experimental and theoretical work, this volume explores new ways of addressing one of the central challenges in the study of language and cognition. The articles bring together work by leading scholars and younger researchers in psychology, linguistics and philosophy. An introductory chapter lays out the background on concept composition, a problem that is stimulating much new research in cognitive science. Researchers in this interdisciplinary domain aim to explain how meanings of complex expressions are derived from simple lexical concepts and to show how these meanings connect to concept representations. Traditionally, much of the work on concept composition has been carried out within separate disciplines, where cognitive psychologists have concentrated on concept representations, and linguists and philosophers have focused on the meaning and use of logical operators. This volume demonstrates an important change in this situation, where convergence points between these three disciplines in cognitive science are emerging and are leading to new findings and theoretical insights.

Mind, Body, World: Foundations of Cognitive Science

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Book Series: OPEL (Open Paths to Enriched Learning) ISSN: 22912614 ISBN: 9781927356173 9781927356180 9781927356197 Year: Pages: 506 Language: English
Publisher: Athabasca University Press
Added to DOAB on : 2014-08-04 17:04:53
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Cognitive science arose in the 1950s when it became apparent that a number of disciplines, including psychology, computer science, linguistics, and philosophy, were fragmenting. Perhaps owing to the fieldÕs immediate origins in cybernetics, as well as to the foundational assumption that cognition is information processing, cognitive science initially seemed more unified than psychology. However, as a result of differing interpretations of the foundational assumption and dramatically divergent views of the meaning of the term information processing, three separate schools emerged: classical cognitive science, connectionist cognitive science, and embodied cognitive science.

Knowledge and the Norm of Assertion

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ISBN: 9781783741854 Year: Pages: 126 DOI: 10.11647/OBP.0083 Language: English
Publisher: Open Book Publishers
Subject: Social Sciences --- Linguistics
Added to DOAB on : 2017-08-22 11:01:50
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"Language is a human universal reflecting our deeply social nature. Among its essential functions, language enables us to quickly and efficiently share information. We tell each other that many things are true—that is, we routinely make assertions. Information shared this way plays a critical role in the decisions and plans we make. In Knowledge and the Norm of Assertion, a distinguished philosopher and cognitive scientist investigates the rules or norms that structure our social practice of assertion. Combining evidence from philosophy, psychology, and biology, John Turri shows that knowledge is the central norm of assertion and explains why knowledge plays this role. Concise, comprehensive, non-technical, and thoroughly accessible, this volume quickly brings readers to the cutting edge of a major research program at the intersection of philosophy and science. It presupposes no philosophical or scientific training. It will be of interest to philosophers and scientists, is suitable for use in graduate and undergraduate courses, and will appeal to general readers interested in human nature, social cognition, and communication."

Die Sprache der Judenfeindschaft im 21. Jahrhundert

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Book Series: Europäisch-jüdische Studien – Beiträge ISSN: 2192-9602 ISBN: 9783110277722 Year: Volume: 7 Pages: 456 DOI: 10.1515/9783110277722 Language: German
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: Religion
Added to DOAB on : 2018-11-14 18:42:56
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This study considers the question of how specific ideas about Jews are constructed and activated. At which point can a statement be regarded as anti-Semitic? The two authors examine the various verbal manifestations of current anti-Semitism and the mental images on which these are based, applying both a historical perspective and the perspective of linguistic and cognitive science.

Hack the Experience: Tools for Artists from Cognitive Science

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ISBN: 9781947447653 9781947447660 Year: Pages: 164 DOI: 10.21983/P3.0206.1.00 Language: English
Publisher: punctum books
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2019-03-26 11:21:04
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Hack The Experience will reframe your perspective on how your audience engages your work. This will happen as you learn how to control attention through spatial and time-based techniques that you can harness as you build immersive installations or as you think about how to best arrange your work in an exhibition. You’ll learn things about the senses and how they interface with attention so that you can build in visceral forms of interactivity, engage people’s empathetic responses, and frame their moods. This book is a dense bouillon-cube of techniques that you can adapt and apply to your personal practice, and it’s a book that will walk you step-by-step through skill sets from ethnography, cognitive science, and multi-modal metaphors. The core argument of this book is that art is a form of cognitive engineering and that the physical environment (or objects in the physical environment) can be shaped to maximize emotional and sensory experience. Many types of art will benefit from this handbook (because cognition is pervasive in our experience of art), but it is particularly relevant to immersive experiential works such as installations, participatory/interactive environments, performance art, curatorial practice, architecture and landscape architecture, complex durational works, and works requiring new models of documentation. These types of work benefit from the empirical findings of cognitive science because intentionally leveraging basic human cognition in artworks can give participants new ways of seeing the world that are cognitively relevant. This leveraging process provides a new layer in the construction of conceptually grounded works.

Learning Disabilities - An International Perspective

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ISBN: 9789535136514 9789535136521 Year: Pages: 228 DOI: 10.5772/65822 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Education
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:50

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Learning disabilities are conditions that are associated with difficulties in knowledge and skill acquisition to the level expected of same-age peers. The current book is an international examination of assessment methods, preventative measures, intervention, and research with those individuals with learning disabilities obtained from authors in the United States of America, Europe, Asia, and Africa.

Rhétorique et cognition - Rhetoric and Cognition. Perspectives théoriques et stratégies persuasives- Theoretical Perspectives and Persuasive Strategies

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Book Series: Sciences pour la Communication ISBN: 9783034315470 Year: Pages: 354 DOI: 10.3726/978-3-0352-0271-7 Language: French
Publisher: Peter Lang International Academic Publishing Group Grant: Swiss National Science Foundation (SNSF) - OAPEN-CH - 170385
Subject: Psychology --- Philosophy --- Linguistics
Added to DOAB on : 2016-11-03 11:01:14
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This volume gathers contributions from two disciplines which have much to gain from one another – rhetoric and cognitive science – as they both have much to say in the broad realm of argumentation studies. This collection neither condemns the fallacious effects of specific argument schemes nor adds yet another layer to fallacy criticism, but studies how argumentation and fallacies work, hic et nunc. What are the linguistic and cognitive mechanisms behind the «performance » of fallacious arguments? How do rhetorical strategies work at the interface of cognition, language science and society?

Moderate Fundamentalists. Ahmadiyya Muslim Jama'at in the Lens of Cognitive Science of Religion

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ISBN: 9783110556643 9783110556483 Year: Pages: 190 DOI: 10.1515/9783110556643 Language: English
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: Religion
Added to DOAB on : 2017-12-21 18:07:48
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n the mid 1950s, a British taxi driver named George King claimed that Budha, Jesus, and Lao Tzu had been alien “cosmic masters” who had come to earth to teach mankind the right way to live. Sun Myung Moon claimed that Korean people are descendants of the lost tribes of Israel. Joseph Smith claimed that some lost tribes of Israel had moved to Americas hundreds of years ago. All three people successfully founded new religious movements that have survived to this day. How and why do some people come up with such seemingly strange and bizarre ideas and why do others come to place their faith in these ideas? The first part of this book develops a multidisciplinary theoretical framework drawn from cognitive science of religion and social psychology to answer these critically important questions. The second part of the book illustrates how this theoretical framework can be used to understand the origin and evolution of the Ahmadiyya Muslim Jama’at founded by an Indian Muslim in 1889. The book breaks new ground by studying the influence that religious beliefs of 19th century reformist Indian Muslims, in particular, founders of the Ahl-e-Hadith movement, had on the beliefs of Mirza Ghulam Ahmad, the founder of the Ahmadiyya Muslim Jama’at. Using the theoretical framework developed in part I, the book also explains why many north Indian Sunni Muslims found Ahmad’s ideas to be irresistible and why the movement split into two a few years Ahmad’s death. The book will interest those who want to understand cults as well as those who want to understand reformist Islamic movements.

Film as Embodied Art

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ISBN: 9781618118363 9781644691137 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Academic Studies Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 102881
Subject: Performing Arts
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-23 11:21:13
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How do the visuals of Kubrick’s work convey complex concepts and abstractions without the traditional reliance on words? And how does the pure instrumental music in his films express meaning when music, in essence, is an abstract art form? Drawing on state-of-the-art research in embodied cognitive science, this book sets out to explore these questions by revealing Kubrick as a genuine conceptual artist, a filmmaker who perhaps more than any other director, uses all the non-verbal resources of filmmaking in such a controlled and dense manner as to elicit the bodily structures necessary to achieve a level of conceptual understanding.

Dynamisch Inter(- en Trans)disciplinair TaalOnderzoek. De nieuwe taalwetenschappen

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ISBN: 9789038208640 Year: Pages: 344 Language: Dutch;
Publisher: Academia Press
Subject: Science (General) --- Linguistics --- Arts in general --- History of arts
Added to DOAB on : 2011-11-04 00:00:00
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Language research is currently in a state of flux. The phenomenon of language is not merely the topic of investigation in linguistics, it is examined by a multitude of scholars with different scientific backgrounds. In order to examine how these various disciplines approach language, a think-tank was founded in 2002, called DITO, Dynamisch Inter(-en trans)disciplinair onderzoek, or Dynamic Inter- (and trans)disciplinary Research. The think-tank is located at the Belgian Vrije Universiteit Brussel (Free University of Brussels). This book provides short introductory articles to the language research conducted by some of the think-tank’s most important members, from within the point of view of the following 5 disciplines: philosophy of evolutionary biology, cognitive science, neuroscience, sign language research and artificial intelligence.

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