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Forensic Genetics in the Governance of Crime

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ISBN: 9789811524295 Year: Pages: 114 DOI: 10.1007/978-981-15-2429-5 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Social Sciences --- Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2020-01-29 11:21:03
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This open access book uses a critical sociological perspective to explore contemporary ways of reformulating the governance of crime through genetics. Through the lens of scientific knowledge and genetic technology, Machado and Granja offer a unique perspective on current trends in crime governance. They explore the place and role of genetics in criminal justice systems, and show how classical and contemporary social theory can help address challenges posed by social processes and interactions generated by the uses, meanings, and expectations attributed to genetics in the governance of crime. Cutting-edge methods and research techniques are also integrated to address crucial aspects of this social reality. Finally, the authors examine new challenges emerging from recent paradigm shifts within forensic genetics, moving away from the construction of evidence as presented in court to the production of intelligence guiding criminal investigations.

Interdisciplinary Insights for Digital Touch Communication

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
Book Series: Human–Computer Interaction Series ISBN: 9783030245641 Year: Pages: 131 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-24564-1 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Computer Science --- Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-04 11:21:15
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Communication is increasingly moving beyond ‘ways of seeing’ to ‘ways of feeling’. This Open Access book provides social design insights and implications for HCI research and design exploring digitally mediated touch communication. It offers a socially orientated map to help navigate the complex social landscape of digitally mediated touch for communication: from everyday touch-screens, tangibles, wearables, haptics for virtual reality, to the tactile internet of skin. Drawing on literature reviews, new case-study vignettes, and exemplars of digital touch, the book examines the major social debates provoked by digital touch, and investigates social themes central to the communicative potential and societal consequences of digital touch: · Communication environments, capacities and practices · Norms associations and expectations · Presence, absence and connection · Social imaginaries of digital touch · Digital touch ethics and values The book concludes with a discussion of the significance of social understanding and methods in the context of Interdisciplinary collaborations to explore touch, towards the design of digital touch communication, ‘ways of feeling’, that are useable, appropriate, ethical and socially aware.

Survey-Welten

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Book Series: Soziologie der Konventionen ISBN: 9783658254377 Year: Pages: 477 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-658-25437-7 Language: German
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-04 11:21:21
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Die Open-Access-Studie nimmt eine plurale Perspektive auf Survey-Qualität ein und untersucht empirisch unterschiedliche Logiken der Survey-Produktion. Wie aufgezeigt wird, gehen die vier identifizierten Survey-Welten mit unterschiedlichen Koordinationsprozessen und Qualitätskonventionen einher. Survey-Qualität wird dabei auf einer pragmatischen Basis im Hinblick auf unterschiedliche Nutzungskontexte von statistischen Daten konzipiert. Durch die Verknüpfung der Qualitätsthematik mit der praktischen Organisation des Produktionsprozesses von surveybasierten Daten wird eine engere Verbindung zwischen den Arbeiten der normativen Survey-Methodologie und den Herausforderungen der empirischen Survey-Praxis angestrebt. Die Arbeit präsentiert die Pluralität der Praxisformen von Umfragen, sie identifiziert die Vielfalt der Qualitätskriterien und sie leistet eine konzeptionelle Grundlage für reflexives Survey-Management. Der Inhalt Perspektiven auf Survey-Qualität ● Die erweiterte Perspektive der Economie des conventions ● Methodologische Grundlegung und methodisches Vorgehen ● Die vier Survey-Welten im Überblick ● Survey-Projekte aus einer survey-weltlichen Perspektive ● Eine vertiefte survey-weltliche Perspektive auf Surveys ● Skizze einer Systematisierung von Relationen zwischen Regimen des Engagements und Rechtfertigungsordnungen Der Autor Dr. Raphael Vogel war bis Juni 2018 Mitarbeiter am Soziologischen Seminar der Universität Luzern.

The Everyday Life of an Algorithm

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ISBN: 9783030005788 Year: Pages: 151 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-00578-8 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Computer Science --- Philosophy --- Sociology --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-05 11:21:13
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This open access book begins with an algorithm–a set of IF…THEN rules used in the development of a new, ethical, video surveillance architecture for transport hubs. Readers are invited to follow the algorithm over three years, charting its everyday life. Questions of ethics, transparency, accountability and market value must be grasped by the algorithm in a series of ever more demanding forms of experimentation. Here the algorithm must prove its ability to get a grip on everyday life if it is to become an ordinary feature of the settings where it is being put to work. Through investigating the everyday life of the algorithm, the book opens a conversation with existing social science research that tends to focus on the power and opacity of algorithms. In this book we have unique access to the algorithm’s design, development and testing, but can also bear witness to its fragility and dependency on others.

Engineering a Better Future

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9783319911342 Year: Pages: 200 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-91134-2 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Agriculture (General) --- Business and Management --- Education --- Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-05 11:21:15
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This open access book examines how the social sciences can be integrated into the praxis of engineering and science, presenting unique perspectives on the interplay between engineering and social science. Motivated by the report by the Commission on Humanities and Social Sciences of the American Association of Arts and Sciences, which emphasizes the importance of social sciences and Humanities in technical fields, the essays and papers collected in this book were presented at the NSF-funded workshop ‘Engineering a Better Future: Interplay between Engineering, Social Sciences and Innovation’, which brought together a singular collection of people, topics and disciplines. The book is split into three parts: A. Meeting at the Middle: Challenges to educating at the boundaries covers experiments in combining engineering education and the social sciences; B. Engineers Shaping Human Affairs: Investigating the interaction between social sciences and engineering, including the cult of innovation, politics of engineering, engineering design and future of societies; and C. Engineering the Engineers: Investigates thinking about design with papers on the art and science of science and engineering practice.

European E-Democracy in Practice

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Book Series: Studies in Digital Politics and Governance ISBN: 9783030271848 Year: Pages: 359 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-27184-8 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Computer Science --- Political Science --- Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-05 11:21:16
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This open access book explores how digital tools and social media technologies can contribute to better participation and involvement of EU citizens in European politics. By analyzing selected representative e-participation projects at the local, national and European governmental levels, it identifies the preconditions, best practices and shortcomings of e-participation practices in connection with EU decision-making procedures and institutions. The book features case studies on parliamentary monitoring, e-voting practices, and e-publics, and offers recommendations for improving the integration of e-democracy in European politics and governance. Accordingly, it will appeal to scholars as well as practitioners interested in identifying suitable e-participation tools for European institutions and thus helps to reduce the EU’s current democratic deficit. This book is a continuation of the book “Electronic Democracy in Europe” published by Springer.

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