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Innovative Medicine: Basic Research and Development

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ISBN: 9784431556503 9784431556510 Year: Pages: 339 DOI: 10.1007/978-4-431-55651-0 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Medicine (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2016-06-30 12:46:49
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This book is devoted to innovative medicine, comprising the proceedings of the Uehara Memorial Foundation Symposium 2014. It remains extremely rare for the findings of basic research to be developed into clinical applications, and it takes a long time for the process to be achieved. The task of advancing the development of basic research into clinical reality lies with translational science, yet the field seems to struggle to find a way to move forward. To create innovative medical technology, many steps need to be taken: development and analysis of optimal animal models of human diseases, elucidation of genomic and epidemiological data, and establishment of “proof of concept”. There is also considerable demand for progress in drug research, new surgical procedures, and new clinical devices and equipment. While the original research target may be rare diseases, it is also important to apply those findings more broadly to common diseases. The book covers a wide range of topics and is organized into three complementary parts. The first part is basic research for innovative medicine, the second is translational research for innovative medicine, and the third is new technology for innovative medicine. This book helps to understand innovative medicine and to make progress in its realization.

Novel Prospects in Oxidative and Nitrosative Stress

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ISBN: 9781789230864 9781789230871 Year: Pages: 156 DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.70102 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Cytology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:51

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Oxidative stress plays a crucial role in the pathophysiology of various diseases when there is a disruption of the intracellular redox balance and the homeostatic balance between cellular oxidants and antioxidants. Reactive oxygen species (ROS) and reactive nitrogen species (RNS) react with molecular targets including proteins, lipids, and nucleic acids contributing to mitochondrial injury and cellular dysfunction. This book intends to provide the readers with an extensive overview of the novel approaches and prospects based on oxidative and nitrosative stress in the pathophysiology of various diseases and in the current treatment strategies with antioxidants.

Reactive Oxygen Species (ROS) in Living Cells

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ISBN: 9781789231342 9781789231359 Year: Pages: 216 DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.69697 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Cytology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:51

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Oxygen represents only 20% of the Earth's atmosphere, yet it is vital for the survival of aerobic organisms. There is a dark part of the use of oxygen that consists in generating reactive species that are potentially harmful to living organisms. Moreover, reactive oxygen species can combine with nitrogen derivatives and generate many other reactive species. Thus, living organisms are continuously assaulted by reactive species from external or internal sources. However, the real danger comes in the case of high concentrations and prolonged exposure to these species. This book presents an image of the mechanisms of action of reactive species and emphasizes their involvement in diseases. Inflammation and cancer are examined to determine when and how reactive species turn the evolution of a benign process to a malignant one. Some answers may come from recent studies indicating that reactive species are responsible for epigenetic changes.

Multidimensional Flow Cytometry Techniques for Novel Highly Informative Assays

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ISBN: 9781789233445 9781789233452 Year: Pages: 108 DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.68879 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Cytology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:51

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Flow cytometry's informative potential has been underestimated for many years because of a lack of adequate instruments, automation, reagents, and know-how to approach, integrate, and also substitute other techniques giving single information per assay. In the last decade, flow cytometers have become capable of performing high-throughput screening and high content analysis, evaluating tens of different samples' features in a single run up to 1536 formats on multiple cell populations. The introduction of imaging flow cytometry has filled the gap between flow cytometry and conventional high content imaging screening, putting flow cytometry at the center of many laboratories, which can now cover with a single instrument the vast majority of needs in research programs. The flow cytometry community is a multidisciplinary and diversified group with many different interests and fields of action. These characteristics have prompted the evolution of the techniques, applications, and instruments that allow the use of complex, sophisticated, and standardized and reliable flow cytometric assays in academic and industrial programs.

Current Understanding of Apoptosis - Programmed Cell Death

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ISBN: 9781789235005 9781789235012 Year: Pages: 160 DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.71637 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Cytology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:51

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Apoptosis is an essential biochemical process in cell turnover, development, and chemical-induced cell death. Current knowledge and ongoing research of apoptosis highlight our understanding in designing the therapeutic approaches for several diseases. This book covers four main sections: ""Apoptosis and Necrosis,"" ""Apoptosis Inducers,"" ""Proteasome and Signaling Pathways in Apoptosis,"" and ""Radiation-Based Apoptosis."" The first section implicitly describes the differences between apoptosis and necrosis processes. The following section elaborates the small molecule-induced apoptosis. Then, the third section deals with proteasome and signaling pathways and finally, resistance to chemotherapy and electromagnetic radiation is covered in the last section. Overall, the book deals with pathways for manipulating apoptosis and provides a unique perspective to the scientists.

Sexual Reproduction in Animals and Plants

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ISBN: 9784431545880 9784431545897 Year: Pages: 480 DOI: 10.1007/978-4-431-54589-7 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Biotechnology --- Pharmacy and materia medica --- Manufactures --- Biology
Added to DOAB on : 2014-03-05 12:56:57
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This book contains the proceedings of the International Symposium on the Mechanisms of Sexual Reproduction in Animals and Plants, where many plant and animal reproductive biologists gathered to discuss their recent progress in investigating the shared mechanisms and factors involved in sexual reproduction. This now is the first book that reviews recent progress in almost all fields of plant and animal fertilization. It was recently reported that the self-sterile mechanism of a hermaphroditic marine invertebrate (ascidian) is very similar to the self-incompatibility system in flowering plants. It was also found that a male factor expressed in the sperm cells of flowering plants is involved in gamete fusion not only of plants but also of animals and parasites. These discoveries have led to the consideration that the core mechanisms or factors involved in sexual reproduction may be shared by animals, plants and unicellular organisms. This valuable book is highly useful for reproductive biologists as well as for biological scientists outside this field in understanding the current progress of reproductive biology.

A Time for Metabolism and Hormones

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Book Series: Research and Perspectives in Endocrine Interactions ISSN: 1861-2253 ISBN: 9783319270685 9783319270692 Year: Pages: 132 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-27069-2 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Internal medicine
Added to DOAB on : 2016-12-20 11:46:51
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Recent years have seen spectacular advances in the field of circadian biology. These have attracted the interest of researchers in many fields, including endocrinology, neurosciences, cancer, and behavior. By integrating a circadian view within the fields of endocrinology and metabolism, researchers will be able to reveal many, yet-unsuspected aspects of how organisms cope with changes in the environment and subsequent control of homeostasis. This field is opening new avenues in our understanding of metabolism and endocrinology. A panel of the most distinguished investigators in the field gathered together to discuss the present state and the future of the field. The editors trust that this volume will be of use to those colleagues who will be picking up the challenge to unravel how the circadian clock can be targeted for the future development of specific pharmacological strategies toward a number of pathologies.

High Density Lipoproteins: From Biological Understanding to Clinical Exploitation

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Book Series: Handbook of Experimental Pharmacology ISSN: 01712004 ISBN: 9783319096643 9783319096650 Year: Volume: 224 Pages: 694 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-09665-0 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Manufactures --- Electrical and Nuclear Engineering --- Chemical Technology --- Business and Management --- Biotechnology --- Therapeutics --- Medicine (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2015-07-20 15:18:00
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n this Handbook of Experimental Pharmacology on “High Density Lipoproteins – from biological understanding to clinical exploitation” contributing authors (members of COST Action BM0904/HDLnet) summarize in more than 20 chapters our current knowledge on the structure, function, metabolism and regulation of HDL in health and several diseases as well as the status of past and ongoing attempts of therapeutic exploitation.The book is of interest to researchers in academia and industry focusing on lipoprotein metabolism, cardiovascular diseases and immunology as well as clinical pharmacologists, cardiologists, diabetologists, nephrologists and other clinicians interested in metabolic or inflammatory diseases.

Charophytes: Evolutionary Ancestors of Plants and Emerging Models for Plant Research

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Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889451647 Year: Pages: 150 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88945-164-7 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Botany --- Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2017-08-28 14:01:09
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The charophytes are the group of green algae that are anestral and most closely related to land plants. Today, these organisms are not only important in evoutionary studies but have become outstanding model organisms for plant research.

Advances in Hematopoietic Stem Cell Research

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ISBN: 9789533079301 Year: Pages: 478 DOI: 10.5772/1203 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Cytology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:48

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This book provides a comprehensive overview in our understanding of the biology and therapeutic potential of hematopoietic stem cells, and is aimed at those engaged in stem cell research: undergraduate and postgraduate science students, investigators and clinicians. Starting from fundamental principles in hematopoiesis, Advances in Hematopoietic Stem Cell Research assemble a wealth of information relevant to central mechanisms that may regulate differentiation, and expansion of hematopoietic stem cells in normal conditions and during disease.

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