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Space in Hellenistic Philosophy: Critical Studies in Ancient Physics

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ISBN: 9783110365856 9783110554762 9783110386264 Year: Pages: 236 DOI: 10.1515/9783110365856 Language: English
Publisher: De Gruyter Grant: FP7 Ideas: European Research Council
Subject: Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-02 11:21:05

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The volume discusses the notion of space by focusing on the most representative exponents of the Hellenistic schools and explores the role played by spatial concepts in both coeval and later authors who, without specifically thematising these concepts, made use of them in a theoretically original way. Renowned scholars investigate the philosophical significance and bring to light the problematical character of the ancient conceptions of space.

Contemporary Encounters with Ancient Metaphysics

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ISBN: 9781474412094 9781474431194 Year: DOI: 10.26530/oapen_628139 Language: English
Publisher: Edinburgh University Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 100133
Subject: Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2017-04-27 11:01:31
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Like the ancient inquiries into the nature of things, contemporary continental realism and materialism, from Deleuze to the Speculative Realists, embraces a commitment to investigate beings, without subordinating it to analyses of language, consciousness, texts or the social. This pensée brute, traditionally known as metaphysics, dares to question the one and the many, the potential and the actual, the material and immaterial and the world itself. This apparent kinship is not merely thematic, since contemporary thinkers explicitly and repeatedly return to the texts and figures of the Greco-Roman world. In this volume, leading philosophers address these varied, volatile, and novel interactions and themselves contribute to reconceiving and redeploying the problems of ancient metaphysics. Alongside this are 2 original and previously unpublished translations of essays by Gilles Deleuze and Pierre Aubenque.

Teofrasto, História das plantas: tradução portuguesa, com introdução e anotação

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Book Series: DIAITA: Scripta & Realia ISSN: 21836526 ISBN: 9789892611921 Year: Pages: 460 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.14195/978-989-26-1193-8 Language: Portuguese
Publisher: Coimbra University Press
Added to DOAB on : 2019-03-12 17:47:50
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This volume offers the first translation into Portuguese of the History of plants, by Theophrastus. The nature of the subject needed the collaboration of a Hellenist and a Botanist, in order to ensure the accuracy of the translation and the specificity of the footnotes and indexes. Beside the large number of footnotes, there is an introduction that identifies Theophrastus, his intellectual circle and the scientific structure of his exposition. The volume also includes a bibliography and seven indexes: two of Greek nomenclature and its translation into Portuguese, referring to the chapters of Theophrastus’ text; four of Latin names given to the vegetal and animal species, referring to the footnotes; and a last one of toponyms.

Wounded Heroes

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ISBN: 9780199672783 Year: Pages: 246 DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199672783.001.0001 Language: English
Publisher: Oxford University Press Grant: OAPEN-UK
Subject: Philosophy --- History --- Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2013-10-11 21:10:23
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Vulnerability is not often associated with virtue. Yet to be vulnerable is central to human experience. In this book, McCoy examines ways in which Greek epic, tragedy, and philosophy have important insights to offer about the nature of human vulnerability and how human beings might better come to terms with their own vulnerability. While studies of Greek heroism and virtue often focus on strength of character, prowess in war, or the achievement of honor for oneself or one’s society, McCoy examines another side to Greek thought that extols the recognition and proper acceptance of vulnerability. McCoy begins with the literary works of Homer’s Iliad, Sophocles’ Oedipus Rex, Oedipus at Colonus and Philoctetes before expanding her analysis to philosophical works. There, she analyzes imagery of wounding in Plato’s Gorgias and Symposium as well as Aristotle’s work on the vulnerability inherent in friendship and an innovative interpretation of tragic catharsis in the Poetics. As much a work of philosophy as of classical textual analysis, McCoy’s work aims at a deeper understanding of the virtues of vulnerability for individuals and societies alike.

Arte breve de la invención del derecho

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Book Series: Historia del Derecho ISSN: 22555137 ISBN: 9788490854679 Year: Volume: 37 Pages: 233 Language: Spanish
Publisher: Universidad Carlos III de Madrid. Figuerola Institute of Social Science History
Subject: Law
Added to DOAB on : 2015-07-20 11:36:19
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Este libro contiene el Arte breve de la invención del derecho, la traducción al español de Ars brevis quae est de inventione iuris, la última obra de Ramon Llull dedicada a la aplicación de su Arte al derecho, escrita en 1308. En esta obra, tal y como sostiene Rafael Ramis Barceló en el Estudio Preliminar a la misma, Llull intentó transformar, hasta cierto punto, su Arte en una teoría de la argumentación, adoptando tanto conceptos de la filosofía aristotélica como algunos casos de derecho civil y canónico procedentes del acervo del ius commune. El interés de este tratado luliano radica, entre otras muchas cosas, en la exposición de un método jurídico radicalmente distinto del que cultivaban los legistas y canonistas de su época, y que era capaz de mostrar algunas de las debilidades epistemológicas y argumentativas del saber jurídico y de su enseñanza a comienzos del siglo XIV. = This book contains Arte breve de la invención del derecho, the translation into Spanish of Ars brevis quae est inventione iuris, the last work written by Raimundus Lullus dedicated to the application of his Art to the Law (1308). In this work, according to the Preliminary Study written by Rafael Ramis Barceló, Llull sought to transform, to some extent, his Art on a theory of argumentation, using concepts from the Aristotelian philosophy as some cases of civil and canon law from the ius commune. The interest of this Lullian treatise is based, among other things, on the exhibition of a legal method radically different from the methodology of lawyers and canonists of his time. And Lullus’ method was able to show some of the epistemological and argumentative weaknesses of legal knowledge and of teaching of Law in the early fourteenth century.

Literarisches Ethos

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Book Series: Slavistische Beitraege ISBN: 9783876905938 Year: Pages: 472 DOI: 10.3726/b12436 Language: German
Publisher: Peter Lang International Academic Publishing Group
Subject: Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:31:43
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Die vorliegende Arbeit versucht nun anhand der ausgewählten Beispiele zu zeigen, daß es neben diesem, im weitesten Sinne des Wortes inhaltlich-thematischen Aspekt des Ethos für die Literatur (der durchaus auch eine pragmatische Funktion erfüllt) noch einen wesentlicheren gibt: "Ethos" selbst als eine für die literarische Kunst, den Kunstcharakter, den Wert des literarischen Kunstwerks konstitutive Kategorie; "literarisches Ethos" also nicht als Qualität einer bestimmten gattungsmäßig oder inhaltlich definierten Menge von Texten, sondern als ein Verfahren, das eine ganz bestimmte Art von Kunst in literarischen Texten erzeugen kann, und die in bestimmten Texten fast ausschließlicher Garant dafür ist, daß diese überhaupt als künstlerische Texte (und nicht etwa als journalistische Gebrauchsliteratur) wahrgenommen und geschätzt werden können.

Philosophical Issues in Sport Science

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ISBN: 9783039218882 9783039218899 Year: Pages: 140 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-889-9 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Sports Science
Added to DOAB on : 2020-04-07 23:07:08
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The role and value of science within sport increases with ever greater professionalization and commercialization. Scientific and technological innovations are devised to increase performance, ensure greater accuracy of measurement and officiating, reduce risks of harm, enhance spectatorship, and raise revenues. However, such innovations inevitably come up against epistemological and metaphysical problems related to the nature of sport and physical competition. This Special Issue identifies and explores key and contemporary philosophical issues in relation to the science of sport and exercise. It is divided into three sections: 1. Scientific evidence, causation, and sport; 2. Science technology and sport officiating; and 3. Scientific influences on the construction of sport. It brings together scholars working on philosophical problems in sport to examine issues related to the values and assumptions behind sport and exercise science and key problems resulting from these and to provide recommendations for improving its practice.

Keywords

elite sports --- sport nutrition --- standards of evidence --- evidence-based practices --- randomized controlled trials --- philosophy of medicine --- casuistry --- umpiring and refereeing --- technological assistance to match officials --- justice and continuity in match officiating --- ball trackers --- goal-line technology --- football --- cricket --- tennis --- transgender --- trans women --- sport --- testosterone --- gender --- gender binary --- sports tournaments --- team rankings --- intransitive dominance --- win-loops --- social choice theory --- Condorcet’s paradox --- championship pluralism --- technology --- running --- fairness --- competition --- accuracy --- officiating --- justice --- the human element --- technology --- Hawk-Eye --- aesthetics of sports --- counterfactuals --- absence causation --- causal necessity --- causal contingency --- david kellogg lewis --- prelusory goal --- possible sport worlds --- metaphysics of sport --- causation in sport --- sport ethics --- technology --- the spirit of sport --- excellence --- anti-doping --- nature --- governance --- ethics --- testosterone --- discrimination --- integrity --- science --- fair-play --- sport --- athletics --- exercise science --- philosophy --- sport psychology --- materialism --- Aristotle --- causation and nature --- exercise professional --- professional knowledge --- health --- wellbeing --- philosophy --- medicalization --- scientism --- biomedicine --- sport science --- epistemology --- ontology --- causation --- technology --- evidence

Contemporary Natural Philosophy and Philosophies - Part 1

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ISBN: 9783038978220 9783038978237 Year: Pages: 350 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-823-7 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2019-06-26 08:44:06
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Modern information communication technology eradicates barriers of geographic distances, making the world globally interdependent, but this spatial globalization has not eliminated cultural fragmentation. The Two Cultures of C.P. Snow (that of science–technology and that of humanities) are drifting apart even faster than before, and they themselves crumble into increasingly specialized domains. Disintegrated knowledge has become subservient to the competition in technological and economic race leading in the direction chosen not by the reason, intellect, and shared value-based judgement, but rather by the whims of autocratic leaders or fashion controlled by marketers for the purposes of political or economic dominance. If we want to restore the authority of our best available knowledge and democratic values in guiding humanity, first we have to reintegrate scattered domains of human knowledge and values and offer an evolving and diverse vision of common reality unified by sound methodology. This collection of articles responds to the call from the journal Philosophies to build a new, networked world of knowledge with domain specialists from different disciplines interacting and connecting with other knowledge-and-values-producing and knowledge-and-values-consuming communities in an inclusive, extended, contemporary natural–philosophic manner. In this process of synthesis, scientific and philosophical investigations enrich each other—with sciences informing philosophies about the best current knowledge of the world, both natural and human-made—while philosophies scrutinize the ontological, epistemological, and methodological foundations of sciences, providing scientists with questions and conceptual analyses. This is all directed at extending and deepening our existing comprehension of the world, including ourselves, both as humans and as societies, and humankind.

Keywords

n/a --- compositional hierarchy --- development --- dissipative structures --- final cause --- internalism --- Second Law of thermodynamics --- subsumptive hierarchy --- agonism --- apophasis --- autocatalysis --- centripetality --- contingency --- endogenous selection --- heterogeneity --- indeterminacy --- process --- mathematics --- physics --- philosophical foundations --- natural philosophy --- the logic of nature --- ontology --- epistemology --- in the name of nature --- philosophy of information --- natural philosophy --- metaphysics --- physics --- problem of induction --- physicalism --- theoretical unity --- philosophy of science --- scientific method --- scientific progress --- pessimistic induction --- awareness --- cognition --- computation --- cybernetics --- differentiation --- fitness --- holographic encoding --- memory --- perception --- quantum information --- signal transduction --- spatial representation --- thermodynamics --- unitarity --- Leibniz --- monad --- internal quantum state --- relational biology --- reflexive psychology --- self --- induction --- naturalism --- evidence and justification --- epistemic norms --- induction and concept formation --- induction and discovery of laws --- natural philosophy --- R.M. Unger --- L. Smolin --- Aristotle --- F.W.J. Schelling --- Naturphilosophie --- A.N. Whitehead --- Ivor Leclerc --- dialectics --- discourse --- discursive space --- information --- knowledge --- humanistic management --- language --- natural philosophy --- subjective experience --- process --- dual aspects --- consciousness --- information-theory --- theoretical biology --- 1st-person and 3rd-person perspectives --- hylomorphism --- mind --- form --- matter --- neurodynamics --- natural philosophy --- philosophy of science --- Jungian psychology --- depth psychology --- analytical psychology --- phenomenological psychology --- evolutionary psychology --- active imagination --- Aristotle’s four causes --- aesthetics in science --- philosophy as a way of life --- common good --- contradiction --- ethics --- information --- logic --- naturalization --- realism --- science --- synthesis --- natural philosophy --- philosophy of nature --- naturalism --- unity of knowledge --- qualitative ontology --- intentionality --- dispositions --- qualia --- abduction --- agent-based reasoning --- creativity --- eco-cognitive model --- eco-cognitive openness --- fallacies --- errors of reasoning --- third-way reasoning --- naturalization of logic --- causality --- embodiment --- measurement --- regulation --- retrocausality --- second-person description --- symmetry breaking --- temporality --- natural philosophy --- cosmology --- emptiness --- vacuum --- void --- dark energy --- space flight --- exoplanet --- big freeze --- big crunch --- everyday lifeworld --- digitization --- computability --- complexity --- reverse mathematics --- quantum computing --- real computing --- theory of everything --- acategoriality --- state-space approach --- mental representation --- dual-aspect monism --- exceptional experiences --- intentionality --- mind-matter relations --- category theory --- memory evolutive system --- emergence --- emergentist reductionism --- anticipation --- creativity --- info-computational model

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