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Power and Principle

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ISBN: 9781501705526 Year: DOI: 10.26530/oapen_627441 Language: English
Publisher: Cornell University Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 100415
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2017-04-16 00:08:19
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Human rights advocates have long pressed for international institutions to prosecute crimes against humanity. With its global reach and mandate to investigate and prosecute some of the world's most severe crimes (genocide, war crimes, and crimes against humanity) the creation of the International Criminal Court in 2002 was hailed as a landmark event in the evolution of truly global society. Supporters argue that the ICC and other transnational tribunals will deter the commission of atrocities and contribute to global peace and stability, and they laud its independence and its potential to check the arbitrary use of power against the powerless. To better understand how international criminal courts function and determine their broader implications for global society, this book examines the factors that led to the creation and evolution of international criminal courts, the nature of the support for and opposition to such institutions, and how they function.

Genocide Perspectives IV

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ISBN: 9780987236975 Year: Pages: 496 DOI: 10.5130/978-0-9872369-7-5 Language: English
Publisher: UTS ePRESS
Subject: Education --- Law --- Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2020-07-08 00:00:56
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Genocide isn't past tense and the Nazi and Bosnian eras are not yet closed. The demonising of people as 'unworthy' and expendable is ever-present and the consequences are all too evident in the daily news. These fourteen essays by Australian scholars confront the issues: the need for a measuring scale that encompasses differences and similarities between seemingly divergent cases of the crime; the complicity of bureaucracies, the healing professions and the churches in this 'crime of crimes'; the quest for historical justice for genocide victims generally following the Nuremberg Trials; the fate of children in the Nazi and postwar eras; the 'worthiness' of Armenians, Jews and Romani people in twentieth century Europe; and the imperative to tackle early warning signs of an incipient genocide. Colin Tatz is a founding director of the Australian Institute for Holocaust and Genocide Studies, visiting fellow in Politics and International Relations at the Australian National University, and honorary visiting fellow at the Australian Institute of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Studies. He teaches and publishes in comparative race politics, youth suicide, migration studies, and sports history.

Genocide Perspectives V

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ISBN: 9780994503985 Year: Pages: 264 DOI: 10.5130/978-0-9945039-7-8 Language: English
Publisher: UTS ePRESS
Subject: Education --- Law --- Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2020-07-08 00:02:03
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Despite the catch-cry bandied about after the Holocaust, "Never Again", genocides continue to destroy cultures and communities around the globe. In this collection of essays, Australian scholars discuss the crime of genocide, examining regimes and episodes that stretch across time and geography. Included are discussions on Australia’s own history of genocide against its Indigenous peoples, mass killing and human rights abuses in Indonesia and North Korea, and new insights into some of the core twentieth century genocides, such as the Holocaust and the Armenian Genocide. Scholars grapple with ongoing questions of memory and justice, governmental responsibility, the role of the medical professions, gendered experiences, artistic representation, and best practice in genocide education. Importantly, genocide prevention and the role of the global community is also explored within this collection. This volume of Genocide Perspectives is dedicated to Professor Colin Tatz AO, an inspirational figure in the field of human rights, and one of the forefathers of genocide studies in Australia. Kirril Shields is a member of the Australian Institute for Holocaust and Genocide Studies. He teaches at The University of Queensland and The University of Southern Queensland. Kirril is an Auschwitz Jewish Center Fellow, and a Fellow of the Institute on the Holocaust and Jewish Civilisation, Royal Holloway. Nikki Marczak is a member of the Australian Institute for Holocaust and Genocide Studies and the Armenian Genocide Museum-Institute’s 2016 Lemkin Scholar. Her research focuses on Armenian women’s experiences and the current Yazidi Genocide by ISIS.

Everyday Resistance, Peacebuilding and State-making

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ISBN: 9781526108760 9781526108784 Year: DOI: 10.26530/oapen_628403 Language: English
Publisher: Manchester University Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 100063
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2017-05-05 11:01:48
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Everyday Resistance, Peacebuilding and State-making addresses debates on the liberal peace and the policies of peacebuilding through a theoretical and empirical study of resistance in peacebuilding contexts. Examining the case of ‘Africa’s World War’ in the DRC, it locates resistance in the experiences of war, peacebuilding and state-making by exploring discourses, violence and everyday forms of survival as quotidian acts that attempt to challenge or mitigate such experiences. The analysis of resistance offers a possibility to bring the historical and sociological aspects of both peacebuilding and the case of the DRC, providing new nuanced understanding on these processes and the particular case. The book also makes a significant contribution to the theorisation of resistance in International Relations.

The Hidden Histories of War Crimes Trials

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ISBN: 9780199671144 Year: Pages: 464 DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199671144.001.0001 Language: English
Publisher: Oxford University Press Grant: OAPEN-UK
Subject: Law
Added to DOAB on : 2013-12-06 22:31:34
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Several instances of war crimes trials are familiar to all scholars, but in order to advance understanding of the development of international criminal law, it is important to provide a full range of evidence from less-familiar trials. This book therefore provides a comprehensive overview, uncovering and exploring some of the lesser-known war crimes trials that have taken place in a variety of contexts: international and domestic, northern and southern, historic and contemporary. It analyses these trials with a view to recognizing institutional innovations, clarifying doctrinal debates, and identifying their general relevance to contemporary international criminal law. At the same time, the book recognizes international criminal law's history of suppression or sublimation: What stories has the discipline refused to tell? What stories have been displaced by the ones it has told? Has international criminal law's framing or telling of these stories excluded other possibilities? And — perhaps most important of all — how can recovering the lost stories and imagining new narrative forms reconfigure the discipline?

Human Remains in Society

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Book Series: Human Remains and Violence ISBN: 9781526107381 9781526129338 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Manchester University Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 100901
Subject: Anthropology
Added to DOAB on : 2018-02-21 11:02:20
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Whether reburied, concealed, stored, abandoned or publicly displayed, human remains raise a vast number of questions regarding social, legal and ethical uses by communities, public institutions and civil society organisations. This book presents a ground-breaking account of the treatment and commemoration of dead bodies resulting from incidents of genocide and mass violence. Through a range of international case studies across multiple continents, it explores the effect of dead bodies or body parts on various political, cultural and religious practices. Multidisciplinary in scope, it will appeal to readers interested in this crucial phase of post-conflict reconciliation, including students and researchers of history, anthropology, sociology, archaeology, law, politics and modern warfare.

The Nuremberg War Crimes Trial and its Policy Consequences Today

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ISBN: 9783845280400 Year: Pages: 274 DOI: https://doi.org/10.5771/9783845280400 Language: English
Publisher: Nomos Verlagsgesellschaft mbH & Co. KG
Subject: Law --- History
Added to DOAB on : 2020-04-27 06:58:40

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Justice Robert H. Jackson, plenipotentiary for planning the Allies trial at the International Military Tribunal, called the trial “one of the most significant tributes ever paid by power to reason.” In Justice Jackson’s opening statement he made it clear that the trial at Nuremberg was to mark a new beginning in human history; that Nuremberg would serve to establish principles that could serve as benchmarks for all human behavior. This revised and extended Edition seeks to address both the short-term effects of the International Military Tribunal and the current impact that the trials have had on international law.The first section of the book contains essays which are written by leading scholars such as Christoph J.M. Safferling, looking at German participation in the Nuremberg Trials, to Winifried R. Garscha’s examination of Austrian War Crimes Trials and the concept of “Violation of Human Dignity.” This section will also include an examination of the influence of Nuremberg on the Tokyo War Crimes Trial.The second section of the book addresses the present-day impact of Nuremberg on international law. This section contains essays on selective justice, human rights litigation, the creation of hybrid tribunals, with new essays addressing sexual and gender-based violence in conflict zones, as well as new work on the Nuremberg Project, located at Harvard University.The hope for this volume is that the spirit of Nuremberg will be revived. In the words of Henry T. King, Jr., who was a young lawyer serving at the IMT, stated in the preface, “A better and more peaceful world based on justice is within our grasp,(…), we have a golden opportunity to build a more secure future for generations to come.”Richter Robert H. Jackson, Bevollmächtigter für die Planung des Prozesses der Alliierten vor dem Internationalen Militärtribunal, nannte den Prozess „one of the most significant tributes ever paid by power to reason“. In seiner Eröffnungsrede machte Jackson deutlich, dass der Nürnberger Prozess einen Neuanfang in der Menschheitsgeschichte markieren sollte; dass Nürnberg dazu dienen würde, Prinzipien zu etablieren, die als Maßstab für alles menschliche Verhalten dienen könnten. Diese überarbeitete Neuauflage befasst sich sowohl mit den kurzfristigen Auswirkungen des Internationalen Militärgerichtshofs als auch mit den aktuellen Auswirkungen der Prozesse auf das Völkerrecht.Der erste Teil des Buches enthält Aufsätze von führenden Wissenschaftlern wie Christoph J.M. Safferling über die deutsche Beteiligung an den Nürnberger Prozessen, zu Winifried R. Garschas Untersuchung der österreichischen Kriegsverbrecherprozesse und das Konzept der „Verletzung der Menschenwürde“. Außerdem wird der Einfluss Nürnbergs auf den Kriegsverbrecherprozess in Tokio untersucht.Der zweite Teil des Buches befasst sich mit den heutigen Auswirkungen Nürnbergs auf das Völkerrecht, mit Beiträgen über selektive Gerechtigkeit, Menschenrechtsstreitigkeiten, die Schaffung hybrider Tribunale. Neue Aufsätze beschäftigen sich mit sexueller und geschlechtsspezifischer Gewalt in Konfliktgebieten sowie mit dem Nürnberger Projekt an der Harvard University.Die Hoffnung für diesen Band ist, dass der Geist von Nürnberg wiederbelebt wird. In den Worten von Henry T. King, Jr., der als junger Anwalt am IMT tätig war, heißt es im Vorwort: „A better and more peaceful world based on justice is within our grasp (…), we have a golden opportunity to build a more secure future for generations to come.“

The First into the Dark

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9780648124238 Year: Pages: 352 DOI: 10.5130/aae Language: English
Publisher: UTS ePRESS
Subject: Medicine (General) --- Law --- Sociology --- Philosophy --- Education
Added to DOAB on : 2020-07-07 23:57:38
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"Under the Nazi regime a secret program of ‘euthanasia’ was undertaken against the sick and disabled. Known as the Krankenmorde (the murder of the sick) 300,000 people were killed. A further 400,000 were sterilised against their will. Many complicit doctors, nurses, soldiers and bureaucrats would then perpetrate the Holocaust. From eyewitness accounts, records and case files, The First into the Dark narrates a history of the victims, perpetrators, opponents to and witnesses of the Krankenmorde, and reveals deeper implications for contemporary society: moral values and ethical challenges in end of life decisions, reproduction and contemporary genetics, disability and human rights, and in remembrance and atonement for the past."

Serbische Vergangenheitsaufarbeitung

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Book Series: Global Studies ISBN: 9783837628500 9783839428504 Year: DOI: 10.14361/9783839428504 Language: German
Publisher: transcript Verlag Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 103341
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2018-03-30 11:01:59
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Muss ein Staat seine Untaten bereuen, um außenpolitische Legitimität zu erhalten? Was bedeutet es, Kriegsverbrechen aufzuarbeiten? Und wie agieren und kommunizieren Politiker, die unter internationalem Druck aufarbeiten müssen? Am Beispiel des serbischen Umgangs mit während der Jugoslawienkriege begangener Kriegsverbrechen sucht Daniela Mehler Erklärungen für Politikwandel und Ambivalenzen. Sie rekonstruiert die serbischen Aufarbeitungsdebatten vom Beginn der Jugoslawienkriege bis zur Verhaftung von Ratko Mladic und stellt die Positionen und Norminterpretationen der serbischen Akteure vor.

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