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Issue Mapping for an Ageing Europe

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9789089647160 Year: DOI: 10.5117/9789089647160 Language: English
Publisher: Amsterdam University Press
Subject: Media and communication
Added to DOAB on : 2015-07-28 11:01:14
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Issue Mapping for an Ageing Europe is a seminal guide to mapping social and political issues with digital methods. The issue at stake concerns the imminent crisis of an ageing Europe and its impact on the contemporary welfare state. The book brings together three leading approaches to issue mapping: Bruno Latour's social cartography, Ulrich Beck's risk cartography and Jeremy Crampton's critical neo-cartography. These modes of inquiry are put into practice with digital methods for mapping the ageing agenda, including debates surrounding so-called 'old age', cultural philosophies of ageing, itinerant care workers, not to mention European anti-ageing cuisine. Issue Mapping for an Ageing Europe addresses an urgent social issue with new media research tools.

Population Ageing and Australia's Future

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9781760460662 Year: DOI: 10.22459/PAAF.11.2016 Language: English
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: Political Science --- Social and Public Welfare --- Sociology --- Social Sciences --- Medicine (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2016-12-29 13:23:27
License: ANU Press

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"This volume provides evidence from many of Australia’s leading scholars from a range of social science disciplines to support policies that address challenges presented by Australia’s ageing population. It builds on presentations made to the 2014 Symposium of the Academy of the Social Sciences in Australia. The material is in four parts: Perspectives on Ageing; Population Ageing: Global, regional and Australian perspectives; Improving Health and Wellbeing; Responses by Government and Families/Individuals. ‘The Academy of the Social Sciences in Australia sees this volume as a major contribution to improving our understanding of Australia’s population ageing. Social science research in this area truly underpins our ability as a nation to manage such demographic change, and its consequences for the economy and society. Such knowledge helps ensure that our citizens can live even better lives.’ — Glenn Withers, President, ASSA"

Biology of Brain Disorders

Authors: ---
Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889453801 Year: Pages: 586 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88945-380-1 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Science (General) --- Neurology --- Physiology --- Medicine (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2018-11-16 17:17:57
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Brain disorders, including neurological and neuropsychiatric conditions, represent a challenge for public health systems and society at large. The limited knowledge of their biology hampers the development of diagnostic tools and effective therapeutics. A clear understanding of the mechanisms that underlie the onset and progression of brain disorders is required in order to identify new avenues for therapeutic intervention.Overlapping genetic risk factors across different brain disorders suggest common linkages and pathophysiological mechanisms that underlie brain disorders. Methodological and technological advances are leading to new insights that go beyond traditional hypotheses. Taking account of underlying molecular, cellular and systems biology underlying brain function will play an important role in the classification of brain disorders in future.In this Research Topic, the latest advances in our understanding of biological mechanisms across different brain disorders are presented. The areas covered include developments in neurogenetics, epigenetics, plasticity, glial cell biology, neuroimmune interactions and new technologies associated with the study of brain function. Examples of how understanding of biological mechanisms are translating into research strategies that aim to advance diagnoses and treatment of brain disorders are discussed.

Aino Kallas

Authors: ---
Book Series: Studia Fennica Litteraria ISBN: 9789522227874 9789522227508 9789522222602 Year: Pages: 259 DOI: 10.21435/sflit.4 Language: English
Publisher: Finnish Literature Society / SKS Grant: Jane and Aatos Erkko Foundation grant and SKS
Subject: Languages and Literatures --- History --- Arts in general
Added to DOAB on : 2018-01-09 11:01:57
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"The collection, first one ever on Aino Kallas in English, highlights her significance to the artistic and intellectual horizons of modernity of Finland and Estonia as well as those of Scandinavia and Europe. In the 1920s and 30s, Aino Kallas became an internationally renowned author and a selection of her work was translated into English. For her, participating in the immediate cultural debates in Estonia and Finland was a priority, yet her whole oeuvre is a negotiation between her more immediate contexts and the leading conceptual frameworks of aesthetics, geniality, knowledge, subjectivity, race, sexuality, nature, etc., circling in Europe at the end of the 19th and the beginning of the 20th century. Containing articles focusing on the question of female voice and echoes of feminist ecological thought in her fiction, a contrapuntal reading of her fiction and that of Isak Dinesen, her unknown manuscript “Bathseba”, the implications of existentialist thought for her work, Kallas’ engagement in her cultural criticism and life writings with decadent modernism, issues of race and heredity, subjectivity and borders, travel, ageing, her interpretation of Goethe, and the iconography of Kallas, the collection features the work of today’s leading Aino Kallas scholars in Finland and in Estonia. "

Keywords

modernization --- diaries --- ageing --- mourning --- poetry --- biography

Pratiques culturelles en France et aux États-Unis : Éléments de comparaison 1981-2008

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9782111399129 Language: French
Publisher: Département des études, de la prospective et des statistiques
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-12 11:49:49
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Le ministère de la Culture et de la Communication français et le National Endowment of the Arts aux États-Unis réalisent régulièrement une enquête nationale (Pratiques culturelles des Français et Public Participation for the Arts) pour suivre l’évolution des comportements des habitants dans le domaine de la culture et des médias. La confrontation des résultats de ces deux enquêtes, dont les éditions sont, depuis le début des années 1980, relativement proches dans le temps, permet une analyse comparative sur près de trois décennies du niveau de diffusion des pratiques culturelles et du profil de leurs publics respectifs. Au début des années 1980, la population américaine, bien que plus téléphage, avait un niveau général de participation culturelle supérieur, à l’exception de la lecture de livres. Le profil des publics culturels en termes de sexe, d’âge, de niveau d’études et de revenu était relativement proche de part et d’autre de l’Atlantique. Les évolutions observées dans chaque pays au cours des décennies suivantes sont souvent semblables mais interviennent plus tard en France (augmentation de la consommation de télévision, baisse de la lecture de livres, progression des pratiques artistiques en amateur). La seule véritable divergence concerne les sorties au cinéma, au théâtre et aux spectacles de danse, dont les taux de fréquentation ont progressé en France dans les années 2000, au moment où ils accusaient un recul marqué aux États-Unis. Les évolutions relatives au profil des publics sont également souvent analogues : féminisation et vieillissement des publics, recul de la participation des plus diplômés s’observent dans les deux pays, avec toutefois une accentuation des écarts entre les plus riches et les plus pauvres aux États-Unis qu’on n’observe pas en France.

French and American Cultural participation : Elements of comparison, 1981-2008

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9782111399136 Language: English
Publisher: Département des études, de la prospective et des statistiques
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-12 11:49:49
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A comparison of the results of these two surveys, which have been published in roughly similar periods since the early 1980s, gives a comparative study of the level of dissemination of cultural practices and their respective public profiles which spans almost three decades. In the early 1980s, the American population, whilst being much more avid consumers of television, had a higher overall level of cultural participation, except in the area of book reading. The profile of cultural consumers in terms of age, sex, level of education and income was fairly similar on both sides of the Atlantic. The changes observed in each country over the course of the following decades are often similar, although they occur later in France (e.g. increasing consumption of television, decreasing book readership, increasing amateur artistic practices). The only main disparity concerns outings to the cinema, theatre and dance performances, for which attendance figures rose in France during the 2000s, at a time when they were showing a marked decline in the USA. Relative changes in the profile of cultural consumers are often similar: we observe an increasingly female and an increasingly older public, whilst reduced participation on the part of the highest-educated has also been seen in both countries, although with a marked disparity between the richest and poorest in the USA which is not seen in France. The French Ministry of Culture and Communication and the US National Endowment of the Arts regularly conduct national surveys (Pratiques culturelles des Français and Public Participation for the Arts) to track changing behaviour in the general population in the fields of culture and media.

Caring for Old Age

Authors: ---
Book Series: Heidelberg Studies on Transculturality ISBN: 9783947732937 Year: Pages: 352 DOI: 10.17885/heiup.597 Language: English
Publisher: Heidelberg University Publishing (heiUP)
Subject: Social and Public Welfare --- Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2020-05-12 04:44:36
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Many societies are experiencing growing longevity and population ageing simultaneously with increasing urbanization and mobilities. Such fundamental demographic and structural shifts have been reflected in a multitude of narratives and strategies how to “age well” in view of rapidly transforming environments, mobilities of people and changing social relations. This volume explores the transcultural dimensions of ageing and care through close-up ethnographic and literary case studies in South Asia, as well as one European case study from a South Asian researcher’s view. By critically engaging with Eurocentric aspects in ageing studies, the eleven contributions of this volume highlight how perspectives from the Global South shed light on transcultural entanglements and connectivities of experiences of care and ageing.

Keywords

South Asia --- ageing --- care --- Südasien --- altern --- pflege

Perception and Cognition: Interactions in the Ageing Brain

Authors: ---
Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889199372 Year: Pages: 204 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88919-937-2 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Science (General) --- Neurology
Added to DOAB on : 2016-01-19 14:05:46
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Healthy ageing can lead to declines in both perceptual and cognitive functions. Impaired perception, such as that resulting from hearing loss or reduced visual or tactile resolution, increases demands on ‘higher-level’ cognitive functions to cope or compensate. It is possible, for example, to use focused attention to overcome perceptual limitations. Unfortunately, cognitive functions also decline in old age. This can mean that perceptual impairments are exacerbated by cognitive decline, and vice versa, but also means that interventions aimed at one type of decline can lead to improvements in the other. Just as improved cognition can ameliorate perceptual deficits, improving the stimulus can help offset cognitive deficits. For example, making directions and routes easy to follow can help compensate for declines in navigation abilities. In this Topic, we bring together papers from both auditory and visual researchers that address the interaction between perception and cognition in the ageing brain. Many of the studies demonstrate that a broadening of representations or increased reliance on gist underlie perceptual and cognitive age-related declines. There is also clear evidence that impaired perception is associated with poor cognition although, encouragingly, it can also be seen that good perception is associated with better cognition. Compensatory cognitive strategies were less successful in improving perception than might be expected. We also present papers which highlight important methodological considerations that are required when studying the older brain.

Keywords

older --- Elderly --- visual --- auditory --- Ageing --- Cognition --- cross-modal --- Compensation --- training

Ageing, Technology and Home Care

Author:
ISBN: 9782356710048 9782356711823 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Presses des Mines
Added to DOAB on : 2017-10-09 10:55:55
License: OpenEdition licence for Books

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This book focuses on home as a site of care, with new technologies and for elderly population. It pulls together findings from research in the social sciences and common knowledge of the actors themselves, especially stakeholders involved in the design, delivery and receipt of ‘care in place’. It offers a wide-ranging discussion of key issues raised in both the academic and grey literature in relation to new technologies and responsibilities for health care at home. Then, it identifies critic...

The Generational Welfare Contract: Justice, Institutions and Outcomes

Authors: --- --- ---
ISBN: 9781783471027 9781783471034 Year: Pages: 192 DOI: 10.4337/9781783471034 Language: English
Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing
Subject: Social Sciences --- Social and Public Welfare --- Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2017-10-19 11:27:35
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This groundbreaking book brings together perspectives from political philosophy and comparative social policy to discuss generational justice. Contributing new insights about the preconditions for designing sustainable, inclusive policies for all of society, the authors expose the possibilities of supporting egalitarian principles in an ageing society through balanced generational welfare contracts. Welfare states are largely structured around social risks that appear in distinct phases of human life, including childhood, working age and old age. By empirically analysing the causes and consequences of social policy in a large number of countries, the authors show that balanced generational welfare contracts – in which age-related social protection is more evenly distributed across different stages of life – is to the advantage of all age groups, therefore contributing to social justice and welfare state sustainability. The authors offer a combination of descriptive data analysis and statistical regressions to provide robust evidence that countries can avoid generational trade-offs in policymaking and find positive-sum solutions.

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