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Power Electronics and Power Quality

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ISBN: 9783039283583 / 9783039283590 Year: Pages: 336 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03928-359-0 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General) --- General and Civil Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2020-06-09 16:38:57
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Power quality (PQ) is receiving more and more attention from consumers, distribution system operators, transmission system operators, and other entities related to electrical power systems. As PQ problems have direct implications for business productivity, causing high economic losses, the research and development monitoring technologies and power electronics solutions that ensure the PQ of the power systems are matters of utmost importance. This book is a collection of high quality papers published in the “Power Electronics and Power Quality” Special Issue of the journal Energies. It reflects on the latest investigations and the new trends in this field.

Keywords

high speed maglev --- long-stator synchronous motor --- propulsion inverter control system position estimator --- distorted grid conditions --- SGDFT --- Lagrange-interpolation method --- frequency adaption --- SC --- primary neutral integrity --- multi-grounded neutral (MGN) system --- neutral integrity detection --- passive method --- computer simulation --- modeling --- microinverter --- photovoltaic systems --- state-space model --- power inverter --- voltage source inverter --- four-leg inverter --- cost-effectiveness --- current control --- pulse width modulation --- indirect matrix converter (IMC) --- input filter --- input power factor --- matrix converter (MC) --- space vector modulation (SVM) --- power quality --- microgrid (MG) --- renewable power generation --- superconducting magnetic energy storage (SMES) --- energy shaping passivity (ESP)-based control --- power semiconductor device --- temperature --- switching transients --- variation in voltage --- half-bridge inverters --- digital control --- hysteresis current control --- switching frequency --- optimization --- static var compensator --- series active filter --- thyristor-controlled reactor --- phase-leading capacitor --- hybrid static var compensator --- static synchronous compensator --- hybrid active filter --- Pulse Width Modulation (PWM) --- Field Programmable Gate Array (FPGA) --- Total Harmonic Distortion (THD) --- harmonics --- event detection --- power quality --- histogram --- machine learning --- wavelet transform --- continuous particle swarm optimization (CPSO) --- overcurrent relay coordination (OCR) --- time multiplier setting (TMS) --- power system protection --- protection relay --- Simulink --- Matlab --- Omicron CMC 256plus --- power quality --- enerlyzer --- comtrade --- distance protection --- Shunt Active Power Filter --- digital control --- harmonics --- multilevel converter --- power quality --- p-q theory --- robust control --- DC-DC converter --- constant power load --- low voltage direct-current residential microgrid --- Multiterminal HVDC --- CSC --- FBMMC --- MMC --- Hybrid HVDC --- Full-bridge --- power control --- voltage control --- DC short-circuit handling --- hybrid power filter --- power quality --- reactive power

Microgrids

Author:
ISBN: 9783039218684 9783039218691 Year: Pages: 108 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-869-1 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: General and Civil Engineering --- Technology (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2020-01-30 16:39:46
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Electrical power systems are evolving at the generation, transmission, and distribution levels. At distribution level, small generating and storage units—the so-called distributed energy sources (DERs)—are being installed close to consumption sites. The expansion of DERs is empowering renewable energy source integration and, as a consequence, new actors are appearing in electrical systems. Among them, the prosumer is a game-changer; the fruit of the behavior transformation of the consumer who has not only the ability to consume power but also to produce it. Microgrids can be understood as DER installations that have the capability of both grid-connected and grid-isolated operation. During the last decades, there has been a significant deployment of microgrids (e.g., in countries like the United States, Switzerland, and Denmark) and a consequent increase in renewable energy generation. This is contributing to the decarbonization of electrical power systems. However, the variability and intermittency of renewable sources introduce uncertainty, which implies a more complex operation and control. Taking into account that existing and future planned microgrids are being/going to be interconnected to the current electrical network, challenges in terms of design, operation, and control at power system level need to be addressed, considering existing regulations.

Keywords

demand-side management --- optimization --- deterministic optimization --- stochastic optimization --- residential users --- devices scheduling --- renewable sources --- storage systems --- electric energy market --- power quality --- chaos synchronization detection --- extension theory --- direct search method (DSM) --- microgrid (MG) --- distributed energy resources (DERs) --- distributed generation (DG) --- optimal dispatch --- microgrids --- multi-agent --- coordinated control --- IEC 61850 Standard --- generic object oriented substation event (GOOSE) communication --- power quality disturbances --- S-transform --- multiresolution --- particle swarm optimization --- decision tree --- reliability evaluation --- microgrid --- distributed generation --- battery storage --- vehicle-to-grid --- ruleless EV --- regular EV --- combined power generation system --- microgrid --- coordinative optimization of energy --- predictive control --- genetic algorithm --- distributed generation (DG) --- microgrid --- microgrid stability controller (MSC) --- total sliding-mode control --- hierarchical control scheme --- maximum electrical efficiency --- nonlinear programming --- solid oxide fuel cell --- electric vehicle (EV) --- vehicle-to-grid (V2G) --- isolated grid --- load frequency control (LFC) --- multivariable generalized predictive control (MGPC) --- current harmonic reduction --- active filter --- power quality --- buck-boost converter --- renewable energy source --- optimal capacity --- reliability --- renewable --- energy storage --- genetic algorithm --- DC microgrid --- communication delay --- droop control --- load power sharing --- mesh configuration --- radial configuration --- electric vehicle --- energy management system --- peak-shift --- peak-cut --- vehicle information system --- photovoltaic feasibility --- flexible generation --- distributed energy resources --- power quality --- DC distribution --- DC microgrid --- inrush current --- grounding --- DC architectures --- datacenter --- residential power systems --- telecommunication power management --- smart grids --- microgrid --- network planning --- power distribution --- grid independence --- distributed energy resources --- micro-grid --- IEC 61850 --- plug and play --- operation --- small-scale standalone microgrid --- HESS --- ESS effective rate --- coordinated control strategy --- cost and life --- technical and economic optimization --- microgrid --- flywheel energy storage (FES) --- doubly fed induction machine --- frequency control --- smoothing wind power --- distributed generation --- congestion problems --- medium-voltage networks --- curtailment --- flexibility --- microgrid test facility --- distributed generation --- integrated electrical and thermal grids --- flexible and configurable architecture --- energy efficiency --- distributed optimization --- optimal power flow --- microgrids --- embedded system --- smart grid --- smart inverter --- distributed energy resource --- power quality

Multilevel Converters: Analysis, Modulation, Topologies, and Applications

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783039214815 9783039214822 Year: Pages: 548 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-482-2 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General) --- General and Civil Engineering --- Electrical and Nuclear Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-09 11:49:15
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Abstract

This book is a collection of scientific papers concerning multilevel inverters examined from different points of view. Many applications are considered, such as renewable energy interface, power conditioning systems, electric drives, and chargers for electric vehicles. Different topologies have been examined in both new configurations and well-established structures, introducing novel and particular modulation strategies, and examining the effect of modulation techniques on voltage and current harmonics and the total harmonic distortion.

Keywords

DC–DC conversion --- interleaved buck --- parasitic switching states --- three-level converter --- simplified PWM strategy --- redundant switching combination --- voltage balance control --- modular multilevel converter --- IGBT short-circuit --- fault detection --- fault location --- Differential Comparison Low-Voltage Detection Method (DCLVDM) --- Continuous Wavelet Transform --- digital controller --- digital signal processors (DSP) --- modular multilevel converters (MMC) --- multi-terminal DC network (MTDC) --- MMC-MTDC --- hybrid modulated model predictive control --- optimal output voltage level --- multi-point DC control --- neutral-point-clamped (NPC) inverter --- dc-link capacitor voltage balance --- offset voltage injection --- harmonic component --- modular multilevel converters --- capacitor voltage balancing --- sorting networks --- field-programmable gate array --- low-harmonic DC ice-melting device --- transmission line --- voltage fluctuation --- harmonic --- dynamic reactive --- substation’s voltage stability --- alternating current (AC) motor drive --- current estimation --- current reconstruction method --- current unmeasurable areas --- total harmonic distortion (THD) --- single shunt resistor --- space vector pulse width modulation (SVPWM) --- shift method --- minimum voltage injection (MVI) method --- three-level neutral point clamped inverter (NPCI) --- three-level boost --- automatic current balance --- three-loop --- voltage imbalance --- DC-link voltage balancing --- field-oriented control --- field-programmable gate array --- multilevel active-clamped converter --- motor drive --- buck-chopper --- PV-simulator --- T-type converter --- real time simulator --- three-level boost DC-DC converter --- small signal modeling --- voltage balance control --- multilevel converter --- selected harmonic elimination --- genetic algorithm --- imperialist competitive algorithm --- voltage ripple --- voltage source inverter --- three-phase inverter --- DC-link capacitor design --- Cascaded H-bridge multilevel inverter (CHBMI) --- field-programmable gate array --- total harmonic distortion (THD) --- modulation techniques --- multilevel converter --- electric vehicle --- on-board battery charger --- power factor correction --- power quality --- smart grid --- model predictive control --- single-phase three-level NPC converter --- commutation --- modular multilevel converter (MMC) --- Sub-module (SM) fault --- fault-tolerant control --- Phase Disposition PWM --- finite control set model predictive control --- T-type inverter --- computational cost --- LC filter --- DC-link capacitor voltage balancing --- multilevel converter --- DC side fault blocking --- predictive control --- battery energy storage system (BESS) --- modular multilevel converter (MMC) --- state-of-charge (SOC) balancing control --- tolerance for battery power unbalance --- model predictive control (MPC) --- computational burden --- reverse prediction --- modular multilevel converter (MMC) --- multilevel inverters --- total harmonic distortion --- level-shifted PWM --- phase-shifted PWM --- electrical drives --- energy saving --- multilevel power converters --- permanent magnet synchronous generator --- open-end winding configuration --- voltage balancing --- power factor --- improved PQ algorithm --- power flow analysis --- three-phase to single-phase cascaded converter --- ACTPSS --- NPC/H Bridge --- five-level --- Balance of capacitor voltage --- Suppression of CMV --- SVPWM --- multilevel converter --- multi-motor drive --- harmonic mitigation --- active filter --- open end winding motor --- high efficiency drive --- high reliability applications

Applications of Power Electronics

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9783038979746 9783038979753 Year: Volume: 1 Pages: 476 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-975-3 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: General and Civil Engineering --- Technology (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-06-26 08:44:06
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Abstract

Power electronics technology is still an emerging technology, and it has found its way into many applications, from renewable energy generation (i.e., wind power and solar power) to electrical vehicles (EVs), biomedical devices, and small appliances, such as laptop chargers. In the near future, electrical energy will be provided and handled by power electronics and consumed through power electronics; this not only will intensify the role of power electronics technology in power conversion processes, but also implies that power systems are undergoing a paradigm shift, from centralized distribution to distributed generation. Today, more than 1000 GW of renewable energy generation sources (photovoltaic (PV) and wind) have been installed, all of which are handled by power electronics technology. The main aim of this book is to highlight and address recent breakthroughs in the range of emerging applications in power electronics and in harmonic and electromagnetic interference (EMI) issues at device and system levels as discussed in ?robust and reliable power electronics technologies, including fault prognosis and diagnosis technique stability of grid-connected converters and ?smart control of power electronics in devices, microgrids, and at system levels.

Keywords

energy storage --- lithium-ion battery --- battery management system BMS --- battery modeling --- state of charge SoC --- grid-connected inverter --- power electronics --- multi-objective optimization --- switching frequency --- total demand distortion --- switching losses --- EMI filter --- power converter --- power density --- optimal design --- electrical drives --- axial flux machines --- magnetic equivalent circuit --- torque ripple --- back EMF --- permanent-magnet machines --- five-phase permanent magnet synchronous machine --- five-leg voltage source inverter --- multiphase space vector modulation --- sliding mode control --- extended Kalman filter --- voltage source inverters (VSI) --- voltage control --- current control --- digital control --- predictive controllers --- advanced controllers --- stability --- response time --- lithium-ion batteries --- electric vehicles --- battery management system --- electric power --- dynamic PV model --- grid-connected VSI --- HF-link MPPT converter --- nanocrystalline core --- SiC PV Supply --- DC–DC converters --- multi-level control --- renewable energy resources control --- electrical engineering communications --- microgrid control --- distributed control --- power system operation and control --- variable speed pumped storage system --- droop control --- vector control --- phasor model technique --- nine switch converter --- synchronous generator --- digital signal controller --- static compensator, distribution generation --- hybrid converter --- multi-level converter (MLC) --- series active filter --- power factor correction (PFC) --- field-programmable gate array --- particle swarm optimization --- selective harmonic elimination method --- voltage source converter --- plug-in hybrid electric vehicles --- power management system --- renewable energy sources --- fuzzy --- smart micro-grid --- five-phase machine --- fault-tolerant control --- induction motor --- one phase open circuit fault (1-Ph) --- adjacent two-phase open circuit fault (A2-Ph) --- volt-per-hertz control (scalar control) --- current-fed inverter --- LCL-S topology --- semi-active bridge --- soft switching --- voltage boost --- wireless power transfer --- DC–DC conversion --- zero-voltage switching (ZVS) --- transient control --- DC–DC conversion --- bidirectional converter --- power factor correction --- line frequency instability --- one cycle control --- non-linear phenomena --- bifurcation --- boost converter --- converter --- ice melting --- modular multilevel converter (MMC) --- optimization design --- transmission line --- static var generator (SVG) --- hardware-in-the-loop --- floating-point --- fixed-point --- real-time emulation --- field programmable gate array --- slim DC-link drive --- VPI active damping control --- total harmonic distortion --- cogging torque --- real-time simulation --- power converters --- nonlinear control --- embedded systems --- high level programing --- SHIL --- DHIL --- 4T analog MOS control --- high frequency switching power supply --- water purification --- modulation index --- electromagnetic interference --- chaotic PWM --- DC-DC buck converter --- CMOS chaotic circuit --- triangular ramp generator --- spread-spectrum technique --- system in package --- electric vehicle --- wireless power transfer --- inductive coupling --- coupling factor --- phase-shift control --- series-series compensation --- PSpice --- fixed-frequency double integral sliding-mode (FFDISM) --- class-D amplifier --- Q-factor --- GaN cascode --- direct torque control (DTC) --- composite active vectors modulation (CVM) --- permanent magnet synchronous motor (PMSM) --- effect factors --- double layer capacitor (DLC) models --- energy storage modelling --- simulation models --- current control loops --- dual three-phase (DTP) permanent magnet synchronous motors (PMSMs) --- space vector pulse width modulation (SVPWM) --- vector control --- voltage source inverter --- active rectifiers --- single-switch --- analog phase control --- digital phase control --- wireless power transfer --- three-level boost converter (TLBC) --- DC-link cascade H-bridge (DCLCHB) inverter --- conducting angle determination (CAD) techniques --- total harmonic distortion (THD) --- three-phase bridgeless rectifier --- fault diagnosis --- fault tolerant control --- hardware in loop --- compensation topology --- electromagnetic field (EMF) --- electromagnetic field interference (EMI) --- misalignment --- resonator structure --- wireless power transfer (WPT) --- WPT standards --- EMI filter --- electromagnetic compatibility --- AC–DC power converters --- electromagnetic interference filter --- matrix converters --- current source --- power density --- battery energy storage systems --- battery chargers --- active receivers --- frequency locking --- reference phase calibration --- synchronization --- wireless power transfer --- lithium-ion batteries --- SOC estimator --- parameter identification --- particle swarm optimization --- improved extended Kalman filter --- battery management system --- PMSG --- DC-link voltage control --- variable control gain --- disturbance observer --- lithium-ion power battery pack --- composite equalizer --- active equalization --- passive equalization --- control strategy and algorithm --- n/a --- common-mode inductor --- high-frequency modeling --- electromagnetic interference --- filter --- fault diagnosis --- condition monitoring --- induction machines --- support vector machines --- expert systems --- neural networks --- DC-AC power converters --- frequency-domain analysis --- impedance-based model --- Nyquist stability analysis --- small signal stability analysis --- harmonic linearization --- line start --- permanent magnet --- synchronous motor --- efficiency motor --- rotor design --- harmonics --- hybrid power filter --- active power filter --- power quality --- total harmonic distortion --- equivalent inductance --- leakage inductance --- switching frequency modelling --- induction motor --- current switching ripple --- multilevel inverter --- cascaded topology --- voltage doubling --- switched capacitor --- nearest level modulation (NLM) --- total harmonic distortion (THD) --- dead-time compensation --- power converters --- harmonics --- n/a

Applications of Power Electronics

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9783039210206 9783039210213 Year: Volume: 2 Pages: 500 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-021-3 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: General and Civil Engineering --- Technology (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-06-26 08:44:06
License:

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Abstract

Power electronics technology is still an emerging technology, and it has found its way into many applications, from renewable energy generation (i.e., wind power and solar power) to electrical vehicles (EVs), biomedical devices, and small appliances, such as laptop chargers. In the near future, electrical energy will be provided and handled by power electronics and consumed through power electronics; this not only will intensify the role of power electronics technology in power conversion processes, but also implies that power systems are undergoing a paradigm shift, from centralized distribution to distributed generation. Today, more than 1000 GW of renewable energy generation sources (photovoltaic (PV) and wind) have been installed, all of which are handled by power electronics technology. The main aim of this book is to highlight and address recent breakthroughs in the range of emerging applications in power electronics and in harmonic and electromagnetic interference (EMI) issues at device and system levels as discussed in ?robust and reliable power electronics technologies, including fault prognosis and diagnosis technique stability of grid-connected converters and ?smart control of power electronics in devices, microgrids, and at system levels.

Keywords

energy storage --- lithium-ion battery --- battery management system BMS --- battery modeling --- state of charge SoC --- grid-connected inverter --- power electronics --- multi-objective optimization --- switching frequency --- total demand distortion --- switching losses --- EMI filter --- power converter --- power density --- optimal design --- electrical drives --- axial flux machines --- magnetic equivalent circuit --- torque ripple --- back EMF --- permanent-magnet machines --- five-phase permanent magnet synchronous machine --- five-leg voltage source inverter --- multiphase space vector modulation --- sliding mode control --- extended Kalman filter --- voltage source inverters (VSI) --- voltage control --- current control --- digital control --- predictive controllers --- advanced controllers --- stability --- response time --- lithium-ion batteries --- electric vehicles --- battery management system --- electric power --- dynamic PV model --- grid-connected VSI --- HF-link MPPT converter --- nanocrystalline core --- SiC PV Supply --- DC–DC converters --- multi-level control --- renewable energy resources control --- electrical engineering communications --- microgrid control --- distributed control --- power system operation and control --- variable speed pumped storage system --- droop control --- vector control --- phasor model technique --- nine switch converter --- synchronous generator --- digital signal controller --- static compensator, distribution generation --- hybrid converter --- multi-level converter (MLC) --- series active filter --- power factor correction (PFC) --- field-programmable gate array --- particle swarm optimization --- selective harmonic elimination method --- voltage source converter --- plug-in hybrid electric vehicles --- power management system --- renewable energy sources --- fuzzy --- smart micro-grid --- five-phase machine --- fault-tolerant control --- induction motor --- one phase open circuit fault (1-Ph) --- adjacent two-phase open circuit fault (A2-Ph) --- volt-per-hertz control (scalar control) --- current-fed inverter --- LCL-S topology --- semi-active bridge --- soft switching --- voltage boost --- wireless power transfer --- DC–DC conversion --- zero-voltage switching (ZVS) --- transient control --- DC–DC conversion --- bidirectional converter --- power factor correction --- line frequency instability --- one cycle control --- non-linear phenomena --- bifurcation --- boost converter --- converter --- ice melting --- modular multilevel converter (MMC) --- optimization design --- transmission line --- static var generator (SVG) --- hardware-in-the-loop --- floating-point --- fixed-point --- real-time emulation --- field programmable gate array --- slim DC-link drive --- VPI active damping control --- total harmonic distortion --- cogging torque --- real-time simulation --- power converters --- nonlinear control --- embedded systems --- high level programing --- SHIL --- DHIL --- 4T analog MOS control --- high frequency switching power supply --- water purification --- modulation index --- electromagnetic interference --- chaotic PWM --- DC-DC buck converter --- CMOS chaotic circuit --- triangular ramp generator --- spread-spectrum technique --- system in package --- electric vehicle --- wireless power transfer --- inductive coupling --- coupling factor --- phase-shift control --- series-series compensation --- PSpice --- fixed-frequency double integral sliding-mode (FFDISM) --- class-D amplifier --- Q-factor --- GaN cascode --- direct torque control (DTC) --- composite active vectors modulation (CVM) --- permanent magnet synchronous motor (PMSM) --- effect factors --- double layer capacitor (DLC) models --- energy storage modelling --- simulation models --- current control loops --- dual three-phase (DTP) permanent magnet synchronous motors (PMSMs) --- space vector pulse width modulation (SVPWM) --- vector control --- voltage source inverter --- active rectifiers --- single-switch --- analog phase control --- digital phase control --- wireless power transfer --- three-level boost converter (TLBC) --- DC-link cascade H-bridge (DCLCHB) inverter --- conducting angle determination (CAD) techniques --- total harmonic distortion (THD) --- three-phase bridgeless rectifier --- fault diagnosis --- fault tolerant control --- hardware in loop --- compensation topology --- electromagnetic field (EMF) --- electromagnetic field interference (EMI) --- misalignment --- resonator structure --- wireless power transfer (WPT) --- WPT standards --- EMI filter --- electromagnetic compatibility --- AC–DC power converters --- electromagnetic interference filter --- matrix converters --- current source --- power density --- battery energy storage systems --- battery chargers --- active receivers --- frequency locking --- reference phase calibration --- synchronization --- wireless power transfer --- lithium-ion batteries --- SOC estimator --- parameter identification --- particle swarm optimization --- improved extended Kalman filter --- battery management system --- PMSG --- DC-link voltage control --- variable control gain --- disturbance observer --- lithium-ion power battery pack --- composite equalizer --- active equalization --- passive equalization --- control strategy and algorithm --- n/a --- common-mode inductor --- high-frequency modeling --- electromagnetic interference --- filter --- fault diagnosis --- condition monitoring --- induction machines --- support vector machines --- expert systems --- neural networks --- DC-AC power converters --- frequency-domain analysis --- impedance-based model --- Nyquist stability analysis --- small signal stability analysis --- harmonic linearization --- line start --- permanent magnet --- synchronous motor --- efficiency motor --- rotor design --- harmonics --- hybrid power filter --- active power filter --- power quality --- total harmonic distortion --- equivalent inductance --- leakage inductance --- switching frequency modelling --- induction motor --- current switching ripple --- multilevel inverter --- cascaded topology --- voltage doubling --- switched capacitor --- nearest level modulation (NLM) --- total harmonic distortion (THD) --- dead-time compensation --- power converters --- harmonics --- n/a

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