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Mobilités et temporalités

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ISBN: 9782802804611 Year: DOI: 10.4000/books.pusl.10695 Language: French
Publisher: Presses de l’Université Saint-Louis
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-06 13:15:50
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

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La question des relations entre mobilités et temporalités conjugue deux préoccupations contemporaines qui semblent s'alimenter l'une l'autre. D'une part la question des mobilités – et particulièrement des congestions liées aux mobilités – est inscrite à l'agenda politique depuis plus de vingt ans. D'autre part, la question du temps - du discours sur son « accélération » à celui sur son individualisation, semble émerger timidement depuis le début de ce siècle dans la sphère politique. La question des relations entre mobilités et temporalités apparaît d'une extrême complexité car elle suppose, pour l'éclairer, d'interroger tout aussi bien la transformation des temps sociaux, les effets des dynamiques temporelles sur les structures (socio)-spatiales, l'organisation des modes de transports ou encore les attitudes temporelles propres à l'usage des divers modes de transport. Cet ouvrage reprend dix contributions issues du colloque Mobilités et temporalités organisé aux Facultés universitaires Saint-Louis à Bruxelles en mars 2004. Cette réunion s'inscrivait dans le cadre des travaux du groupe de travail « Mobilités spatiales et fluidités sociales » de l'Association internationale des sociologues de langue française (AISLF).

Die Verwertbarkeit von nach §§ 154, 154a StPO ausgeschiedenem Prozessstoff bei der Beweiswürdigung und Strafzumessung im Strafverfahren - Eine Untersuchung aus rechtsstaatlicher und verfahrensrechtlicher Perspektive

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ISBN: 9783863952198 Year: DOI: 10.17875/gup2017-1034 Language: German
Publisher: Universitätsverlag Göttingen
Subject: Law
Added to DOAB on : 2017-08-16 11:01:04
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Die jüngsten Entwicklungen im Strafverfahrensrecht sind durch die strafprozessuale Auslegungsdoktrin der Beschleunigung, Effektivierung und Verbilligung geprägt. Vor dem Hintergrund dieser Entwicklung werden die Vorschriften der §§ 154, 154a StPO als bedeutende Ausformung der verfahrensrechtlichen Beschleunigungsmaxime einer umfassenden rechtsstaatlichen und verfahrensrechtlichen Analyse unterzogen. Die Normen der §§ 154, 154a StPO begrenzen das strafprozessuale Legalitätsprinzip aufgrund von Opportunitätserwägungen und dienen der Konzentration des Verfahrensstoffes. Das öffentliche Interesse an einem prozessökonomischen und ressourcenschonenden Strafverfahren findet seine Grenze jedoch dort, wo das Beschleunigungsstreben zu einer Verletzung des Beschuldigten in seinen prozessordnungsgemäßen Rechten und der Rechtsstaatlichkeit führt. Es stellt sich daher die Frage, ob diese Praxis den rechtsstaatlichen und verfahrensrechtlichen Anforderungen an das Strafverfahren genügt oder gerade keine Berechtigung dafür besteht, dass – bildlich in den Worten von Peters (StV 1981, 411 (412)) gesprochen – „die Justiz zwar den guten Tropfen (Verfahrensbeschleunigung, Entlastung, möglicherweise, wenn auch sicherlich die Ausnahme: Umgehung eines Freispruchs) genießt, den bösen Tropfen (Unschuldsvermutung, Ausschaltung des ausgesonderten Teils bei der Restbeurteilung) jedoch nicht schlucken will“.

L’accélération du temps juridique

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ISBN: 9782802804949 Year: DOI: 10.4000/books.pusl.19797 Language: French
Publisher: Presses de l’Université Saint-Louis
Subject: Law
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-06 13:15:51
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

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De tous côtés s'observent des phénomènes d'accélération du temps juridique : en attestent, notamment, le rythme accéléré d'adoption, de transformation et d'abrogation des lois, le succès de la justice des référés, le déclassement rapide des solutions et des doctrines. Philosophes et sociologues le confirment : l'urgence, jadis temporalité d'exception, s'impose aujourd'hui comme temps normal. Le Séminaire interdisciplinaire d'études juridiques a entendu prendre la mesure de cette évolution et la soumettre à interrogation critique. Les interrogations abondent en effet. Car, si l'accélération suppose une vitesse accrue, que faut-il penser d'un droit précipité et improvisé ? Si elle s'entend comme immédiateté, que penser d'un droit dépourvu ou incapable de médiation ? Et si elle doit être comprise comme aléa, que penser d'un droit incapable d'assurer la sécurité juridique ? Il est vrai cependant que retards excessifs (« délais déraisonnables »), blocages et atermoiements caractérisent aussi la vie juridique contemporaine ; ne faut-il pas penser dès lors que c'est à un phénomène plus vaste qu'on assiste : la perte de maîtrise du temps par le droit, comme s'il parvenait malaisément à trouver le juste équilibre entre stabilité et changement ? Par ailleurs, s'il est vrai que l'accélération pourrait signifier la réalisation résolue, à un rythme de plus en plus soutenu, d'un objectif clair et mobilisateur, il est cependant plus réaliste de penser que, dans le droit contemporain, elle traduit plutôt une valorisation du changement pour lui-même, signe de la montée des incertitudes dans des sociétés entièrement indexées à l'instant présent. Se fait alors entendre cette question de philosophie du droit : si le propre du droit est d'instituer la société - nouer le lien social en l'inscrivant dans une perspective temporelle - ne doit-on pas considérer qu'un minimum de durée (stabilité, médiation, certitude) lui est nécessaire ? Et quand cette durée fait défaut, à quel type de régulation est-on alors confronté ?

Nb3Sn Accelerator Magnets

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Book Series: Particle Acceleration and Detection ISBN: 9783030161187 Year: Pages: 452 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-16118-7 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Science (General) --- Mathematics --- Agriculture (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2020-01-29 11:21:11
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This open access book is written by world-recognized experts in the fields of applied superconductivity and superconducting accelerator magnet technologies. It provides a contemporary review and assessment of the experience in research and development of high-field accelerator dipole magnets based on Nb3Sn superconductor over the past five decades. The reader attains clear insight into the development and the main properties of Nb3Sn composite superconducting wires and Rutherford cables, and details of accelerator dipole designs, technologies and performance. Special attention is given to innovative features of the developed Nb3Sn magnets. The book concludes with a discussion of accelerator magnet needs for future circular colliders. ; Broadens our understanding of design and performance limits of high-field Nb3Sn accelerator magnets for a future very high energy hadron collider Offers beginners a concise overview of the relevant design concepts for a new generation of superconducting accelerator magnets based on Nb3Sn superconductor Illustrates the complete process of accelerator magnet design and fabrication Provides a contemporary review and assessment of the past experience with Nb3Sn high-field dipole accelerator magnets Identifies the main open R&D issues for Nb3Sn high-field dipole magnets

Obsessed by a Dream

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Book Series: Springer Biographies ISBN: 9783030263386 Year: Pages: 511 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-26338-6 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Medicine (General) --- Science (General) --- Mathematics
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-04 11:21:07
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This Open Access biography chronicles the life and achievements of the Norwegian engineer and physicist Rolf Widerøe. Readers who meet him in the pages of this book will wonder why he isn't better known. The first of Widerøe's many pioneering contributions in the field of accelerator physics was the betatron, the second, the linear accelerator, both summarized in a 27 page PhD. The betatron revolutionized the fields of cancer treatment through radiation therapy and also nondestructive testing; hospitals worldwide installed Widerøe's machine and today’s modern radiation treatment equipment is based on his inventions. The most recent renaissance of the linac provides unprecedented x-ray intensities at Free Electron Laser (FEL) facilities in operation and construction worldwide. . Widerøe’s story also includes a fair share of drama, particularly during World War II when both Germans and the Allies vied for his collaboration. Widerøe held leading positions in multinational industry groups and was one of the consultants for building the world's largest nuclear laboratory, CERN, in Switzerland. He gained over 200 patents, received several honorary doctorates and a number of international awards. The author, a professional writer and maker of TV documentaries, has gained access to hitherto restricted archives in several countries, which provided a wealth of new material and insights, in particular in relation to the war years. She tells here a gripping and illuminating story.

Melting Hadrons, Boiling Quarks: From Hagedorn Temperature to Ultra-Relativistic Heavy-Ion Collisions at CERN: With a Tribute to Rolf Hagedorn

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ISBN: 9783319175447 9783319175454 Year: Pages: 439 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-17545-4 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Astronomy (General) --- Business and Management --- Physics (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2015-11-03 13:55:41
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This book shows how the study of multi-hadron production phenomena in the years after the founding of CERN culminated in Hagedorn's pioneering idea of limiting temperature, leading on to the discovery of the quark-gluon plasma -- announced, in February 2000 at CERN.Following the foreword by Herwig Schopper -- the Director General (1981-1988) of CERN at the key historical juncture -- the first part is a tribute to Rolf Hagedorn (1919-2003) and includes contributions by contemporary friends and colleagues, and those who were most touched by Hagedorn: Tamás Biró, Igor Dremin, Torleif Ericson, Marek Gaździcki, Mark Gorenstein, Hans Gutbrod, Maurice Jacob, István Montvay, Berndt Müller, Grazyna Odyniec, Emanuele Quercigh, Krzysztof Redlich, Helmut Satz, Luigi Sertorio, Ludwik Turko, and Gabriele Veneziano.The second and third parts retrace 20 years of developments that after discovery of the Hagedorn temperature in 1964 led to its recognition as the melting point of hadrons into boiling quarks, and to the rise of the experimental relativistic heavy ion collision program. These parts contain previously unpublished material authored by Hagedorn and Rafelski: conference retrospectives, research notes, workshop reports, in some instances abbreviated to avoid duplication of material, and rounded off with the editor's explanatory notes.

Solar Particle Radiation Storms Forecasting and Analysis: The HESPERIA HORIZON 2020 Project and Beyond

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Book Series: Astrophysics and Space Science Library ISSN: 0067-0057 ISBN: 9783319600505 9783319600512 Year: Volume: 444 Pages: 203 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-60051-2 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature Grant: Horizon 2020 Framework Programme
Subject: Nuclear Physics
Added to DOAB on : 2018-07-18 15:14:22
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Solar energetic particles (SEPs) emitted from the Sun are a major space weather hazard motivating the development of predictive capabilities. This book presents the results and findings of the HESPERIA (High Energy Solar Particle Events forecasting and Analysis) project of the EU HORIZON 2020 programme. It discusses the forecasting operational tools developed within the project, and presents progress to SEP research contributed by HESPERIA both from the observational as well as the SEP modelling perspective. Using multi-frequency observational data and simulations HESPERIA investigated the chain of processes from particle acceleration in the corona, particle transport in the magnetically complex corona and interplanetary space, to the detection near 1 AU. The book also elaborates on the unique software that has been constructed for inverting observations of relativistic SEPs to physical parameters that can be compared with space-borne measurements at lower energies. Introductory and pedagogical material included in the book make it accessible to students at graduate level and will be useful as background material for Space Physics and Space Weather courses with emphasis on Solar Energetic Particle Event Forecasting and Analysis.

Particle Physics Reference Library

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ISBN: 9783030342456 Year: Pages: 863 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-34245-6 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Mathematics --- Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2020-06-16 23:59:41
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This third open access volume of the handbook series deals with accelerator physics, design, technology and operations, as well as with beam optics, dynamics and diagnostics. A joint CERN-Springer initiative, the “Particle Physics Reference Library” provides revised and updated contributions based on previously published material in the well-known Landolt-Boernstein series on particle physics, accelerators and detectors (volumes 21A,B1,B2,C), which took stock of the field approximately one decade ago. Central to this new initiative is publication under full open access

Particle Physics Reference Library

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ISBN: 9783030353186 Year: Pages: 1078 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-35318-6 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Mathematics --- Science (General) --- Agriculture (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2020-09-23 00:04:44
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This second open access volume of the handbook series deals with detectors, large experimental facilities and data handling, both for accelerator and non-accelerator based experiments. It also covers applications in medicine and life sciences. A joint CERN-Springer initiative, the “Particle Physics Reference Library” provides revised and updated contributions based on previously published material in the well-known Landolt-Boernstein series on particle physics, accelerators and detectors (volumes 21A,B1,B2,C), which took stock of the field approximately one decade ago. Central to this new initiative is publication under full open access.

MEMS Accelerometers

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ISBN: 9783038974147 9783038974154 Year: Pages: 252 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-415-4 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General) --- General and Civil Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2019-06-26 08:44:06
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Micro-electro-mechanical system (MEMS) devices are widely used for inertia, pressure, and ultrasound sensing applications. Research on integrated MEMS technology has undergone extensive development driven by the requirements of a compact footprint, low cost, and increased functionality. Accelerometers are among the most widely used sensors implemented in MEMS technology. MEMS accelerometers are showing a growing presence in almost all industries ranging from automotive to medical. A traditional MEMS accelerometer employs a proof mass suspended to springs, which displaces in response to an external acceleration. A single proof mass can be used for one- or multi-axis sensing. A variety of transduction mechanisms have been used to detect the displacement. They include capacitive, piezoelectric, thermal, tunneling, and optical mechanisms. Capacitive accelerometers are widely used due to their DC measurement interface, thermal stability, reliability, and low cost. However, they are sensitive to electromagnetic field interferences and have poor performance for high-end applications (e.g., precise attitude control for the satellite). Over the past three decades, steady progress has been made in the area of optical accelerometers for high-performance and high-sensitivity applications but several challenges are still to be tackled by researchers and engineers to fully realize opto-mechanical accelerometers, such as chip-scale integration, scaling, low bandwidth, etc.

Keywords

low-temperature co-fired ceramic (LTCC) --- capacitive accelerometer --- wireless --- process optimization --- performance characterization --- MEMS accelerometer --- mismatch of parasitic capacitance --- electrostatic stiffness --- high acceleration sensor --- piezoresistive effect --- MEMS --- micro machining --- turbulent kinetic energy dissipation rate --- probe --- microelectromechanical systems (MEMS) piezoresistive sensor chip --- Taguchi method --- marine environmental monitoring --- accelerometer --- frequency --- acceleration --- heat convection --- motion analysis --- auto-encoder --- dance classification --- deep learning --- self-coaching --- wavelet packet --- classification of horse gaits --- MEMS sensors --- gait analysis --- rehabilitation assessment --- body sensor network --- MEMS accelerometer --- electromechanical delta-sigma --- built-in self-test --- in situ self-testing --- digital resonator --- accelerometer --- activity monitoring --- regularity of activity --- sleep time duration detection --- indoor positioning --- WiFi-RSSI radio map --- MEMS-IMU accelerometer --- zero-velocity update --- step detection --- stride length estimation --- field emission --- hybrid integrated --- vacuum microelectronic --- cathode tips array --- interface ASIC --- micro-electro-mechanical systems (MEMS) --- delaying mechanism --- safety and arming system --- accelerometer --- multi-axis sensing --- capacitive transduction --- inertial sensors --- three-axis accelerometer --- micromachining --- miniaturization --- stereo visual-inertial odometry --- fault tolerant --- hostile environment --- MEMS-IMU --- mode splitting --- Kerr noise --- angular-rate sensing --- whispering-gallery-mode --- optical microresonator --- three-axis acceleration sensor --- MEMS technology --- sensitivity --- L-shaped beam --- n/a

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