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Emotion and Behavior

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Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889199655 Year: Pages: 131 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88919-965-5 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Psychology --- Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2016-01-19 14:05:46
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In this Research Topic, several groups of researchers from both social and biological psychology summarize their findings addressing the relation between emotion and behavior. The Reflective-Impulsive Model (RIM) (Strack & Deutsch, 2004; 2014 in press) serves as a general orientation and provides a link to integrate the results from seemingly divergent perspectives. The contributions focuses on different types of emotional behaviors, like facial expressions and impulsive reactions. They address the central issue of approach vs. avoidance and include clinical topics like addiction and fear. Methodologically, the contributions are predominantly experimental and are partly based on manipulations in the context of virtual reality.

Keywords

emotion --- Behavior --- impulsive --- reflective --- approach --- avoidance

The Online Advertising Tax as the Foundation of a Public Service Internet

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Book Series: CAMRI Policy Briefs ISBN: 9781911534945 9781911534938 9781911534945 9781911534952 9781911534969 Year: Pages: 102 DOI: 10.16997/book23 Language: English
Publisher: University of Westminster Press
Subject: Philosophy --- Law --- Computer Science --- Political Science --- Media and communication
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:34:39
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"Online advertising will soon form the largest share of global advertisement revenues. Google and Facebook netted profits of US $29 billion in 2016. While these two giants control more than 66% of all online advertising revenues complex legal company structures have minimised their tax liabilities. This extended policy report considers where they should be taxed and where the value of their activities is actually created. It argues that tax paid by those platforms should be levied in the country where platform users are located when they click on or view an advertisement. Furthermore, the report examines the practical steps needed to ensure transparent accounting of taxed transactions in order to avoid long term negative effects for media and democracy.&#xD;&#xD;Considering counter-arguments the author makes the case for an online advertising tax alongside a public service Internet strategy that could support other viable platforms and counter the dangers of duopoly or oligopoly and the high risks of financial bubbles in a world where advertising is the Internet's dominant business model."&#xD;

Adaptive State

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Book Series: Karlsruher Schriften zur Anthropomatik / Lehrstuhl für Interaktive Echtzeitsysteme, Karlsruher Institut für Technologie ; Fraunhofer-Inst. für Optronik, Systemtechnik und Bildauswertung IOSB Karlsruhe ISSN: 18636489 ISBN: 9783731505808 Year: Volume: 27 Pages: XXV, 241 p. DOI: 10.5445/KSP/1000058693 Language: ENGLISH
Publisher: KIT Scientific Publishing
Subject: Computer Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-30 20:02:00
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Mobile robot motion planning in unstructured dynamic environments is a challenging task. Thus, often suboptimal methods are employed which perform global path planning and local obstacle avoidance separately. This work introduces a holistic planning algorithm which is based on the concept of state

Fahrstrategien zur Unfallvermeidung im Straßenverkehr für Einzel- und Mehrobjektszenarien

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Book Series: Schriftenreihe / Institut für Mess- und Regelungstechnik, Karlsruher Institut für Technologie ISSN: 16134214 ISBN: 9783731501985 Year: Volume: 30 Pages: XVI, 139 p. DOI: 10.5445/KSP/1000039757 Language: GERMAN
Publisher: KIT Scientific Publishing
Subject: Technology (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-30 20:02:02
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The subject of this work is the determination of collision-free driving strategies. Firstly, the last possible maneuver is derived for a single object on the basis of reachable existence circles and is extended to a complete evasive maneuvre. Subsequently, the consideration is extended onto multiple objects. By the use of existence regions and kinematic configurations collision-free trajectories are determined and evaluated.

Integrated Planning and Control for Collision Avoidance Systems

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Book Series: Schriftenreihe / Institut für Mess- und Regelungstechnik, Karlsruher Institut für Technologie ISSN: 16134214 ISBN: 9783731507857 Year: Volume: 039 Pages: XV, 139 p. DOI: 10.5445/KSP/1000081452 Language: ENGLISH
Publisher: KIT Scientific Publishing
Subject: Technology (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-28 18:37:01
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Collision avoidance systems like emergency braking assist systems have demonstrated their effectiveness in increasing the safety of vehicle passengers in various studies. To further increase the effectiveness of collision avoidance systems, the exploitation of the lateral free space by evasive maneuvers is being investigated in this book. This work focuses on methods for integrated trajectory planning and vehicle dynamics control in collision avoidance scenarios by combined evasion and braking.

Human and Animal Sensitivity: How Stock-People and Consumer Perception Can Affect Animal Welfare

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ISBN: 9783039212613 / 9783039212620 Year: Pages: 234 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-262-0 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Science (General) --- Biology --- Animal Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-09 11:49:15
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This book presents cross-discipline studies covering aspects ranging from animal science to social/consumer sciences and psychology, with the aim to collect and disseminate information promoting the continuous enhancement of animal welfare by improving stakeholders’ perception of animal welfare. Although animal welfare is about how the animals perceive the surrounding environment, the actual welfare of the animals is dependent on how the stakeholders perceive and weigh animal welfare. The stakeholders can, either directly (i.e., through stock-people interaction with the animals) or indirectly (e.g., when retailers and consumers are willing to pay more for high welfare animal-based products), affect the way animals are kept and handled.

Keywords

veterinary student --- animal ethics --- pain perception --- animal --- animal welfare --- Animal welfare --- husbandry practices --- lambs --- pain --- sheep farmers --- perception --- agreement --- aggression --- animal welfare --- desensitization --- perception --- pigs --- animal welfare --- young adult --- animal attitudes --- children --- farm animals --- animal welfare --- education --- technology --- animal welfare --- Asia --- knowledge --- slaughter --- transport --- training --- animal welfare --- benefit --- profit --- human health --- Asia --- livestock --- farmer perception --- citizen perception --- qualitative research --- free elicitation narrative interviews --- animal welfare --- consumer --- willingness to pay --- pig --- castration --- immunocastration --- information --- survey --- human-animal relationship --- fear --- laying hen --- stockpeople attitudes --- stockperson behaviour --- egg farm --- albumen corticosterone --- welfare --- animal welfare --- stakeholder perception --- text mining --- horse --- donkey --- goat --- sheep --- turkey --- farm animal welfare (FAW) --- willingness to pay --- food safety concerns --- ethical concerns --- perceived consumer effectiveness --- broiler --- dairy buffalo --- human-animal relationship --- animal behavior --- test-retest reliability --- avoidance distance --- milk production --- animal welfare --- animal welfare --- stunning --- religious slaughter --- veterinary students --- Halal meat --- racehorse welfare --- staff shortages --- horse–human relationship --- standards of care --- employee relations --- consumer demand --- economics --- farm animal welfare --- producer perspective

Personalized Nutrition

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9783039214457 / 9783039214464 Year: Pages: 154 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-446-4 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Science (General) --- Biology --- Nutrition and Food Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-09 11:49:15
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“Personalised Nutrition” represents any initiative that attempts to provide tailor-made healthy eating advice based on the nutritional needs of each individual, as these are dictated by the individual’s behaviour, phenotype and/or genotype, and their interactions. This Special Issue of Nutrients is dedicated to the development, implementation and assessment of the effectiveness of evidence-based “Personalised Nutrition” strategies. In this regard, a selection of reviews and original research manuscripts will bring together the latest evidence on how lifestyle habits, physiology, nutraceuticals, gut microbiome and genetics can be integrated into nutritional solutions, specific to the needs of each individual, for maintaining health and preventing diseases.

Swarm Robotics

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ISBN: 9783038979227 / 9783038979234 Year: Pages: 310 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-923-4 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Computer Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-06-26 08:44:06
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Collectively working robot teams can solve a problem more efficiently than a single robot, while also providing robustness and flexibility to the group. Swarm robotics model is a key component of a cooperative algorithm that controls the behaviors and interactions of all individuals. The robots in the swarm should have some basic functions, such as sensing, communicating, and monitoring, and satisfy the following properties:

Keywords

3D model identification --- shape normalization --- weighted implicit shape representation --- panoramic view --- scale-invariant feature transform --- optimization --- meta-heuristic --- parallel technique --- Swarm intelligence algorithm --- artificial flora (AF) algorithm --- bionic intelligent algorithm --- particle swarm optimization --- artificial bee colony algorithm --- swarm robotics --- search --- surveillance --- behaviors --- patterns --- comparison --- swarm behavior --- Swarm Chemistry --- self-organization --- asymmetrical interaction --- genetic algorithm --- cooperative target hunting --- multi-AUV --- improved potential field --- surface-water environment --- signal source localization --- multi-robot system --- event-triggered communication --- consensus control --- time-difference-of-arrival (TDOA) --- Cramer–Rao low bound (CRLB) --- optimal configuration --- UAV swarms --- path optimization --- multiple robots --- formation --- sliding mode controller --- nonlinear disturbance observer --- system stability --- formation control --- virtual structure --- formation reconfiguration --- multi-agents --- robotics --- unmanned aerial vehicle --- swarm intelligence --- particle swarm optimization --- search algorithm --- underwater environment --- sensor deployment --- event-driven coverage --- fish swarm optimization --- congestion control --- modular robots --- self-assembly robots --- environmental perception --- target recognition --- autonomous docking --- formation control --- virtual linkage --- virtual structure --- formation reconfiguration --- mobile robots --- robotics --- swarm robotics --- formation control --- coordinate motion --- obstacle avoidance --- n/a

Multi-Agent Systems

Authors: --- --- ---
ISBN: 9783038979241 / 9783038979258 Year: Pages: 392 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-925-8 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General) --- General and Civil Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2019-06-26 10:09:00
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This Special Issue ""Multi-Agent Systems"" gathers original research articles reporting results on the steadily growing area of agent-oriented computing and multi-agent systems technologies. After more than 20 years of academic research on multi-agent systems (MASs), in fact, agent-oriented models and technologies have been promoted as the most suitable candidates for the design and development of distributed and intelligent applications in complex and dynamic environments. With respect to both their quality and range, the papers in this Special Issue already represent a meaningful sample of the most recent advancements in the field of agent-oriented models and technologies. In particular, the 17 contributions cover agent-based modeling and simulation, situated multi-agent systems, socio-technical multi-agent systems, and semantic technologies applied to multi-agent systems. In fact, it is surprising to witness how such a limited portion of MAS research already highlights the most relevant usage of agent-based models and technologies, as well as their most appreciated characteristics. We are thus confident that the readers of Applied Sciences will be able to appreciate the growing role that MASs will play in the design and development of the next generation of complex intelligent systems. This Special Issue has been converted into a yearly series, for which a new call for papers is already available at the Applied Sciences journal’s website: https://www.mdpi.com/journal/applsci/special_issues/Multi-Agent_Systems_2019.

Keywords

scaled consensus --- delay --- formation tracking --- multi-agent system --- collision avoidance --- multiple passive agents --- Mobile Robot Navigation --- pedestrian environment --- kinodynamic planning --- velocity obstacle --- agent-based modeling --- complex network --- multi-agent system --- network management --- [-5]agent-based simulation --- agent-based social simulation --- multi-agent system --- agent-oriented software engineering --- sociogram --- agent technology --- organizational model --- agent behavior --- travel behavior --- commuting --- carpooling --- online double auction --- mechanism design --- perishable goods --- multi-agent simulation --- bike sharing systems (BSS) --- regression models --- open data --- data visualization --- multi agent systems --- organizations and institutions --- socio-technical systems --- multi-agent systems --- electric vehicles --- charging stations --- genetic algorithm --- multi-agent system --- agent-based simulation --- 3D representation --- human-machine interaction --- ambient intelligence --- user interaction levels --- intelligent agents --- intelligent hybrid systems --- type-2 fuzzy inference system --- methodologies for agent-based systems --- organizations and institutions --- socio–technical systems --- computational accountability --- social commitments --- agent-based programming --- multi-agent system --- BDI agents --- model-driven development --- agent development methodology --- semantic web service --- ontology --- SEA_ML --- electronic bartering system --- ambient intelligence --- cognitive disabilities --- mobile communication --- orientation --- person tracking --- trajectory mining --- agreement technologies --- coordination models --- multiagent systems --- smart cities --- surface vehicle --- underactuated vehicle --- RBFNNs --- directed graph --- coordinated control --- Behavior Trees (BTs) --- Genetic Programming (GP) --- autonomous agents --- behavior modeling --- tree mining --- agent development framework --- mobile device agent --- linked data --- semantic web --- multi-agent systems --- agent-based modelling --- agent-based simulation --- agent-oriented technologies --- coordination --- Artificial Intelligence --- computer science --- multi-agent systems --- agent methodologies --- agent-based simulation --- ambient intelligence --- smart cities

Towards Mechanism-based Treatments for Fragile X Syndrome

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783039215058 / 9783039215065 Year: Pages: 250 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-506-5 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Science (General) --- Biology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-09 11:49:15
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It has been more than 25 years since the identification of the FMR1 gene and the demonstration of the causative role of CGG-repeat expansion in the disease pathology of fragile X syndrome (FXS), but the underlying mechanisms involved in the expansion mutation and the resulting gene silencing still remain elusive. Our understanding of the pathways impacted by the loss of FMRP function has grown tremendously, and has opened new avenues for targeted treatments for FXS. However, the failure of recent clinical trials that were based on successful preclinical studies using the Fmr1 knockout mouse model has forced the scientific community to revisit clinical trial design and identify objective outcome measures. There has also been a renewed interest in restoring FMR1 gene expression as a possible treatment approach for FXS. This special issue of Brain Sciences highlights the progress that has been made towards understanding the disease mechanisms and how this has informed the development of treatment strategies that are being explored for FXS.

Keywords

fragile X syndrome --- clinical trials --- targeted treatments --- drug development --- fragile X syndrome --- clinical trials --- treatment development --- best practices --- fragile X syndrome --- newborn screening --- early identification --- fragile X syndrome --- X chromosome --- females --- FMR1 --- anxiety --- avoidance --- cognition --- behavior --- brain --- Fragile X --- FMRP --- Fxr2 --- Fmr1 --- fragile X syndrome --- executive function --- working memory --- set-shifting --- cognitive flexibility --- inhibitory control --- attention --- planning --- processing speed --- Fragile X syndrome 1 --- Fragile X-associated Tremor/Ataxia Syndrome 2 --- CRISPR 3 --- Trinucleotide Repeat 4 --- Gene editing --- fragile X syndrome --- FMR1 gene --- voice of the person --- voice of the patient --- characteristics that have the greatest impact --- developmental disorders --- fragile X syndrome --- language development --- automated vocal analysis --- adeno-associated virus --- autism spectrum disorders --- cerebral spinal fluid --- fragile X mental retardation protein --- neurodevelopmental disorders --- viral vector --- fragile X syndrome --- gene reactivation --- RNA:DNA hybrid --- FMRP --- histone methylation --- DNA methylation --- FMR1 --- PRC2 --- fragile X syndrome --- unstable repeat diseases --- epigenetic gene silencing --- DNA methylation --- repeat instability --- pluripotent stem cells --- CGG Repeat Expansion Disease --- DNA instability --- expansion --- contraction --- mismatch repair (MMR) --- base excision repair (BER) --- transcription coupled repair (TCR) --- double-strand break repair (DSBR) --- Non-homologous end-joining (NHEJ) --- mosaicism --- protein synthesis --- Fragile X Syndrome --- biomarker --- iPSC --- fibroblast --- lymphoblast --- fragile X syndrome --- molecular biomarkers --- FMR1 --- FMRP --- intellectual disability --- Fmr1 KO mouse --- ASD --- n/a

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