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Goethe’s Faust and the Divan of Ḥāfiẓ. Body and Soul in Pursuit of Knowledge and Beauty

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ISBN: 9783110661576 Year: Pages: 353 DOI: 10.1515/9783110661576 Language: English
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2019-11-06 16:06:17
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This book explores the poetic articulations of a shift from a transcendent to an immanent worldview, as reflected in the manner of evaluation of body and soul in Goethe’s Faust and Ḥāfiẓ’ Divan. Focusing on two lifeworks that illustrate their authors’ respective intellectual histories, this cross-genre study goes beyond the textual confines of the two poets’ Divans to compare important building blocks of their intellectual worlds.

The Journeys of a Taymiyyan Sufi

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Book Series: Studies on Sufism ISBN: 9789004377554 Year: Pages: 321 DOI: 10.1163/9789004377554 Language: English
Publisher: Brill Grant: Nederlandse Organisatie voor Wetenschappelijk Onderzoek
Subject: Religion
Added to DOAB on : 2020-10-14 00:03:48
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The Journeys of a Taymiyyan Sufi explores the life and teachings of ʿImād al-Dīn Aḥmad al-Wāsiṭī (d. 711/1311), a little-known Ḥanbalī Sufi master from the circle of Ibn Taymiyya (d. 728/1328). The first part of this book follows al-Wāsiṭī’s physical journey in search of spiritual guidance through a critical study of his autobiographical writings. This provides unique insights into the Rifāʿiyya, the Shādhiliyya, and the school of Ibn ʿArabī, several manifestations of Sufism that he encountered as he travelled from Wāsiṭ to Baghdad, Alexandria, and Cairo. Part I closes with his final destination, Damascus, where his membership of Ibn Taymiyya’s circle and his role as a Sufi teacher is closely examined. The second part focuses on al-Wāsiṭī’s spiritual journey through a study of his Sufi writings, which convey the distinct type of traditionalist Sufism that he taught in early eighth/fourteenth-century Damascus. Besides providing an overview of the spiritual path unto God from beginning to end as he formulated it, this reveals an exceptional interplay between Sufi theory and traditionalist theology.

Witness to Marvels

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ISBN: 9780520973688 9780520306332 Year: Pages: 337 DOI: 10.1525/luminos.76 Language: English
Publisher: University of California Press
Subject: Religion --- History
Added to DOAB on : 2019-09-20 11:21:03
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Witness to Marvels traces the development of a unique genre of Sufi-inspired Bengali romances called pir kathas, whose protagonists and plots are wholly fictive. For five centuries these fabulations have parodied indigenous and Hindu textual traditions. Both mimicking and mocking, these parodies adopted a subjunctive tone, exploring a magical world of ‘what-if’. They created an Islam-inflected space within a traditional Bengali cultural environment without trying to legislate what ideally ‘should be’ according to tropes common to Islamic history, theology, and law. The tales’ discursive arena, the imaginaire, delineated the realm of possibility for how these tales might exercise the imagination to integrate Hindu and Islamic cosmologies. Tales insinuated themselves into locally relevant discourses through elaborate intertextual connections, subtly shifting presuppositions about the way the world works and what counts as religious authority. As Allah looked on from heaven, the tales routinely assigned Sufi saints, both pirs and bibis, to the pivotal role of avatar, the periodic descent of divinity, equating them to the Hindu god Narayan. Adopting a semiotic strategy to interpret these tales yields a bold new perspective on the subtle ways Islam assumed its distinctive form in Bengal and suggests how we need to reimagine conversion in this region.

Keywords

avatar --- Bengali --- conversion --- katha --- Hindu --- Islam --- imaginaire --- imagination --- parody --- pir --- romance --- saint --- semiotics --- subjunctive --- Sufi

Realizing Islam

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ISBN: 9781469660844 9781469660844 Year: Pages: 307 DOI: 10.5149/9781469660844_Wright Language: English
Publisher: The University of North Carolina Press Grant: Andrew W. Mellon Foundation
Subject: Religion --- History --- Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2020-07-29 23:59:00
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The Tijaniyya is the largest Sufi order in West and North Africa. In this unprecedented analysis of the Tijaniyya's origins and development in the late eighteenth century, Zachary Valentine Wright situates the order within the broader intellectual history of Islam in the early modern period. Introducing the group's founder, Ahmad al-Tijani (1737 - 1815), Wright focuses on the wider network in which al-Tijani traveled, revealing it as a veritable global Islamic revival whose scholars commanded large followings, shared key ideas, and produced literature read widely throughout the Muslim world. They were linked through chains of knowledge transmission from which emerged vibrant discourses of renewal in the face of perceived social and political corruption. Wright argues that this constellation of remarkable Muslim intellectuals, despite the uncertainly of the age, promoted personal verification in religious learning. With distinctive concern for the notions of human actualization and a universal human condition, the Tijaniyya emphasized the importance of the realization of Muslim identity. Since its beginnings in North Africa in the eighteenth century, the Tijaniyya has quietly expanded its influence beyond Africa, with significant populations in the Middle East, Southeast Asia, and North America.

Application of the China Meteorological Assimilation Driving Datasets for the SWAT Model (CMADS) in East Asia

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ISBN: 9783039212354 9783039212361 Year: Pages: 384 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-236-1 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Science (General) --- Geography
Added to DOAB on : 2019-08-28 11:21:27
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To promote scientific understanding of surface processes in East Asia, we have published details of the CMADS dataset in the journal, Water, and expect that users around the world will learn about CMADS datasets while promoting the development of hydrometeorological disciplines in East Asia. We hope and firmly believe that scientific development in East Asia and our understanding of this typical region will be further advanced.

Keywords

East Asia --- CMADS --- meteorological input uncertainty --- hydrological modelling --- SWAT --- non-point source pollution models --- CMADS --- Qinghai-Tibet Plateau (TP) --- SWAT --- CFSR --- TRMM --- PERSIANN --- PERSIANN-CDR --- CMADS --- satellite-derived rainfall --- streamflow simulation --- SWAT --- Han River --- GLUE --- hydrological model --- ParaSol --- SUFI2 --- uncertainty analysis --- SWAT model --- CMADS --- Lijiang River --- runoff --- uncertainty analysis --- hydrological elements --- statistical analysis --- SWAT --- CMADS --- climate variability --- land use change --- streamflow --- potential evapotranspiration --- Penman-Monteith --- CMADS --- China --- CMADS dataset --- parameter sensitivity --- SUFI-2 --- Yellow River --- reanalysis products --- satellite-based products --- hydrological model --- bayesian model averaging --- Xiang River basin --- total nitrogen --- accumulation --- SWAT model --- CMADS --- Biliuhe reservoir --- CMADS --- SWAT --- East Asia --- meteorological --- hydrological --- precipitation --- TMPA-3B42V7 --- CMADS --- hydrologic model --- uncertainty --- reservoirs --- operation rule --- Noah LSM-HMS --- capacity distribution --- aggregated reservoir --- CMADS --- CMADS --- IMERG --- statistical analysis --- SWAT hydrological simulation --- Jinsha River Basin --- blue and green water flows --- climate variability --- sensitivity analysis --- Erhai Lake Basin --- CMADS --- SWAT --- JBR --- soil moisture --- hydrological processes --- spatio-temporal --- sloping black soil farmland --- soil moisture content --- freeze–thaw period --- soil temperature --- CMADS-ST --- reservoir parameters --- runoff --- CMADS --- SWAT --- Yalong River --- CMADS --- impact --- hydrological modeling --- SWAT --- runoff --- sediment yield --- land-use change --- SWAT --- CMADS

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