Search results: Found 2

Listing 1 - 2 of 2
Sort by
Science Policy under Thatcher

Author:
ISBN: 9781787353411 Year: Pages: 304 DOI: 10.14324/111.9781787353411 Language: English
Publisher: UCL Press
Subject: Science (General) --- History --- Social Sciences --- Arts in general --- Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-03 11:21:05
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

Margaret Thatcher was prime minister from 1979 to 1990, during which time her Conservative administration transformed the political landscape of Britain. Science Policy under Thatcher is the first book to examine systematically the interplay of science and government under her leadership. Thatcher was a working scientist before she became a professional politician, and she maintained a close watch on science matters as prime minister. Scientific knowledge and advice were important to many urgent issues of the 1980s, from late Cold War questions of defence to emerging environmental problems such as acid rain and climate change. Drawing on newly released primary sources, Jon Agar explores how Thatcher worked with and occasionally against the structures of scientific advice, as the scientific aspects of such issues were balanced or conflicted with other demands and values. To what extent, for example, was the freedom of the individual scientist to choose research projects balanced against the desire to secure more commercial applications? What was Thatcher’s stance towards European scientific collaboration and commitments? How did cuts in public expenditure affect the publicly funded research and teaching of universities? In weaving together numerous topics, including AIDS and bioethics, the nuclear industry and strategic defence, Agar adds to the picture we have of Thatcher and her radically Conservative agenda, and argues that the science policy devised under her leadership, not least in relation to industrial strategy, had a prolonged influence on the culture of British science.

Entre convictions et obligations : Les gouvernements Thatcher et Major face au Système monétaire européen 1979-1997

Author:
ISBN: 9782878549058 Language: French
Publisher: Presses Sorbonne Nouvelle
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-06 13:15:41
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

Le Système monétaire européen (SME) fut instauré en décembre 1978, au cœur d'une période de tourmente monétaire et de marasme économique, afin d'assurer une certaine stabilité des taux de change et de faciliter les échanges, la croissance et l'emploi en Europe. Les relations que le Royaume-Uni a entretenues avec ce système sont atypiques, puisque la livre ne fut intégrée au mécanisme de change du SME que tardivement et temporairement, d'octobre 1990 à septembre 1992. L'analyse révèle des contradictions permanentes. Les décisions des gouvernements Thatcher et Major ont contredit les professions de foi gouvernementales qui les précédaient et n'ont pas parues justifiées par les contextes économiques dans lesquels elles furent prises. En suivant les événements dans leur ordre chronologique, cet ouvrage explore les décisions relatives à la participation de la livre au mécanisme de change du SME, pour déterminer ce qui relève de choix indépendants et ce qui procède d'obligations, économiques ou politiques, qu'elles aient été intérieures ou extérieures. Il tente ainsi d'identifier, au-delà de l'impression dominante de pragmatisme, une idéologie consciente et spécifique qui aurait pu guider les gouvernements Thatcher et Major.

Listing 1 - 2 of 2
Sort by
Narrow your search

Publisher

Presses Sorbonne Nouvelle (1)

UCL Press (1)


License

CC by (1)

OpenEdition Licence for Books (1)


Language

english (1)

french (1)


Year
From To Submit

2019 (1)