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The two-way link between eating behavior and brain metabolism

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Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889197057 Year: Pages: 197 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88919-705-7 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Psychology --- Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2016-04-07 11:22:02
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This research topic collected and connected information concerning both the underlying metabolic mechanisms and consequences of eating behaviors. These two aspects are tremendously important for a better understanding of eating behavior abnormalities as well as for improving education on eating disorders and behaviors.

Astrocytic-neuronal-astrocytic Pathway Selection for Formation and Degradation of Glutamate/GABA

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Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889192434 Year: Pages: 168 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88919-243-4 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Science (General) --- Biology --- Medicine (General) --- Internal medicine
Added to DOAB on : 2015-11-16 15:44:59
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Endocrinological research early recognized the importance of intercellular interactions and realized the importance of glutamatergic and GABAergic signaling. In turn this signalling depends on elaborate interactions between astrocytes and neurons, without which neurons would be unable to produce, reuse and metabolize transmitter glutamate and GABA. Details of these subjects are described in this Research Topic by key investigators in this field. It focuses on the intricate and extremely swift pathway producing these amino acid transmitters from glucose in brain but also discusses difficulties in determining expression of some of the necessary genes in astrocytes and related processes in pancreatic islets. However, it does not discuss how closely associated astrocytes and neurons are anatomically, enabling these interactions. This is elegantly shown in this cover image, kindly provided by Professor Andreas Reichenbach (University of Leipzig, Germany).

Proceedings of the International School on Magnetic Resonance and Brain Function - XII Workshop

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Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889455546 Year: Pages: 150 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88945-554-6 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Science (General) --- Neurology --- Physics (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-23 14:53:42
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In the last thirty years, Magnetic Resonance has generated a wide revolution in biomedical research and in medical imaging in general. More recently, the "in vivo" studies of the human brain were extended by new original ways to the dynamic study of function and metabolism of the human brain. The enormous interest in expanding the investigation of the brain is emphasizing the search for new NMR methods capable of extracting information of so-far obscure aspects of the brain function. In fact, many quantitative approaches have been proposed in order to complement the information obtained by functional MRI, and several multimodal and multiparametric approaches have been developed to exploit the information, either functional or structural, made available by the flexible contrast generation typical of MRI, and to combine it with complementary information. The XII workshop of the International School on Magnetic Resonanceand Brain Function, held in Erice between 17 April and 6 May, 2016, was specially devoted to novel approaches aimed at better structural characterization of brain diseases, and at investigating frontiers MRI approaches to better understand the brain function. The papers included in this eBook offer a broad overview of the subjects covered during the Workshop, including applications of multiparametric MRI to neurological diseases, multimodal combination of MRI with electrophysiology, advanced methods for the investigation of brain networks and of brain physiology, and perspectives towards brain state reading.

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