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An Experimental Study on Adhesive or Anti-adhesive, Bio-inspired Experimental Nanomaterials

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ISBN: 9788376560823 9783110399295 Year: Pages: 176 DOI: 10.2478/9788376560823 Language: English
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: General and Civil Engineering --- Chemical Technology
Added to DOAB on : 2014-03-05 13:38:27
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Adhesive abilities of insects, spiders and reptiles have inspired researchers for a long time. All these organisms show outstanding performance, particularly for force, adhesion and climbing abilities, relative to their size and weight. Scientists have focused on the gecko’s adhesive paw system and climbing abilities. Its adhesion mechanism has been an important topic of research for nearly 150 years. However, certain phenomena of geckos are still not fully understood and represent today the main challenge in several scientific discussions that aim to better understand their adhesive ability. The manuscript deals with the influence of surface roughness on the gecko’s adhesion on the inverted surface of Poly(methyl meth-acrylate) (PMMA) and glass, of PMMA with different surface roughness, on the gecko’s maximum normal adhesive force.In general, the adhesive structure and mechanism of an animal could be connected to the micro-structured roughness of natural substrata (e.g. plant surfaces) in the natural environment.This manuscript focuses on the nanometer scale, which is involved in everything from gecko spatulae to the waxy nanotubules of the lotus leaf, to the fibroin protein materials that constitute spider silks.In general, spider silks display superior mechanical properties, but only in the last few decades, researchers investigated various types of silks and evaluated their very different mechanical properties. The dragline and the flag silks (or radial and circumferential) of orb weaving spiders have been characterized in scientific literature while, to our knowledge, few studies have been conducted on bundles, which connect the cocoons of Meta menardi to the ceiling of caves.

Bio-Inspired Robotics

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ISBN: 9783038970453 9783038970460 Year: Pages: 554 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-046-0 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General) --- General and Civil Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2018-11-07 12:23:27
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Modern robotic technologies have enabled robots to operate in a variety of unstructured and dynamically-changing environments, in addition to traditional structured environments. Robots have, thus, become an important element in our everyday lives. One key approach to develop such intelligent and autonomous robots is to draw inspiration from biological systems. Biological structure, mechanisms, and underlying principles have the potential to provide new ideas to support the improvement of conventional robotic designs and control. Such biological principles usually originate from animal or even plant models, for robots, which can sense, think, walk, swim, crawl, jump or even fly. Thus, it is believed that these bio-inspired methods are becoming increasingly important in the face of complex applications. Bio-inspired robotics is leading to the study of innovative structures and computing with sensory–motor coordination and learning to achieve intelligence, flexibility, stability, and adaptation for emergent robotic applications, such as manipulation, learning, and control. This Special Issue invites original papers of innovative ideas and concepts, new discoveries and improvements, and novel applications and business models relevant to the selected topics of ``Bio-Inspired Robotics''. Bio-Inspired Robotics is a broad topic and an ongoing expanding field. This Special Issue collates 30 papers that address some of the important challenges and opportunities in this broad and expanding field.

Neural Computation in Embodied Closed-Loop Systems for the Generation of Complex Behavior: From Biology to Technology

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Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889456055 Year: Pages: 278 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88945-605-5 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Science (General) --- Neurology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-23 14:53:43
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How can neural and morphological computations be effectively combined and realized in embodied closed-loop systems (e.g., robots) such that they can become more like living creatures in their level of performance? Understanding this will lead to new technologies and a variety of applications.To tackle this research question, here, we bring together experts from different fields (including Biology, Computational Neuroscience, Robotics, and Artificial Intelligence) to share their recent findings and ideas and to update our research community. This eBook collects 17 cutting edge research articles, covering neural and morphological computations as well as the transfer of results to real world applications, like prosthesis and orthosis control and neuromorphic hardware implementation.

Flexible and Stretchable Electronics

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ISBN: 9783038424369 9783038424376 Year: Pages: VIII, 172 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03842-437-6 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2017-06-27 09:51:34
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Flexible and stretchable electronics are receiving tremendous attention as future electronics due to their flexibility and light weight, especially as applications in wearable electronics. Flexible electronics are usually fabricated on heat sensitive flexible substrates such as plastic, fabric or even paper, while stretchable electronics are usually fabricated from an elastomeric substrate to survive large deformation in their practical application. Therefore, successful fabrication of flexible electronics needs low temperature processable novel materials and a particular processing development because traditional materials and processes are not compatible with flexible/stretchable electronics. Huge technical challenges and opportunities surround these dramatic changes from the perspective of new material design and processing, new fabrication techniques, large deformation mechanics, new application development and so on. Here, we invited talented researchers to join us in this new vital field that holds the potential to reshape our future life, by contributing their words of wisdom from their particular perspective.

Nucleation of Minerals: Precursors, Intermediates and Their Use in Materials Chemistry

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ISBN: 9783038970354 9783038970361 Year: Pages: X, 236 Language: english
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Environmental Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2018-08-09 13:19:56
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Nucleation is the key event in mineralisation, but a general molecular understanding of phase separation mechanisms is still missing, despite more than 100 years of research in this field. In recent years, many studies have highlighted the occurrence of precursors and intermediates, which seem to challenge the assumptions underlying classical theories of nucleation and growth. This is especially true for the field of biomineralisation, where bio-inspired strategies take advantage of the special properties of the precursors and intermediates for the generation of advanced materials. All of this has led to the development of "non-classical" frameworks, which, however, often lack quantitative expressions for the evaluation and prediction of phase separation, growth and ripening processes, and are under considerable debate. It is thus evident that there is a crucial need for research into the early stages of mineral nucleation and growth, designed for the testing, refinement, and expansion of the different existing notions. This Special Issue of Minerals aims to bring together corresponding studies from all these areas, dealing with precursors and intermediates in mineralisation with the hope that it may contribute to the achievement of a better understanding of nucleation precursors and intermediates, and their target-oriented use in materials chemistry.

Molecular Computing and Bioinformatics

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ISBN: 9783039211951 9783039211968 Year: Pages: 390 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-196-8 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General) --- Biotechnology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-08-28 11:21:27
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This text will provide the most recent knowledge and advances in the area of molecular computing and bioinformatics. Molecular computing and bioinformatics have a close relationship, paying attention to the same object but working towards different orientations. The articles will range from topics such as DNA computing and membrane computing to specific biomedical applications, including drug R&D and disease analysis.

Keywords

prostate cancer --- Mycoplasma hominis --- endoplasmic reticulum --- systems biology --- protein targeting --- biomedical text mining --- big data --- Tianhe-2 --- parallel computing --- load balancing --- bacterial computing --- bacteria and plasmid system --- Turing universality --- recursively enumerable function --- miRNA biogenesis --- structural patterns --- DCL1 --- protein–protein interaction (PPI) --- clustering --- protein complex --- penalized matrix decomposition --- avian influenza virus --- interspecies transmission --- amino acid mutation --- machine learning --- Bayesian causal model --- causal direction learning --- K2 --- brain storm optimization --- line graph --- Cartesian product graph --- join graph --- atom-bond connectivity index --- geometric arithmetic index --- P-glycoprotein --- efflux ratio --- in silico --- machine learning --- hierarchical support vector regression --- absorption --- distribution --- metabolism --- excretion --- toxicity --- image encryption --- chaotic map --- DNA coding --- Hamming distance --- Stenotrophomonas maltophilia --- iron acquisition systems --- iron-depleted --- RAST server --- NanoString Technologies --- siderophores --- gene fusion data --- gene susceptibility prioritization --- evaluating driver partner --- gene networks --- drug-target interaction prediction --- machine learning --- drug discovery --- microRNA --- environmental factor --- structure information --- similarity network --- bioinformatics --- identification of Chinese herbal medicines --- biochip technology --- DNA barcoding technology --- DNA strand displacement --- cascade --- 8-bit adder/subtractor --- domain label --- Alzheimer’s disease --- gene coding protein --- sequence information --- support vector machine --- classification --- adverse drug reaction prediction --- heterogeneous information network embedding --- stacking denoising auto-encoder --- meta-path-based proximity --- Panax ginseng --- oligopeptide transporter --- flowering plant --- phylogeny --- transcription factor --- multiple interaction networks --- function prediction --- multinetwork integration --- low-dimensional representation --- dihydrouridine --- nucleotide physicochemical property --- pseudo dinucleotide composition --- RNA secondary structure --- ensemble classifier --- diabetes mellitus --- hypoxia-inducible factor-1? --- angiogenesis --- bone formation --- osteogenesis --- protein transduction domain --- membrane computing --- edge detection --- enzymatic numerical P system --- resolution free --- molecular computing --- molecular learning --- DNA computing --- self-organizing systems --- pattern classification --- machine learning --- laccase --- Brassica napus --- lignification --- stress --- molecular computing --- bioinformatics --- machine learning --- protein --- DNA --- RNA --- drug --- bio-inspired

Neural Microelectrodes: Design and Applications

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783039213191 9783039213207 Year: Pages: 378 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-320-7 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General) --- General and Civil Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-09 11:49:15
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Neural electrodes enable the recording and stimulation of bioelectrical activity in the nervous system. This technology provides neuroscientists with the means to probe the functionality of neural circuitry in both health and disease. In addition, neural electrodes can deliver therapeutic stimulation for the relief of debilitating symptoms associated with neurological disorders such as Parkinson’s disease and may serve as the basis for the restoration of sensory perception through peripheral nerve and brain regions after disease or injury. Lastly, microscale neural electrodes recording signals associated with volitional movement in paralyzed individuals can be decoded for controlling external devices and prosthetic limbs or driving the stimulation of paralyzed muscles for functional movements. In spite of the promise of neural electrodes for a range of applications, chronic performance remains a goal for long-term basic science studies, as well as clinical applications. New perspectives and opportunities from fields including tissue biomechanics, materials science, and biological mechanisms of inflammation and neurodegeneration are critical to advances in neural electrode technology. This Special Issue will address the state-of-the-art knowledge and emerging opportunities for the development and demonstration of advanced neural electrodes.

Keywords

neural interface --- silicon carbide --- robust microelectrode --- microelectrode array --- liquid crystal elastomer --- neuronal recordings --- neural interfacing --- micro-electromechanical systems (MEMS) technologies --- microelectromechanical systems --- neuroscientific research --- magnetic coupling --- freely-behaving --- microelectrodes --- in vivo electrophysiology --- neural interfaces --- enteric nervous system --- conscious recording --- electrode implantation --- intracranial electrodes --- foreign body reaction --- electrode degradation --- glial encapsulation --- electrode array --- microelectrodes --- neural recording --- silicon probe --- three-dimensional --- electroless plating --- intracortical implant --- microelectrodes --- stiffness --- immunohistochemistry --- immune response --- neural interface response --- neural interface --- micromachine --- neuroscience --- biocompatibility --- training --- education --- diversity --- bias --- BRAIN Initiative --- multi-disciplinary --- micro-electromechanical systems (MEMS) --- n/a --- silicon neural probes --- LED chip --- thermoresistance --- temperature monitoring --- optogenetics --- microfluidic device --- chronic implantation --- gene modification --- neural recording --- neural amplifier --- microelectrode array --- intracortical --- sensor interface --- windowed integration sampling --- mixed-signal feedback --- multiplexing --- amorphous silicon carbide --- neural stimulation and recording --- insertion force --- microelectrodes --- neural interfaces --- intracortical --- microelectrodes --- shape-memory-polymer --- electrophysiology --- electrode --- artifact --- electrophysiology --- electrochemistry --- fast-scan cyclic voltammetry (FSCV) --- neurotechnology --- neural interface --- neuromodulation --- neuroprosthetics --- brain-machine interfaces --- intracortical implant --- microelectrodes --- softening --- immunohistochemistry --- immune response --- neural interface --- shape memory polymer --- deep brain stimulation --- fast scan cyclic voltammetry --- dopamine --- glassy carbon electrode --- magnetic resonance imaging --- system-on-chip --- neuromodulation --- bidirectional --- closed-loop --- sciatic nerve --- vagus nerve --- precision medicine --- neural probe --- intracortical --- microelectrodes --- bio-inspired --- polymer nanocomposite --- cellulose nanocrystals --- photolithography --- Parylene C --- impedance --- Utah electrode arrays --- electrode–tissue interface --- peripheral nerves --- wireless --- implantable --- microstimulators --- neuromodulation --- peripheral nerve stimulation --- neural prostheses --- microelectrode --- neural interfaces --- dextran --- neural probe --- microfabrication --- foreign body reaction --- immunohistochemistry --- polymer --- chronic --- electrocorticography --- ECoG --- micro-electrocorticography --- µECoG --- neural electrode array --- neural interfaces --- electrophysiology --- brain–computer interface --- in vivo imaging --- tissue response --- graphene --- n/a

Optimization Methods Applied to Power Systems: Volume 1

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783039211302 9783039211319 Year: Pages: 382 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-131-9 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General) --- General and Civil Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2019-08-28 11:21:27
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This book presents an interesting sample of the latest advances in optimization techniques applied to electrical power engineering. It covers a variety of topics from various fields, ranging from classical optimization such as Linear and Nonlinear Programming and Integer and Mixed-Integer Programming to the most modern methods based on bio-inspired metaheuristics. The featured papers invite readers to delve further into emerging optimization techniques and their real application to case studies such as conventional and renewable energy generation, distributed generation, transport and distribution of electrical energy, electrical machines and power electronics, network optimization, intelligent systems, advances in electric mobility, etc.

Keywords

Cable joint --- internal defect --- thermal probability density --- power system optimization --- optimal power flow --- developed grew wolf optimizer --- energy internet --- prosumer --- energy management --- consensus --- demand response --- day-ahead load forecasting --- modular predictor --- feature selection --- micro-phasor measurement unit --- mutual information theory --- stochastic state estimation --- two-point estimation method --- JAYA algorithm --- multi-population method (MP) --- chaos optimization algorithm (COA) --- economic load dispatch problem (ELD) --- optimization methods --- constrained parameter estimation --- extended Kalman filter --- power systems --- C&I particle swarm optimization --- ringdown detection --- optimal reactive power dispatch --- loss minimization --- voltage deviation --- hybrid method --- tabu search --- particle swarm optimization --- artificial lighting --- simulation --- calibration --- radiance --- GenOpt --- street light points --- DC optimal power flow --- power transfer distribution factors --- generalized generation distribution factors --- unit commitment --- adaptive consensus algorithm --- distributed heat-electricity energy management --- eight searching sub-regions --- islanded microgrid --- dragonfly algorithm --- metaheuristic --- optimal power flow --- particle swarm optimization --- CCHP system --- energy storage --- off-design performance --- dynamic solving framework --- battery energy storage system --- micro grid --- MILP --- PCS efficiency --- piecewise linear techniques --- renewable energy sources --- optimal operation --- UC --- demand bidding --- demand response --- genetic algorithm --- load curtailment --- optimization --- hybrid renewable energy system --- pumped-hydro energy storage --- off-grid --- optimization --- HOMER software --- rural electrification --- sub-Saharan Africa --- Cameroon --- building energy management system --- HVAC system --- energy storage system --- energy flow model --- dependability --- sustainability --- data center --- power architectures --- optimization --- AC/DC hybrid active distribution --- hierarchical scheduling --- multi-stakeholders --- discrete wind driven optimization --- multiobjective optimization --- optimal power flow --- metaheuristic --- wind energy --- photovoltaic --- smart grid --- transformer-fault diagnosis --- principal component analysis --- particle swarm optimization --- support vector machine --- wind power --- integration assessment --- interactive load --- considerable decomposition --- controllable response --- SOCP relaxations --- optimal power flow --- current margins --- affine arithmetic --- interval variables --- optimizing-scenarios method --- power flow --- wind power --- active distribution system --- virtual power plant --- stochastic optimization --- decentralized and collaborative optimization --- genetic algorithm --- multi-objective particle swarm optimization algorithm --- artificial bee colony --- IEEE Std. 80-2000 --- Schwarz’s equation --- fuzzy algorithm --- radial basis function --- neural network --- ETAP --- distributed generations (DGs) --- distribution network reconfiguration --- runner-root algorithm (RRA) --- inter-turn shorted-circuit fault (ISCF) --- strong track filter (STF) --- linear discriminant analysis (LDA) --- switched reluctance machine (SRM) --- charging/discharging --- electric vehicle --- energy management --- genetic algorithm --- intelligent scatter search --- electric vehicles --- heterogeneous networks --- demand uncertainty --- power optimization --- Stackelberg game --- power system unit commitment --- hybrid membrane computing --- cross-entropy --- the genetic algorithm based P system --- the biomimetic membrane computing --- transient stability --- two-stage feature selection --- particle encoding method --- fitness function --- power factor compensation --- non-sinusoidal circuits --- geometric algebra --- evolutionary algorithms --- electric power contracts --- electric energy costs --- cost minimization --- evolutionary computation --- bio-inspired algorithms --- congestion management --- low-voltage networks --- multi-objective particle swarm optimization --- affinity propagation clustering --- optimal congestion threshold --- optimization --- magnetic field mitigation --- overhead --- underground --- passive shielding --- active shielding --- MV/LV substation --- n/a

Optimization Methods Applied to Power Systems: Volume 2

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783039211562 9783039211579 Year: Pages: 306 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-157-9 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General) --- General and Civil Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2019-08-28 11:21:27
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Abstract

This book presents an interesting sample of the latest advances in optimization techniques applied to electrical power engineering. It covers a variety of topics from various fields, ranging from classical optimization such as Linear and Nonlinear Programming and Integer and Mixed-Integer Programming to the most modern methods based on bio-inspired metaheuristics. The featured papers invite readers to delve further into emerging optimization techniques and their real application to case studies such as conventional and renewable energy generation, distributed generation, transport and distribution of electrical energy, electrical machines and power electronics, network optimization, intelligent systems, advances in electric mobility, etc.

Keywords

Cable joint --- internal defect --- thermal probability density --- power system optimization --- optimal power flow --- developed grew wolf optimizer --- energy internet --- prosumer --- energy management --- consensus --- demand response --- day-ahead load forecasting --- modular predictor --- feature selection --- micro-phasor measurement unit --- mutual information theory --- stochastic state estimation --- two-point estimation method --- JAYA algorithm --- multi-population method (MP) --- chaos optimization algorithm (COA) --- economic load dispatch problem (ELD) --- optimization methods --- constrained parameter estimation --- extended Kalman filter --- power systems --- C&I particle swarm optimization --- ringdown detection --- optimal reactive power dispatch --- loss minimization --- voltage deviation --- hybrid method --- tabu search --- particle swarm optimization --- artificial lighting --- simulation --- calibration --- radiance --- GenOpt --- street light points --- DC optimal power flow --- power transfer distribution factors --- generalized generation distribution factors --- unit commitment --- adaptive consensus algorithm --- distributed heat-electricity energy management --- eight searching sub-regions --- islanded microgrid --- dragonfly algorithm --- metaheuristic --- optimal power flow --- particle swarm optimization --- CCHP system --- energy storage --- off-design performance --- dynamic solving framework --- battery energy storage system --- micro grid --- MILP --- PCS efficiency --- piecewise linear techniques --- renewable energy sources --- optimal operation --- UC --- demand bidding --- demand response --- genetic algorithm --- load curtailment --- optimization --- hybrid renewable energy system --- pumped-hydro energy storage --- off-grid --- optimization --- HOMER software --- rural electrification --- sub-Saharan Africa --- Cameroon --- building energy management system --- HVAC system --- energy storage system --- energy flow model --- dependability --- sustainability --- data center --- power architectures --- optimization --- AC/DC hybrid active distribution --- hierarchical scheduling --- multi-stakeholders --- discrete wind driven optimization --- multiobjective optimization --- optimal power flow --- metaheuristic --- wind energy --- photovoltaic --- smart grid --- transformer-fault diagnosis --- principal component analysis --- particle swarm optimization --- support vector machine --- wind power --- integration assessment --- interactive load --- considerable decomposition --- controllable response --- SOCP relaxations --- optimal power flow --- current margins --- affine arithmetic --- interval variables --- optimizing-scenarios method --- power flow --- wind power --- active distribution system --- virtual power plant --- stochastic optimization --- decentralized and collaborative optimization --- genetic algorithm --- multi-objective particle swarm optimization algorithm --- artificial bee colony --- IEEE Std. 80-2000 --- Schwarz’s equation --- fuzzy algorithm --- radial basis function --- neural network --- ETAP --- distributed generations (DGs) --- distribution network reconfiguration --- runner-root algorithm (RRA) --- inter-turn shorted-circuit fault (ISCF) --- strong track filter (STF) --- linear discriminant analysis (LDA) --- switched reluctance machine (SRM) --- charging/discharging --- electric vehicle --- energy management --- genetic algorithm --- intelligent scatter search --- electric vehicles --- heterogeneous networks --- demand uncertainty --- power optimization --- Stackelberg game --- power system unit commitment --- hybrid membrane computing --- cross-entropy --- the genetic algorithm based P system --- the biomimetic membrane computing --- transient stability --- two-stage feature selection --- particle encoding method --- fitness function --- power factor compensation --- non-sinusoidal circuits --- geometric algebra --- evolutionary algorithms --- electric power contracts --- electric energy costs --- cost minimization --- evolutionary computation --- bio-inspired algorithms --- congestion management --- low-voltage networks --- multi-objective particle swarm optimization --- affinity propagation clustering --- optimal congestion threshold --- optimization --- magnetic field mitigation --- overhead --- underground --- passive shielding --- active shielding --- MV/LV substation --- n/a

Bio-Based Polymers for Engineered Green Materials

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783039289257 / 9783039289264 Year: Pages: 568 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03928-926-4 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General) --- General and Civil Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2020-06-09 16:38:57
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With daily signals, Nature is communicating us that its unconscious wicked exploitation is no more sustainable. Our socio-economic system focuses on production increasing without considering the consequences. We are intoxicating ourselves on a daily bases just to allow the system to perpetuate itself. The time to switch into more natural solutions is come and the scientific community is ready to offer more natural product with comparable performance then the market products we are used to deal with. This book collects a broad set of scientific examples in which research groups from all over the world, aim to replace fossil fuel-based solutions with biomass derived materials. In here, some of the most innovative developments in the field of bio-materials are reported considering topics which goes from biomass valorization to the synthesis of high preforming bio-based materials.

Keywords

thermoplastic starch --- corn starch --- chitosan --- crosslinked microparticles --- lignin-containing cellulose nanofibrils --- poly(lactic acid) and composite films --- lignin content --- compatibility --- adsorption --- phenanthrene --- pyrene --- benzoyl cellulose --- stearoyl cellulose --- silkworm cocoons --- dense structure --- porosity --- robust fiber network --- mechanical properties --- photodegradation --- liquid natural rubber --- UV light --- TiO2 anatase --- latex state --- wood modification --- alkali lignin --- water resistance --- dimensional stability --- heat treatment --- polymeric composites --- antifouling --- metal binding --- iron chelation --- polydopamine coating --- free-radical polymerization --- galactoglucomannan --- lignin --- lignin-carbohydrate complex --- ultrafiltration --- precipitation --- hydrogel --- recycling --- thermal degradation --- mechanical degradation --- polylactic acid --- Bioflex --- Solanyl --- PHBV --- poly(lactic acid) --- pulp fibers --- biocomposite --- emulsion-solvent evaporation method --- films --- mechanical properties --- PHA --- mixed microbial cultures --- bioplastics --- feast-famine --- cost --- Peptone --- Microbial nutrient --- Anti-bacterial silver nanoparticle --- Escherichia coli --- Staphylococcus aureus --- tannin --- hemicellulose --- waste biomass --- HSQC-NMR --- pyrolysis mechanism --- hydrotropic treatment --- metal chloride --- delignification --- enzymatic saccharification --- lignocellulosic nanofibrils --- microencapsulated phase change material (MPCM) --- polylactic acid (PLA) --- toughening --- endothermic effect --- kenaf fiber --- hybrid composites --- bio-based --- film --- mechanical properties --- polysaccharides --- resource recovery --- solution casting --- orange waste --- nanocelluloses --- cellulose nanofibers --- cellulose nanocrystals --- bacterial cellulose --- cement --- fiber-cement --- Hatscheck process --- bio-inspired interfaces --- mechanical properties --- thermal stability --- sensitivity --- electrospinning --- tissue engineering --- paper-based scaffolds --- osteoblast proliferation --- polycaprolactone --- biopolymers --- nanoclays --- nanobiocomposites --- extrusion-compounding --- polyhydroxyalkanoates --- thermal properties --- mechanical properties --- differential scanning calorimetry --- nuclear magnetic resonance --- X-ray diffraction --- transparent wood --- chemical composition --- H2O2 bleaching treatment --- physicochemical properties --- cellulose --- electrical resistance --- copper coating --- electroless deposition --- humidity sensor --- strain sensor --- lyocell fiber --- asphalt rubber --- bio-asphalt --- mixing sequence --- workability --- storage stability --- tung oil --- unsaturated polyester resins --- thermosetting polymers --- structure–property relationship --- structural plastics --- ONP fibers --- silanization --- composites --- mechanical properties --- Artemisia vulgaris --- microcellulose fiber --- nanocellulose fibers --- natural fibers --- Bio-based foams --- wastewater treatments --- cationic dyes --- anionic surfactants --- pollutant adsorbents --- tannin polymer --- tannin-furanic foam --- biopolymers --- nanoclays --- bio-nanocomposites --- extrusion-compounding --- polyhydroxyalkanoates --- thermal properties --- microstructure --- volatiles --- autoxidation --- thermal gravimetric analysis --- scanning electron microscope --- headspace solid phase microextraction --- alginate sponge --- two-step lyophilization --- methylene blue --- adsorption capacity --- biomass resources --- hybrid nonisocyanate polyurethane --- solvent- and catalyst-free --- dimer acid --- melt condensation --- bacterial cellulose --- surface modification --- TEMPO oxidation --- one-pot synthesis --- immobilized TEMPO --- physical property --- skincare --- cellulose --- graphene oxide --- ionic liquid --- membrane --- transport properties --- heavy metals --- porous structure --- SAXS --- WAXS --- cellulose --- wood --- lignocellulose --- ionic liquid --- imidazolium --- fractionation --- dissolution --- GC-MS --- kaempferol --- knotwood --- larixol --- taxifolin --- vibrational spectroscopy --- n/a

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