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Starting with the End in Mind by Developing Diagnostics around User Needs (Book chapter)

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ISBN: 9781498772938 Year: Pages: 14 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Subject: Medicine (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-17 11:46:28
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As discussed in this chapter, the commercialization and adoption bottlenecks for these moderately complex diagnostics cannot be overcome by technological innovation alone, particularly in the highly regulated and payer-limited healthcare and public health markets. Diagnostics, unlike other clinical products, is not an intervention but a decision-aid that guides the use (or nonuse) of an intervention. It is important that the value proposition for any technology-centric innovation in diagnostics include a strong link to a gained efficiency in making a specific decision. Any assay developed without context to the system, users, decision points, and downstream interventions resembles one that is more targeted to the research community, rather than clinical care or public health.

Nutzerorientierte Planung in Bürogebäuden mit Nachhaltigkeits-Zertifikaten

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ISBN: 9783731507765 Year: Pages: XIX, 251 p. DOI: 10.5445/KSP/1000081106 Language: GERMAN
Publisher: KIT Scientific Publishing
Subject: Physics (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-28 18:37:01
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The needs and behavior of building users often differ from the original expectations of building planners; especially in buildings with innovative building technologies. The aim of this study was to explore the design of user participation for certified office buildings, reveal influencing factors and recommend how success factors can be integrated into the German Assessment Scheme for Sustainable Buildings (BNB).

The Service User as a Partner in Social Work Projects and Education

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ISBN: 9783847409298 9783847405078 Year: Pages: 144 DOI: 10.3224/84740507 Language: English
Publisher: Verlag Barbara Budrich
Subject: Social and Public Welfare
Added to DOAB on : 2018-09-13 11:01:03
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To become a competent social worker it is essential to know the perspective of the service users. Therefore, service users are more and more included in field research projects and the instruction of social workers to-be. However, they are usually reduced to the role of informants and not actively taking part as co-partners. For the first time, this anthology gives an overview of courses in which service users and students share their experiences and work together on the same level using gapmending methods. The applications and evaluations of these courses in different European countries are discussed in this volume.

Intertwingled: The Work and Influence of Ted Nelson

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Book Series: History of Computing ISSN: 21906831 ISBN: 9783319169248 9783319169255 Year: Pages: 150 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-16925-5 Language: English
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan
Subject: Computer Science
Added to DOAB on : 2016-04-22 16:50:48
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This engaging volume celebrates the life and work of Theodor Holm “Ted” Nelson, a pioneer and legendary figure from the history of early computing. Presenting contributions from world-renowned computer scientists and figures from the media industry, the book delves into hypertext, the docuverse, Xanadu and other products of Ted Nelson’s unique mind. Features: includes a cartoon and a sequence of poems created in Nelson’s honor, reflecting his wide-ranging and interdisciplinary intellect; presents peer histories, providing a sense of the milieu that resulted from Nelson’s ideas; contains personal accounts revealing what it is like to collaborate directly with Nelson; describes Nelson’s legacy from the perspective of his contemporaries from the computing world; provides a contribution from Ted Nelson himself. With a broad appeal spanning computer scientists, science historians and the general reader, this inspiring collection reveals the continuing influence of the original visionary of the World Wide Web.

Autonomous Driving: Technical, Legal and Social Aspects

Authors: --- --- ---
ISBN: 9783662488454 9783662488478 Year: Pages: 706 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-662-48847-8 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Transportation
Added to DOAB on : 2017-02-21 14:37:55
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This book takes a look at fully automated, autonomous vehicles and discusses many open questions: How can autonomous vehicles be integrated into the current transportation system with diverse users and human drivers? Where do automated vehicles fall under current legal frameworks? What risks are associated with automation and how will society respond to these risks? How will the marketplace react to automated vehicles and what changes may be necessary for companies?Experts from Germany and the United States define key societal, engineering, and mobility issues related to the automation of vehicles. They discuss the decisions programmers of automated vehicles must make to enable vehicles to perceive their environment, interact with other road users, and choose actions that may have ethical consequences. The authors further identify expectations and concerns that will form the basis for individual and societal acceptance of autonomous driving. While the safety benefits of such vehicles are tremendous, the authors demonstrate that these benefits will only be achieved if vehicles have an appropriate safety concept at the heart of their design. Realizing the potential of automated vehicles to reorganize traffic and transform mobility of people and goods requires similar care in the design of vehicles and networks. By covering all of these topics, the book aims to provide a current, comprehensive, and scientifically sound treatmentof the emerging field of “autonomous driving".

Computation and the Humanities: Towards an Oral History of Digital Humanities

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Book Series: Springer Series on Cultural Computing ISSN: 2195-9056 ISBN: 9783319201696 9783319201702 Year: Pages: 285 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-20170-2 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Arts in general --- Computer Science
Added to DOAB on : 2017-03-02 09:53:09
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This book addresses the application of computing to cultural heritage and the discipline of Digital Humanities that formed around it. Digital Humanities research is transforming how the Human record can be transmitted, shaped, understood, questioned and imagined and it has been ongoing for more than 70 years. However, we have no comprehensive histories of its research trajectory or its disciplinary development. The authors make a first contribution towards remedying this by uncovering, documenting, and analysing a number of the social, intellectual and creative processes that helped to shape this research from the 1950s until the present day.By taking an oral history approach, this book explores questions like, among others, researchers’ earliest memories of encountering computers and the factors that subsequently prompted them to use the computer in Humanities research.Computation and the Humanities will be an essential read for cultural and computing historians, digital humanists and those interested in developments like the digitisation of cultural heritage and artefacts.

Chapter: 'MOOC Design Workshop: Educational Innovation with Empathy and Intent' from book: Adaptive and Adaptable Learning: 11th European Conference on Technology Enhanced Learning, EC-TEL 2016, Lyon, France, September 13-16, 2016, Proceedings (Book chapter)

Authors: --- --- ---
Book Series: Lecture Notes in Computer Science ISSN: 0302-9743 / 1611-3349 ISBN: 9783319451527 9783319451534 Year: Pages: 6 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-45153-4_42 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Education
Added to DOAB on : 2017-11-27 16:59:10
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For the last two years we have been running a series of successful MOOC design workshops. These workshops build on previous work in learning design and MOOC design patterns. The aim of these workshops is to aid practitioners in defining and conceptualising educational innovations (predominantly, but not exclusively MOOCs) which are based on an empathic user-centered view of the target learners and teachers. In this paper, we share the main principles, patterns and resources of our workshops and present some initial results for their effectiveness.

Interdisciplinary Insights for Digital Touch Communication

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
Book Series: Human–Computer Interaction Series ISBN: 9783030245641 Year: Pages: 131 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-24564-1 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Computer Science --- Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-04 11:21:15
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Communication is increasingly moving beyond ‘ways of seeing’ to ‘ways of feeling’. This Open Access book provides social design insights and implications for HCI research and design exploring digitally mediated touch communication. It offers a socially orientated map to help navigate the complex social landscape of digitally mediated touch for communication: from everyday touch-screens, tangibles, wearables, haptics for virtual reality, to the tactile internet of skin. Drawing on literature reviews, new case-study vignettes, and exemplars of digital touch, the book examines the major social debates provoked by digital touch, and investigates social themes central to the communicative potential and societal consequences of digital touch: · Communication environments, capacities and practices · Norms associations and expectations · Presence, absence and connection · Social imaginaries of digital touch · Digital touch ethics and values The book concludes with a discussion of the significance of social understanding and methods in the context of Interdisciplinary collaborations to explore touch, towards the design of digital touch communication, ‘ways of feeling’, that are useable, appropriate, ethical and socially aware.

Handbook of Vascular Biometrics

Authors: --- --- ---
Book Series: Advances in Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition ISBN: 9783030277314 Year: Pages: 533 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-27731-4 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Computer Science
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-04 11:21:15
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This open access handbook provides the first comprehensive overview of biometrics exploiting the shape of human blood vessels for biometric recognition, i.e. vascular biometrics, including finger vein recognition, hand/palm vein recognition, retina recognition, and sclera recognition. After an introductory chapter summarizing the state of the art in and availability of commercial systems and open datasets/open source software, individual chapters focus on specific aspects of one of the biometric modalities, including questions of usability, security, and privacy. The book features contributions from both academia and major industrial manufacturers.

Cognitive Supervision for Robot-Assisted Minimally Invasive Laser Surgery

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Book Series: Springer Theses ISSN: 2190-5053 ISBN: 9783319303291 9783319303307 Year: Pages: 99 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-30330-7 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Medical technology
Added to DOAB on : 2016-12-20 12:03:50
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This thesis lays the groundwork for the automatic supervision of the laser incision process, which aims to complement surgeons’ perception of the state of tissues and enhance their control over laser incisions. The research problem is formulated as the estimation of variables that are representative of the state of tissues during laser cutting. Prior research in this area leveraged numerical computation methods that bear a high computational cost and are not straightforward to use in a surgical setting. This book proposes a novel solution to this problem, using models inspired by the ability of experienced surgeons to perform precise and clean laser cutting. It shows that these new models, which were extracted from experimental data using statistical learning techniques, are straightforward to use in a surgical setup, allowing greater precision in laser-based surgical procedures.

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