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Sozialkapital zur Sprache gebracht - eine bedeutungstheoretische Perspektive auf ein sozialwissenschaftliches Begriffs- und Theorieproblem

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ISBN: 9783938616796 Year: DOI: 10.17875/gup2007-294 Language: German
Publisher: Universitätsverlag Göttingen
Subject: Sociology --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2011-11-04 00:00:00
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The term "social capital" has become a buzzword with a huge, already diffuse spectrum of application. This should give reason for conceptual and theoretical vigilance. What – in concrete - is the object when "social capital" is mentioned? This question has not been systematically dealt with and even less responsed in a satisfactory degree, although there are many contributions to the discussion of the term. The problem is labelled in the social sciences, but has not been resolved in the context of the specific social-scientific framework. This book takes the neglected metalinguistic perspective. Thus it advances the scientific maturity of the "social capital" debate and contributes to the establishment of a well-founded system in social science terms. It brings up social capital by combining an epistemological and ontological analysis and thus finally develops clarification of the concept.

Keywords

social capital --- theory

Theories of Social Capital

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Book Series: IIPPE ISBN: 9780745329970 9781849644426 9781783716555 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Pluto Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 100879
Subject: Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2018-01-25 11:01:47
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Tracing the evolution of social capital since his highly acclaimed contribution of 2001 (Social Capital Versus Social Theory), Ben Fine consolidates his position as the world's leading critic of the concept. Fine forcibly demonstrates how social capital has expanded across the social sciences only by degrading the different disciplines and topics that it touches: a McDonaldisation of social theory. The rise and fall of social capital at the World Bank is critically explained as is social capital's growing presence in disciplines, such as management studies, and its relative absence in others, such as social history.Writing with a sharp critical edge, Fine not only deconstructs the roller-coaster presence of social capital across the social sciences but also draws out lessons on how (and how not) to do research.

Succession and the Transfer of Social Capital in Chinese Family Businesses

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ISBN: 9783737008921 Year: Language: English
Publisher: V&R unipress Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 103656
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:33:08
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This is the first systematic study of the succession process of Chinese family businesses which reveals what is truly happening during the time of hand-over. In explaining the features of the Chinese way of succession, special attention is paid to the transfer of social capital and guanxi, among other cultural and socioeconomic contexts, which could impact the behaviours and decisions of the family business stakeholders. Carefully selected 63 cases of family firms and the authentic words and experiences of the founders and their second generation are of high relevance in helping the readers to understand Chinese family businesses and their successions as well as to learn from their successes or failures.

Social Capital Online

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Book Series: Critical Digital and Social Media Studies ISBN: 9781911534570 9781911534563 9781911534570 9781911534587 9781911534594 Year: Pages: 194 DOI: 10.16997/book16 Language: English
Publisher: University of Westminster Press
Subject: Economics --- Sociology --- Social Sciences --- Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:34:39
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"What is ‘social capital’? The enormous positivity surrounding it conceals the instrumental economic rationality underpinning the notion as corporations silently sell consumer data for profit. Status chasing is just one aspect of a process of transforming qualitative aspects of social interactions into quantifiable metrics for easier processing, prediction, and behavioural shaping.

A work of critical media studies, Social Capital Online examines the idea within the new ‘network spectacle’ of digital capitalism via the ideas of Marx, Veblen, Debord, Baudrillard and Deleuze. Explaining how such phenomena as online narcissism and aggression arise, Faucher offers a new theoretical understanding of how the spectacularisation of online activity perfectly aligns with the value system of neoliberalism and its data worship. Even so, at the centre of all, lie familiar ideas – alienation and accumulation – new conceptions of which he argues are vital for understanding today’s digital society."

Culture and Development in a Globalizing World

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ISBN: 9780203641019 9780415348768 9780415348775 9781134274581 9781134274574 9781134274536 Year: DOI: 10.4324/9780203641019 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Subject: Geography
Added to DOAB on : 2019-11-08 11:21:27
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Using recent research on development projects around the world, this book argues that culture has become an explicit tool and framework for development discourse and practice. Providing a theoretical and empirically informed critique, this informative book includes conceptual overviews and case studies on topics such as: development for indigenous people natural resource management social capital and global markets for Third World music post-apartheid South Africa cultural difference in the USA’s late capitalism. The editor concludes by evaluating the outcomes of development’s ‘cultural turn’, proposing a framework for future work in this field. By combining case studies from both ‘Third World’ and ‘First World’ countries, the book, ideal for those in the fields of geography, culture and development studies, raises innovative questions about the ‘transferability’ of notions of culture across the world, and the types of actors involved.

Sustainability of Young Companies–Contemporary Trends and Challenges

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ISBN: 9783039211852 / 9783039211869 Year: Pages: 244 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-186-9 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2019-08-28 11:21:27
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Ensuring the sustainability of early stage companies and increasing awareness of the need for balancing targets against different stakeholder groups among young companies are not well developed. Young companies, in the first place, want to achieve financial success very often without regard for aspects such as the environment, positive relationships with employees, suppliers or other stakeholder groups, fulfilling requirements of labor law, etc. Another issue is that of companies whose business models are based on actuarially-preferred concepts, such as sharing economy, sustainable development, e-comers, e-commerce, renewable energy, social media, and others. A key issue is the resignation of companies from an approach to business, based on the foundations of classical economics to the sharing economy. Theory and practice seek new solutions in the sphere of value sharing in these new areas of sharing, and innovative forms of its implementation. Intriguing is the relationship of these business models with sustainability issues, as well as wondering how technology can influence sustainability. A contemporary approach to consumer value fits in with the assumption of a shared economy. It is interesting how it affects the assumptions of sustainability of business. The ongoing changes in the value system of potential consumers create new conditions for the design of sustainability business models and creation of innovation.

Knowledge Manageation and Big Data: Implications for Sustainability, Policy Making and Competitiveness

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783039280087 / 9783039280094 Year: Pages: 416 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03928-009-4 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Social Sciences --- Education
Added to DOAB on : 2020-01-07 09:21:22
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The evolution of knowledge management theory and the special emphasis on human and social capital sets new challenges for knowledge-driven and technology-enabled innovation. Emerging technologies including big data and analytics have significant implications for sustainability, policy making, and competitiveness. This edited volume promotes scientific research into the potential contributions knowledge management can make to the new era of innovation and social inclusive economic growth. We are grateful to all the contributors of this edition for their intellectual work. The organization of the relevant debate is aligned around three pillars: SECTION A. DATA, KNOWLEDGE, HUMAN AND SOCIAL CAPITAL FOR INNOVATION: We elaborate on the new era of knowledge types and the emerging forms of social capital and their impact on technology-driven innovation. Topics include: Social Networks; Smart Education; Social Capital; Corporate Innovation; Disruptive Innovation; Knowledge integration; Enhanced Decision-Making. SECTION B. KNOWLEDGE MANAGEMENT & BIG DATA ENABLED INNOVATION: In this section, knowledge management and big data applications and systems are presented. Selective topic include: Crowdsourcing Analysis; Natural Language Processing; Data Governance; Knowledge Extraction; Ontology Design Semantic Modeling SECTION C. SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT: In the section, the debate on the impact of knowledge management and big data research to sustainability is promoted with integrative discussion of complementary social and technological factors including: Big Social Networks on Sustainable Economic Development; Business Intelligence

Keywords

innovation capability --- social capital --- knowledge creation --- human capital investment --- training --- education --- communication --- six sigma --- structural equation model --- leadership --- innovation performance --- knowledge sharing --- social capital --- project-based organization --- citizen-scientist --- climate change --- crowdsourcing --- MTurk --- social networks --- Twitter --- social networks --- big data --- big data analysis --- sustainable development --- text mining --- NLP --- technological information --- patent analysis --- text structure --- top management team --- strategic decision-making --- risk perception --- knowledge creation process --- process innovation capability --- product innovation capability --- sustainable competitive advantage --- data governance --- cloud computing --- cloud data governance --- taxonomy --- systematic review --- holistic --- text feature extraction --- patent analysis --- hybrid neural networks --- mechanical patent classification --- international technological collaboration --- IC manufacturing --- patent association analysis --- social network analysis --- collaboration network --- corporate sustainability --- business intelligence --- multi-dimensional data model --- key performance indicators --- knowledge assets --- knowledge embeddedness --- knowledge specificity --- disruptive innovation --- personalized business mode --- technology acceptance model --- user acceptance --- data analysis --- ontology design --- knowledge management --- heterogeneous architectures --- Big Data --- transformational training programs-TTP --- quality orientation of employees-QOE --- employee loyalty-EL --- universities --- Jordan --- administrative file --- administrative procedure --- sustainability --- open data --- linked data --- provenance --- RDF --- PROV-O --- P-PLAN --- big data --- visualizing --- intellectual structure --- big data environment --- co-citation network --- collaboration network --- sustainability --- bibliometric --- knowledge management --- keywords analysis --- intellectual structure --- emerging trends --- knowledge mapping --- new ventures --- internal social networks --- absorptive capacity --- innovation --- big data --- competitive advantage --- disruptive innovation --- human capital --- innovation --- knowledge management --- sustainability --- smart education --- social networks --- social media --- conceptual maturity model --- technology-enhanced learning process

Towards Sustainable Global Food Systems. Conceptual and Policy Analysis of Agriculture, Food and Environment Linkages

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783038978145 9783038978152 Year: Pages: 356 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-815-2 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General) --- Environmental Technology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-05-09 17:16:14
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One of the major knowledge challenges in the domain of Resilient and Sustainable Food Systems refers to the integration of perspectives on consumption, patterns that support public health, inclusive value chains, and environmentally sustainable food production. While there is a long record of the analysis of separate interventions, this special issue generates integrated insights, provides cross-cutting perspectives, and outlines practical and policy solutions that address these global challenges.The collection of papers promotes the view that sustainable food systems require thorough insights into the structure and dynamics of agri-food production systems, the drivers for integrating food value chains and markets, and key incentives for supporting healthier consumer choices. On the production side, potential linkages between agricultural commercialization and intensification and their effects for food security and nutritional outcomes are analyzed. Value Chains are assessed for their contribution to improving exchange networks and markets for food products that simultaneously support efficiency, circularity, and responsiveness. Individual motives and market structures for food consumption need to be understood in order to be able to outline suitable incentives to enhance healthy dietary choice.The contributed papers focus on interfaces between food system activities and processes of adaptive change that are critical for overcoming key constraints and trade-offs between sustainable food and healthy diets.

Keywords

agricultural impacts --- climate change impacts --- integrated assessment model --- CGE model --- Ostrea edulis --- native oyster restoration --- North Sea --- site selection --- pilot study --- offshore wind farms --- sustainability --- food systems --- nutrition --- public-private cooperation --- corporate values --- sanitary control --- food safety --- prosperity --- sustainable development --- alternative agri-food networks --- transition theories --- grassroots innovations --- socio-technical systems --- agroecology --- ecovillages --- social movements --- certification --- organic agriculture --- Participatory Guarantee Systems --- Spain --- alternative certification systems --- food systems --- metrics --- interdisciplinarity --- sustainable food and nutrition security --- food system assessment --- participatory approach --- SUSFANS --- agribusiness cluster --- commercialization --- sustainable intensification --- dairy value chain --- farming system --- service arrangements --- Ethiopia --- Kenya --- sustainable diets --- diet adoption --- sustainable food system --- intention-behavior gap --- citizen participation --- innovation workshop --- Agricultural commercialization --- food and nutrition security --- salutogenesis --- life course perspective --- food systems --- multi-level --- positive deviance --- Myanmar --- social innovation --- agricultural commercialization --- nutrition sensitive transformation --- Myanmar --- vegetable consumption --- food choice motives --- knowledge --- self-efficacy --- socio-economic classes --- food environment --- Nigeria --- sustainable development goals --- sustainability assessment --- agricultural sustainability --- food security --- LCA broadening --- LCA deepening --- food systems --- interdisciplinary research --- feedbacks &amp --- interlinkages --- food policy --- 3I Approach --- value chain development --- participatory approach --- context-specific interventions --- behavioural change --- postharvest losses --- tomato --- Nigeria --- supply chain --- raffia basket --- plastic crate --- systems approach --- conceptual framework --- food loss practices --- food loss causes --- food loss solutions --- supply-chain stages --- literature --- socio-economic indicators --- tomato --- Nigeria --- adoption --- conservation agriculture --- social capital --- count outcome models --- pca --- marginal treatment effects --- Nigeria --- food security --- CGE model --- nutrition --- diet diversity --- land substitution --- agricultural intensification --- baseline projections --- commercialization --- Vietnam --- food system --- fertilizer use --- caloric intake --- dietary diversity Vietnam Living Standards Survey (VLSS)

Circular Economy, Ethical Funds, and Engineering Projects

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9783039282524 / 9783039282531 Year: Pages: 300 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03928-253-1 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Environmental Engineering --- General and Civil Engineering --- Technology (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2020-01-30 16:39:46
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This special issue provides a collection of 15 papers with modern theories and applications for circular economy, engineering projects, entrepreneurship models, and investor decisions. After the commencing review on Occupational Health and Safety Management-Systems Standards, follow papers which can be classified into four categories which cover the overall scope of special issue. The first category includes papers regarding the micro-level of circular economy. This means case studies in firm-level which implement different techniques to achieve sustainable development and circular economy goals. The findings reveal interesting achievements which are associated with cultural characteristics of the countries these case studies have been conducted. The second category of papers refers to the meso-level of circular economy where firms cooperate with each other by exchanging byproducts and organizing common operational procedures and routines to address environmental problems. The findings suggest assessment information technology tools to support industrial symbiosis among European firms. The next body of literature encompasses macro-level where circular economy techniques are implemented at a country level. Findings suggest methodologies for implementing and tracking circular economy in cities. Finally, a number of papers are included that focus on advanced engineering techniques. These techniques are useful tools for achieving circular economy and sustainability.

Keywords

cost prediction of substation project --- Ensemble Empirical Mode Decomposition --- Cuckoo Search --- Support Vector Machines --- climate change --- adaptation --- manufacturing firms --- strategic management --- action theory --- Value-at-Risk --- probabilistic alternative approach --- Theory of Inventive Problem Solving --- Project Definition Rating Index --- optimal project profitability --- prefabrication housing production --- planning and control --- critical success factors --- China --- CCPM --- piping construction --- material procurement management --- resource competition --- buffer management --- PERT/CPM --- stochastic simulation --- construction delay --- corporate philanthropy --- information transfer --- political connections --- social capital --- social network --- social network centrality --- sustainability --- circular economy --- investments --- sources of funding --- SME --- sustainable economy --- smart city --- sustainable city --- smart governance --- drivers --- Occupational Health and Safety (OHS) --- sustainability --- Management Standards --- emergy analysis --- pollution impact --- resource consumption --- steel production --- sustainable development --- Industrial symbiosis --- IT tools --- research and innovation projects --- risk assessment --- Fuzzy TOPSIS --- construction safety --- PRAT method --- sustainability --- value of travel time savings --- fuzzy logic --- rule-based systems --- transport project evaluation --- cost benefit analysis --- traffic congestion --- transport planning --- circular economy --- urbanization --- framework --- indicators --- circular city --- Life cycle assessment (LCA) --- carbon footprint --- renewable energy systems --- photovoltaics --- solar thermal collectors

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