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Bürgerliche Mitgliedschaft in Religionsgemeinschaften - Studie über die Rechtsbeziehungen der Mitglieder zu den römisch-katholischen, evangelischen, jüdischen und islamischen Religionsgemeinschaften in Deutschland

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Book Series: Göttinger Schriften zum Öffentlichen Recht ISBN: 9783863951214 Year: Pages: 444 DOI: 10.17875/gup2013-156 Language: German
Publisher: Universitätsverlag Göttingen
Subject: Law
Added to DOAB on : 2013-12-26 16:26:41
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This doctoral thesis treats the membership law of churches and religious communities. It discusses the questions of which framework is given by national law, in which cases the rights of religious communities diverges from that law and if membership must strictly be voluntary. Following a historical as well as legal classification, this thesis considers the legal relationship of members with Christian, Jewish and Islamic communities in Germany.

Pacific Missionary George Brown: 1835-1917 Wesleyan Methodist Church

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ISBN: 9781921862977 Year: DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_459937 Language: English
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2014-03-02 13:19:59
License: ANU Press

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George Brown (1835-1917) was many things during his long life; leader in the Wesleyan Methodist Church in Australasia, explorer, linguist, political activist, apologist for the missionary enterprise, amateur anthropologist, writer, constant traveller, collector of artefacts, photographer and stirrer. He saw himself, at heart, as a missionary. The islands of the Pacific Ocean were the scene of his endeavours, with extended periods lived in Samoa and the New Britain region of today’s Papua New Guinea, followed by repeated visits to Tonga, Fiji, the Milne Bay region of Papua New Guinea and the Solomon Islands. It could be argued that while he was a missionary in the Pacific region he was not a pacific missionary. Brown gained unwanted notoriety for involvement in a violent confrontation at one point in his career, and lived through conflict in many contexts but he also frequently worked as a peace maker. Policies he helped shape on issues such as church union, indigenous leadership, representation by lay people and a wider role for women continue to influence Uniting Church in Australia and churches in the Pacific region. His name is still remembered with honour in several parts of the Pacific. Brown’s marriage to Sarah Lydia Wallis, daughter of pioneer missionaries to New Zealand, was long and rich. Each strengthened the other and they stand side by side in this account.

Maudu', A Union with God

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ISBN: 9781925022704 Year: DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_588797 Language: English
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: Religion --- History
Added to DOAB on : 2016-01-12 11:01:15
License: ANU Press

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This volume offers a fascinating case study of the Sayyid community of Cikoang in South Sulawesi – in particular, an examination of the role of the descendants of Sayyid Jalaluddin al-‘Aidid, a Hadhrami merchant-teacher of great authority and charisma who is said to have initially settled in Gowa in the 17th century. It is of particular interest because the migration of Sayydid Jalaluddin occurred well before the major Hadhrami diaspora to Southeast Asia in the mid-19th century. Of particular interest is the way Sayyid Jalaluddin and his descendants became integrated within the Makassar community. Sayyid Jalaluddin’s legacy to the Cikoang community is the Tarekat Bahr ul-Nur, whose mystic teachings expound the creation of the world from the ‘Nur Muhammad’. A consequence of this teaching is an enormous emphasis on the celebration of Maudu’ (Maulid or the Birth of the Prophet) as expressed in the local assertion: ‘My existence on this earth is for nothing but Maudu’.’ Every year this prompts the Cikoang community to hold one of the most elaborate and colourful Maulid celebrations in Indonesia. This study was originally submitted as an MA thesis at ANU in 1998, but soon became recognised as an important contribution to Hadhrami studies. Its author, M. Adlin Sila, has since gone on to complete his PhD at ANU, Being Muslim in Bima of Sumbawa, Indonesia: Practice, Politics and Cultural Diversity. This study of Bima and its religious history establishes him as a major researcher on the diverse traditions of Islam in eastern Indonesia.

Keywords

islam --- indonesia --- religious history

The Skandapurāṇa Volume IV

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Book Series: Groningen Oriental Studies ISBN: 9789004383517 9789004383487 Year: Pages: 383 DOI: 10.1163/9789004383517 Language: English
Publisher: Brill Grant: FP7 Ideas: European Research Council - 609823
Subject: Religion --- Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2019-03-22 11:21:09
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Skandapurāṇa IV presents a critical edition of Adhyāyas 70-95 from the Skandapurāṇa , with an introduction and annotated English synopsis. The text edited in this volume includes the myths of Viṣṇu’s manifestation as the Man-Lion (Narasiṃha), the birth of Skanda, the birth of Andhaka, and Hiraṇyākṣa’s battle with the gods culminating in his victory and capture of the Earth. Thanks to generous support of the J. Gonda Fund Foundation, the e-book version of this volume is available in Open Access.

Keywords

Hindu --- religious texts

Nuaulu Religious Practices; The frequency and reproduction of rituals in a Moluccan society

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Book Series: Verhandelingen van het Koninklijk Instituut voor Taal-, Land- en Volkenkunde ISBN: 9789067183918 9789004253452 Year: Volume: 283 Pages: xxviii, 356 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_421930 Language: English
Publisher: Brill
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2012-07-29 10:36:18
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How religious practices are reproduced has become a major theoretical issue. This work examines data on Nuaulu ritual performances collected over a 30 year period, comparing different categories of event in terms of frequency and periodicity. It seeks to identify the influencing factors and the consequences for continuity. Such an approach enables a focus on related issues: variation in performance, how rituals change in relation to material and social conditions, the connections between different ritual types, the way these interact as cycles, and the extent to which fidelity of transmission is underpinned by a common model or repertoire of elements. This monograph brings to completion a long-term study of the religious behaviour of the Nuaulu, a people of the island of Seram in the Indonesian province of Maluku. Ethnographically, it is important for several reasons: the Nuaulu are one of the few animist societies remaining on Seram; the data emphasize patterns of practices in a part of Indonesia where studies have hitherto been more concerned with meaning and symbolic classification; and because Nuaulu live in an area where recent political tension has been between Christians and Muslims. Nuaulu are, paradoxically, both caught between these two groups, and apart from them. Roy Ellen is Professor of Anthropology and Human Ecology at the University of Kent, a Fellow of The British Academy, and was president of the Royal Anthropological Institute between 2007 and 2011. He was trained at the London School of Economics and at the University of Leiden. Among his other books are The cultural relations of classification (on Nuaulu animal categories) and On the edge of the Banda zone (on trade in east Seram).

Place of Devotion: Siting and Experiencing Divinity in Bengal-Vaishnavism

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Book Series: South Asia Across the Disciplines ISBN: 9780520287716 9780520962668 Year: Pages: 292 DOI: 10.1525/luminos.2 Language: English
Publisher: University of California Press
Subject: Sociology --- Social Sciences --- Religion
Added to DOAB on : 2016-02-14 11:01:23
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Hindu devotional traditions have long been recognized for their sacred geographies as well as the sensuous aspects of their devotees’ experiences. Largely overlooked, however, are the subtle links between these religious expressions. Based on intensive fieldwork conducted among worshippers in Bengal’s Navadvip‑Mayapur sacred complex, this book discusses the diverse and contrasting ways in which Bengal‑Vaishnava devotees experience sacred geography and divinity. Sukanya Sarbadhikary documents an extensive range of practices, which draw on the interactions of mind, body, and viscera. She shows how perspectives on religion, embodiment, affect, and space are enriched when sacred spatialities of internal and external forms are studied at once.

Beyond Priesthood. Religious Entrepreneurs and Innovators in the Roman Empire

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Book Series: Religionsgeschichtliche Versuche und Vorarbeiten ISSN: 0939-2580 ISBN: 9783110448184 9783110447644 Year: Volume: 66 Pages: xiv, 460 DOI: 10.1515/9783110448184 Language: English
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: Religion --- History
Added to DOAB on : 2017-08-25 17:13:21
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The last decade has seen a surge of scholarly interest in these religious professionals and a good number of high quality publications. Our volume, however, with its unique intercultural character and its explicit focus on appropriation and contestation of religious expertise in the Imperial Era is substantially different.Unlike the rather narrow focus of earlier studies of civic priests, the papers presented here examine a wider range of religious professionals, their dynamic interaction with established religious authorities and institutions, and their contributions to religious innovation in the ancient Mediterranean world, from the late Hellenistic period through to Late Antiquity, from the City of Rome to mainland Greece, Asia Minor, Syria and Egypt, from Greek civic practice to ancient Judaism.A further advantage of our volume is the wide range of media of transmission taken into account. Our contributors look at both old and new materials, which derive not only from literary sources but also from papyri, inscriptions, and material culture. Above all, this volume assesses critically convenient terminological usage and offers a unique insight into a rich gamut of ancient Mediterranean religious specialists.

Muslims and Christians in the Bulgarian Rhodopes – Studies on Religious (Anti) Syncretism

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ISBN: 9783110440003 9783110470611 Year: Pages: 350 DOI: 10.1515/9783110440003 Language: English
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: Religion --- Anthropology
Added to DOAB on : 2016-01-06 13:15:01
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The book by Magdalena Lubanska examines the role of religious syncretism in the social and religious life of Muslim-Christian communities in the Western Rhodopes. The author is interested mainly in the origins and motivations of various beliefs and behaviors which at first sight may appear to be syncretic. She looks at syncretism in the context of anti-syncretic tendencies, particularly pronounced among the Muslim neophytes and young members of the Muslim religious elite, who are not interested in the local forms of post-ottoman Islam (“Adat Islam”), preferring instead a “pure” form of religion, a class of fundamentalist religious movements rooted in orthodox Islam and seeking to remain faithful to mainstream Islamic thought and tradition (“Salafi Islam”). Lubanska findings offer an insight into the fact that although certain actions may appear syncretic in nature, their underlying intentions are often not in fact motivated by syncretic tendencies. This is the first study to look at syncretism in Bulgaria from this perspective.

La cohabitation religieuse dans les villes Européennes, Xe - XVe siècles

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Book Series: Religion and Law in Medieval Christian and Muslim Societies ISBN: 9782503552521 Year: Pages: 326 Language: English
Publisher: Brepols Grant: FP7 Ideas: European Research Council - 249416
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2017-07-13 11:01:41
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Medieval towns, from Portugal to Hungary to Egypt, were places of contact between members of different religious communities, Muslim, Christian and Jewish, who rubbed shoulders in the ports and on the streets, who haggled in the markets, signed contracts, and shared wells, courtyards, dining tables, bath houses, and sometimes beds. These interactions caused legal problems from the point of view of the Jewish, Christian and Muslim judicial scholars of the middle ages, not to mention for the rulers of these towns. These legal attempts to define and solve the problems posed by interreligious relations are the subject of this volume, which brings together the work of seventeen scholars from nine countries (France, Italy, Spain, Hungary, Portugal, Lebanon, Israel, Tunisia, USA), specialists in history, law, archeology and religion.

Law and Religious Minorities in Medieval Societies

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Book Series: Religion and Law in Medieval Christian and Muslim Societies ISBN: 9782503566948 9782503566979 Year: Pages: 240 DOI: 10.1484/M.RELMIN-EB.5.108940 Language: English
Publisher: Brepols Grant: FP7 Ideas: European Research Council - 249416
Subject: Religion --- Archaeology --- History
Added to DOAB on : 2018-06-07 11:01:59
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This volume shows through the use of legal sources that law was used to try to erect boundaries between communities in order to regulate or restrict interaction between the faithful and the non-faithful; and at the same time shows how these boundaries were repeatedly transgressed and negotiated. Muslim law developed a clear legal cadre for dhimmīs, inferior but protected non-Muslim communities (in particular Jews and Christians) and Roman Canon law decreed a similar status for Jewish and Muslim communities in Europe. Yet the theoretical hierarchies between faithful and infidel were constantly brought into question in the daily interactions between men and women of different faiths in streets, markets, bath-houses, law courts, etc. The twelve essays in this volume explore these tensions and attempts to resolve them. These contributions show that law was used to try to erect boundaries between communities in order to regulate or restrict interaction between the faithful and the non-faithful—and at the same time how these boundaries were repeatedly transgressed and negotiated. These essays explore also the possibilities and the limits of the use of legal sources for the social historian.

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