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Making Futures

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9780262537483 9780262027939 Year: Pages: 392 Language: English
Publisher: The MIT Press
Subject: Computer Science --- History of arts
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-17 11:41:32
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Experiments in innovation, design, and democracy that search not for a killer app but for a collaboratively created sustainable future.Innovation and design need not be about the search for a killer app. Innovation and design can start in people's everyday activities. They can encompass local services, cultural production, arenas for public discourse, or technological platforms. The approach is participatory, collaborative, and engaging, with users and consumers acting as producers and creators. It is concerned less with making new things than with making a socially sustainable future. This book describes experiments in innovation, design, and democracy, undertaken largely by grassroots organizations, non-governmental organizations, and multi-ethnic working-class neighborhoods.These stories challenge the dominant perception of what constitutes successful innovations. They recount efforts at social innovation, opening the production process, challenging the creative class, and expanding the public sphere. The wide range of cases considered include a collective of immigrant women who perform collaborative services, the development of an open-hardware movement, grassroots journalism, and hip-hop performances on city buses. They point to the possibility of democratized innovation that goes beyond solo entrepreneurship and crowdsourcing in the service of corporations to include multiple futures imagined and made locally by often-marginalized publics. ContributorsMåns Adler, Erling Björgvinsson, Karin Book, David Cuartielles, Pelle Ehn, Anders Emilson, Per-Anders Hillgren, Mads Hobye, Michael Krona, Per Linde, Kristina Lindström, Sanna Marttila, Elisabet M. Nilsson, Anna Seravalli, Pernilla Severson, Åsa Ståhl, Lucy Suchman, Richard Topgaard, Laura Watts

Keywords

politics

Transit Migration in Europe

Authors: --- ---
Book Series: IMISCOE Research ISBN: 9789048523160 9789089646491 Year: Pages: 237 Language: English
Publisher: Amsterdam University Press
Subject: Sociology --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-23 11:21:10
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Transit migration is a term that is used to describe mixed flows of different types of temporary migrants, including refugees and labor migrants. In the popular press, it is often confused with illegal or irregular migration and carries associations with human smuggling and organized crime. This volume addresses that confusion, and the uncertainty of terminology and analysis that underlies it, offering an evidence-based, comprehensive approach to defining and understanding transit migration in Europe.

Landscape Biographies

Authors: --- ---
Book Series: Landscape and Heritage Research ISBN: 9789048517800 9789089644725 Year: Pages: 336 Language: English
Publisher: Amsterdam University Press
Subject: Social Sciences --- Archaeology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-23 11:21:12
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Landscape Biographies explores the long, complex histories of landscapes from personal and social perspectives. Twenty geographers, archaeologists, historians, and anthropologists investigate the diverse ways in which landscapes and monuments have been constructed, transmitted, and transformed from prehistory to the present, from Manhattan to Shanghai, Iceland to Portugal, England to Estonia.

Public Justice and the Criminal Trial in Late Medieval Italy

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Book Series: Medieval Law and Its Practice ISBN: 9789004311350 Year: Volume: 20 Pages: 231 DOI: 10.1163/9789004311350 Language: English
Publisher: Brill Grant: Knowledge Unlatched
Added to DOAB on : 2016-02-05 09:19:18
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This book examines the administration of justice in the small northern Italian town of Reggio Emilia at the end of the fourteenth century. Through an examination of material from the judicial archives from the period 1371-1409, this study investigates the development of public justice, inquisition procedure, and dispute resolution in late medieval Reggio Emilia, also incorporating comparative material, especially archival material from Bologna at the end of the fourteenth century. This study seeks to add to the discussion on dispute resolution and court processes in late medieval Europe, moving the discussion outside the major urban centers of late medieval Italy to the periphery of urban life. This title was made Open Access by libraries from around the world through Knowledge Unlatched.

Keywords

history --- politics

The Muslim Question in Europe

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ISBN: 9781439912782 Year: Pages: 298 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_605456 Language: English
Publisher: Temple University Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched
Subject: Religion
Added to DOAB on : 2016-03-31 11:01:28
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The book challenges the popular notion of a clash of cultures pitting Muslim and non-Muslim Europeans against one another. The study finds instead vehement conflict among three longstanding European public philosophies: liberalism, nationalism, and postmodernism. The consequential differences of outlook are demonstrated in four policy areas: 1) citizenship requirements, 2) the headscarf debate, 3) mosque-state relations and 4) counter-terrorism. The book reaches three important conclusions. First, Muslim Europeans do not represent a monolithic anti-Western bloc -- a Trojan Horse -- within Europe. They vehemently disagree among themselves but along the same basic liberal, nationalist, and postmodern contours as non-Muslim Europeans. Second, ideological discord significantly contributes to policy “messiness,” that is, to inconsistent, contradictory policies. Third, both the discord and the messiness are remarkably similar from one European country to the next, thereby casting doubt on the dominant theory in comparative migration studies that posits distinct national styles such as French republicanism, German ethno-nationalism and British multiculturalism. This title was made Open Access by libraries from around the world through Knowledge Unlatched.

Keywords

politics --- religion

The New Russian Nationalism

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9781474410434 Year: Pages: 288 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_605858 Language: English
Publisher: Edinburgh University Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2016-04-10 11:01:24
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Assessing the transformation of Russian nationalist discourse in the 21st century Russian nationalism, previously dominated by ‘imperial’ tendencies – pride in a large, strong and multi-ethnic state able to project its influence abroad – is increasingly focused on ethnic issues. This new ethno-nationalism has come in various guises, like racism and xenophobia, but also in a new intellectual movement of ‘national democracy’ deliberately seeking to emulate conservative West European nationalism. Russia’s annexation of Crimea in 2014 and the subsequent violent conflict in Eastern Ukraine utterly transformed the nationalist discourse in Russia. This book provides an up-to-date survey of Russian nationalism as a political, social and intellectual phenomenon by leading Western and Russian experts in the field of nationalism studies. It includes case studies on migrantophobia; the relationship between nationalism and religion; nationalism in the media; nationalism and national identity in economic policy; nationalism in the strategy of the Putin regime as well as a survey-based study of nationalism in public opinion. This title was made Open Access by libraries from around the world through Knowledge Unlatched.

Keywords

politics --- history

Vital Subjects: Race and Biopolitics in Italy

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ISBN: 9781781382868 Year: Pages: 304 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_608318 Language: English
Publisher: Liverpool University Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2016-05-22 11:01:05
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Drawing on a range of canonical and non-canonical literary, cinematic and social scientific texts produced in post-Unification Italy, Vital Subjects: Race and Biopolitics in Italy is an interdisciplinary study of how racial and colonial discourses shaped the “making” of Italians as modern political subjects in the years between its administrative unification (1861-1870) and the end of the First World War (1919). The book includes readings of texts by Italian thinkers such as Leopoldo Franchetti and Paolo Mantegazza and it offers new readings of well- and lesser-known texts by a writer who has become Italy’s most infamous precursor to Mussolini: poet, novelist, and political provocateur Gabriele D’Annunzio. Vital Subjects concludes with an original analysis of an early film that figures prominently in the history of cinema: Giovanni Pastrone’s 1914 silent film Cabiria--produced in the wake of the Italian invasion of Libya (1911-12) and celebrating ancient Roman imperialism.

Keywords

politics --- history

Refining Child Pornography Law

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ISBN: 9780472900640 9780472119769 Year: Pages: 320 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_610070 Language: English
Publisher: University of Michigan Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched
Subject: Law
Added to DOAB on : 2016-06-12 11:01:19
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The legal definition of child pornography is, at best, unclear. In part because of this ambiguity and in part because of the nature of the crime itself, the prosecution and sentencing of perpetrators, the protection of and restitution for victims, and the means for preventing repeat offenses are deeply controversial. In an effort to clarify the questions and begin to formulate answers, in this volume, experts in law, sociology, and social examine child pornography law and its consequences. Focusing on the roles of language and crime definition, the contributors present a range of views about the increasingly visible role that child pornography plays in the national conversation on child safety, as well as the wisdom of the punishment of those who produce, distribute, and possess materials which may be considered child pornography.

Keywords

law --- politics

Mixed-Member Electoral Systems in Constitutional Context

Authors: --- --- ---
ISBN: 9780472900626 9780472119738 Year: Pages: 334 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_608315 Language: English
Publisher: University of Michigan Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2017-04-16 00:07:29
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Reformers have promoted mixed-member electoral systems as the “best of both worlds.” In this volume, internationally recognized political scientists evaluate the ways in which the introduction of a mixed-member electoral system affects the configuration of political parties. The contributors examine several political phenomena, including cabinet post allocation, nominations, preelectoral coalitions, split-ticket voting, and the size of party systems and faction systems. Significantly, they also consider various ways in which the constitutional system—especially whether the head of government is elected directly or indirectly—can modify the incentives created by the electoral system. The findings presented here demonstrate that the success of electoral reform depends not only on the specification of new electoral rules per se but also on the political context—and especially the constitutional framework—within which such rules are embedded.

Keywords

government --- politics

Violenza Politica : Una ridefinizione del concetto oltre la depoliticizzazione

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9788855260077 DOI: 10.4000/books.ledizioni.3970 Language: Italian
Publisher: Ledizioni
Subject: Philosophy --- Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-06 13:15:38
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

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La violenza è l’impensato della politica e al medesimo tempo ciò che ne scuote l’ordine presunto. Numerosi pensatori hanno proposto delle teorie per dare un ruolo alla violenza nelle faccende della politica. Eppure a noi giunge chiara una duplicità: la violenza o è minimizzata per proporre un’immagine edulcorata e bonaria di coloro che la adoperano, oppure viene presa per sinonimo di criminalità. Abbiamo provato, con queste ricerche empiriche e teoriche, a smontare i meccanismi che la filosofia e le scienze sociali ci hanno consegnato, per ripensare il nesso fra politica e violenza nelle società contemporanee.

Keywords

politics --- violence

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