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Innovation Capacity and the City

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Book Series: SpringerBriefs in Applied Sciences and Technology ISBN: 9783030001230 Year: Pages: 101 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-00123-0 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Political Science --- Economics --- Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-04 11:21:12
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This open access book represents one of the key milestones of DESIGNSCAPES, an H2020 CSA (Coordination and Support Action) research project funded by the European Commission under the Call “User-driven innovation: value creation through design-enabled innovation”. The book demonstrates that adopting design allows us to embed innovation within the city so as to arrive at feasible answers to complex global challenges. In this way, innovation can become disruptive, while also sparking a dynamic of gradual change in the “urbanscape” it acts within. To explore this potential, the book puts forward the concept of “design enabled innovation in urban environments” and examines the part that the city can play in promoting and facilitating the adoption of design among public and private sector innovators. This leads to a potential evaluation framework in which a given urbanscape is assessed both in terms of its capacity for generating innovation, and of the nature (more or less design-dependent or design-prone) of the innovative initiatives it hosts. This thread of reasoning holds many promising implications, including a possible “third way” between those who dream of an alternative economic model where revenues and growth are sacrificed on the altar of social and environmental respect, and the supporters of the traditional market-based view, who feel it is enough to add a touch of responsibility and concern to a system that should continue rewarding the profitability of innovations.

Quartier und Demokratie

Authors: --- ---
Book Series: Quartiersforschung ISBN: 9783658262358 Year: Pages: 220 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-658-26235-8 Language: German
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Geography --- Social and Public Welfare --- Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-04 11:21:22
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Die Beiträge dieses Open-Access-Bandes bringen demokratietheoretische Fragestellungen mit partizipatorischen Erfahrungen aus Quartieren zusammen. Charakteristisch für viele partizipative Planungsmodi ist ihr sozialräumlicher Kontext – das Quartier. Über dessen Mehrwert für gelingende Demokratie ist jedoch nur wenig bekannt: Während mit partizipativen Verfahren auf der Quartiersebene versucht wird, möglichst viele Menschen zu erreichen und so die Demokratie zu stärken, gibt es vor Ort Initiativen, die die Quartiersentwicklung als Koproduzierende stärker aktiv mitbestimmen möchten. Konflikte – und damit Anlässe für demokratische Momente – sind vorprogrammiert, wenn externe Interessen auf lokale Bedürfnisse stoßen. Dieses Buch bietet dazu vielfältige Erkenntnisse aus Wissenschaft und Praxis.

The Places Where Community Is Practiced

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Book Series: Stadt, Raum und Gesellschaft ISBN: 9783658253936 Year: Pages: 325 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-658-25393-6 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Political Science --- Geography --- Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-04 11:21:22
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In this open access publication, the social cohesion of urban neighborhoods and their residents is examined, which is often viewed as vulnerable since increased mobility, individualization, wider socio-economic and demographic changes have fundamentally altered the basis for everyday social interaction in urban neighborhoods. Anna Steigemann gives scholarly attention to the concrete places where neighborly interactions still take place and to how these interactions affect local community building. She illuminates and explores the ordinary everyday interactions and social practices in and around shops and gastronomic facilities on a shopping street in Berlin-Neukölln, revealing how these businesses are important places where community is practiced, but also why they are increasingly threatened by commercial and residential gentrification.

Participatory Research and Planning in Practice

Authors: ---
Book Series: The Urban Book Series ISBN: 9783030280147 Year: Pages: 227 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-28014-7 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Political Science --- Geography --- Sociology --- History --- Migration
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-05 11:21:19
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This open access book provides in-depth insights into participatory research and planning by presenting practical examples of its use. In particular, it describes theoretical and methodological aspects of participatory research and planning, as well as the implementation of participatory processes in fields such as transport planning, cultural heritage management, environmental planning and post-earthquake recovery. Further, it compares participatory planning experiences from different territorial levels – from the macro-regional, e.g. Southeastern Europe, Mediterranean or European metropolitan regions, to national, regional and local levels. The book will help researchers, planners, public administration officials, decision-makers and the general public to understand the advantages, disadvantages and constraints of participatory planning and research. Using various examples, it will guide readers through the theory of participatory planning and research, its methods, and different perspectives on how to use it in practice.

Science of Societal Safety

Authors: --- ---
Book Series: Trust ISBN: 9789811327759 Year: Pages: 227 DOI: 10.1007/978-981-13-2775-9 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Agriculture (General) --- Political Science --- Social Sciences --- Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2020-01-29 11:21:04
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This open access book covers comprehensive but fundamental principles and concepts of disaster and accident prevention and mitigation, countermeasures, and recovery from disasters or accidents including treatment and care of the victims. Safety and security problems in our society involve not only engineering but also social, legal, economic, cultural, and psychological issues. The enhancement needed for societal safety includes comprehensive activities of all aspects from precaution to recovery, not only of people but also of governments. In this context, the authors, members of the Faculty of Societal Safety Science, Kansai University, conducted many discussions and concluded that the major strategy is consistent independently of the type and magnitude of disaster or accident, being also the principle of the foundation of our faculty. The topics treated in this book are rather widely distributed but are well organized sequentially to provide a clear understanding of the principles of societal safety. In the first part the fundamental concepts of safety are discussed. The second part deals with risks in the societal and natural environment. Then follows, in the third part, a description of the quantitative estimation of risk and its assessment and management. The fourth part is devoted to disaster prevention, mitigation, and recovery systems. The final, fifth part presents a future perspective of societal safety science. Thorough reading of this introductory volume of societal safety science provides a clear image of the issues. This is largely because the Japanese have suffered often from natural disasters and not only have gained much valuable information about disasters but also have accumulated a store of experience. We are still in the process of reconstruction from the Great East Japan earthquake and the Fukushima nuclear power plant accident. This book is especially valuable therefore in studying the safety and security of people and their societies.

Regional and Local Development in Times of Polarisation

Authors: ---
Book Series: New Geographies of Europe ISBN: 9789811311901 Year: Pages: 382 DOI: 10.1007/978-981-13-1190-1 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Geography --- Political Science --- Sociology --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2020-01-29 11:21:04
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Despite the emphasis of the European Regional Policy on territorial cohesion, regional disparities have been increasing within Europe in the past years. The metropolitan areas in almost all countries are considerably growing while regions outside of agglomerations are stagnating or even declining. Against this background this book aims to provide an understanding of the underlying processes of polarisation and related regional and local policies. This open access volume contributes to the debates about polarisation and regional development by focussing on questions of spatial justice, power distribution and policy transfer. Theoretical and empirically grounded contributions show that European policies are indeed reproducing socio-spatial inequalities instead of challenging them. The book shows further the existing potentials and limits of individuals, economic, political and civil society actors to respond to polarisation on the regional and local level. In this book conceptual thoughts on polarisation, regional policy and regional development are combined with empirical research and resulting implications for policymaking. As such, it is a valuable source for early career students and researchers as well as professionals in the field of regional and economic development, policy consultants, and policy makers.

Food Anxiety in Globalising Vietnam

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9789811307430 Year: Pages: 320 DOI: 10.1007/978-981-13-0743-0 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Geography --- Public Health --- Ethnology --- Sociology --- History --- Migration
Added to DOAB on : 2020-01-29 11:21:05
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This open access book approaches the anxieties inherent in food consumption and production in Vietnam. The country’s rapid and recent economic integration into global agro-food systems and consumer markets spurred a new quality of food safety concerns, health issues and distrust in food distribution networks that have become increasingly obscured. This edited volume further puts the eating body centre stage by following how gendered body norms, food taboos, power structures and social differentiation shape people’s ambivalent relations with food. It uncovers Vietnam’s trajectories of agricultural modernisation against which consumers and producers manoeuvre amongst food self-sufficiency, security and abundance. Food Anxiety in Globalising Vietnam is explicitly about ‘dangerous’ food – regarding its materiality and meaning. It provides social science perspectives on anxieties related to food and surrounding discourses that travel between the local and the global, the individual and society and into the body. Therefore, the book’s lens of food anxiety matters for social theory and for understanding the embeddedness and discontinuities of food globalizations in Vietnam and beyond. Due to its rich empirical base, methodological approaches and thematic foci, it will appeal to scholars, practitioners and students alike.

Innovative Models for Sustainable Development in Emerging African Countries

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
Book Series: Research for Development ISBN: 9783030333232 Year: Pages: 167 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-33323-2 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Agriculture (General) --- Environmental Sciences --- Economics --- Political Science --- Sociology --- Archaeology
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-04 11:21:09
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This open access book explores key issues and presents recent case studies in areas of importance for the transition to a circular model of development in emerging African countries that will minimize resource consumption and waste production. The topics covered include the development of sustainable housing models, energy and environmental issues in building design and technical systems, recycling for a sustainable future, models for humanitarian emergencies, and low-cost and web-based digital tools with applications in architecture and archaeology. The aim is to contribute to a necessary paradigm shift with respect to urban planning and usage of territories, moving from a linear urban metabolism based on the “take, make, dispose” approach to a circular metabolism. Such a change requires a focus on the relationship between the architectural, urban, and physical aspects of new developments, climate, and energy demand, as well as the identification and integration of strategies and infrastructures to achieve a high level of efficiency and self-sufficiency. The book will appeal to all with an interest in sustainable development in the African context.

Urban Planning Against Poverty

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Book Series: Future City ISBN: 9783030284190 Year: Pages: 214 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-28419-0 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Political Science --- Geology --- Earth Sciences --- Science (General) --- Sociology --- History --- Migration
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-04 11:21:13
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This open access book revisits the theoretical foundations of urban planning and the application of these concepts and methods in the context of Southern countries by examining several case studies from different regions of the world. For instance, the case of Koudougou, a medium-sized city in one of the poorest countries in the world, Burkina Faso, with a population of 115.000 inhabitants, allows us to understand concretely which and how these deficiencies are translated in an African urban context. In contrast, the case of Nueve de Julio, intermediate city of 50.000 dwellers in the pampa Argentina, addresses the new forms of spatial fragmentation and social exclusion linked with agro export and crisis of the international markets. Case studies are also included for cities in Asia and Latin America. Differences and similarities between cases allow us to foresee alternative models of urban planning better adapted to tackle poverty and find efficient ways for more inclusive cities in developing and emerging countries, interacting several dimensions linked with high rates of urbanization: territorial fragmentation; environmental contamination; social disparities and exclusion, informal economy and habitat, urban governance and democracy.

Building the Inclusive City

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ISBN: 9783030329884 Year: Pages: 169 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-32988-4 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Political Science --- Sociology --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-05 11:21:05
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This Open Access book is an anthropological urban study of the Emirate of Dubai, its institutions, and their evolution. It provides a contemporary history of disability in city planning from a non-Western perspective and explores the cultural context for its positioning. Three insights inform the author’s approach. First, disability research, much like other urban or social issues, must be situated in a particular place. Second, access and inclusion forms a key part of both local and global planning issues. Third, a 21st century planning education should take access and inclusion into consideration by applying a disability lens to the empirical, methodological, and theoretical advances of the field. By bridging theory and practice, this book provides new insights on inclusive city planning and comparative urban theory. This book should be read as part of a larger struggle to define and assert access; it’s a story of how equity and justice are central themes in building the cities of the future and of today.

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