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Eigentum und Geschlecht

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ISBN: 9783205787518 Year: Pages: 258 DOI: 10.26530/oapen_453610 Language: German
Publisher: Böhlau Grant: Austrian Science Fund - D 4236
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2013-09-21 22:37:38
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This book examines the financial circumstances of Jewish men and women in Vienna from the turn of the century to 1938, focusing on gender as a social category. The central issue is the extent to which the amount and, above all, the category of assets were structured according to gender. Furthermore, the gender specifics of financial withdrawals by the National Socialists and restitution and compensation payments after 1945 shall be examined. Three subject areas will be carefully covered for the period before 1938, in which structured relevance is accorded to the category of gender. These are economic activity, which includes gainful employment and entrepreneurial activity, inheritance practices, and marriage as an influential financial factor. The study is based on a sample of 788 individuals (337 women, 451 men), who were affected by National Socialist proprietary measures, i.e. looting policy, in 1938. The sample was drawn for a study by the Austrian Historical Commission. It includes the assets of these 788 people on April 27, 1938 as they were recorded in the so-called assets declaration with which all people defined as Jewish had to declare their property to the authorities. The sample, which has been entered into a database, includes further data on restitution and compensation. This paper will evaluate the data in terms of gender for the first time. Moreover, the financial situation of 78 of the 788 individuals (Sample II) and their familial environment, in particular their parents and siblings, are researched through further sources including inheritance files, wills, marriage contracts, and commercial and land registers. One of the objectives is to investigate the origin of the assets declared in 1938. Based on the selection of individuals, which was dependent upon the existence of a minimum asset level, there are no significant differences between the asset volume of men and women from the sample. Nevertheless, the study points out that the composition of the assets, which means the occurrence and scope of different categories of assets, was determined by gender specific factors. Inheritance practices and segregated access to asset acquisition, particularly in economic activity, are identified as reasons for this. Gender specifics in real estate and business as well as asset transfers between generations and married couples are elaborated upon in detail. Dowries not only influenced the financial situation of the wife or widow and her husband, but also presented essential financial resources for companies. The possibility of economic activity and thereby acquisition of assets is of particular importance; this possibility is primarily decided in the family, as is shown in the individual case histories. Although gender specific differences can hardly be verified in National Socialist asset withdrawal, they can be documented in the National Socialists' approach to mixed couples. The restitution results are influenced by several factors; among these are also the claimed asset categories. In a comparative evaluation of men and women, the restitution results reflect the success of the respective asset categories.

The Emergence of Ukraine

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ISBN: 9781894865395 Year: Pages: 473 DOI: 10.26530/oapen_588020 Language: English
Publisher: Canadian Institute of Ukrainian Studies Press Grant: Austrian Science Fund - PUB 46
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2016-01-08 11:01:11
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This book is a collection of essays by prominent historians from Austria, Germany, Ukraine, Poland and Russia, who undertook a thorough and detailed study of one as yet inadequately researched aspect of the First World War--the occupation of Ukraine by the Central Powers in 1918. The book provides a new and fresh perspective on the historical context of Ukraine’s struggle for independence following the First World War.

Botschafter Europas

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ISBN: 3205772122 Year: Pages: 592 Seiten Language: German
Publisher: Böhlau Grant: Austrian Science Fund - D 3548
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:34:20

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In 1923 Count Richard Coudenhove-Kalergi, offspring of an aristocratic family in the Austro-Hungarian Monarchy, published the book Paneuropa which was soon translated into almost all important languages of the world. A movement was launched under the same name and soon became the synonym for all efforts concerning the creation of a united Europe in the interwar period and even beyond. The Count was convinced of the necessity to create Paneurope the main reasons being the danger of a second world war, Bolshevist Russia and the economic power of the United States of America. Since 1925 Paneurope Unions were founded in nearly every European capital; the headquarter were Vienna (Hofburg). But the movement failed in mobilizing the masses. Coudenhove who was the embodiment of Paneurope was only in contact with statesmen, industrial leaders and intellectuals. His great merit was the confrontation of European governments with the idea of a united Europe, the rising of European question. Despite of all his efforts European politicians were not able to realize the importance of "United States of Europe" in those days. Nationalism was too strong and there seemed to be no willingness to give up parts of the own sovereignity and to develop a better understanding for democracy. The study presents a comprehensive view of the Paneuropean Movement during the interwar period including records of the Moskow Archive (captured material). It opens with a biographical sketch followed by the political program and how it was adapted to the political situation of those days; other main items are fund raising, financial organisation and propaganda. Also, there is an analysis of Paneurope in interaction with contemporary Austrian and European policies. Another chapter is dedicated to the ideas to unite Europe economically (since 1933) or on a cultural basis (saving the Abendland). The longitudinal views are completed by sectional views which focussed on the way how Coudenhove and his Paneurope Movement dealt with ideologies and mental streams of these days; They fought Bolshevism and since 1933 against National Socialism; they sympathized with Italian Fascism; Paneurope was anti-democratic and aristocratic. Some of the aims were revolutionary but many people regarded them as utopian. In comparison with the European Union there are certain parallels between European Union and Paneurope. Today we can see Paneurope - with restrictions - as an avant-garde of the European Union.

Antikommunisten als Staatsschützer

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ISBN: 9783034015103 Year: DOI: 10.33057/chronos.1510 Language: German
Publisher: Chronos Verlag Grant: Schweizerischer Nationalfonds zur Förderung der Wissenschaftlichen Forschung - 10BP12_186439
Subject: Linguistics
Added to DOAB on : 2020-09-01 00:08:25
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Abstract

Anton Kuh

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ISBN: 9783835331891 Year: Pages: 577 Seiten Language: German
Publisher: Wallstein Verlag Grant: Austrian Science Fund - PUB 540
Added to DOAB on : 2019-02-28 11:21:04

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Walter Schübler’s biography paints a portrait of the extravagant bon vivant Anton Kuh with all his facets: the militant publicist, whose polemical squibs provided a running commentary to happenings in Vienna and Berlin, the alert chronicler of the 1910s, 20s and 30s, the avowed leftist, who risked his neck in conflicts with the Nazis, the oppositionist, who enjoyed teasing Karl Kraus, the bohemian, who took every chance to provoke, even when this was programmatically tactless, the neurasthenic with a self-destructive lifestyle, the phenomenal impromptu speaker, whose thoughts ran hot and whose audience responded with thunderous applause. The first biography of this »speech-actor« reconstructs the main body of Kuh’s work – the impromptu speeches – and calls into question all of the rumors that are still circulating about this assumed »local hero«.

Über die Produktion von Tönen

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ISBN: 9783205208020 Year: Pages: 309 Seiten Language: German
Publisher: Böhlau Grant: Austrian Science Fund - PUB 548
Added to DOAB on : 2019-09-03 11:21:11
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The present study examines the diverse forms of music-making in Austria between 1918 and 193 within the context of work and non-work. In a period where practices of work (i.e. professional work) were renegotiated, these forms of music-making and how they were valued constituted a contested field. By analysing life writings of music-makers, the relevant contemporary differentiations are made clear.

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