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Phoenix from the Ashes

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Book Series: Canberra Papers on Strategy and Defence ISBN: 9781921666117 Year: Pages: 121 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_459441 Language: English
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: Sociology --- Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2012-06-14 11:46:24
License: ANU Press

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The continued existence of the Russian defence and arms industry (OPK) was called into question following the disintegration of the Soviet Union in 1991. Industry experts cited the lack of a domestic market, endemic corruption, and excess capacity within the industry as factors underpinning its predicted demise. However, the industry’s export customers in China, India and Iran during those early years became the OPK’s saving grace. Their orders introduced hard currency back into the industry and went a long way to preventing the forecasted OPK collapse. Although pessimistic predictions continued to plague the OPK throughout the 1990s, the valuable export dollars provided the OPK the breathing space it needed to claw back its competitive advantage as an arms producer. That revival has been further underpinned by a new political commitment, various research and development initiatives, and the restoration of defence industry as a tool of Russian foreign policy. The short-term future of the Russian OPK looks promising. The rising domestic defence order is beginning to challenge the export market as the OPK’s most important customer. Meanwhile, exports will be safeguarded by continued foreign demand for niche Russian defence products. Although the long-term future of the OPK is more difficult to predict, Russia’s solid research and development foundation and successful international joint military ventures suggest that the current thriving trend in exports is likely to continue. Russia represents the next generation of affordable and rugged military equipment for the arsenals of the developing world. Coupled with Russia’s growing ability to rearm itself through higher oil prices and a more streamlined defence industry, the future of the OPK looks bright.

Keywords

russia --- defence --- opk --- arms industry

Zur Eröffnung des Carl Friedrich von Weizsäcker-Zentrums für Naturwissenschaft und Friedensforschung

Authors: ---
Book Series: Hamburger Universitätsreden Neue Folge ISBN: 9783937816401 Year: Pages: 188 DOI: 10.15460/HUP.HURNF.11.59 Language: English
Publisher: Hamburg University Press
Subject: Information theory
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:33:20

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This volume documents the speeches given on July 7, 2006 in Hamburg on the occasion of the ceremonial opening of the Carl Friedrich von Weizsäcker Center for Science and Peace Research (Zentrum für Naturwissenschaft und Friedensforschung, ZNF). The keynote speakers were Alyson J. K. Bailes, Head of the Stockholm Peace Research Institute (SIPRI), former Minister of State, Prof. Egon Bahr, former Head of the Hamburg Peace Research Institute (scientific peace research has gained a unique institutional foothold in Germany. Together with the Institut für Friedensforschung und Sicherheitpolitik, IFSH), Prof. Ernst Ulrich von Weizsäcker, a son of the namesake of the ZNF, and Prof. Wolfgang Panofsky from Stanford, USA.With the founding of the Centre at the University of Hamburg, headed by Prof. Dr. Martin Kalinowski, scientific peace research has gained a unique institutional foothold in Germany. Together with the IFSH in Hamburg an inter- and multidisciplinary research network is being established which will open up new opportunities to explore the interaction of natural sciences, conflicts and international security against the background of the guiding principles of peace and sustainability and to integrate them into the training of natural scientists.

Zur Verleihung der Ehrensenatorwürde der Universität Hamburg an Professor Wolfgang K. H. Panofsky am 6. Juli 2006

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Book Series: Hamburger Universitätsreden Neue Folge ISBN: 9783937816418 Year: Pages: 127 DOI: 10.15460/HUP.HURNF.12.60 Language: English
Publisher: Hamburg University Press
Subject: Education
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:33:20

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On July 6, 2006, Professor Wolfgang K. H. Panofsky from Stanford (USA) was awarded the honorary senator status of the University of Hamburg in a special session of the Academic Senate. The speeches given are documented in this volume. The volume is supplemented by an interview given by Professor Panofsky on July 6, 2006 in Hamburg, and a tabular overview of his career, his public functions and honours.Wolfgang K. H. Panofsky, born in Berlin in 1919, spent most of his childhood and adolescence in Hamburg. Forced to emigrate by the Nazis, he came to the USA in 1934. After studying physics in Princeton and at the California Institute of Technology, he quickly gained a great reputation in elementary particle physics research. He was one of the initiators of the construction of a large electron linear accelerator, which began operation at the Stanford Linear Accelerator Center (SLAC) in 1972. From 1961 until his retirement in 1984, Professor Panofsky was director of this institute.Through his great professional authority, his personal integrity and his commitment to peace and humanism, he became a role model for many young scientists. His role model was one of the formative influences that contributed to the founding of the Carl Friedrich von Weizsäcker Center for Science and Peace Research at the University of Hamburg.

Integrating SSR and SALW Programming

Authors: ---
Book Series: SSR Papers ISBN: 9781911529439 Year: Pages: 106 DOI: 10.5334/bca Language: English
Publisher: Ubiquity Press
Subject: Sociology --- Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-03-05 11:21:04
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Security sector reform (SSR) and small arms and lights weapons (SALW) reduction and control programmes have become staples of peacebuilding policy and practice in fragile, failed and conflict-affected states (FFCAS). There is wide agreement in the peacebuilding field that the two areas are intricately interconnected and mutually reinforcing. However, this consensus has rarely translated into integrated programming on the ground. Drawing on a diverse set of case studies, this paper presents a renewed argument for robust integration of SSR and SALW programming. The failure to exploit innate synergies between the two areas in the field has not merely resulted in missed opportunities to leverage scarce resources and capacity, but has caused significant programmatic setbacks that have harmed wider prospects for peace and stability. With the SSR model itself in a period of conceptual transition, the time is ripe for innovation. A renewed emphasis on integrating SSR and SALW programming in FFCAS, while not a wholly new idea, represents a potential avenue for change that could deliver significant dividends in the field. The paper offers some preliminary ideas on how to achieve this renewed integration in practice.

The Eternal Dissident

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ISBN: 9780520297456 9780520969797 Year: Pages: 292 DOI: 10.1525/luminos.50 Language: English
Publisher: University of California Press
Subject: Sociology --- Religion
Added to DOAB on : 2018-05-09 11:01:53
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The Eternal Dissident offers rare insight into one of the most inspiring and thought-provoking Reform rabbis of the twentieth century, Leonard Beerman, who was renowned both for his eloquent and challenging sermons and for his unrelenting commitment to social action. Beerman was a man of powerful word and action—a probing intellectual and stirring orator, as well as a nationally known opponent of McCarthyism, racial injustice, and Israeli policy in the occupied territories. The shared source of Beerman’s thought and activism was the moral imperative of the Hebrew prophets, which he believed bestowed upon the Jewish people their role as the “eternal dissident.” This volume brings Beerman to life through a selection of his most powerful writings, followed by commentaries from notable scholars, rabbis, and public personalities that speak to the quality and ongoing relevance of Beerman’s work.

The Economic Consequences of the Gulf War

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ISBN: 9780203992104 9780415052955 9781138968226 9781134939657 9781134939640 9781134939602 Year: DOI: 10.4324/9780203992104 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Subject: Economics --- Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-11-08 11:21:09
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The Iran-Iraq War were one of the longest and most devastating uninterrupted wars amongst modern nation states. It produced neither victor nor vanquished and left the regimes in both countries basically intact. However, it is clear that the domestic, regional and international repercussions of the war mean that 'going back' is not an option. Iraq owes too much to regain the lead it formerly held in economic performance and development levels. What then does reconstruction mean? In this book, Kamran Mofid counteracts the scant analysis to date of the economic consequences of the Gulf War by analysing its impact on both economies in terms of oil production, exports, foreign exchange earnings, non-defence foreign trade and agricultural performance. In the final section, Mofid brings together the component parts of the economic cost of the war to assign a dollar value to the devastation.

Keywords

arms --- imports --- iran --- iraq --- defence --- burden --- oil --- exports --- world's --- hypocrisy

Nuclear Disarmament and Non-Proliferation

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Book Series: Routledge Global Security Studies ISBN: 9780415586344 Year: Pages: 288 DOI: 10.4324/9780203842591 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis Grant: OAPEN-UK
Subject: Sociology --- Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2011-11-04 00:00:00
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This book examines the current debate on nuclear non-proliferation and disarmament, notably the international non-proliferation regime and how to implement its disarmament provisions. Discussing the requirements of a new international consensus on nuclear disarmament and non-proliferation, this book builds on the three pillars of the nuclear non-proliferation treaty (NPT): non-proliferation, disarmament and peaceful uses of nuclear energy. It reviews the impact of Cold War and post-Cold War policies on current disarmament initiatives and analyses contemporary proliferation problems: how to deal with the states that never joined the NPT (India, Pakistan and Israel); how states that have been moving toward nuclear weapons have been brought back to non-nuclear-weapon status; and, in particular, how to deal with Iran and North Korea. The analysis centres on the relationship between disarmament and non-proliferation in an increasingly multi-centric world involving China and India as well as the US, the European powers and Russia. It concludes with a description and discussion of three different worlds without nuclear weapons and their implications for nuclear disarmament policies. This book will be of great interest to all students of arms control, strategic studies, war and conflict studies, and IR/security studies in general Sverre Lodgaard is a Senior Research Fellow at the Norwegian Institute of International Affairs, Oslo. Part 1: Power Shifts and Nuclear Weapons 1. Power Shifts and Nuclear Weapons Part 2: The Legacies of Nuclear History and the Requirements of a New Consensus on Non-proliferation and Disarmament 2. The First Nuclear Era 3. Post Cold War doctrines 4. A global consensus on non-proliferation and disarmament Part 3: Proliferation Problems and the Role of Nuclear Disarmament 5. The Three-State Problem 6. Rollback Experiences 7. The Case of Iran 8. How to Understand North Korea 9. The Relationship Between Disarmament and Non-Proliferation Part 4: Towards a Nuclear-Weapon-Free World 10. Towards a Nuclear-Weapon-Free World

Waffengleichheit im Vorverfahren

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Book Series: sui generis ISBN: 9783941159341 Year: Pages: 365 DOI: 10.24921/2019.94115935 Language: German
Publisher: Carl Grossmann Verlag
Subject: Law
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-12 11:21:04
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The concept of equality of arms is often used in the context of criminal proceedings but is rarely defined clearly. The present work is preparing to give the term an outline. It highlights the historical roots of this important structural principle and shows the goals of equality of arms. The work pays particular attention to the case law of the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR). In the decisive evidence procedure, this requires a procedural balance between the accused person on the one hand and law enforcement authorities on the other. To what extent does Swiss procedural reality - with its postponement of crucial procedural steps in the pre-litigation - meet this demand? Based on empirical data, it is shown that the institutional superiority of law enforcement agencies in the underregulated preliminary proceedings has the potential to objectively restrict the defendant's rights of defense. The author discusses how this problem can be dealt with in a holistic view of the Swiss criminal trial using various variants.  

Le Nigeria et la Suisse, des affaires d’indépendance

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ISBN: 9783034320382 Year: Pages: 421 DOI: 10.3726/978-3-0351-0905-4 Language: French
Publisher: Peter Lang International Academic Publishing Group Grant: Swiss National Science Foundation (SNSF) - OAPEN-CH - 163513
Subject: History --- Migration
Added to DOAB on : 2015-12-13 11:01:12
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During Nigeria’s decolonization, Swiss traders and diplomats, aware of the exceptional potential for growth, attentively observed this new market for possible business opportunities. This book focuses on multinational companies, diplomats, development cooperation actors and public opinion: it analyses underlying motivations and means, as well as the implications of their activities.

Repetitive DNA Sequences

Authors: --- --- ---
ISBN: 9783039283668 9783039283675 Year: Pages: 206 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03928-367-5 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Science (General) --- Biology --- Genetics
Added to DOAB on : 2020-04-07 23:07:08
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Repetitive DNA is ubiquitous in eukaryotic genomes, and, in many species, comprises the bulk of the genome. Repeats include transposable elements that can self-mobilize and disperse around the genome, and tandemly-repeated satellite DNAs that increase in copy number due to replication slippage and unequal crossing over. Despite their abundance, repetitive DNA is often ignored in genomic studies due to technical challenges in their identification, assembly, and quantification. New technologies and methods are now providing the unprecedented power to analyze repetitive DNAs across diverse taxa. Repetitive DNA is of particular interest because it can represent distinct modes of genome evolution. Some repetitive DNA forms essential genome structures, such as telomeres and centromeres, which are required for proper chromosome maintenance and segregation, whereas others form piRNA clusters that regulate transposable elements; thus, these elements are expected to evolve under purifying selection. In contrast, other repeats evolve selfishly and produce genetic conflicts with their host species that drive adaptive evolution of host defense systems. However, the majority of repeats likely accumulate in eukaryotes in the absence of selection due to mechanisms of transposition and unequal crossing over. Even these neutral repeats may indirectly influence genome evolution as they reach high abundance. In this Special Issue, the contributing authors explore these questions from a range of perspectives.

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