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Chapter 4 The epistemic status of scientific visualisations (Book chapter)

Book title: Visual Representations in Science

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Book Series: History and Philosophy of Technoscience ISBN: 9781138089938 9781315108902 Year: Pages: 126 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:34:34

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As the considerations in the previous chapter made clear, visual representations are, without doubt, part of many epistemic processes in contemporary science. Scientists present diagrams in their publications and talks to communicate their research results. They investigate computer-generated images as substitutes for research objects. Drawings in textbooks are used to educate novices, to introduce them to a new field of knowledge and so on. Moreover, it was pointed out that in quite a few instances images might also be used for non-epistemic purposes, for example to gain the attention of a particular audience

The Legal status of ḏimmī-s in the Islamic West

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9782503548548 9782503548890 Year: Pages: 416 DOI: 10.1484/M.RELMIN-EB.6.09070802050003050408050408 Language: English
Publisher: Brepols Grant: FP7 Ideas: European Research Council - 249416
Subject: Religion
Added to DOAB on : 2018-03-01 11:01:52
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The first monograph devoted to the legal status of religious minorities status accorded to dimmī-s ( Jews and Christians) in the Muslim law in the medieval Muslim west (the Maghreb and Muslim Spain). The articles in this volume provide numerous examples of the richness and complexity of interreligious relations in Medieval Islam and the reactions of jurists to those relations. The studies brought together in this volume provide an important contribution to the history of ḏimmī-s in the medieval dār al-islām, and more generally to the legal history of religious minorities in medieval societies. The central question addressed is the legal status accorded to ḏimmī-s (Jews and Christians) in the Muslim law in the medieval Muslim west (the Maghreb and Muslim Spain). The scholars whose work is brought together in these pages have dealt with a rich and complex variety of legal sources. Many of the texts are from the Mālikī legal tradition; they include fiqh, fatwā-s, ḥisba manuals. These texts function as the building blocks of the legal framework in which jurists and rulers of Maghrebi and Peninsular societies worked. The very richness and complexity of these texts, as well as the variety of responses that they solicited, refute the textbook idea of a monolithic ḏimmī system, supposedly based on the Pact of ‘Umar, applied throughout the Muslim world. In fact when one looks closely at the early legal texts or chronicles from both the Mashreq and the Maghreb, there is little evidence for a standard, uniform ḏimmī system, but rather a wide variety of local adaptations. The articles in this volume provide numerous examples of the richness and complexity of interreligious relations in Medieval Islam and the reactions of jurists to those relations.

Fabrique de la déclamation antique : Controverses et suasoires

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9782356681812 DOI: 10.4000/books.momeditions.863 Language: French
Publisher: MOM Éditions
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-06 13:15:38
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Née dans un cadre scolaire, conçue à l’origine comme un instrument de formation et d’instruction de la jeunesse, la déclamation, qui n’était d’abord qu’un moyen, suscita un tel engouement qu'elle devint aussi très vite une fin en soi : si l’on déclamait au départ pour apprendre à parler, on déclamera bientôt pour le plaisir de déclamer ; le genre oscille donc entre instruction et distraction des élites. Par les jeux intertextuels et génériques qu'elle instaure avec d’autres productions littéraires, par les liens qu'elle tisse avec son contexte juridique, politique et social, la déclamation a été un élément essentiel de la vie culturelle antique, fonctionnant parfois comme une sorte de laboratoire des idées et des formes. Les textes ici réunis prennent en compte la déclamation antique, aussi bien grecque que latine, de Sénèque le Père jusqu’aux déclamateurs de la Troisième Sophistique, et au-delà, dans une perspective croisée permettant de mieux comprendre comment la déclamation a pu être – et rester – pendant près de deux millénaires la norme de toute culture supérieure, concourant à la transmission des valeurs, esthétiques, éthiques, juridiques, politiques, et à la fabrique des élites.

Le nombre de musiciens « Rmistes »

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ISBN: 9782111398269 Language: French
Publisher: Département des études, de la prospective et des statistiques
Subject: Business and Management
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-12 11:49:50
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Il n’est pas possible de connaître précisément le nombre de musiciens bénéficiaires du RMI (et par là même, son évolution numérique précise), du fait du mode d’attribution du RMI : ce dernier est en effet attribué selon des critères d’estimation de ressources globales du foyer et non selon des critères individuels d’ordre professionnel. Concrètement, l’activité professionnelle des allocataires RMI n’apparaît jamais dans les statistiques produites par la Caisse nationale d’allocations familiales. Une approche quantitative est toutefois possible grâce aux données de l’ANPE, seul fichier national où figurent à la fois le métier de référence de la personne et son statut d’allocataire RMI, mais tous les allocataires du RMI ne sont pas inscrits à l’ANPE, donc le comptage que permet l’ANPE n’est pas exhaustif. Il s’agit de la profession artistique du spectacle numériquement la plus représentée et celle dont les effectifs ont le plus augmenté au cours des dernières années. La précarisation des situations individuelles moyennes des musiciens (au titre de leur activité artistique d’intermittent) est importante. Les musiciens constituent aussi la première catégorie (en effectifs) parmi les demandeurs d’emploi des métiers du spectacle.

Housing Estates in Europe

Authors: --- ---
Book Series: The Unknown Nineteenth Century ISBN: 9783319928135 9783319928128 Year: Pages: 429 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-92813-5 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature Grant: FP7 Ideas: European Research Council - 615159
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-03-22 11:21:09
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This open access book explores the formation and socio-spatial trajectories of large housing estates in Europe. Are these estates clustered or scattered? Which social groups originally had access to residential space in housing estates? What is the size, scale and geography of housing estates, their architectural and built environment composition, services and neighbourhood amenities, and metropolitan connectivity? How do housing estates contribute to the urban mosaic of neighborhoods by ethnic and socio-economic status? What types of policies and planning initiatives have been implemented in order to prevent the social downgrading of housing estates?&#xD;&#xD;The collection of chapters in this book addresses these questions from a new perspective previously unexplored in scholarly literature. The social aspects of housing estates are thoroughly investigated (including socio-demographic and economic characteristics of current and past inhabitants; ethnicity and segregation patterns; population dynamics; etc.), and the physical composition of housing estates is described in significant detail (including building materials; building form; architectural and landscape design; built environment characteristics; etc.). This book is timely because the recent global economic crisis and Europe’s immigration crisis demand a thorough investigation of the role large housing estates play in poverty and ethnic concentration. Through case studies of housing estates in 14 European centers, the book also identifies policy measures that have been used to address challenges in housing estates throughout Europe.

Community Nutrition for Developing Countries (a co-publication with UNISA Press)

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ISBN: 9781927356111 9781927356128 9781927356135 9781771990165 Year: Pages: 510 DOI: 10.15215/aupress/9781927356111.01 Language: English
Publisher: Athabasca University Press
Subject: Nutrition and Food Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2016-08-10 22:45:50
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Nutrition textbooks used by universities and colleges in developing countries have very often been written by scholars who live and work in North America or the United Kingdom. And while the research and information they present is sound, the nutrition-related health challenges with which developing countries must grapple differ considerably from those found in highly industrialized Western nations. The primary aim of Community Nutrition for Developing Countries is to provide a book that meets the needs of nutritionists and other health professionals living and working in developing countries. Written by both scholars and practitioners, the volume draws on their wealth of knowledge, experience, and understanding of nutrition in developing countries to provide nutrition professionals with all the information they require. Each chapter addresses a specific nutrition challenge currently faced by developing countries such as food security, food safety, disease prevention, maternal health, and effective nutrition policy. In addition, the volume serves as an invaluable resource for those developing and implementing nutrition education programmes. With an emphasis on nutritional education as a means to prevent disease and effectively manage health disorders, it is the hope of the nearly three dozen contributors to this work that it will enhance the health and well-being of low-income populations throughout the world.

Disclosure Within HIV-Affected Families

Authors: --- ---
Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889455263 Year: Pages: 130 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88945-526-3 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Medicine (General) --- Public Health
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-23 14:53:42
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While HIV/AIDS is a global public heath challenge, its impact is arguably greatest in the Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA), where new infections account for approximately 66% of the total number of HIV-positive persons globally. In SSA, medical, social, and economic resources are limited, thus necessitating innovative approaches to disease prevention. One of the mechanisms of prevention that is most promising occurs through HIV disclosure to family members (e.g., adult sexual partners) generally, and to children in particular. Our emphasis in this eBook is on HIV disclosure to children because it has multiple benefits, including improved adherence to antiretroviral medication treatment and understanding at an early age of the impact of sexual activity on the spread of HIV. While there is a noticeable gap in research on HIV disclosure to younger children, some of the general reasons for non-disclosure include concerns about fear of adult partners leaving relationships, and that children are too young to comprehend the severity of the situation and may tell others outside the family. Thus, it is critical to better understand how the HIV disclosure process happens (or does not happen) within HIV-affected families, as well as the best practices on how to disclose. In this eBook, we present a combination of empirical research studies and critical literature reviews that investigate the reasons for and for not disclosing HIV status within HIV-affected families and provide evidence-based practices that could be adopted by healthcare professionals to help HIV-positive parents facilitate disclosure activities within these families. This information can also be used by researchers, practitioners, and stakeholders who are in a position to influence policies on effective HIV disclosure practices, guidelines, and programs.

Die Stellung der Frau in der afghanischen Verfassungsordnung im Spannungsverhältnis zwischen islamischem Recht und Völkerrecht - unter besonderer Berücksichtigung des Scheidungsrechts

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Book Series: Göttinger Schriften zum Öffentlichen Recht ISBN: 9783863951481 Year: Pages: 368 DOI: 10.17875/gup2014-777 Language: German
Publisher: Universitätsverlag Göttingen
Subject: Law
Added to DOAB on : 2014-12-30 11:01:10
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After the fall of the Taliban, the new Afghan constitution of 2004 marks a fundamental beginning for the status of women – at least from a normative perspective. Art. 22 of the Afghan constitution contains: “The citizens of Afghanistan, man and woman, have equal rights and duties before the law.” According to Art. 7 of the constitution the state shall observe i. a. the international treaties to which Afghanistan has joined. This also covers the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women. At the same time, Art. 3 of the constitution provides that no law should contravene the tenets and provisions of the holy religion of Islam in Afghanistan. But how do these different sources of law interact in conflicting legal fields? There are no exiting provisions of the constitution explicitly offering an answer to this problem. This work focuses on the solution of this question regarding the status of women, especially in the law of divorce.

Vitamin C and Human Health

ISBN: 9783906980614 9783906980621 Year: Pages: 236 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Added to DOAB on : 2015-01-12 11:52:06
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Ascorbic acid is a small, simple, water soluble molecule, synthesised by most plants and animals, with the exception of humans and some animal species due to mutations in the gene encoding the terminal enzyme in the biosynthetic pathway. For humans, it is thus a vitamin (vitamin C) that must be obtained from the diet, with complete deficiency resulting in the fatal disease scurvy. Many functions have been attributed to this fascinating molecule and, despite nearly 90 years of research since its discovery, new roles are still being uncovered, including recent discoveries that it acts as a regulator of epigenetic marks and transcription factors (1). In this volume we begin with a review by Michels and Frei on specific factors that need to be taken into consideration when carrying out vitamin C research. Translational research normally comprises a progression from in vitro/cell culture studies to animal models and finally to clinical trials. At each of these stages, there are requirements specific to vitamin C research that need to be integrated into study designs and this review describes these in detail. [...]

Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Genetics of Aging and Longevity

Authors: ---
Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889199266 Year: Pages: 88 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88919-926-6 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Science (General) --- Genetics
Added to DOAB on : 2016-01-19 14:05:46
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In this book, we present a collection of articles covering a wide range of current aging research and highlighting its prospects and future directions. These articles are based on or related to the topics of the 3rd International Conference «Genetics of aging and longevity». The Conference took place 6-10 April, 2014 in Sochi, the city located on the Black Sea coast near the Caucasian mountains, in Russia. Top gerontologists and geneticists from 31 countries around the world came together to discuss current problems in many areas related to the genetics of longevity and mechanisms of aging. We would like to thank those of them who contributed to this e-Book by sharing latest achievements, ideas and hypotheses. We hope that this e-Book will come to notice of scientists interested in the development of genetics of aging and longevity and in the search for life-beneficial environments and life-prolonging interventions.

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