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Informationen durch Performance Measurement - Die Leistungsvergleiche nach Art. 91d GG

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Book Series: Karlsruher Dialog zum Informationsrecht / Zentrum für Angewandte Rechtswissenschaft (ZAR), Karlsruher Institut für Technologie (KIT) ISSN: 21942390 ISBN: 9783866448711 Year: Volume: 2 Pages: 34 p. DOI: 10.5445/KSP/1000028755 Language: GERMAN
Publisher: KIT Scientific Publishing
Subject: Law
Added to DOAB on : 2016-08-11 12:46:27
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Leistungsvergleiche sind in aller Munde. Der im Rahmen der zweiten Stufe der Föderalismusreform in das Grundgesetz aufgenommene Art. 91d GG kündet davon.Diese Bestimmung wirft verwaltungs- und verfassungsrechtliche Fragen auf vielerlei Ebenen auf, die in der Schrift näher behandelt werden, etwa zur rechtlichen Qualifikation der Vergleichsstudien bzw. der sie regelnden Norm oder dem Leitbild von Föderalismus bis hin zu rechtlichen und methodischen Anforderungen an das Verfahren.

Der Prozess Lagern und Kommissionieren im Rahmen des Distribution Center Reference Model (DCRM)

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Book Series: Wissenschaftliche Berichte des Institutes für Fördertechnik und Logistiksysteme der Universität Karlsruhe (TH) / Institut für Fördertechnik und Logistiksysteme ISSN: 01712772 ISBN: 9783866443723 Year: Volume: 72 Pages: IX, 194 p. DOI: 10.5445/KSP/1000011509 Language: GERMAN
Publisher: KIT Scientific Publishing
Subject: Technology (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-30 20:01:58
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Die vorliegende Arbeit beschäftigt sich mit der Entwicklung von analytischen Berechnungsmodellen zur ganzheitlichen Bewertung des Prozesses Lagern und Kommissionieren im Rahmen des aufgabenorientierten Distribution Center Reference Model (DCRM). Die Modelle schätzen den Ressourcenbedarf der wesentlichen Lager- und Kommissioniersysteme unter Berücksichtigung der gestellten Anforderungen und Aufgaben ab. Die Validierung der Modelle erfolgt anhand realer Daten der Warehouse Excellence Studie.

Benchmarking Eventually Consistent Distributed Storage Systems

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ISBN: 9783731501862 Year: Pages: VIII, 183 p. DOI: 10.5445/KSP/1000039389 Language: ENGLISH
Publisher: KIT Scientific Publishing
Subject: Business and Management
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-30 20:01:58
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Cloud storage services and NoSQL systems typically offer only ""Eventual Consistency"", a rather weak guarantee covering a broad range of potential data consistency behavior. The degree of actual (in-)consistency, however, is unknown. This work presents novel solutions for determining the degree of (in-)consistency via simulation and benchmarking, as well as the necessary means to resolve inconsistencies leveraging this information.

Agricultural Irrigation

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ISBN: 9783039219223 9783039219230 Year: Pages: 172 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-923-0 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Science (General) --- Biology --- Agriculture (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-09 11:49:16
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Agriculture is certainly the most important food supplier while it globally accounts for more than 70% of water used and contributes significantly to water pollution. Irrigated agriculture is facing rising competition worldwide for access to reliable, low cost, and high-quality water resources. However, irrigation as the major tool and determinant of affecting agricultural productivity and environmental resources plays a critical role in food security and environment sustainability. Innovative irrigation technologies and practices may enhance agricultural water efficiency and production, in the meantime decrease the water demand and quality issues. I am very pleased to invite you to submit manuscripts in agricultural irrigation which assess current challenges and offer improvement approaches and opportunities for future irrigation.

Electrochemical Surface Science: Basics and Applications

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ISBN: 9783039216420 9783039216437 Year: Pages: 398 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-643-7 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Science (General) --- Chemistry (General) --- Inorganic Chemistry
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-09 11:49:15
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Electrochemical surface science (EC-SS) is the natural advancement of traditional surface science (where gas–vacuum/solid interfaces are studied) to liquid (solution)/electrified solid interfaces. Such a merging between two different disciplines—i.e., surface science (SS) and electrochemistry—officially advanced ca. three decades ago. The main characteristic of EC-SS versus electrochemistry is the reductionist approach undertaken, inherited from SS and aiming to understand the microscopic processes occurring at electrodes on the atomic level. A few of the exemplary keystone tools of EC-SS include EC-scanning probe microscopies, operando and in situ spectroscopies and electron microscopies, and differential EC mass spectrometry (DEMS). EC-SS indirectly (and often unconsciously) receives a great boost from the requirement for rational design of energy conversion and storage devices for the next generation of energetic landscapes. As a matter of fact, the number of material science groups deeply involved in such a challenging field has tremendously expanded and, within such a panorama, EC and SS investigations are intimately combined in a huge number of papers. The aim of this Special Issue is to offer an open access forum where researchers in the field of electrochemistry, surface science, and materials science could outline the great advances that can be reached by exploiting EC-SS approaches. Papers addressing both the basic science and more applied issues in the field of EC-SS and energy conversion and storage materials have been published in this Special Issue.

Keywords

electrosynthesis --- switchable surfaces --- alkoxyamine surfaces --- redox monolayers --- porphyrins --- self-assembly --- surface nanostructures --- in situ EC-STM --- metal-electrolyte interface --- potential-dependent structures --- combined non-covalent control --- ECALE --- CdS --- silver single crystals --- alkanthiols --- SAMs --- EQCM --- AES --- polypyrrole --- diazonium salts --- flexible ITO --- adhesion --- redox properties --- X-ray absorption spectroscopy --- energy dispersive --- quick-XAS --- FEXRAV --- free electron laser --- electrochemistry --- photoelectrochemistry --- photochemistry --- pump &amp --- probe --- oxygen evolution reaction --- water splitting --- iridium --- thin-films --- spin-coating --- model systems --- electrocatalysts --- oxygen evolution reaction --- iridium --- nickel --- electrodeposition --- model catalyst --- water oxidation --- CO oxidation --- DFT --- hydrogen adsorption --- Pt–Ru catalysts --- ordered mesoporous carbons --- graphitization --- CO oxidation --- methanol oxidation --- direct methanol fuel cells --- electrocatalysis --- catalysts --- methanol oxidation reaction --- graphene --- DMFC --- Pt --- SOFC --- cathode --- XAFS --- in situ --- cobalt oxide --- water oxidation --- photo-electrochemistry --- hydroxyl radical --- electro-oxidation --- Lead OPD --- surface alloy --- XPS --- UPS --- EF-PEEM --- ORR --- Platinum --- PVDF --- PEMFC --- in situ ambient pressure XPS --- hard X rays --- photoelectron simulations --- solid/liquid interface --- TiO2 --- APTES --- Cu(111) --- electrochemical interface --- in-situ X-ray diffraction --- carbon nanofiber --- porous fiber --- electrospinning --- mesopore --- micropore --- porogen --- ammonia activation --- surface area --- methanol oxidation --- platinum single crystals --- pH and concentration effects --- adsorbed OH --- reduced graphene oxide --- electrophoretic deposition --- surface chemistry --- click chemistry --- gold --- palladium --- bimetallic alloy --- carbon nanofibers (CNFs) --- cyclic voltammetry (CV) --- Surface Modification --- Blackening of Steel --- Magnetite --- Corrosion Protection --- Auger-Electron Spectroscopy --- Ordered mesoporous carbon --- nitrogen doping --- cobalt-based electrocatalyst --- bifunctional oxygen electrode --- solvothermal method --- underpotential deposition (upd) --- Au --- Pt --- Pd --- nanoparticles --- cyclic voltammetry --- electrocatalysis --- operando --- near ambient pressure XPS --- scanning photoelectron microscopy --- solid oxide fuel cells --- surface science --- electrodeposited alloys --- CO electro-oxidation --- Pt single-crystal electrodes --- potential cycling --- potential stepping --- surface reconstruction --- electrocatalysis --- oxygen reduction --- ORR --- gas diffusion electrode --- platinum --- fuel cells --- thin-films --- benchmarking --- mass transport --- formic acid oxidation --- Au nanocrystals --- Pd thin films --- electrocatalysis --- d-band theory --- polymer --- silicon nanoparticles --- EPR spectroscopy --- photoconversion --- n/a

Pharmacist Services

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ISBN: 9783039217540 9783039217557 Year: Pages: 436 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-755-7 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Medicine (General) --- Pharmacy and materia medica
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-09 11:49:16
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The overall goal of this book is to give the reader a state-of-the-art synopsis of the pharmacist services domain. To accomplish this goal, the authors have addressed the social, psychosocial, political, legal, historic, clinical, and economic factors that are associated with pharmacist services. In this book, you will gain cutting-edge insights from learning about the research of experts throughout the world. The findings have relevance for enhancing pharmacist professionalism, pharmacist practice, and the progression of pharmacist services in the future.

Keywords

ambulatory care --- pharmacy practice faculty --- pharmacy learners --- clinical practice --- pharmacist services --- community pharmacy practice --- dispensing --- counselling --- pharmaceutical intervention --- pharmaceutical care --- observation --- immunization programs --- mobile health units --- experiential learning --- billing --- healthy people 2020 --- pharmacy --- emergency unit --- health workers --- cystic fibrosis --- pharmacists --- pharmacy services, medication management --- medication use burden --- travel --- immunization --- vaccination --- pharmacist --- community pharmacy --- pharmacy intern --- student pharmacist --- primary care --- interprofessional --- federally qualified health center --- serviced marketing --- design thinking --- medication synchronization --- community pharmacists --- innovation science --- adherence --- competitive advantage --- age disparities --- gender disparities --- job satisfaction --- job-related preferences --- pharmacist workforce --- pharmacists --- pharmacy education --- interprofessional practice and education --- community pharmacy --- medication therapy management --- medication-related problems --- medication discrepancies --- continuity of patient care --- cost avoidance --- Comprehensive Medication Management --- pharmaceutical care --- primary health care --- chronic diseases --- clinical results --- naltrexone --- opioid use disorder --- implementation --- service process --- regulatory --- community pharmacy --- pharmacist services --- opioid --- communication --- naloxone --- misuse --- disposal --- safety --- counseling --- comprehensive medication review --- community pharmacy --- collaboration --- community pharmacy --- pharmaceutical care --- medication therapy management --- pharmacy practice --- pharmacy education --- grants --- pharmacy benefit manager (PBM) --- ethics --- pharmaceutical regulation --- health care policy --- decision-making --- organizations --- ethical models --- code of ethics --- pharmacist --- adverse drug events --- brown bag --- pharmacy --- medication reconciliation --- pharmacy clinical services --- comprehensive medication management services --- medication experience --- pharmaceutical care practice --- documentation --- focus groups --- community pharmacy --- retail clinics --- pharmacists --- nurse practitioners --- interprofessional training --- primary care --- healthcare access --- community pharmacy --- pharmacist services --- wellness programs --- medication adherence --- quality measurement/benchmarking --- multiple chronic conditions --- CMS Star rating --- chronic kidney disease --- interprofessional care --- quality assurance --- pharmacy communication --- cue orientation --- focus group interviews --- Denmark --- transitions in care --- pharmacist --- medication therapy problems --- medication safety --- comprehensive medication management --- readmissions --- intention --- medication therapy management --- pharmacy services --- South Asian --- theory of planned behavior. --- pharmacist services --- community pharmacy --- care plan --- compensation --- primary health care --- information sharing --- qualitative research --- comparative case study --- value --- human papilloma virus --- HPV vaccination --- pharmacy --- coordinated care --- history of pharmacy --- 20th century history --- 21st century history --- community pharmacy services --- pharmacy education --- pharmacist --- services marketing --- management --- value-added services --- community-based pharmacy --- community-based pharmacist practitioners --- community pharmacy services --- health policy --- interrupted time series analysis --- medication reconciliation --- mental health care --- pharmacy staff --- mental health first aid --- mental illness --- pharmacist roles --- n/a --- collaborative practice --- clinical pharmacy --- advanced practice pharmacist provider

Application of Optimization in Production, Logistics, Inventory, Supply Chain Management and Block Chain

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ISBN: 9783039285228 / 9783039285235 Year: Pages: 618 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03928-523-5 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General) --- General and Civil Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2020-06-09 16:38:57
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The evolution of industrial development since the 18th century is now experiencing the fourth industrial revolution. The effect of the development has propagated into almost every sector of the industry. From inventory to the circular economy, the effectiveness of technology has been fruitful for industry. The recent trends in research, with new ideas and methodologies, are included in this book. Several new ideas and business strategies are developed in the area of the supply chain management, logistics, optimization, and forecasting for the improvement of the economy of the society and the environment. The proposed technologies and ideas are either novel or help modify several other new ideas. Different real life problems with different dimensions are discussed in the book so that readers may connect with the recent issues in society and industry. The collection of the articles provides a glimpse into the new research trends in technology, business, and the environment.

Keywords

inventory --- defectives --- inspection errors --- full trade credit --- partial trade credit --- supplier selection process --- multicriteria decision making (MCDM) --- edible oil --- fuzzy analytical hierarchy process (FAHP) --- green data envelopment analysis (GDEA) --- optimization --- integer linear programming --- sustainable --- supplier selection --- order allocation --- supply chain management --- e-commerce --- O2O channel --- customer acquisition cost --- transshipments --- electric power distribution --- Lean manufacturing --- multi-stage production system --- fuzzy demand --- imperfect products --- reworking --- lean manufacturing --- sustainability --- process imperfection --- uncertain information --- decomposition principle --- triangular fuzzy number --- human-based production system --- offline inspection --- optimization --- inspection cost --- outgoing quality --- learning behavior --- transport infrastructure --- develop strategies --- optimal algorithms --- business performance --- resilient supply chain --- supplier selection --- fuzzy optimization --- disruption risks --- preservation technology investment --- refrigerated trucks --- waste reduction --- controllable probabilistic deterioration rate --- supply chain management --- supply chain inventory --- imperfect quality --- inspection --- carbon emission --- deteriorating items --- industry 4.0 --- dynamic job-shop scheduling --- simulation --- decision support systems --- internet of things --- four-dimensional transportation problem --- fixed charge --- space constraint --- budget constraint --- substitute and complimentary items --- rough interval --- lead-time reduction --- production modelling --- optimization --- inventory control --- backorder --- imperfect manufacturing system --- backordering --- defective products --- rework --- inspection --- inventory --- smart production --- variable demand --- advertisement --- energy --- rework --- system reliability --- airborne particulate matter --- Bayesian approach --- change point detection --- likelihood ratio test --- time series analysis --- air quality --- supply chain management --- inventory control --- distribution-free approach --- revenue sharing --- radio frequency identification --- information asymmetry --- CLSC management --- O2O channel --- random defective rate --- hybrid manufacturing- remanufacturing strategy --- stochastic-petri net modeling --- sustainable healthcare system --- staff absenteeism --- patient’s queue --- mixed integer nonlinear programming --- data envelopment analysis --- benchmarking --- petrochemical industries --- technical and super-efficiencies --- multidimensional scaling --- efficiency and scatter plots --- price discounts --- stochastic-price dependent demand --- newsvendor --- pricing policy --- scheduling --- evolutionary algorithm --- robustness --- multi-objective --- machine breakdown --- inventory --- pricing --- complementary products --- substitutable products --- deterioration --- inventory modelling and optimization --- Trade-credit financing --- Cash discounts --- permissible delays in payments --- Supply chain management --- economic order quantity (EOQ) --- mathematical solution procedure --- deteriorating items --- mathematical analytic tools and techniques --- managerial considerations and managerial decisions --- production --- imperfect production --- defective rate --- workplace stress --- workers’ efficiency --- quality control --- targeting model --- process mean --- strict quasi-concavity --- recurrent states --- optimized limits --- preventive maintenance --- imperfect repair --- optimization --- reliability threshold --- repairable system --- distributed development --- agile development --- application program interfaces in agile distributed projects --- framework for agile distributed development

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