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Multi-Walled Carbon Nanotubes

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ISBN: 9783039212293 9783039212309 Year: Pages: 184 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-230-9 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General) --- Chemical Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2019-08-28 11:21:27
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Since their discovery, multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) have received tremendous attention due to their unique electrical, optical, physical, chemical, and mechanical properties. Remarkable advances have been made in the synthesis, purification, structural characterization, functionalization, and application of MWCNTs. Their particular characteristics make them well suited for a plethora of applications in a number of fields, namely nanoelectronics, nanofluids, energy management, (electro)catalysis, materials science, construction of (bio)sensors based on different detection schemes, multifunctional nanoprobes for biomedical imaging, and sorbents for sample preparation or removal of contaminants from wastewater. They are also useful as anti-bacterial agents, drug delivery nanocarriers, etc. The current relevant application areas are countless. This Special Issue presents original research and review articles that address advances, trends, challenges, and future perspectives regarding synthetic routes, structural features, properties, behaviors, and industrial or scientific applications of MWCNTs in established and emerging areas.

Keywords

water based nanofluid --- carbon-nanotubes --- boundary layer --- heat generation --- thermal radiation --- curved stretching sheet --- numerical solution --- Single-Walled Carbon Nanotube (SWCNT) --- Multi-Walled Carbon Nanotube (MWCNT) --- MHD --- Casson model --- stretching sheet --- non-linear thermal radiation --- HAM --- zeolitic imidazolate framework --- multi-walled carbon nanotubes --- magnetic solid phase extraction --- organochlorine pesticides --- agricultural irrigation water --- Pd-CNT nanohybrids --- functionalized CNTs --- polarity --- semi-homogeneous catalysis --- heck reaction --- nanomaterials --- multi-walled carbon nanotubes --- synthesis methods --- electrochemical properties --- electrochemical sensors --- electroanalysis --- sensing applications --- multiwalled carbon nanotubes --- gold(I) --- gold(III) --- adsorption --- elution --- gold nanoparticles --- adsorption --- multi-walled carbon nanotubes --- nonylphenol --- kinetics --- multi-walled carbon nanotubes --- graphene oxide --- cerium oxide --- lubricating oil additives --- multi-wall carbon nanotube (MWCNT) --- azide-alkyne click chemistry --- RAFT polymerization --- PMMA --- carbon nanotubes --- composites --- radar absorbing materials --- complex permittivity --- chloride diffusion --- cement mortars --- carbon nanotubes --- mechanical properties --- electrical properties --- hydrophobic drugs --- drug delivery --- functionalized carbon nanotubes --- dissolution rate --- nanomedicine --- polymeric composites --- silicone rubber --- Ionic liquid --- carbon materials --- structural --- EMI shielding --- n/a

Modeling and Experimental Characterization of Nanocomposite Materials

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ISBN: 9783039286324 / 9783039286331 Year: Pages: 130 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03928-633-1 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General) --- General and Civil Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2020-06-09 16:38:57
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This Special Issue gathers research from different branches of science and engineering disciplines working on experiments and modelling of nanocomposites into one volume. The Guest Editor welcomes papers dedicated to experimental, computational, and theoretical aspects dealing with many important state-of-the-art technologies and methodologies regarding the synthesis, fabrication, characterization, properties, design, and applications, and both finite element analysis and molecular dynamic simulations, of nanocomposite materials and structures. Full papers covering novel topics, extending the frontiers of the science and technology of nanoreinforced composites are encouraged. Reviews covering topics of major interest will be also considered.

Carbon Based Electronic Devices

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ISBN: 9783039282326 9783039282333 Year: Pages: 258 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03928-233-3 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: General and Civil Engineering --- Technology (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2020-04-07 23:07:08
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For more than 50 years, silicon has dominated the electronics industry. However, this growth will come to an end, due to resources limitations. Thus, research developments need to focus to alternative materials, with higher performance and better functionality. Current research achievements have indicated that carbon is one of the promising candidates for its exploitation in the electronics industry. Whereas the physical properties of graphite and diamond have been investigated for many years, the potential for electronic applications of other allotropes of carbon (fullerenes, carbon nanotubes, carbon nanofibres, carbon films, carbon balls and beads, carbon fibers, etc), has only been appreciated relatively recently. Carbon-based materials offer a number of exciting possibilities for new applications of electronic devices, due to their unique thermal and electrical properties. However, the success of carbon-based electronics depends on the rapid progress of the fabrication, doping and manipulation techniques. In this Special Issue, we focus on both insights and advancements in carbon-based electronics. We will also cover various topics ranging from synthesis, functionalisation, and characterisation of carbon-based materials, for their use in electronic devices, including advanced manufacturing techniques, such as 3D printing, ink-jet printing, spray-gun technique, etc.

Keywords

ionization sensor array --- NOx --- carbon nanotube (CNT) --- selectivity --- non-self-sustaining discharge --- carbon nanotube --- field emitters --- electrical aging --- Joule heating --- electron emission --- photosensor --- reduced graphene oxide --- Ag nanoparticles --- solution process --- finite-difference time-domain --- carbon nanofibres (CNFs) --- active-screen plasma sputtering (ASPS) technology --- supercapacitors (SCs) --- silver (Ag) --- platinum (Pt) and palladium (Pd) nanoparticles --- transparent conducting electrode --- flexible electrode --- graphene --- optoelectronic device --- graphene --- Galinstan --- Liquid-Metal --- spray-on --- aerosol --- honey --- mobility --- contact resistance --- TLM --- I-V characteristics --- porous electrode --- pressure sensitivity --- self-powered sensors --- mechanical impact --- carbon nanofillers --- electrical conductivity --- piezoresistive behavior --- ReRAM --- carbon nanofibers --- spray-gun deposition --- carbon Inks --- rheology --- additive manufacturing --- graphene --- carbon nanotubes --- printing --- supercapacitors --- graphene oxide --- metal nanoparticles --- dodecylbenzene sulfonic acid (DBSA) doped polyaniline --- capacitance --- humidity sensor --- carbon-based materials --- carbon nanotubes --- graphene --- carbon black --- carbon fibers --- carbon soot --- biochar --- flexible electronics --- carbon nanotubes --- graphene --- carbon fibres --- functionalization --- supercapacitors --- sensors --- inkjet printer inks --- flexible wearable devices --- electronics --- carbon-based material --- carbon structure differentiation --- NEMS quality --- higher performances --- revised Raman characterization --- quantum electronic activation --- carbon phase transition --- n/a

Nanogenerators in Korea

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783038976226 Year: Pages: 160 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-623-3 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General) --- General and Civil Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2019-03-08 11:42:05
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Fossil fuels leaded the 21st century industrial revolution but caused some critical problems such as exhaustion of resources and global warming. Also, current power plants require too much high cost and long time for establishment and facilities to provide electricity. Thus, developing new power production systems with environmental friendliness and low-cost is critical global needs. There are some emerging energy harvesting technologies such as thermoelectric, piezoelectric, and triboelectric nanogenerators, which have great advantages on eco-friendly low-cost materials, simple fabrication, and various operating sources. Since the introduction of various energy harvesting technologies, many novel designs and applications as power suppliers and physical sensors in the world have been demonstrated based on their unique advantages. In this Special Issue, we would like to address and share basic approaches, new designs, and industrial applications related to thermoelectric, piezoelectric, and triboelectric devices which are on-going in Korea. With this Special Issue, we aim to promote fundamental understanding and to find novel ways to achieve industrial product manufacturing for energy harvesters.

Novel Non-Precious Metal Electrocatalysts for Oxygen Electrode Reactions

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9783039215409 9783039215416 Year: Pages: 190 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-541-6 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Science (General) --- Physics (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-09 11:49:16
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Research on alternative energy harvesting technologies, conversion and storage systems with high efficiency, cost-effective and environmentally friendly systems, such as fuel cells, rechargeable metal-air batteries, unitized regenerative cells, and water electrolyzers has been stimulated by the global demand on energy. The conversion between oxygen and water plays a key step in the development of oxygen electrodes: oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) and oxygen evolution reaction (OER), processes activated mostly by precious metals, like platinum. Their scarcity, their prohibitive cost, and declining activity greatly hamper large-scale applications. This issue reports on novel non-precious metal electrocatalysts based on the innovative design in chemical compositions, structure, and morphology, and supports for the oxygen reaction.

Processing-Structure-Properties Relationships in Polymers

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ISBN: 9783039218806 9783039218813 Year: Pages: 400 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-881-3 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General) --- General and Civil Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2020-01-07 09:08:26
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This collection of research and review papers is aimed at depicting the state of the art on the possible correlations between processing variables, obtained structure and special properties which this structure induces on the plastic part. The extraordinary capacity of plastics to modify their properties according to a particular structure is evidenced for several transformation processes and for many applications. The final common goal is to take profit of this peculiar capacity of plastics by inducing, through a suitable processing, a specific spatial organization.

Keywords

carbon nanotube --- homogeneous dispersion --- ethylene vinyl acetate --- mechanical performance --- electrical conductivity --- microencapsulation --- melamine polyphosphate --- polyurethane --- composite --- flame retardant --- biodegradable nanofibers --- PLGA --- collagen --- epinephrine --- lidocaine --- polyimide film --- linear coefficient of thermal expansion (CTE) --- copper clad laminate --- structure and properties --- polymorphism --- isotactic polypropylene --- deformation --- phase transitions --- uniaxial compression --- uniaxial tensile deformation --- temperature --- in situ X-ray --- cavitation --- indentation --- Harmonix AFM --- polymer morphology --- mechanical properties --- ultra-high molecular weight polyethylene (UHMWPE) --- microcellular injection molding --- supercritical fluid --- supercritical N2 --- supercritical CO2 --- tissue engineering and regenerative medicine --- bioresorbable polymers --- 3D printing/additive manufacturing --- fused filament fabrication/fused deposition modelling --- degradation --- physicochemical characterization --- polycaprolactone --- layered double hydroxides --- ionic liquids --- PLA --- reactive blending --- biobased films --- graphene --- nanoreinforcement --- curing rate --- epoxy microstructure --- fatigue --- composites --- critical gel --- poly(lactic acid) --- carbon black --- graphite --- polymer blend --- poly(ethylene terephthalate) --- intrinsic viscosity --- polyolefin --- compatibilizer --- isotactic polypropylene --- stress-induced phase transitions --- structural analysis --- X-ray diffraction --- polyoxymethylene (POM) --- octakis[(3-glycidoxypropyl)dimethylsiloxy]octasilsesquioxane (GPOSS) --- composites --- morphology --- mechanical properties --- conductive filler --- orientation --- conductive polymer composites --- foam --- model --- PLLA --- bioresorbable vascular scaffolds --- stretch blow molding --- biaxial elongation --- SAXS --- WAXS --- microfibrillar composites --- crystalline morphology --- crystallinity --- mechanical properties --- crystallisation --- morphology --- nanoparticles --- shear --- flow --- orientation --- poly(?-caprolactone) --- polyvinyl butyral --- hydrophobicity --- contact angle --- polypropylene --- atomic force microscopy --- injection molding --- mold temperature evolution --- polycaprolactone --- ultra-high molecular weight polyethylene --- incremental forming --- SPIF --- XRD --- chain orientation --- temperature sensitive --- gel --- controllable gas permeability --- breathable film --- polymer composite --- processing --- polyamide 6 --- compression molding --- polymorphism --- polyamide 6 --- injection molding --- polymorphism --- humidity --- mechanical properties

Design and Development of Nanostructured Thin Films

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9783039287383 / 9783039287390 Year: Pages: 386 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03928-739-0 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2020-06-09 16:38:57
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Due to their unique size-dependent physicochemical properties, nanostructured thin films are used in a wide range of applications from smart coating and drug delivery to electrocatalysis and highly-sensitive sensors. Depending on the targeted application and the deposition technique, these materials have been designed and developed by tuning their atomic-molecular 2D- and/or 3D-aggregation, thickness, crystallinity, and porosity, having effects on their optical, mechanical, catalytic, and conductive properties. Several open questions remain about the impact of nanomaterial production and use on environment and health. Many efforts are currently being made not only to prevent nanotechnologies and nanomaterials from contributing to environmental pollution but also to design nanomaterials to support, control, and protect the environment. This Special Issue aims to cover the recent advances in designing nanostructured films focusing on environmental issues related to their fabrication processes (e.g., low power and low cost technologies, the use of environmentally friendly solvents), their precursors (e.g., waste-recycled, bio-based, biodegradable, and natural materials), their applications (e.g., controlled release of chemicals, mimicking of natural processes, and clean energy conversion and storage), and their use in monitoring environment pollution (e.g., sensors optically- or electrically-sensitive to pollutants)

Keywords

InAlN --- nanospiral --- metamaterial --- sputtering --- chirality --- microparticle deposition --- self-assembly --- homogeneity --- monomer synthesis --- mask --- hazardous organic solvents --- photonic nanostructures --- self-assembly --- polymer nanoparticles --- biomimetic solvent sensors --- iridescence --- mesoporous --- Al2O3 --- MgO --- poly(dimethylacrylamide) --- hydrogel --- thin film --- spin coating --- SEM --- FIB --- Kr physisorption --- hydrogenated amorphous carbon films --- metallic nanoparticles --- hybrid deposition system --- nanoscratch --- nanocomposites --- aqueous dispersion --- carbon nanotube --- graphene oxide --- ink --- rod coating --- electrical conductivity --- optical transmittance --- mechanical flexibility --- silk sericin --- agarose --- lysozyme --- composite gel --- wound dressing --- nanofiber --- lamination --- water filtration --- CdTe --- self-catalysed --- wires --- Mg alloy --- LDH --- corrosion --- deposition --- coating --- ReB2/TaN multilayers --- modulation structure --- first-principles calculation --- interfacial model --- adsorption energy --- interfacial energy --- biomaterial --- biomedical --- nanofibers --- scaffolds --- reinforced --- hybrid material --- thermal analysis --- nanofibrous membranes --- light trapping --- silicon thin film --- photovoltaics --- polystyrene sphere assisted lithography --- nanostructured back reflectors --- Raman scattering --- quantum confinement --- electron–phonon coupling --- polar semiconductors --- zinc oxide --- metal-organic framework --- microscopy --- thin films --- powders --- electrodeposition --- platinum --- highly oriented pyrolytic graphite --- 2D growth --- barrier material --- nanocoating of SiOx --- polymeric matrix --- plasma deposition --- PVD --- PA-PVD --- PECVD --- permeation --- CERAMIS® --- SorpTest --- iron oxides --- FeO --- Fe3O4 --- ultrathin films --- epitaxial growth --- platinum --- ruthenium --- symmetry --- LEEM --- LEED --- XPEEM --- electrodeposition --- platinum --- highly oriented pyrolytic graphite --- 2D growth --- thin films --- TiO2NPs --- AuNPs --- photocatalysis --- mercury vapors adsorbing layer --- PAS device --- iron oxides --- ultrathin films --- silver --- epitaxial growth --- structural characterization --- STM --- LEED --- XPS --- DFT --- model system --- Pt thin deposits --- galvanic displacement --- UPD --- SLRR --- electrocatalysis --- nanostructured films --- birefringence --- nanocrystalline cellulose --- Mueller matrix --- vanadium dioxide --- post-treatment --- plasma irradiation --- luminous transmittance --- phase transition performance --- electrospinning deposition --- chemosensor --- nanocomposite conductive polymers --- polyhydroxibutyrate --- polystyrene --- H2TPP --- VOCs selectivity --- mesoporous graphene --- thin film --- nanostructure --- CaxCoO2 --- sputtering --- phase transformation --- Ge surface engineering --- La2O3 passivation layer --- atomic layer deposition --- electrical properties

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MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (7)


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CC by-nc-nd (7)


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english (5)

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2020 (3)

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