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Pre-Field Screening Protocols for Heat-Tolerant Mutants in Rice

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
ISBN: 9783319773384 Year: Pages: 39 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-77338-4 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Botany --- Agriculture (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-04 11:21:03
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This open access book presents simple, robust pre-field screening protocols that allow plant breeders to screen for enhanced tolerance to heat stress in rice. Two critical heat-sensitive stages in the lifecycle of the rice crop are targeted – the seedling and flowering stages – with screening based on simple phenotypic responses. The protocols are based on the use of a hydroponics system and/or pot experiments in a glasshouse in combination with a controlled growth chamber where the heat stress treatment is applied. The protocols are designed to be effective, simple, reproducible and user-friendly. The protocols will enable plant breeders to effectively reduce the number of plants from a few thousands to less than 100 candidate individual mutants or lines in a greenhouse/growth chamber, which can then be used for further testing and validation in the field conditions. The methods can also be used to classify rice genotypes according to their heat tolerance characteristics. Thus, different types of heat stress tolerance mechanisms can be identified, presenting opportunities for pyramiding different (mutant) sources of heat stress tolerance.

The Business of Plant Breeding: Market led Approaches to Plant Variety Design in Africa

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9781786393814; 9781786393838 Year: Pages: 216 DOI: 10.1079/9781786393814.0000 Language: English
Publisher: CABI
Subject: Business and Management --- Plant Sciences --- Agriculture (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2020-10-16 16:42:55
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This book is the result of a study on demand-led plant variety design for changing markets in Africa, the purpose of which is to identify and share best practices in demand-led plant breeding from private and public sector breeding programmes worldwide. The intended audiences are professionals in plant breeding and related areas, such as seed production, who have interests in developing and disseminating new plant varieties as a way to increase productivity and profitability in crop agriculture, especially in Africa. The volume is also intended for use as a resource book for the education of postgraduate scholars in plant breeding and genetics, and for the continuing professional development of plant breeders. For this purpose, boxes are included in the main sections of each chapter that summarize its educational objectives and present the key messages and questions that are involved; in addition, there is a final box at the end of each chapter that summarizes its overall learning objectives.

Les semences

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ISBN: 9782759218936 Year: Pages: 224 DOI: 10.35690/978-2-7592-1893-6 Language: French
Publisher: éditions Quae
Subject: Agriculture (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-11-10 11:21:04
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A complete guide on seed production and distribution in tropical regions: technical aspects and organisation of seed production, basic principles for plant improvement and seed biology, management of operations relating to seed production, harvesting and post-harvest conditioning. It also deals with rules for placing on the market of seed and the management of seed breeding companies.

Keywords

plant production --- foraging --- agronomy --- cereal --- breeding --- seed

Linear Selection Indices in Modern Plant Breeding

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783319912233 Year: Pages: 256 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-91223-3 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Biology --- Botany --- Zoology
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-05 11:21:15
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This open access book focuses on the linear selection index (LSI) theory and its statistical properties. It addresses the single-stage LSI theory by assuming that economic weights are fixed and known - or fixed, but unknown - to predict the net genetic merit in the phenotypic, marker and genomic context. Further, it shows how to combine the LSI theory with the independent culling method to develop the multistage selection index theory. The final two chapters present simulation results and SAS and R codes, respectively, to estimate the parameters and make selections using some of the LSIs described. It is essential reading for plant quantitative geneticists, but is also a valuable resource for animal breeders.

Low-Cost Methods for Molecular Characterization of Mutant Plants: Tissue Desiccation, DNA Extraction and Mutation Discovery: Protocols

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
ISBN: 9783319162584 9783319162591 Year: Pages: 35 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-16259-1 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Biotechnology --- Plant Sciences --- Manufactures --- Chemical Engineering --- Pharmacy and materia medica
Added to DOAB on : 2016-04-12 17:07:01
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Open Access provided with a grant from the International Atomic Energy Agency.This book offers low-cost and rapid molecular assays for the characterization of mutant plant germplasm. Detailed protocols are provided for the desiccation of plant tissues; the extraction of high-quality DNA for downstream applications; the extraction of single-strand-specific nucleases for single nucleotide polymorphism; and small insertion/deletion discovery using standard agarose gel electrophoresis. The methods described can be applied in any laboratory equipped for basic molecular biology and do away with the need for expensive freezers and toxic organic compounds. With the appropriate validation of sample quality and longevity, they can provide sufficient DNA for a variety of molecular applications, such as marker studies and TILLING, at approximately one tenth of the cost per sample when compared to commercial kits.

Biotechnologies for Plant Mutation Breeding: Protocols

Authors: --- --- ---
ISBN: 9783319450193 9783319450216 Year: Pages: 340 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-45021-6 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Manufactures --- Chemical Engineering --- Biotechnology --- Therapeutics
Added to DOAB on : 2017-03-08 13:33:36
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This book offers 19 detailed protocols on the use of induced mutations in crop breeding and functional genomics studies, which cover topics including chemical and physical mutagenesis, phenotypic screening methods, traditional TILLING and TILLING by sequencing, doubled haploidy, targeted genome editing, and low-cost methods for the molecular characterization of mutant plants that are suitable for laboratories in developing countries. The collection of protocols equips users with the techniques they need in order to start a program on mutation breeding or functional genomics using both forward and reverse-genetic approaches. Methods are provided for seed and vegetatively propagated crops (e.g. banana, barley, cassava, jatropha, rice) and can be adapted for use in other species.

The Challenge of Protein Crops as a Sustainable Source of Food and Feed for the Future

Authors: --- --- ---
Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889451623 Year: Pages: 325 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88945-162-3 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Botany --- Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2017-08-28 14:01:09
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Grain legumes, together with quinoa and amaranth (pseudocereals) and other crops are attractive candidates to satisfy the growing demand for plant protein production worldwide for food and feed. Despite their high value, many protein crops have not been adequately assessed and numerous species are underutilized. Special attention has to be paid to genetic diversity and landraces, and to the key limiting factors affecting yield, including water deficiency and other abiotic and biotic stresses, in order to obtain stable, reliable and sustainable crop production through the introduction and local adaptation of genetically improved varieties. Legumes, the main protein crops worldwide, contribute to the sustainable improvement of the environment due to their ability to fix nitrogen and their beneficial effects on the soil. They play a key role in the crop diversification and sustainable intensification of agriculture, particularly in light of new and urgent challenges, such as climate change and food security. In addition, the role of legumes in nutrition has been recognized as a relevant source of plant protein, together with other benefits for health. Chapters dealing with common bean, lupine, soybean, lentil, cowpea and Medicago are included in this book. Most contributions deal with legumes, but the significant number of papers on different aspects of quinoa gives an idea of the increasing importance of this protein crop. Pseudocereals, such as quinoa and amaranth, are good sources of proteins. Quinoa and amaranth seeds contain lysine, an essential amino acid that is limited in other grains. Nutritional evaluations of quinoa indicate that it constitutes a source of complete protein with a good balance among all of the amino acids needed for human diet, and also important minerals, vitamins, high quality oils and flavonoids. Other protein crops also included in this book are hemp, cotton and cereals (maize, wheat and rice). Although cereals protein content is not high, their seeds are largely used for human consumption. In this book are included articles dealing with all different aspects of protein crops, including nutritional value, breeding, genetic diversity, biotic and abiotic stress, cropping systems or omics, which may be considered crucial to help provide the plant proteins of the future. Overall, the participation of 169 authors in 29 chapters in this book indicates an active scientific community in the field, which appears to be an encouraging reflect of the global awareness of the need for sustainability and the promising future of proteins crops as a source of food and feed.

Advances in Legume Research

Authors: --- --- ---
Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889456321 Year: Pages: 609 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88945-632-1 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Science (General) --- Botany
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-23 14:53:43
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Legumes crops have an extraordinary importance for the agriculture and the environment. In a world urgently requiring more sustainable agriculture, food security and healthier diets the demand for legume crops is on the rise. The International Legume Society (http://ils.nsseme.com) organizes a triannual series of conferences with the goal to serve as a forum to discuss interdisciplinary progress on legume research. The Second International Legume Society Conference (ILS2) hosted in October 2016 at Troia, Portugal was the starting point for the Research Topic “Advances in Legume Research” in FiPS, that was also open to spontaneous submissions.

The Potato Crop

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783030286835 Year: Pages: 518 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-28683-5 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Biology --- Botany --- Chemical Technology --- Agriculture (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-04 11:21:17
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Life sciences; Agriculture; Nutrition   ; Plant breeding; Food—Biotechnology; Agricultural economics

Recherche agronomique et politique agricole

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9782759229925 9782759229932 9782759229918 Year: Pages: 168 DOI: 10.35690/978-2-7592-2992-5 Language: French
Publisher: éditions Quae
Subject: Agriculture (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-11 11:21:32
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Father of animal genetics in France and of the 1966 law on livestock farming, in 1978 Jacques Poly signed the report entitled ‘Towards a more economical and autonomous agriculture’, coinciding with his becoming an executive manager of INRA. Based on the juxtaposition of the testimony of those who were active at that time and the work of historians, this book is an exploration of his extraordinary trajectory.

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