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World Heritage Angkor and Beyond - Circumstances and Implications of UNESCO Listings in Cambodia

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Book Series: Göttingen Studies in Cultural Property ISBN: 9783863950323 Year: Pages: 236 Language: English
Publisher: Universitätsverlag Göttingen
Subject: Political Science --- Ethnology --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2012-04-11 21:20:13
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Angkor, the temple and palace complex of the ancient Khmer capital in Cambodia is one of the world’s most famous monuments. Hundreds of thousands of tourists from all over the globe visit Angkor Park, one of the finest UNESCO World Heritage Sites, every year. Since its UNESCO listing in 1992, the Angkor region has experienced an overwhelming mushrooming of hotels and restaurants; the infrastructure has been hardly able to cope with the rapid growth of mass tourism and its needs. This applies to the access and use of monument sites as well. The authors of this book critically describe and analyse the heritage nomination processes in Cambodia, especially in the case of Angkor and the temple of Preah Vihear on the Cambodian/Thai border. They examine the implications the UNESCO listings have had with regard to the management of Angkor Park and its inhabitants on the one hand, and to the Cambodian/Thai relationships on the other. Furthermore, they address issues of development through tourism that UNESCO has recognised as a welcome side-effect of heritage listings. They raise the question whether development through tourism deepens already existing inequalities rather than contributing to the promotion of the poor.

L'Or Blanc : Petits et grands planteurs face au « boom » de l’hévéaculture (Viêt Nam-Cambodge)

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9782355960123 DOI: 10.4000/books.irasec.148 Language: French
Publisher: Institut de recherche sur l’Asie du Sud-Est contemporaine
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-06 13:15:36
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

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Les hauts-plateaux méridionaux du Viêt Nam et du Cambodge connaissent depuis le milieu des années 2000 une forte augmentation des superficies plantées en hévéa. Les booms de l’hévéaculture diffèrent significativement de part et d’autre de la frontière, mais ils sont également étroitement liés dans le contexte d’une intégration régionale des filières et des territoires qui se renforce. Cette transformation est impulsée par le jeu des marchés globalisés et de puissants acteurs étrangers tels que la Chine et la Malaisie, mais les gouvernements nationaux jouent également un rôle important en matière d’accès et d’usage des terres agricoles. L’or blanc et les nouveaux eldorados ne sont pas qu’un enjeu économique ; sont également en jeu les influences et les rapports de force entre les pays de la sous-région du Grand Mékong, à l’image des importantes transactions foncières transnationales. Pour mieux comprendre la transition agraire actuelle impulsée par le boom de l’hévéa, les auteurs de cet ouvrage ont tenu à revenir sur l’histoire, l’époque de la colonisation européenne et les expériences socialistes. L’ouvrage analyse également la capacité des populations locales à résister aux pressions des nouveaux arrivants et la compétition que représentent les plantations d’hévéa de grande taille mécanisées.

Civil Society and Transitional Justice in Asia and the Pacific

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9781760463281 9781760463298 Year: Pages: 258 DOI: 10.22459/CSTJAP.2019 Language: English
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: Political Science --- Philosophy --- History
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-13 11:21:03
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"Over the last two decades, civil society has helped catalyse responses to the legacies of violent conflicts and oppressive political regimes in Asia and the Pacific. Civil society has advocated for the establishment of criminal trials and truth commissions, monitored their operations and pushed for take-up of their recommendations. It has also initiated community-based transitional justice responses. Yet, there has been little in-depth examination of the breadth and diversity of these roles. This book addresses this gap by analysing the heterogeneity of civil society transitional justice activity in Asia and the Pacific. Based upon empirically grounded case studies of Timor-Leste, Indonesia, Cambodia, Myanmar, Bougainville, Solomon Islands and Fiji, this book illustrates that civil society actors can have different – and sometimes competing – priorities, resources and approaches to transitional justice. Their work is also underpinned by diverse understandings of ‘justice’. By reflecting on the richness of this activity, this book advances contemporary debates about transitional justice and civil society. It will also be a valuable resource for scholars and practitioners working on Asia and the Pacific."

Les conglomérats agro-industriels sud-est asiatiques : Stratégies et Gouvernance

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ISBN: 9782355960185 DOI: 10.4000/books.irasec.1229 Language: French
Publisher: Institut de recherche sur l’Asie du Sud-Est contemporaine
Subject: Business and Management
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-06 13:15:36
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

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Les échanges de produits alimentaires du XXIe siècle voient poindre l’émergence de nouveaux acteurs de taille globale originaires d’Asie du Sud-Est. Il s’agit de grandes entreprises privées extrêmement diversifiées qui sont apparues dans un système de connivence avec les pouvoirs publics des États issus de la décolonisation. Cette étude vise à dégager quelques similitudes dans la genèse et le développement de cinq de ces grands groupes particulièrement emblématiques, à savoir Charoen Pokphand (CP) pour la Thaïlande, Indofood en Indonésie (Groupe Salim), San Miguel aux Philippines, Sime Darby pour la Malaisie et Wilmar pour Singapour (Groupe Kuok). Ces convergences concernent les stratégies mises en œuvre par ces conglomérats mais aussi quelques aspects de leur mode de gouvernance, qui privilégie l’opportunisme avec une valorisation pragmatique de leurs ressources plutôt qu’une conceptualisation passant par des objectifs qui viseraient à satisfaire une demande particulière. Si l’avenir de ces acteurs est loin d’être limpide, ils sont désormais incontournables dans leurs secteurs d’activité au sein desquels ils figurent parmi les leaders mondiaux. Leur originalité qui se caractérise par une grande flexibilité, une redoutable efficience et une indéniable résilience contribue à relativiser des modèles entrepreneuriaux euro-centrés qui ne feraient que reproduire ceux du XIXe ou XXe siècle.

Des montagnards aux minorités ethniques : Quelle intégration nationale pour les habitants des hautes terres du Viêt Nam et du Cambodge ?

Authors: --- --- ---
ISBN: 9782355960338 DOI: 10.4000/books.irasec.1420 Language: French
Publisher: Institut de recherche sur l’Asie du Sud-Est contemporaine
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-06 13:15:36
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

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Comment peut-on être vietnamien sans être việt ; être cambodgien sans être khmer ? C'est la question qui se pose aux Jaraï, Brou, Mnong et autres Stieng, populations autochtones des hauts plateaux, à la frontière entre les deux pays. Ces peuples, longtemps indépendants sur les hautes terres de la chaîne Anamitique, doivent aujourd'hui faire face à des mouvements migratoires sans précédent. Les nouveaux venus, colons des plaines, fonctionnaires, forestiers, commerçants, planteurs de café, gagnent peu à peu sur leurs terres, bouleversant fondamentalement leur mode de vie. Contraints à l'intégration, les habitants des hauts plateaux se battent pour éviter une assimilation pure et simple ; pour que leurs cultures ne soient pas sacrifiées sur l'autel du développement national. Ce livre fait émerger les enjeux de leurs revendications et des réponses qui leur sont apportées par les gouvernements du Cambodge et du Viêt Nam.

Evidence Use in Health Policy Making

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9783319934679 9783319934662 Year: DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-93467-9 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature Grant: FP7 Ideas: European Research Council - 282118
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-09 11:27:13
License: Springer

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This open access book provides a set of conceptual, empirical, and comparative chapters that apply a public policy perspective to investigate the political and institutional factors driving the use of evidence to inform health policy in low, middle, and high income settings. The work presents key findings from the Getting Research Into Policy (GRIP-Health) project: a five year, six country, programme of work supported by the European Research Council. The chapters further our understanding of evidence utilisation in health policymaking through the application of theories and methods from the policy sciences. They present new insights into the roles and importance of factors such as issue contestation, institutional arrangements, logics of appropriateness, and donor influence to explore individual cases and comparative experiences in the use of evidence to inform health policy.

American Visions of the Netherlands East Indies/Indonesia

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Book Series: American Studies ISBN: 9789053564790 Year: Pages: 382 DOI: 10.5117/9789053564790 Language: Undetermined
Publisher: Amsterdam University Press
Subject: Political Science --- History
Added to DOAB on : 2011-11-04 00:00:00
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The authors of this book challenge the view that was current among many people in the Netherlands during the period 1945-1949 that the American government and its foreign policymakers unequivocally backed the Indonesian Republic's struggle for independence. The same myth of America's political endorsement of Indonesians' quest for independence continues to reverberate in the United States itself. In fact, ex-President Clinton repeated the story as recently as 1995 when he wrote to ex-President Suharto that in the post-World War II era, President Truman and the U.S. Congress had actively supported Indonesia 'as the nation was being born'. On the basis of research in American, Indonesian, Dutch, and Australian diplomatic records and in the archives of the United Nations, Gouda and Brocades Zaalberg describe and analyze American visions of the Dutch East Indies/Indonesia from the 1920s to December 1949, when the Kingdom of the Netherlands relinquished its sovereignty over the archipelago in southeast Asia to the United States fo Indonesia. Their historical analysis suggests that the American diplomatic establishment was not as ignorant of conditions in the Indonesian archipelago as many Dutch people assumed, both before and after World War II. They also chronicle the unfolding of America's steady but tactic backing of its faithful Dutch ally in northern Europe until early 1949, when U.S. assessments of the regions in the world where the Cold War might ignite into a 'Hot War' began to incorporate the anti-colonial, nationalist struggles in Indonesia and Vietnam.

Empowering Teachers to Build a Better World

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Book Series: SpringerBriefs in Education ISBN: 9789811521379 Year: Pages: 135 DOI: 10.1007/978-981-15-2137-9 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Education --- Political Science --- Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2020-05-14 09:27:58
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This open access book presents a comparative study on how large-scale professional development programs for teachers are designed and implemented. Around the world, governments and educators are recognizing the need to educate students in a broad range of higher order cognitive skills and socio-emotional competencies, and providing effective opportunities for teachers to develop the expertise needed to teach these skills is a crucial aspect of effective implementation of curricula which include those goals. This study examines how large-scale efforts to empower teachers for deeper instruction have been designed, how they have been implemented, and their outcomes. To do so, it investigates six programs from England, Colombia, Mexico, India, and the United States. Though all six are intended to broaden and deepen students’ curricular aspirations, each takes this expansion of curricular goals in a different direction. The ambitious education reforms studied here explicitly focus on building teachers’ capacity to teach on a broader set of goals. Through a discerning analysis of program documents, evaluations, and interviews with senior leaders and participants in the programs, the book identifies the various theories of action used in these programs, examines how they were implemented, and discusses what they achieved. As such, it offers an indispensable resource for education leaders interested in designing and implementing professional development programs for teachers that are aligned with ambitious instructional goals.

Global Burden and Challenges of Melioidosis

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783038977421 Year: Pages: 272 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-743-8 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Internal medicine --- Medicine (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-04-05 10:34:31
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This book is the definitive reference regarding the global status of melioidosis in 2018. Melioidosis is one of the most neglected tropical diseases (NTDs), so much so that it is not even included in the WHO list of NTDs. Yet modeling suggests that it kills more people worldwide every year than diseases that are much better known, such as leptospirosis and dengue. The reasons for this under-recognition are numerous, including the fact that it mainly affects the disadvantaged rural poor in areas that are poorly supplied with the diagnostic capability to make the diagnosis. In 22 separate articles, expert authors from around the world have summarized what is known about the burden of the disease in humans and animals and the presence of the causative bacterium in the environment in their countries or regions. They have also identified the main obstacles and challenges to establishing the true burden, and to ensure that patients receive accurate diagnosis and optimal care for this all too frequently fatal disease. Rather than focusing on the theoretical risk of the use of Burkholderia pseudomallei as a biological weapon, this book highlights its importance as a clear and present danger to global public health.

Keywords

melioidosis --- Burkholderia pseudomallei --- epidemiology --- diagnosis --- treatment --- melioidosis --- Burkholderia pseudomallei --- Laos --- Lao PDR --- melioidosis --- Sri Lanka --- epidemiology --- Burkholderia pseudomallei --- melioidosis --- Cambodia --- epidemiology --- Burkholderia pseudomallei --- melioidosis --- Mexico --- Central America --- Caribbean --- epidemiology --- awareness --- melioidosis --- Burkholderia pseudomallei --- Malaysia --- epidemiology --- bacteriology --- melioidosis --- Burkholderia pseudomallei --- transmission modes --- melioidosis --- Australia --- tropical medicine --- melioidosis --- Burkholderia pseudomallei --- Myanmar --- Melioidosis --- Burkholderia pseudomallei --- western Indian Ocean --- diagnosis --- MLST --- Madagascar --- Mauritius --- Réunion --- Seychelles --- melioidosis --- B. pseudomallei --- Singapore --- clinical --- veterinary --- environmental --- Burkholderia pseudomallei --- melioidosis --- Indonesia --- Papua New Guinea --- Oceania --- melioidosis --- Burkholderia pseudomallei --- melioidosis --- Thailand --- mortality --- diagnosis --- surveillance --- awareness --- treatment --- prevention --- melioidosis --- Burkholderia pseudomallei --- Vietnam --- public awareness --- animal --- environment --- melioidosis --- Burkholderia --- Bangladesh --- Burkholderia pseudomallei --- India --- melioidosis --- South Asia --- melioidosis --- Burkholderia pseudomallei --- South America --- melioidosis --- Africa --- Middle East --- Burkholderia pseudomallei --- genomics --- public awareness --- environment --- melioidosis --- Burkholderia pseudomallei --- Hong Kong --- melioidosis --- Philippines --- Burkholderia pseudomallei --- melioidosis --- Burkholderia pseudomallei --- epidemiology --- China

Governing Integrated Water Resources Management: Mutual Learning and Policy Transfer

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783039281565 9783039281572 Year: Pages: 284 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03928-157-2 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2020-01-30 16:39:46
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Integrated Water Resources Management (IWRM) has become a global paradigm for the governance of surface, coastal and groundwaters. This Special Issue contains twelve articles related to the transfer of IWRM policy principles. The articles explore three dimensions of transfer—causes, processes, outcomes—and offer a theoretically inspiring, methodologically rich and geographically diverse engagement with IWRM policy transfer around the globe. As such, they can also productively inform a future research agenda on the ‘dimensional’ aspects of IWRM governance. Regarding the causes, the contributions apply, criticise, extend or revise existing approaches to policy transfer in a water governance context, asking why countries adopt IWRM principles and what mechanisms are in place to understand the adoption of these principles in regional or national contexts. When it comes to processes, articles in this Special Issue unpack the process of policy transfer and implementation and explore how IWRM principles travel across borders, levels and scales. Finally, this set of papers looks into the outcomes of IWRM policy transfer and asks what impact IWRM principles, once implemented, gave on domestic water governance, water quality and water supply, and how effective IWRM is at addressing critical water issues in specific countries.

Keywords

dam --- local communities --- lived experiences --- environmental narratives --- Cambodia --- transitions --- water management regimes --- water resource management --- niches --- visions --- agency --- ocean governance --- fisheries management --- ecosystem-based management --- overfishing --- sustainable fishing --- European Union --- Turkey --- Europeanisation --- institutions --- policy transfer --- Water Framework Directive --- drinking water --- agriculture --- EU policy --- governance --- integrated scientific support --- water quality --- nitrates --- pesticides --- environmental policy --- policy coherence --- environmental governance --- integrated catchment management --- catchment --- conservation authorities --- governance --- governmentality --- integrated water resources management (IWRM) --- watershed councils --- Ontario --- Oregon --- Integrated Water Resources Management --- Integrated Urban Water Management --- urban water security --- governance --- Singapore --- Hong Kong --- process tracing --- Water Framework Directive --- policy implementation --- integrated water resources management --- river basin planning --- public participation --- water governance --- scale --- top-down and bottom-up --- estuaries --- governance --- sustainability --- governance models --- integrated water resources management --- IWRM --- Water Framework Directive --- WFD --- participation --- United Kingdom --- England --- water governance --- IWRM --- integrated water resources management --- drivers --- EU water framework directive --- implementation --- coordination --- participation --- Germany --- water governance --- polycentricity --- integrated water resources management --- IWRM --- policy transfer --- water governance --- Water Framework Directive --- learning

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