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The Politics of Violence in Latin America

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Book Series: Latin American & Caribbean Studies ISSN: 1925-9638 ISBN: 9781552389072 Year: Pages: 311 Language: English
Publisher: University of Calgary Press
Subject: Political Science --- History --- Economics --- Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2020-08-05 01:26:21
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A reexamination of the causes of violence in Latin America and a challenge to preconceptions of the possibility of change.Latin America is one of the most violent regions in the world. It has suffered waves of repressive authoritarian rule, organized armed insurgency and civil war, violent protest, and ballooning rates of criminal violence. But is violence hard-wired into Latin America?This is a critical reassessment of the ways in which violence in Latin America is addressed and understood. Previous approaches have relied on structural perspectives, attributing the problem of violence to Latin America’s colonial past or its conflictual contemporary politics. Bringing together scholars and practitioners, this volume argues that violence is often rooted more in contingent outcomes than in deeply embedded structures.Addressing topics ranging from the root sources of violence in Haiti to kidnapping in Colombia, from the role of property rights in patterns of violence to the challenges of peacebuilding, The Politics of Violence in Latin America is an essential step towards understanding the causes and contexts of violence—and changing the mechanisms that produce it.

Keywords

Politics --- Violence --- Latin America --- Civil War

Memorialisation Principles, Post-Civil War Reintegration and the Quest for Sustainable Peace in Nigeria

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ISBN: 9791092312508 DOI: 10.4000/books.ifra.1353 Language: English
Publisher: IFRA-Nigeria
Subject: History --- Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-12 11:49:50
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

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Mnemonic devices have remained integral to human learning processes through history, as man continues to grapple with his existential experiences. Such epistemological consideration considers knowledge as a universal experience of recall, whereby events, objects, texts and processes are commited to memory. However, threats to Nigeria’s sociopolitical life has been the reverse of this logic with the erasure of History from the curriculum of secondary schools until the recent attempts at its restoration. It is such neglect that prompted this study’s examination of the need to revive the consciousness of the importance of historical lessons in the consolidation of the country’s democracy by adopting a memorialisation policy. It conceptualizes memorialisation within the framework of creation of public memorials as important for national integration and peacebuilding through references to extant memory initiatives. It then proceeds to situate the eight principles of memorialisation - as proposed by Impunity Watch - within the global context while drawing from an array of literature within the humanities and social sciences. In relaying this to the Nigerian context, the paper focuses on relevant historical events and discussions around the Nigerian Civil War with the purpose of demonstrating how memorialisation can be adopted in facilitating peacebuilding efforts in Nigeria, as a means to address different secessionist bids in a sustainable manner.

Bombs over Biscay, Barcelona and Dresden (1937-1945): From the Spanish Civil War to the Second World War

ISBN: 9788484247463 Year: Pages: 92 DOI: 10.17345/9788484247463 Language: English
Publisher: Publicacions Universitat Rovira i Virgili
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2020-01-15 12:10:51
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Sometimes tragedies that have little to distinguish them from a wide range of similar events and which can make no claim to record numbers of casualties or destructive impact go down in history as fundamental and emblematic. This is the case of two of the airstrikes discussed in this volume: Barcelona and Dresden. Other tragedies, however, are sometimes obscured by circumstances elsewhere. This is the case of the “other Guernicas”: that is to say, the bombings of Otxandio, Durango and Elorrio in Biscay. They are good examples not only of the brutality inherent in all wars and of how methods of combat become increasingly barbaric as conflicts wear on but also of the way in which some circumstances push events to the forefront of history and make them emblematic.

L’urgence et l’effroi : L’état d’exception, la guerre et les temps politiques

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ISBN: 9791036200519 DOI: 10.4000/books.enseditions.9594 Language: French
Publisher: ENS Éditions
Subject: Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2020-09-09 12:19:29
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

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Ninon Grangé aborde l’état d’exception sous l’angle philosophique. L’ouvrage se consacre à une analyse diachronique en se référant à des textes d’histoire du droit et aux généalogies qui ont pu être proposées, et à une analyse synchronique qui s’appuie sur des sources philosophiques, sociologiques et politistes. La réduction et la suppression des libertés ne sont que la partie émergée de l’état d’exception tel qu’il a été récemment mis en place dans différents pays. Dans son appréhension philosophique, il révèle des aspects du politique qui, dans le temps ordinaire que l’on croit linéaire, sont invisibles. L’ouvrage dessine une trame historique qui ramène l’état d’exception à son origine, l’état de siège qui, étonnamment, ne distingue plus guerre civile et guerre extérieure. Grâce à cet indice d’une ambivalence imprégnant d’emblée l’état d’exception, sont analysées différentes instrumentalisations : l’amalgame avec la guerre civile, l’idée de dictature, le non-droit. Ce livre se propose de montrer que le politique est toujours une manière d’imposer une temporalité contre d’autres temporalités, à la fois dévoilées et recouvertes par l’état d’exception.

The Emergence of Ukraine

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
ISBN: 9781894865395 Year: Pages: 473 DOI: 10.26530/oapen_588020 Language: English
Publisher: Canadian Institute of Ukrainian Studies Press Grant: Austrian Science Fund - PUB 46
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2016-01-08 11:01:11
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This book is a collection of essays by prominent historians from Austria, Germany, Ukraine, Poland and Russia, who undertook a thorough and detailed study of one as yet inadequately researched aspect of the First World War--the occupation of Ukraine by the Central Powers in 1918. The book provides a new and fresh perspective on the historical context of Ukraine’s struggle for independence following the First World War.

La memoria transgeneracional

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ISBN: 9783034322638 9781787071049 9781787071056 Year: DOI: 10.3726/9781787071049 Language: Spanish
Publisher: Peter Lang International Academic Publishing Group Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 103673
Subject: Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2019-04-24 11:21:03
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Coincidiendo con el ochenta aniversario del comienzo de la Guerra Civil Española, la publicación La memoria transgeneracional se plantea observar la transmisión transgeneracional, en España, de la memoria del conflicto de 1936–1939, a través de la mirada proporcionada por la literatura de tercera generación. Su primera sección se centra alrededor de un acercamiento interdisciplinar a la «memoria» como objeto de estudio, y de la contextualización de la memoria traumatizada en España a partir del año 1939. Por medio de la observación de un corpus de novelas recién publicadas, el objetivo principal de la investigación es la formulación de pautas interpretativas que ayuden a parcelar la rápida evolución del panorama literario de la España actual en lo que se refiere a la representación del pasado conflictivo de la nación.

The Clarion of Syria

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ISBN: 9780520971158 9780520299436 Year: Pages: 193 DOI: 10.1525/luminos.67 Language: English
Publisher: University of California Press
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2019-05-14 11:21:04
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When “The Clarion of Syria” was penned, between September 1860 and April 1861, its anonymous author—identified only as “a patriot”—had just witnessed his homeland undergo unprecedented violence in what many today consider Lebanon’s first civil war. Butrus al-Bustani, the author, wrote a series of pamphlets to his fellow Syrians that became a key text of the nineteenth-century literary revival movement known as the Nahda. They addressed an array of universally resonant and locally relevant themes that render the pamphlets pertinent beyond their immediate context. With a style oscillating between Paulinian sermon and Socratic dialogue, the author ponders the meaning of civil war in relation to religion, politics, morality, society, and civilization. Above all, the text was an anti-sectarian clarion call to build a cohesive and “civilized” Syrian society in place of what the author considered a community gripped by the most pernicious of conflicts, violent fanaticism and factionalism. Rereading the pamphlets in the context of today’s political violence in war-torn Syria and elsewhere in the Arab world helps us gain a critical and historical perspective on (anti-)sectarianism, conflict resolution, Western interventionism, and national reconciliation. This translation thereby makes an important historical document accessible for the first time to an English audience.

Shakespeare and the Fall of the Roman Republic

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ISBN: 9781474427456 9781474427470 9781474427487 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Edinburgh University Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 103994
Subject: Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2020-03-24 11:21:02
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Explores Shakespeare's representation of the failure of democracy in ancient Rome This book introduces Shakespeare as a historian of ancient Rome alongside figures such as Sallust, Cicero, St Augustine, Machiavelli, Gibbon, Hegel and Nietzsche. It considers Shakespeare’s place in the history of concepts of selfhood and reflects on his sympathy for Christianity, in light of his reception of medieval Biblical drama, as well as his allusions to the New Testament. Shakespeare’s critique of Romanitas anticipates concerns about secularisation, individualism and liberalism shared by philosophers such as Hannah Arendt, Alasdair MacIntyre, Charles Taylor, Michael Sandel and Patrick Deneen.

Gendered Violence

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ISBN: 9781618116161 9781618119070 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Academic Studies Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 101110
Subject: Law
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:34:04
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This is a groundbreaking study of an important and neglected topic—the systematic use of rape as a strategic weapon of the genocidal anti-Jewish violence, known collectively as pogroms, that erupted in Ukraine in the period between 1917 and 1921, and in which at least 100,000 Jews died and undocumented numbers of Jewish women were raped. The book is based on the in-depth study of the scores of narratives of Jewish men and women who survived the pogrom violence, but were then all but forgotten for almost a century. This book deconstructs the motives of perpetrators, the experience and expression of trauma by the victimized community, and how the genocidal objectives of the pogrom perpetrators were achieved and maximized through the macabre carnival of violence.

How America Became Capitalist

Author:
ISBN: 9780745337883 9781786803863 9781786803870 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Pluto Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 102215
Subject: Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2019-02-05 09:51:01
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In an age of political and economic uncertainty, from the Great Recession to the election of Donald Trump, it is essential to understand the ways capitalism and imperialism are central to the American way of life. The story told in this book brings together a new interpretation of American history beyond mainstream perspectives to chart the ways in which white-settler colonialism pushed expansion on the western frontier of empire, and locates the history through which empire gradually took on a capitalist form. It follows the pathway of expansion from the making of an Atlantic world market through the creation of white colonies in New England and Virginia. From here the book charts the growth of empire across the north and south, highlighting the gendered dynamics of empire-building, and culminates in a discussion of the Civil War and the consolidation of over two centuries of capitalist development explaining how a society with capitalism became a capitalist society.

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