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Microwave Indices from Active and Passive Sensors for Remote Sensing Applications

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ISBN: 9783038978206 9783038978213 Year: Pages: 224 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-821-3 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Geography --- Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-09 11:49:16
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Past research has comprehensively assessed the capabilities of satellite sensors operating at microwave frequencies, both active (SAR, scatterometers) and passive (radiometers), for the remote sensing of Earth’s surface. Besides brightness temperature and backscattering coefficient, microwave indices, defined as a combination of data collected at different frequencies and polarizations, revealed a good sensitivity to hydrological cycle parameters such as surface soil moisture, vegetation water content, and snow depth and its water equivalent. The differences between microwave backscattering and emission at more frequencies and polarizations have been well established in relation to these parameters, enabling operational retrieval algorithms based on microwave indices to be developed. This Special Issue aims at providing an overview of microwave signal capabilities in estimating the main land parameters of the hydrological cycle, e.g., soil moisture, vegetation water content, and snow water equivalent, on both local and global scales, with a particular focus on the applications of microwave indices.

Evolutionary Computation

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ISBN: 9783039219285 9783039219292 Year: Pages: 424 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-929-2 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General) --- General and Civil Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-09 11:49:16
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Computational intelligence is a general term for a class of algorithms designed by nature's wisdom and human intelligence. Computer scientists have proposed many computational intelligence algorithms with heuristic features. These algorithms either mimic the evolutionary processes of the biological world, mimic the physiological structure and bodily functions of the organism,

Keywords

artificial bee colony algorithm (ABC) --- cloud model --- normal cloud model --- Y conditional cloud generator --- global optimum --- evolution --- computation --- urban design --- biology --- shape grammar --- architecture --- SPEA 2 --- energy-efficient job shop scheduling --- dispatching rule --- nonlinear convergence factor --- mutation operation --- whale optimization algorithm --- particle swarm optimization --- confidence term --- random weight --- benchmark functions --- t-test --- success rates --- average iteration times --- set-union knapsack problem --- moth search algorithm --- transfer function --- discrete algorithm --- evolutionary multi-objective optimization --- convergence point --- acceleration search --- evolutionary computation --- optimization --- bat algorithm (BA) --- bat algorithm with multiple strategy coupling (mixBA) --- CEC2013 benchmarks --- Wilcoxon test --- Friedman test --- facility layout design --- single loop --- monarch butterfly optimization --- slicing tree structure --- material handling path --- integrated design --- wireless sensor networks (WSNs) --- DV-Hop algorithm --- multi-objective DV-Hop localization algorithm --- NSGA-II-DV-Hop --- first-arrival picking --- fuzzy c-means --- particle swarm optimization --- range detection --- minimum total dominating set --- evolutionary algorithm --- genetic algorithm --- local search --- constrained optimization problems (COPs) --- evolutionary algorithms (EAs) --- firefly algorithm (FA) --- stochastic ranking (SR) --- Artificial bee colony --- swarm intelligence --- elite strategy --- dimension learning --- global optimization --- DE algorithm --- ?-Hilbert space --- topology structure --- quantum uncertainty property --- numerical simulation --- whale optimization algorithm --- flexible job shop scheduling problem --- nonlinear convergence factor --- adaptive weight --- variable neighborhood search --- elephant herding optimization --- EHO --- swarm intelligence --- individual updating strategy --- large-scale --- benchmark --- diversity maintenance --- particle swarm optimizer --- entropy --- large scale optimization --- minimum load coloring --- memetic algorithm --- evolutionary --- local search --- particle swarm optimization --- large-scale optimization --- adaptive multi-swarm --- diversity maintenance --- deep learning --- convolutional neural network --- rock types --- automatic identification --- monarch butterfly optimization --- greedy optimization algorithm --- global position updating operator --- 0-1 knapsack problems

Sustainable Use of Soils and Water: The Role of Environmental Land Use Conflicts

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ISBN: 9783039286447 / 9783039286454 Year: Pages: 332 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03928-645-4 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Science (General) --- Environmental Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2020-06-09 16:38:57
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This book on the sustainable use of soils and water addressed a variety of issues related to the utopian desire for environmental sustainability and the deviations from this scene observed in the real world. Competing interests for land are frequently a factor in land degradation, especially where the adopted land uses do not conform with the land capability (the natural use of soil). The concerns of researchers about these matters are presented in the articles comprising this Special Issue book. Various approaches were used to assess the (im)balance between economic profit and environmental conservation in various regions, in addition to potential routes to bring landscapes back to a sustainable status being disclosed.

Keywords

land eco-security --- multi-dimension --- cloud model --- set pair theory --- evaluation --- sustainable development --- water resources --- Contemporary Yellow River Delta --- groundwater depth --- temporal stability --- debris flow waste-shoal land --- land use and transformation --- driving forces analysis --- territorial development --- marginal land resources --- groundwater flow field --- scale effects --- discrete wavelet transform --- time series analysis --- multiple stresses --- land use conflicts --- encounters of interests --- landscape as geosystem --- integrative landscape management --- Trnava district --- nitrogen --- agriculture --- Nitrate Vulnerable Zones --- macromodel DNS/SWAT --- rural households’ behaviors --- arable soil --- heavy metal pollution assessment --- Lankao county --- Managed Aquifer --- Recharge --- Groundwater --- Institutions --- Ghana --- comprehensive land carrying capacity --- multi-criterion comprehensive evaluation --- analytic hierarchy process --- standard deviation --- weight --- spatial variation --- Green GDP --- Ecosystem service value --- Gross Domestic Product --- Land Use --- CA-Markov --- Land use change --- temporal-spatial variations --- environmental and economic changes --- arid region --- central Asia --- land use/cover change --- SWAT --- hydrological processes --- sustainable agriculture --- MicroLEIS DSS --- land-use planning --- soil reclamation --- groundwater recharge --- recharge zones --- river basin --- spatialization --- relief --- geology --- forest --- urbanization --- water resource management --- land use policy --- water footprint --- agricultural and livestock products --- Penman–Monteith equation --- evapotranspiration --- climate conditions --- withdrawal of agricultural land --- contributions --- developmental factors --- territorial factors --- legislative factors --- hydrologic modeling --- ungauged catchment --- stream flow downscaling --- karst aquifer --- urban area --- conjunctive water resources management --- recharge --- overexploitation --- geo hazards --- water resources --- soil --- land use change --- conflicts --- environmental degradation --- sustainability

Algebraic Structures of Neutrosophic Triplets, Neutrosophic Duplets, or Neutrosophic Multisets

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9783038973843 Year: Volume: 1 Pages: 478 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-385-0 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Science (General) --- Mathematics
Added to DOAB on : 2019-04-05 10:34:31
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Abstract

Neutrosophy (1995) is a new branch of philosophy that studies triads of the form (, , ), where is an entity {i.e. element, concept, idea, theory, logical proposition, etc.}, is the opposite of , while is the neutral (or indeterminate) between them, i.e., neither nor .Based on neutrosophy, the neutrosophic triplets were founded, which have a similar form (x, neut(x), anti(x)), that satisfy several axioms, for each element x in a given set.This collective book presents original research papers by many neutrosophic researchers from around the world, that report on the state-of-the-art and recent advancements of neutrosophic triplets, neutrosophic duplets, neutrosophic multisets and their algebraic structures – that have been defined recently in 2016 but have gained interest from world researchers. Connections between classical algebraic structures and neutrosophic triplet / duplet / multiset structures are also studied. And numerous neutrosophic applications in various fields, such as: multi-criteria decision making, image segmentation, medical diagnosis, fault diagnosis, clustering data, neutrosophic probability, human resource management, strategic planning, forecasting model, multi-granulation, supplier selection problems, typhoon disaster evaluation, skin lesson detection, mining algorithm for big data analysis, etc.

Keywords

generalized aggregation operators --- interval neutrosophic set (INS) --- multi-attribute decision making (MADM) --- Choquet integral --- fuzzy measure --- clustering algorithm --- neutrosophic association rule --- data mining --- neutrosophic sets --- big data --- analytic hierarchy process (AHP) --- SWOT analysis --- multi-criteria decision-making (MCDM) techniques --- neutrosophic set theory --- neutrosophic clustering --- image segmentation --- neutrosophic c-means clustering --- region growing --- dermoscopy --- skin cancer --- neutosophic extended triplet subgroups --- neutrosophic triplet cosets --- neutrosophic triplet normal subgroups --- neutrosophic triplet quotient groups --- shopping mall --- photovoltaic plan --- decision-making trial and evaluation laboratory (DEMATEL) --- interval-valued neutrosophic set --- extended ELECTRE III --- symmetry --- single valued neutrosophic set (SVNS) --- neutrosophic multiset (NM) --- single valued neutrosophic multiset (SVNM) --- cosine measure --- multiple attribute decision-making --- LNGPBM operator --- LNGWPBM operator --- Linguistic neutrosophic sets --- generalized partitioned Bonferroni mean operator --- multiple attribute group decision-making (MAGDM) --- pseudo-BCI algebra --- hesitant fuzzy set --- neutrosophic set --- filter --- action learning --- school administrator --- SVM --- neutrosophic classification --- neutrosophic set --- soft set --- totally dependent-neutrosophic set --- totally dependent-neutrosophic soft set --- generalized De Morgan algebra --- complex neutrosophic set --- complex neutrosophic graph --- fuzzy graph --- matrix representation --- neutrosophic triplet groups --- semigroup --- semi-neutrosophic triplets --- classical group of neutrosophic triplets --- S-semigroup of neutrosophic triplets --- pseudo primitive elements --- neutrosophic sets (NSs) --- interval neutrosophic numbers (INNs) --- exponential operational laws of interval neutrosophic numbers --- interval neutrosophic weighted exponential aggregation (INWEA) operator --- multiple attribute decision making (MADM) --- typhoon disaster evaluation --- simplified neutrosophic linguistic numbers --- cloud model --- Maclaurin symmetric mean --- multi-criteria decision-making --- neutrosophy --- DSmT --- decision-making algorithms --- robotic dexterous hands --- grasping configurations --- grasp type --- generalized group --- neutrosophic triplet set --- neutrosophic triplet group --- group --- neutrosophic cubic set --- neutrosophic cubic graphs --- applications of neutrosophic cubic graphs --- single-valued neutrosophic multisets --- medical diagnosis --- probabilistic rough sets over two universes --- three-way decisions --- similarity measures --- neutrosophic cubic set --- decision-making --- soft sets --- support soft sets --- interval valued neutrosophic support soft sets --- sustainable supplier selection problems (SSSPs) --- analytic network process --- interdependency of criteria --- TOPSIS --- neutrosophic set --- 2ingle-valued neutrosophic set --- Technique for Order Preference by Similarity to an Ideal Solution (TOPSIS) --- integrated weight --- maximizing deviation --- multi-attribute decision-making (MADM) --- neutrosophic triplet set (NTS) --- partial metric spaces (PMS) --- fixed point theory (FPT) --- neutrosophic triplet --- quasi neutrosophic triplet loop --- quasi neutrosophic triplet group --- BE-algebra --- CI-algebra --- fuzzy time series --- forecasting --- two-factor fuzzy logical relationship --- multi-valued neutrosophic set --- Hamming distance --- neutrosophic set --- prioritized operator --- Muirhead mean --- multicriteria decision-making --- aggregation operators --- dual aggregation operators --- neutrosophic triplet group (NTG) --- NT-subgroup --- homomorphism theorem --- weak commutative neutrosophic triplet group --- neutrosophic rough set --- MGNRS --- dual domains --- inclusion relation --- decision-making --- neutro-monomorphism --- neutro-epimorphism --- neutro-automorphism --- fundamental neutro-homomorphism theorem --- first neutro-isomorphism theorem --- and second neutro-isomorphism theorem --- linear and non-linear neutrosophic number --- de-neutrosophication methods --- neutrosophic set --- bipolar fuzzy set --- neutrosophic bipolar fuzzy set --- neutrosophic bipolar fuzzy weighted averaging operator --- similarity measure --- algorithm --- multiple attribute decision making problem --- neutrosophic duplets --- semigroup --- neutrosophic triplet groups --- neutrosophic set --- fault diagnosis --- normal distribution --- defuzzification --- simplified neutrosophic weighted averaging operator --- (commutative) ideal --- generalized neutrosophic set --- generalized neutrosophic ideal --- commutative generalized neutrosophic ideal --- linguistic neutrosophic sets --- multi-criteria group decision-making --- power aggregation operator --- extended TOPSIS method --- probabilistic single-valued (interval) neutrosophic hesitant fuzzy set --- multi-attribute decision making --- aggregation operator --- quasigroup --- loop --- BCI-algebra --- Bol-Moufang --- quasi neutrosophic loops --- Fenyves identities --- G-metric --- neutrosophic G-metric --- neutrosophic sets --- clustering --- neutrosophic big data --- neutrosophic logic --- aggregation operator --- complement --- intersection --- membership --- neutrosophic soft set --- NC power dual MM operator (NCPDMM) operator --- NCPMM operator --- MADM --- MM operator --- Neutrosophic cubic sets --- PA operator --- interval neutrosophic sets --- Bonferroni mean --- power operator --- multi-attribute decision making (MADM) --- multiple attribute group decision making (MAGDM) --- 2-tuple linguistic neutrosophic sets (2TLNSs) --- TODIM model --- 2TLNNs TODIM method --- construction project --- MCGDM problems --- triangular fuzzy neutrosophic sets (TFNSs) --- VIKOR model --- TFNNs VIKOR method --- potential evaluation --- emerging technology commercialization --- Q-linguistic neutrosophic variable set --- vector similarity measure --- cosine measure --- Dice measure --- Jaccard measure --- decision making --- inclusion relation --- neutrosophic rough set --- multi-attribute group decision-making (MAGDM) --- multigranulation neutrosophic rough set (MNRS) --- two universes --- single valued trapezoidal neutrosophic number --- multi-criteria group decision making --- possibility degree --- power aggregation operators --- LA-semihypergroups --- neutrosophic triplet set --- neutro-homomorphism --- algorithm --- decision making --- expert set --- generalized neutrosophic set --- neutrosophic sets --- Q-neutrosophic --- soft sets --- simplified neutrosophic sets (SNSs) --- interval number --- dependent degree --- multi-criteria group decision-making (MCGDM) --- computability --- oracle Turing machines --- neutrosophic sets --- neutrosophic logic --- recursive enumerability --- oracle computation --- criterion functions --- neutrosophic computation --- neutrosophic logic --- quantum computation --- computation --- logic

Algebraic Structures of Neutrosophic Triplets, Neutrosophic Duplets, or Neutrosophic Multisets

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9783038974758 Year: Volume: 2 Pages: 450 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-476-5 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Science (General) --- Mathematics
Added to DOAB on : 2019-04-05 10:34:31
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Abstract

Neutrosophy (1995) is a new branch of philosophy that studies triads of the form (, , ), where is an entity {i.e. element, concept, idea, theory, logical proposition, etc.}, is the opposite of , while is the neutral (or indeterminate) between them, i.e., neither nor .Based on neutrosophy, the neutrosophic triplets were founded, which have a similar form (x, neut(x), anti(x)), that satisfy several axioms, for each element x in a given set.This collective book presents original research papers by many neutrosophic researchers from around the world, that report on the state-of-the-art and recent advancements of neutrosophic triplets, neutrosophic duplets, neutrosophic multisets and their algebraic structures – that have been defined recently in 2016 but have gained interest from world researchers. Connections between classical algebraic structures and neutrosophic triplet / duplet / multiset structures are also studied. And numerous neutrosophic applications in various fields, such as: multi-criteria decision making, image segmentation, medical diagnosis, fault diagnosis, clustering data, neutrosophic probability, human resource management, strategic planning, forecasting model, multi-granulation, supplier selection problems, typhoon disaster evaluation, skin lesson detection, mining algorithm for big data analysis, etc.

Keywords

generalized aggregation operators --- interval neutrosophic set (INS) --- multi-attribute decision making (MADM) --- Choquet integral --- fuzzy measure --- clustering algorithm --- neutrosophic association rule --- data mining --- neutrosophic sets --- big data --- analytic hierarchy process (AHP) --- SWOT analysis --- multi-criteria decision-making (MCDM) techniques --- neutrosophic set theory --- neutrosophic clustering --- image segmentation --- neutrosophic c-means clustering --- region growing --- dermoscopy --- skin cancer --- neutosophic extended triplet subgroups --- neutrosophic triplet cosets --- neutrosophic triplet normal subgroups --- neutrosophic triplet quotient groups --- shopping mall --- photovoltaic plan --- decision-making trial and evaluation laboratory (DEMATEL) --- interval-valued neutrosophic set --- extended ELECTRE III --- symmetry --- single valued neutrosophic set (SVNS) --- neutrosophic multiset (NM) --- single valued neutrosophic multiset (SVNM) --- cosine measure --- multiple attribute decision-making --- LNGPBM operator --- LNGWPBM operator --- Linguistic neutrosophic sets --- generalized partitioned Bonferroni mean operator --- multiple attribute group decision-making (MAGDM) --- pseudo-BCI algebra --- hesitant fuzzy set --- neutrosophic set --- filter --- action learning --- school administrator --- SVM --- neutrosophic classification --- neutrosophic set --- soft set --- totally dependent-neutrosophic set --- totally dependent-neutrosophic soft set --- generalized De Morgan algebra --- complex neutrosophic set --- complex neutrosophic graph --- fuzzy graph --- matrix representation --- neutrosophic triplet groups --- semigroup --- semi-neutrosophic triplets --- classical group of neutrosophic triplets --- S-semigroup of neutrosophic triplets --- pseudo primitive elements --- neutrosophic sets (NSs) --- interval neutrosophic numbers (INNs) --- exponential operational laws of interval neutrosophic numbers --- interval neutrosophic weighted exponential aggregation (INWEA) operator --- multiple attribute decision making (MADM) --- typhoon disaster evaluation --- simplified neutrosophic linguistic numbers --- cloud model --- Maclaurin symmetric mean --- multi-criteria decision-making --- neutrosophy --- DSmT --- decision-making algorithms --- robotic dexterous hands --- grasping configurations --- grasp type --- generalized group --- neutrosophic triplet set --- neutrosophic triplet group --- group --- neutrosophic cubic set --- neutrosophic cubic graphs --- applications of neutrosophic cubic graphs --- single-valued neutrosophic multisets --- medical diagnosis --- probabilistic rough sets over two universes --- three-way decisions --- similarity measures --- neutrosophic cubic set --- decision-making --- soft sets --- support soft sets --- interval valued neutrosophic support soft sets --- sustainable supplier selection problems (SSSPs) --- analytic network process --- interdependency of criteria --- TOPSIS --- neutrosophic set --- 2ingle-valued neutrosophic set --- Technique for Order Preference by Similarity to an Ideal Solution (TOPSIS) --- integrated weight --- maximizing deviation --- multi-attribute decision-making (MADM) --- neutrosophic triplet set (NTS) --- partial metric spaces (PMS) --- fixed point theory (FPT) --- neutrosophic triplet --- quasi neutrosophic triplet loop --- quasi neutrosophic triplet group --- BE-algebra --- CI-algebra --- fuzzy time series --- forecasting --- two-factor fuzzy logical relationship --- multi-valued neutrosophic set --- Hamming distance --- neutrosophic set --- prioritized operator --- Muirhead mean --- multicriteria decision-making --- aggregation operators --- dual aggregation operators --- neutrosophic triplet group (NTG) --- NT-subgroup --- homomorphism theorem --- weak commutative neutrosophic triplet group --- neutrosophic rough set --- MGNRS --- dual domains --- inclusion relation --- decision-making --- neutro-monomorphism --- neutro-epimorphism --- neutro-automorphism --- fundamental neutro-homomorphism theorem --- first neutro-isomorphism theorem --- and second neutro-isomorphism theorem --- linear and non-linear neutrosophic number --- de-neutrosophication methods --- neutrosophic set --- bipolar fuzzy set --- neutrosophic bipolar fuzzy set --- neutrosophic bipolar fuzzy weighted averaging operator --- similarity measure --- algorithm --- multiple attribute decision making problem --- neutrosophic duplets --- semigroup --- neutrosophic triplet groups --- neutrosophic set --- fault diagnosis --- normal distribution --- defuzzification --- simplified neutrosophic weighted averaging operator --- (commutative) ideal --- generalized neutrosophic set --- generalized neutrosophic ideal --- commutative generalized neutrosophic ideal --- linguistic neutrosophic sets --- multi-criteria group decision-making --- power aggregation operator --- extended TOPSIS method --- probabilistic single-valued (interval) neutrosophic hesitant fuzzy set --- multi-attribute decision making --- aggregation operator --- quasigroup --- loop --- BCI-algebra --- Bol-Moufang --- quasi neutrosophic loops --- Fenyves identities --- G-metric --- neutrosophic G-metric --- neutrosophic sets --- clustering --- neutrosophic big data --- neutrosophic logic --- aggregation operator --- complement --- intersection --- membership --- neutrosophic soft set --- NC power dual MM operator (NCPDMM) operator --- NCPMM operator --- MADM --- MM operator --- Neutrosophic cubic sets --- PA operator --- interval neutrosophic sets --- Bonferroni mean --- power operator --- multi-attribute decision making (MADM) --- multiple attribute group decision making (MAGDM) --- 2-tuple linguistic neutrosophic sets (2TLNSs) --- TODIM model --- 2TLNNs TODIM method --- construction project --- MCGDM problems --- triangular fuzzy neutrosophic sets (TFNSs) --- VIKOR model --- TFNNs VIKOR method --- potential evaluation --- emerging technology commercialization --- Q-linguistic neutrosophic variable set --- vector similarity measure --- cosine measure --- Dice measure --- Jaccard measure --- decision making --- inclusion relation --- neutrosophic rough set --- multi-attribute group decision-making (MAGDM) --- multigranulation neutrosophic rough set (MNRS) --- two universes --- single valued trapezoidal neutrosophic number --- multi-criteria group decision making --- possibility degree --- power aggregation operators --- LA-semihypergroups --- neutrosophic triplet set --- neutro-homomorphism --- algorithm --- decision making --- expert set --- generalized neutrosophic set --- neutrosophic sets --- Q-neutrosophic --- soft sets --- simplified neutrosophic sets (SNSs) --- interval number --- dependent degree --- multi-criteria group decision-making (MCGDM) --- computability --- oracle Turing machines --- neutrosophic sets --- neutrosophic logic --- recursive enumerability --- oracle computation --- criterion functions --- neutrosophic computation --- neutrosophic logic --- quantum computation --- computation --- logic --- n/a

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