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Early Childhood Policies and Systems in Eight Countries

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ISBN: 9783319398471 9783319398464 Year: Pages: 194 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-39847-1 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Education
Added to DOAB on : 2017-02-03 18:28:11
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This report provides an overview of policy strategies on early childhood education settings (from birth to primary schooling) in eight countries. Data were collected using a policy questionnaire addressed to and completed by the National Research Coordinator(s) (NRC) of Chile, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Italy, Poland, the Russian Federation and the United States. The countries that participated provide interesting illustrations of early childhood education policy in action in a range of diverse contexts. Analysis of the systemic and structural results of ECE policy at national and, where necessary, subnational levels, enables transnational comparisons in policy and systems. Key policy changes, both underway and planned, are documented. These data reveal key findings in each of the five policy areas as covered in the questionnaire and this report: public policy; delivery models and providers; participation and enrollment; quality assurance systems; and expectations for child outcomes. In particular, the study aims to provide meaningful information for countries, states and jurisdictions across the world in relation to early childhood education, mapping the systems, structures and user pathways in place, along with the perceptions of stakeholders about the system, its functioning and impact. This comprehensive assessment of the wider policy contexts and settings for early childhood education includes teacher/practitioner qualifications, pedagogy approaches, and opportunities for professional development. Such information will enable countries to review their early childhood education systems in an international context.

Feminism and the Politics of Childhood – Friends or Foes?

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9781787350632 Year: Pages: 314 DOI: 10.14324/111.9781787350632 Language: English
Publisher: UCL Press
Subject: Education --- Anthropology --- Sociology --- Gender Studies --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2018-03-01 11:01:48
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Feminism and the Politics of Childhood offers an innovative and critical exploration of perceived commonalities and conflicts between women and children and, more broadly, between various forms of feminism and the politics of childhood. This unique collection of 18 chapters brings into dialogue authors from a range of geographical contexts, social science disciplines, activist organisations, and theoretical perspectives. The wide variety of subjects include refugee camps, care labour, domestic violence and childcare and education. Chapter authors focus on local contexts as well as their global interconnections, and draw on diverse theoretical traditions such as poststructuralism, psychoanalysis, posthumanism, postcolonialism, political economy, and the ethics of care. &#xD;&#xD;Together the contributions offer new ways to conceptualise relations between women and children, and to address injustices faced by both groups.

L’enfance des loisirs : Éléments de synthèse

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9782111399020 Language: French
Publisher: Département des études, de la prospective et des statistiques
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-12 11:49:49
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Comment le goût de la culture vient-il aux enfants et comment celui-ci évolue-t-il au cours de cette période qui les fait passer de l’enfance à la grande adolescence ? Comment le fait de regarder la télévision, écouter la radio et de la musique, lire des livres et des magazines, jouer à des jeux vidéo, utiliser l’ordinateur et naviguer sur l’internet s’inscrit-il dans le quotidien des jeunes générations et dans quelle mesure contribue-t-il à leur construction identitaire ? Issue d’une enquête longitudinale de grande ampleur qui a suivi les mêmes enfants (près de 4 000) depuis l’âge de 11 ans (en 2002) jusqu’à 17 ans (en 2008), l’étude décrit la fréquence et la diversité des pratiques, usages et consommations des adolescents et l’influence des instances de transmission (parents, famille, école, institutions culturelles, etc.). Cette observation inédite des comportements culturels contribue à la connaissance de la sociologie des jeunes publics, et des trajectoires des enfants au fil des années, entre prises et déprises pour la culture.

Sugar and Spice, and Everything Nice: Exploring Prosocial Development Through Infancy and Early Childhood

Authors: --- ---
Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889195169 Year: Pages: 136 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88919-516-9 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Psychology --- Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2015-12-10 11:59:06
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Prosocial behaviors such as sharing, helping, and comforting begin to emerge early in development. The presence of these prosocial behaviors is important not only in childhood, but throughout one’s lifetime, as behaving prosocially is important for social functioning and maintaining social relationships. For many years researchers have been interested in how and when these behaviors develop, as well as how these behaviors are influenced by a variety of factors. Recently however, exciting new research has shown novel and surprising findings, particularly on the early development and ontogenetic origins of prosocial behavior. Research is this area is important, as by understanding what influences prosocial behavior, we may be better able to sustain and support the development of prosociality. Further, a richer understanding may help us to be better able to mediate factors that impede or negatively influence positive social behaviors, as well as negate triggers that may lead to negative social behaviors. Many theoretical views guide different streams of developmental research in this field. Here, we will bring together scholars from various theoretical backgrounds, to collectively explore the development of early prosocial behaviors from early infancy to early school aged children. Contributors will offer insights using a variety of methodologies, from various resource allocation paradigms derived from economist game theorists, to looking time paradigms and more. Together we seek to broadly explore questions pertaining to prosocial development, for example- at what age do prosocial behaviors, moral understanding, or social selectivity emerge? Contributors will individually address unique research questions across a spectrum of topics. For example, how prosocial behaviors are influenced by underlying mechanisms, such as moral emotions (e.g. guilt and sympathy), will be explored, as will how children’s expectations may shape their behaviors, and how they come to care about others. Questions surrounding different contexts will also be investigated. For example, how does empathy influence prosociality? Do children treat partners differently depending on their past behaviors, wealth, or other characteristics? Does whether there is a cost associated with behaving prosocially influence decision-making? By incorporating the work of numerous researchers in the field of prosocial development, who contribute comprehensive reviews of past research, unique theoretical perspectives and empirical approaches, the proposed research topic endeavors to provide new insights into a breadth of prosocial behaviors. In sum, the proposed research topic will contribute to our understanding of prosocial development in the early years by highlighting the relevant factors and contexts under which prosocial behavior emerges.

Chapter: '‘Rapt Up with Joy’: Children’s Emotional Responses to Death in Early Modern England' from book: Death, Emotion and Childhood in Premodern Europe (Book chapter)

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Book Series: Palgrave Studies in the History of Childhood ISBN: 9781137571984 9781137571991 Year: Pages: 20 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1057/978-1-137-57199-1_5 Language: English
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan
Subject: Psychology --- History
Added to DOAB on : 2017-11-23 16:19:58
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Valuable scholarship has been produced on parents’ responses to the deaths of children in early modern England, but the emotional experiences of the young themselves have rarely been explored. This chapter seeks to rectify this deficiency by viewing death through the child’s eyes. Taking advantage of recent insights from the history of emotions, Newton argues that dying children expressed diverse and conflicting passions, from fear to ecstasy. The underlying question is to what extent children’s experiences differed from those of adults. While the range of emotions was similar, the preoccupations of children differed; these included a concern about surviving siblings, and a more vivid imagination of heaven. Through highlighting such distinctions, we come closer to what it was like to be an early modern child.

Aural History

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ISBN: 9781950192670 9781950192687 Year: Pages: 324 DOI: 10.21983/P3.0282.1.00 Language: English
Publisher: punctum books
Subject: Psychology --- History
Added to DOAB on : 2020-01-25 11:21:03
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Aural History is an anti-memoir memoir of encountering devastating grief that uses experimental storytelling to recreate the winding, fractured path of loss and transformation.Written by a thirty-something psychotherapist and queer theorist, Aural History is structured as a sequence of three sections that each use different narrative styles to represent a distinctive stage in the protagonist’s evolving relationship to trauma. Aural History explores how a cascade of self-dissolving losses crisscrosses a girl’s coming of age.Through lyric prose, the first section follows a precocious tomboy whose fierce attachment to her father forces her, when he dies and she is twelve years old, to run the family bakery business, raise a delinquent younger brother, and take care of a destructive, volatile mother.In part two, scenes narrated in the third person illustrate a high-achieving high school student who is articulate and in control except for bouts of sudden and inchoate attractions, the first of which is to her severe and coaxing English teacher.The third story tells of her relation with a riveting, world-famous professor, interspersed with a tragic-comic series of dialogues between the protagonist and a cast of diverse psychotherapists as she, now twenty-five years old and living in New York City, undertakes an odyssey to understand why true self-knowledge remains elusive and her real feelings, choked and incomplete.In what Phillip Lopate calls “an amazing document,” Aural History pushes the narrative conventions of memoir to capture a story the genre of memoir usually struggles to tell: that you can lose yourself, and have no way to know it.&#xD;

Keywords

psychoanalysis --- queer theory --- trauma --- memoir --- therapy --- childhood

Childhood and Migration

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Book Series: Kultur und soziale Praxis ISBN: 9783839403846 9783899423846 Year: Pages: 228 DOI: 10.14361/9783839403846 Language: English
Publisher: transcript Verlag
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-11 11:21:19
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This volume puts an emphasis on the question how children themselves experience and manage migration and by means of which they construct an identity for themselves which takes into account their experiences from both their places of origin and their host societies. What role does the cultural background of the society of origin on the one hand and the strategies of integration found in the host society on the other play in the creation of identity and of a concept of home, origin and belonging? How do children express processes of cultural orientation and integration (music, media, fashion, style) and what role do peer groups and social milieus play in this regard? How do migrant children experience xenophobia and a lack of acceptance on the side of the host society and how do they counter-balance such experiences? The approach taken is both comparative and interdisciplinary, the contributors having different theoretical and methodological backgrounds, the contributions dealing with different social and cultural settings both with regard to place of origin and host society.

Keywords

Migration --- Childhood --- Integration --- Identity --- Youth --- Ethnology

Elementar – Männer in der pädagogischen Arbeit

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783866494886 Year: Pages: 571 Seiten DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_439215 Language: German
Publisher: Verlag Barbara Budrich Grant: Austrian Science Fund - P 20621
Added to DOAB on : 2013-03-27 11:49:16
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In the complete area of institutional child care a significant under-representation of males can be determined throughout Europe. The proportion of male child care workers lies below five percent; Austria is well below the European average with 0,8 %. Literature about men in child care services is not readily available; empirical research is frequently based on individual case studies. We know very little about how men obtain these jobs, about the motives and experiences of men in child care institutions, about their biographical particulars (contacts with men and fathers) and how men cope with the contradictions and conflicts inherent in a supposedly 'typically female' job/ profession and their male identities.

Welcoming Africa's children

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ISBN: 9781928396079 Year: Pages: 308 DOI: 10.4102/aosis.2016.waccs13 Language: English
Publisher: AOSIS Grant: North West University
Subject: Religion
Added to DOAB on : 2017-03-10 11:03:31
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The purpose of this book is to combine perspectives of scholars from Africa on Child Theology from a variety of theological sub-disciplines to provide some theological and ministerial perspectives on this topic. The book disseminates original research and new developments in this study field, especially as relevant to the African context. In the process it addresses also the global need to hear voices from Africa in this academic field. It aims to convey the importance of considering Africa’s children in theologising. The different chapters represent diverse methodologies, but the central and common focus is to approach the subject from the viewpoint of Africa’s children. The individual authors’ varied theological sub-disciplinary dispositions contribute to the unique and distinct character of the book. Almost all chapters are theoretical orientated with less empirical but more qualitative research, although some of the chapters refer to empirical research that the authors have performed in the past. Most of the academic literature in the field of Child Theologies is from American or British-European origin. The African context is fairly absent in this discourse, although it is the youngest continent and presents unique and relevant challenges. This book was written by theological scholars from Africa, focussing on Africa’s children. It addresses not only theoretical challenges in this field but also provides theological perspectives for ministry with children and for important social change. Written from a variety of theological sub-disciplines, the book is aimed at scholars across theological sub-disciplines, especially those theological scholars interested in the intersections between theology, childhood studies and African cultural or social themes. It addresses themes and provides insights that are also relevant for specialist leaders and professionals in this field. No part of the book was plagiarised from another publication or published elsewhere.

Child’s Play

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9780520296275 9780520968844 Year: Pages: 314 DOI: 10.1525/luminos.40 Language: English
Publisher: University of California Press
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2017-11-03 11:01:50
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Few things make Japanese adults feel quite as anxious today as the phenomenon called the “child crisis.” Various media teem with intense debates about bullying in schools, child poverty, child suicides, violent crimes committed by children, the rise of socially withdrawn youngsters, and forceful moves by the government to introduce a more conservative educational curriculum. These issues have propelled Japan into the center of a set of global conversations about the nature of children and how to raise them. Engaging both the history of children and childhood and the history of emotions, contributors to this volume track Japanese childhood through a number of historical scenarios. Such explorations—some from Japan’s early modern past—are revealed through letters, diaries, memoirs, family and household records, and religious polemics about promising, rambunctious, sickly, happy, and dutiful youngsters.

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