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Experiences of Intervention Against Violence

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Book Series: Cultural Encounters in Intervention Against Violence ISBN: 9783847410256 9783847420439 Year: Pages: 356 DOI: 10.3224/84742043 Language: English
Publisher: Verlag Barbara Budrich
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2018-09-13 11:01:03
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The stories in this anthology emerged from interviews with women and young people about their experience of intervention when they were escaping a situation of abuse, neglect and/or sexual exploitation. They come from the research project “Cultural Encounters in Intervention Against Violence (CEINAV)” in four countries – England & Wales, Germany, Portugal and Slovenia. Through support services the women and young people were contacted; they came from a minority or migration background and had travelled through a history of violence and intervention, and were asked to tell who intervened, what had been helpful and what had not.

Amtsmißbrauch - Eine rechtsvergleichende Untersuchung zu Artikel 323 des italienischen Strafgesetzbuchs

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Book Series: Göttinger Studien zu den Kriminalwissenschaften ISBN: 9783863950378 Year: Pages: 559 DOI: 10.17875/gup2012-135 Language: German
Publisher: Universitätsverlag Göttingen
Subject: Law --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2013-04-12 20:08:17
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Das Phänomen des Mißbrauchs von Amtsbefugnissen ist in sämtlichen Gesellschaften verbreitet. Im Gegensatz zum deutschen hat der italienische Gesetzgeber den Amtsmißbrauch in Artikel 323 codice penale unter Strafe gestellt. Das Delikt hat durch die Anklage hochgestellter Politiker in Italien aktuell auch in Deutschland Bekanntheit erlangt. Die Bestimmung weist eine bewegte Geschichte auf und war in Italien Gegenstand heftiger wissenschaftlicher Auseinandersetzungen. Darauf geht die vorliegende Abhandlung anhand der Erläuterung der Tatbestandsmerkmale ein. Darüber hinaus wird untersucht, worin die Gründe für das Fehlen einer entsprechenden Norm im deutschen Recht zu sehen sind und inwiefern eine Inkriminierung der Zweckentfremdung von Amtskompetenzen hierzulande unter den Gesichtspunkten der Strafwürdigkeit und Strafbedürftigkeit in Betracht käme.

Neuroactive metabolites of ethanol: a behavioral and neurochemical synopsis

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Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889193752 Year: Pages: 126 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88919-375-2 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Neurology --- Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2015-11-19 16:29:12
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Ethanol is a very elusive drug, which has mechanisms of action that are diverse and relatively non-selective. Moreover, ethanol has been demonstrated to be a biologically active substance by itself, but also a pro-drug of the neuroactive metabolites, acetaldehyde and acetate. Acetaldehyde has traditionally been known as a toxic substance with several effects on multiple systems. However, in the last few decades evidence has accumulated to reveal the specific and, in some instances, distinct neural actions of acetaldehyde and acetate that are in part responsible for some of the observed psychoactive effects of ethanol. The present issue will address these challenges to provide an up-to-date synopsis of the behavioral and neurophysiological impact of the two direct metabolites of ethanol, acetaldehyde and acetate. In doing so, this issue will present human and rodent evidence on their behavioral and neurophysiological impact, either when administered alone as drugs, or when metabolically-derived from their parent compound. Emphasis will be placed to stress the importance of the different enzymatic systems that intervene to produce these metabolites, either peripherally and/or directly in the brain. Similarly, this Research Topic will be aimed at addressing some of the possible mechanisms of action of acetaldehyde and acetate in different brain areas and in different intracellular systems. Furthermore, the issue will lay out some of the suggested mechanisms of action of ethanol and of its metabolites by which they form adducts with other molecules and neurotransmitters such as dopamine and opioids (which lead to salsolinol and tetrahydropapaveroline, respectively), and their impact on the synthesis and actions of neuromodulators such as adenosine and the cannabinoid system.

Keywords

Ethanol --- Catalase --- acetate --- Dopamine --- Salsolinol --- Opioids --- Addiction --- Drug abuse

Recent Changes in Drug Abuse Scenario: The Novel Psychoactive Substances (NPS) Phenomenon

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ISBN: 9783038975076 9783038975083 Year: Pages: 198 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-508-3 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Neurology --- Biology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 10:04:51
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In parallel with a decrease/stabilization in the use of internationally controlled drugs, the market of novel psychoactive substances (NPS) continues increasing, year after year, with the Internet playing a pivotal role in contributing to this complex scenario. At times, although misleading, the terms ‘legal highs’ or ’research chemicals’ have been used to describe these molecules. Overall, about 5% of 19–24-year-old European people have already experimented with them, because both NPS’ intense psychoactive effects and their virtual non-detectability in routine drug screenings. Although ‘novel’ typically refers to molecules that have recently become a reason of current/potential public health concern, at times, the NPS scenario may indeed focus on pharmaceutical molecules. These may have either not entered the market, or are currently prescribed, with their potential for misuse resulting from the relating high dosages/idiosyncratic ways of self-administration. A concurrent use of a range of different NPS, and/or medications, is frequently being reported and this may be a reason of further clinical complications. Given their complex pharmacodynamics, there are increasing levels of concern about the onset of acute/chronic psychopathological associated with NPS intake. This Special Issue aims at providing an overview of a range of NPS-related issues, e.g., preclinical, epidemiological, and clinical pharmacological; the medical and psychopathological consequences associated with their intake; and, finally, the analytical chemistry and forensic analysis challenges associated with the NPS phenomenon.

The Perfect Mango

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ISBN: 9781950192137 9781950192144 Year: Pages: 156 DOI: 10.21983/P3.0245.1.00 Language: English
Publisher: punctum books
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2019-03-26 11:21:03
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In 1994, at the age of twenty-five, when the “terrible brokenness that comes with sexual assault” was folded deep within her body and thoughts of suicide were always close by, Erin Manning wrote The Perfect Mango at an almost feverish pitch: nineteen chapters in nineteen days, a sort of self-rescue operation, where writing became a form of making (and feeling) life otherwise. Throughout those nineteen days, and although not able to fully articulate it to herself at the time, Manning wrote her way into a “composition that asks how else life might be lived.” And in the rhythms of that composition, which was also a living, Manning was, and is, able to refuse the category and norm and stillness of “victim” (while still understanding the inheritances of violence) in order to follow instead the more-than-I as well as the joy of the “more-than of experience in the making.” Twenty-five years later, Manning allows these earlier writings to find their way back into the world, which is also a way of giving “voice to those moments of messy survival” while also asking us, who share in (and help to bear) those moments as readers, to consider “other ways of listening to the urgency that is living.” To (re)publish the book now is to give it a place in the world in a way that honors its force as something that is always beyond anyone’s claim to it, even Manning’s. In this sense, The Perfect Mango invites us, with Manning, to be in excess of ourselves, and also to consider, in Manning’s words, “how to create conditions for living beyond humanism’s fierce belief that we, the privileged, the neurotypicals, the as-yet-unscathed, the able-bodied, hold the key to all perspectives in the theatre of living.” Ultimately, The Perfect Mango and Manning’s reflections on its composition ask us to consider living “in the fierce celebration of a world invented by those modes of life which tear at the colonial, white, neurotypical fabric of life as we know it.”

A Manga Perfeita

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ISBN: 9781950192595 9781950192601 Year: Pages: 166 DOI: 10.21983/P3.0270.1.00 Language: Portuguese
Publisher: punctum books
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-17 11:21:04
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"In 1994, at the age of twenty five years old, when the terrible “shattering that comes with the sexual assault ”doubled deep into her body and thoughts of suicide were always around, Erin Manning wrote The Perfect Manga on a almost feverish state: nineteen chapters in nineteen days, a kind self-rescue operation where writing has become a way of make (and feel) life in another way. Over these nineteen days, and although not able to fully articulate to herself at the time, Manning was written inside “a composition that asks what otherwise life could be lived. ” And in the rhythms of this composition, which was also a life, Manning was and is able to decline the category and norm and immobility of the “victim” (while still understanding the inheritances violence) in order to follow the more-than-myself as well as the joy of “more than experience” Twenty-five years Manning later allows these earlier writings to find their way around the world, which is a way of giving “voice to these confused survival times ”while also asking us to we share (and help support) such moments as readers, that we consider “other ways of listening to the urgency of living”. Republishing the book now is giving it a place in the world in a way that honor your strength as something that is always beyond the claim of anyone, even from Manning. In this sense, The Perfect Manga invites us, with Manning, to be in excess of ourselves, and also to consider, in Manning's words, “as create conditions for living beyond the fierce belief of humanism that we, the privileged, the neurotypical, the still unscathed, the capable bodies, is that we hold the key to all perspectives in the theater of life ”. Finally, Manning Perfect Manga and Manning's reflections on its composition ask us to consider “living in the fierce celebration of a world invented by these ways of life that tear the white, neurotypical colonial fabric of life as the We know.""

Discovering Addiction

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ISBN: 9780472116102 9780472901159 9780472901159 Year: DOI: 10.3998/mpub.269246 Language: English
Publisher: University of Michigan Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 102034
Added to DOAB on : 2019-02-06 08:17:53
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Discovering Addiction brings the history of human and animal experimentation in addiction science into the present with a wealth of archival research and dozens of oral-history interviews with addiction researchers. Professor Campbell examines the birth of addiction science---the National Academy of Sciences's project to find a pharmacological fix for narcotics addiction in the late 1930s---and then explores the human and primate experimentation involved in the succeeding studies of the "opium problem," revealing how addiction science became "brain science" by the 1990s.

Child Injury Prevention

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ISBN: 9783906980485 9783906980492 Year: Pages: 156 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-906980-49-2 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Added to DOAB on : 2015-01-12 11:21:17
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Injuries are among the leading causes of child morbidity and mortality worldwide [1]. Because injuries typically are incurred by healthy children engaging in daily activities, they can be particularly devastating to the injured child and his or her family, disrupting otherwise mentally and physically healthy lives with tragic short- and long-term consequences. Despite the implication of the lay term “accident”, injuries are preventable. The global community of scholars and practitioners is slowly creating, discovering, and implementing programs to reduce the burden of injury on the world’s youth. This volume contributes to those objectives. [1...]

Alternative Models of Addiction

Authors: --- ---
Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889197132 Year: Pages: 173 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88919-713-2 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Psychiatry --- Medicine (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2016-04-07 11:22:02
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For much of the 20th century, theories of addictive behaviour and motivation were polarized between two models. The first model viewed addiction as a moral failure for which addicts are rightly held responsible and judged accordingly. The second model, in contrast, viewed addiction as a specific brain disease caused by neurobiological adaptations occurring in response to chronic drug or alcohol use, and over which addicts have no choice or control. As our capacity to observe neurobiological phenomena improved, the second model became scientific orthodoxy, increasingly dominating addiction research and informing public understandings of addiction. More recently, however, a dissenting view has emerged within addiction research, based partly on new scientific research and partly on progress in philosophical and psychological understandings of relevant mental phenomena. This view does not revert to treating addiction as a moral failure, but nonetheless holds that addictive behaviour is fundamentally motivated by choice and subject to at least a degree of voluntary control. On this alternative model of addiction, addictive behaviour is an instrumental means to ends that are desired by the individual, although much controversy exists with respect to the rationality or irrationality of these ends, the degree and nature of the voluntary control of addictive behaviour and motivation, the explanation of the difference between addictive and non-addictive behaviour and motivation, and, lastly, the extent to which addictive behaviour and motivation is correctly characterised as pathological or diseased. This research topic includes papers in the traditions of neuroscience, psychology, philosophy, law and social science that explore alternative understandings of addiction.

Samtaler mellom profesjonelle og barn som har psykisk syke eller rusavhengige foreldre

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ISBN: 9788202669645 Year: Pages: 331 DOI: 10.23865/noasp.101 Language: Norwegian
Publisher: Cappelen Damm Akademisk/NOASP (Nordic Open Access Scholarly Publishing)
Subject: Gender Studies
Added to DOAB on : 2020-08-05 23:59:15
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"This scholarly monograph is based on a doctoral dissertation, On Holding Part of a Child’s Life in One’s Hands. Conversations between Professionals and Children with Mentally Ill or Substance Addicted Parents: An Ethical and Narrative Perspective, the subject of which is children’s participation in group therapy discussions for children whose parents are mentally ill or substance users. The book builds on experiences from participant observation in seven different groups and follow-up conversations with the participating children and the professionals who lead the groups. The objective was to investigate the possibilities children have in such groups for being independent subjects in search of and making sense. The issue is: How are a child’s experiences handled in discussion groups for children of mentally ill or substance addicted parents? The book’s scientific anchor is in expository hermeneutics, which underpins the emphasis on the significance of balance and reciprocity in interactions between the children and the professionals who lead the groups. In this connection, exploring in concrete situations how the group leader created space for the individual child’s perspective by putting his/her own perspectives into play (or by not doing so) is central. Expository hermeneutics also makes possible identifying some of what is not put into words, barely mentioned or implied, in interactions between the professional and the child, but which nonetheless may have considerable bearing on the understanding that is formed. The experiences and observations from the discussion groups are conveyed via nine stories detailing specific conversations and activities in which the children conveyed their experiences, thoughts and feelings, without them becoming further topics in the group work. Through interpretation of these stories a perception emerges of group conversation for children with mentally ill or addicted parents as being a practice in which the child’s own experience of their parent’s illness or dependency is only to a limited degree made an issue. Through a theoretical discussion in which what has transpired in the group interactions is elevated to a more generally insightful level, a deeper understanding of this phenomenon is sought."

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