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PAIN - Novel targets and new technologies

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Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889193943 Year: Pages: 95 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88919-394-3 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Therapeutics --- Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2015-12-03 13:02:24
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The problem of clinical pain management is complex and far-reaching, as it encompasses many different types of pain, such as arthritis, musculoskeletal conditions, neuropathic pain, and visceral pain. It is widely known that many of the well-established analgesic pathways are centrally based, involving spinal and supraspinal sites. However, pain can also be effectively controlled by peripheral pathways. The analgesics market is growing and the driving forces are the aging population and need for better therapeutic benefits. There are various analgesic products that are available that can be administered by various routes, yet research is active in identifying new technologies for better drug targeting and novel targets to gain improved therapeutic efficiency. This e-Book "PAIN - Novel targets and new technologies" has brought together experts in the field of pain at the physiological, pharmacological and pharmaceutical levels to discuss novel pain targets and new pain technologies across the various types of pain. This information is presented as novel research findings, short communications and review articles. The goal of this e-Book is to generate further collaborative discussion on the future and direction of pain therapies.

An Updated View on an Emerging Target: Selected Papers from the 8th International Conference on Protein Kinase CK2

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ISBN: 9783038424130 9783038424123 Year: Pages: 320 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03842-413-0 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Medicine (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2017-07-12 07:57:21
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The 8th International Conference on Protein Kinase CK2 (www.uks.eu/ck2), organized by Matthias Montenarh and Claudia Götz, will be held at the Faculty of Medicine of Saarland University, in Homburg, Germany, from 6–9 September, 2016.Protein kinase CK2 is a serine/threonine kinase, which is highly conserved in evolution. Knock-out experiments have shown that this enzyme is absolutely necessary for cell viability. The enzyme is highly expressed in rapidly proliferating cells, which goes along with an elevated enzyme activity. Protein kinase CK2 is involved in a broad range of signaling pathways, regulating proliferation, differentiation, apoptosis, or senescence. Recent advances towards the characterization of the three-dimensional structure of protein kinase CK2 and its subunits will undoubtedly yield important new insights into its regulation, and the functions of CK2. Moreover, with two inhibitors of the enzyme presently in clinical phase II trials, human protein kinase CK2 has appeared as an emerging target for cancer diseases.

Kidney Inflammation, Injury and Regeneration

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ISBN: 9783039285389 / 9783039285396 Year: Pages: 496 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03928-539-6 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Medicine (General) --- Internal medicine
Added to DOAB on : 2020-06-09 16:38:57
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Acute kidney injury (AKI) is still associated with high morbidity and mortality incidence rates, and also bears an elevated risk of subsequent chronic kidney disease. Although the kidney has a remarkable capacity for regeneration after injury and may recover completely depending on the type of renal lesions, the options for clinical intervention are restricted to fluid management and extracorporeal kidney support. The development of novel therapies to prevent AKI, to improve renal regeneration capacity after AKI, and to preserve renal function is urgently needed. The Special Issue covers research articles that investigated the molecular mechanisms of inflammation and injury during different renal pathologies, renal regeneration, diagnostics using new biomarkers, and the effects of different stimuli like medication or bacterial components on isolated renal cells or in vivo models. The Special Issue contains important reviews that consider the current knowledge of cell death and regeneration, inflammation, and the molecular mechanisms of kidney diseases. In addition, the potential of cell-based therapy approaches that use mesenchymal stromal/stem cells or their derivates is summarized. This edition is complemented by reviews that deal with the current data situation on other specific topics like diabetes and diabetic nephropathy or new therapeutic targets.

Keywords

kidney injury --- alport syndrome --- modifier gene --- nephrin --- podocin --- glomerular basement membrane --- slit diaphragm --- focal segmental glomerulosclerosis --- inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) --- DSS-colitis --- glomerular filtration barrier (GFB) --- type IV collagen --- type I collagen --- type V collagen --- genotype --- IL-18 --- polymorphism --- renal cell carcinoma --- Taiwan --- mesenchymal stem cells --- acute and chronic kidney disease --- exosome --- natural products --- non-coding RNAs --- microRNAs --- long non-coding RNAs --- renal fibrosis --- biomarkers --- therapeutics targets --- rhabdomyolysis --- pigment nephropathy --- haem --- NLRP3 inflammasome --- acute kidney injury --- hypertension --- kidney --- molecular signaling --- hematuria --- inflammation --- oxidative stress --- tubular injury --- AKI --- chronic kidney disease (CKD) --- mesenchymal stromal cells --- extracellular vesicles --- acute kidney injury --- modified-MSCs --- microRNA --- mesenchymal stem cell --- mesodermal stem cell --- renal ischemia-reperfusion --- inflammation --- kidney transplantation --- microRNA --- extracellular vesicles --- exosomes --- B-cell attracting chemokine --- CXCL13 --- kidney transplantation --- allograft rejection --- T cell-mediated rejection --- diabetic nephropathy --- lysophosphatidic acid --- lysophosphatidic acid receptor --- chronic kidney injury --- kidney proximal tubule --- acute kidney failure --- signal transduction --- transcription --- CREB Regulated Transcriptional Coactivators (CRTC) --- cAMP Regulatory Element Binding Protein (CREB) --- Salt Inducible Kinase (SIK) --- Class IIa Histone Deacetylases (HDAC) --- lncRNA --- long non-coding RNA --- miRNA --- kidney --- glomerulus --- podocyte --- acute kidney injury --- AKI --- diabetic nephropathy --- diabetic kidney disease --- diabetic nephropathy --- inflammation --- signaling cascade --- ischemia-reperfusion --- acute kidney injury --- stem cell --- conditioned medium --- inflammation --- apoptosis --- necrosis --- regulated necrosis --- kidney injury --- tubular injury --- glomerular injury --- polyunsaturated fatty acids --- omega-3 fatty acid --- inflammatory maker --- C-reactive protein --- interleukin-6 --- LPS-binding protein --- fibrosis --- pericyte --- myofibroblast --- endotoxemia-induced oliguric kidney injury --- arachidonic acid --- cyclooxygenase --- lipoxygenase --- cytochrome P450 --- kidney inflammation --- therapeutic target --- obese kidney fibrosis --- endotoxemia --- ROS --- cPLA2 and COX-2 --- IgA nephropathy --- KIT assay --- KIT-IgA score --- noninvasive --- diagnostics --- prediction --- diabetic kidney diseases --- xanthine oxidase --- glomerular damage --- acute kidney injury --- chronic kidney disease --- renal progenitors --- polyploidization --- diabetic nephropathy --- diabetes mellitus --- GLP-1 receptor agonists --- SGLT2 inhibitors --- molecular mechanisms --- chemerin --- CmklR1 --- 2-kidney-1-clip --- 2k1c --- Thy1.1 nephritis --- renovascular hypertension --- renal inflammation --- renal injury --- renal fibrosis --- inflammation --- ischemia/reperfusion injury --- Farnesiferol B --- Nuclear Factor kappa-light-chain-enhancer of activated B cells (NF-?B) --- G-protein-coupled bile acid receptor (TGR5) --- renal stem cells --- differentiation --- scattered tubular cells --- papilla --- niches --- renal tubular cells --- epithelial cells --- proximal tubule --- cytotoxicity --- injury --- inflammation --- empagliflozin --- dapagliflozin --- kidney --- n/a

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