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Quality and Production of Forage

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ISBN: 9783039216741 9783039216758 Year: Pages: 148 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-675-8 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Science (General) --- Biology --- Agriculture (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-09 11:49:16
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The book ""Quality and Production of Forage"" is intended to keep readers updatedon the developments occurring in this field. As it is apparent that livestockanimals are important throughout the world because of the meat, milk and eggthey produce, knowledge about the forages available to animals must also beconsidered for increased production, quality and efficiency. This book providesinformation that readers will find considerably invaluable about forage feeds, suchas grass, legumes, and straw. The book is composed of ten papers, focusing on awide range of research activities and topics that feature the following concepts offorage: the effect of conservation method on forage protein value; Microbial thecomposition and mycotoxin content in forage; genetic diversity of forages; timelysowing to maximize yield for both grain and biomass; ensiling treatments onforage quality; the qualitative characteristics of different accessions of new foragespecies; forage policy influencing feed costs; feeding forage on animal health;high-protein tropical forages as alternative sources for poultry; impact of foragesin poultry diet and significance of forages in sustainable poultry productionsystems. This book will be an invaluable reference for students and professionalsin agricultural science and grassland and animal husbandry researches.

Analysis of Sensory Properties in Foods

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ISBN: 9783039214334 9783039214341 Year: Pages: 132 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-434-1 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Science (General) --- Biology --- Nutrition and Food Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-09 11:49:15
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The sensory properties of foods are the most important reason people eat the foods they eat. What those properties are and how we best measure those properties are critical to understanding food and eating behavior. Appearance, flavor, texture, and even the sounds of food can impart a desire to eat or cause us to dismiss the food as unappetizing, stale, or even inappropriate from a cultural standpoint. This Special Issue focuses on how sensory properties are measured, the specific sensory properties of various foods, and consumer behavior related to which properties might be most important in certain situations and how consumers use sensory attributes to make decisions about what they will eat. This Special Issue contains both research papers and review articles.

State-of-the-art Laser Gas Sensing Technologies

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ISBN: 9783039283989 9783039283996 Year: Pages: 278 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03928-399-6 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General) --- General and Civil Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2020-04-07 23:07:08
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Trace gas sensing technologies are widely used in many applications, such as environmental monitoring, life science, medical diagnostics, and planetary exploration. On the one hand, laser sources have developed greatly due to the rapid development of laser media and laser techniques in recent years. Some novel lasers such as solid-state, diode, and quantum cascade lasers have experienced significant progress. At present, laser wavelengths can cover the range from ultraviolet to terahertz, which could promote the development of laser gas sensing technologies significantly. On the other hand, some new gas sensing methods have appeared, such as photothermal spectroscopy and photoacoustic spectroscopy. Laser spectroscopy-based gas sensing techniques have the advantages of high sensitivity, non-invasiveness, and allowing in situ, real-time observation. Due to the rapid and recent developments in laser source as well as the great merits of laser spectroscopy-based gas sensing techniques, this book aims to provide an updated overview of the state-of-the-art laser gas sensing technologies.

Keywords

tunable mid-infrared solid-state laser --- thermal control --- all-fiber laser --- thermoelectric cooling --- finite-element analysis --- optical parametric oscillator --- Tm,Ho:LuVO4 laser --- PQS --- graphene saturable absorber --- mid-infrared --- single-frequency --- optical parametric oscillator (OPO) --- MgO:PPLN crystal --- continuous-wave (CW) --- diffuse integrating cavity --- TDLAS --- gas detection --- non-linearity --- quartz-enhanced photoacoustic spectroscopy --- quartz tuning fork --- gas sensing --- detection limit --- laser spectroscopy --- practical applications --- real-time observation --- optical sensing --- stokes vectors --- information processing technology --- tunable laser absorption spectroscopy --- mid-infrared fingerprint spectrum --- broadband spectrum --- trace gas detection --- wavelength modulation spectroscopy --- quantum cascade lasers --- interband cascade lasers --- carbon dioxide monitoring --- absorption spectroscopy --- temperature compensation --- wavelength modulation --- methane detection --- support vector machine --- chicken swarm optimization --- algorithm --- concentration prediction --- combustion diagnostic --- femtosecond laser --- two-photon femtosecond laser-induced fluorescence --- femtosecond laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy --- femtosecond laser electronic excitation tagging --- filament-induced nonlinear spectroscopy --- femtosecond laser-induced plasma spectroscopy --- hollow-core photonic crystal fiber --- GRIN fiber probe --- coupling efficiency --- gas sensing --- near-infrared --- C2H2 detection --- TDLAS --- time division multiplexing differential modulation --- a multi-reflection chamber --- laser absorption spectroscopy (LAS) --- combustion sensing --- direct absorption spectroscopy (DAS) --- wavelength modulation spectroscopy (WMS) --- design optimization --- noise reduction algorithms --- methane --- tunable diode laser --- wavelength modulation spectroscopy --- frequency modulation spectroscopy --- two-tone frequency modulation spectroscopy --- photothermal spectroscopy --- gas sensing --- detection limit --- laser spectroscopy --- practical applications --- intracavity gas detection --- interferometric gas detection --- deep-sea natural gas hydrate exploration --- 13CO2/12CO2 isotope ratio detection --- TDLAS technique --- mid-infrared ICL --- n/a

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english (3)


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2020 (1)

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