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Father of Persian Verse

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Book Series: Iranian Studies Series ISBN: 9789087280925 9789087282851 Year: Pages: 124 DOI: doi.org/10.24415/9789087280925 Language: English
Publisher: Leiden University Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 100449
Subject: Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2017-03-18 11:01:19
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Abu ‘Abdollâh’ Jafar ibn Mohammad Rudaki (c. 880 CE-941 CE) was a poet to the Samanid court which ruled much of Khorâsân (northeastern Persia) from its seat in Bukhara. He is widely regarded as the father of Persian poetry, for he was the first major poet to write in New Persian language, following the Arab conquest in the seventh and eighth centuries, which established Islam as the official religion, and made Arabic the predominant literary language in Persian-speaking lands for some two centuries. This book presents Rudaki as the founder of a new poetic aesthetic, which was adopted by subsequent generations of Persian poets. Rudaki is credited with being the first to write in the rubâi form; and many of the images we first encounter in Rudaki’s lines have become staples of Persian poetry.

Keywords

Literature --- Persian poetry --- persia --- poetry

Writing Self, Writing Empire: Chandar Bhan Brahman and the Cultural World of the Indo-Persian State Secretary

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Book Series: South Asia Across the Disciplines ISBN: 9780520286467 9780520961685 Year: Pages: 394 DOI: 10.1525/luminos.3 Language: English
Publisher: University of California Press
Subject: Languages and Literatures --- History
Added to DOAB on : 2016-02-14 11:01:05
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"Writing Self, Writing Empire examines the life, career, and writings of the Mughal state secretary, or munshi, Chandar Bhan Brahman (d. ca. 1670), one of the great Indo-Persian poets and prose stylists of early modern South Asia. Chandar Bhan’s life spanned the reigns of four emperors: Akbar (1556–1605), Jahangir (1605–1627), Shah Jahan (1628–1658), and Aurangzeb ‘Alamgir (1658–1707), the last of the “Great Mughals” whose courts dominated the culture and politics of the subcontinent at the height of the empire’s power, territorial reach, and global influence. Chandar Bhan was a high-caste Hindu who worked for a series of Muslim monarchs and other officials, forming powerful friendships along the way; his experience bears vivid testimony to the pluralistic atmosphere of the Mughal court, particularly during the reign of Shah Jahan, the celebrated builder of the Taj Mahal. But his widely circulated and emulated works also touch on a range of topics central to our understanding of the court’s literary, mystical, administrative, and ethical cultures, while his letters and autobiographical writings provide tantalizing examples of early modern Indo-Persian modes of self-fashioning. Chandar Bhan’s oeuvre is a valuable window onto a crucial, though surprisingly neglected, period of Mughal cultural and political history."

The Persianate World

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ISBN: 9780520972100 9780520300927 Year: Pages: 366 DOI: 10.1525/luminos.64 Language: English
Publisher: University of California Press
Subject: History --- Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2019-05-14 11:21:04
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A world historical exercise in examining ‘out of Asia’ forms of cosmopolitanism, The Persianate World traces the reach and limits of Persian’s usage as a Eurasian lingua franca. From the Balkans via the Caucasus to Bengal, and beyond to the imperial capitals of London, Saint Petersburg and Beijing, the chapters ask how Persian gained its status, maintained it, and finally surrendered it to its many linguistic competitors. Capturing the ‘Persianate’ as process, fourteen essays place transregional Persian in relation to such regional languages as Bengali, Chinese, Turkic, and Punjabi, to trace the expansion and retraction of written ‘Persographia’ between 1400 and 1900.

Creating Standards. Interactions with Arabic script in 12 manuscript cultures

Authors: --- ---
Book Series: Studies in Manuscript Cultures ISSN: 2365-9696 ISBN: 9783110639063 Year: Volume: 16 Pages: 336,00 DOI: 10.1515/9783110639063 Language: English
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2019-06-27 13:08:38
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Manuscript cultures based on Arabic script feature various tendencies in standardisation of orthography, script types and layout. Unlike previous studies, this book steps outside disciplinary and regional boundaries and provides a typological cross-cultural comparison of standardisation processes in twelve Arabic-influenced writing traditions where different cultures, languages and scripts interact. A wide range of case studies give insights into the factors behind uniformity and variation in Judeo-Arabic in Hebrew script, South Palestinian Christian Arabic, New Persian, Aljamiado of the Spanish Moriscos, Ottoman Turkish, a single multilingual Ottoman manuscript, Sino-Arabic in northwest China, Malay Jawi in the Moluccas, Kanuri and Hausa in Nigeria, Kabyle in Algeria, and Ethiopian Fidäl script as used to transliterate Arabic. One of the findings of this volume is that different domains of manuscript cultures have distinct paths of standardisation, so that orthography tends to develop its own standardisation principles irrespective of norms applied to layout and script types. This book will appeal to readers interested in manuscript studies, sociolinguistics, literacy studies, and history of writing.

A Fire of Lilies

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Book Series: Iranian Studies Series ISBN: 9789087283292 9789400603509 Year: DOI: 10.24415/9789087283292 Language: English
Publisher: Leiden University Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 103894
Subject: Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-12 11:21:03
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This book examines the role of Persian literature in politics in the tumultuous period of Iranian history from 1950 to 2000, illustrating how intellectuals used poetry, plays, novels and short stories to comment on socio-political developments. The unique aspect of the book is its strong empirical perspective as it analyses how Persian intellectuals dealt with sensor, suppression, imprisonment, exile and even execution for the sake of expression of free speech. Karimi-Hakkak’s methodology is also unique as he applies theoretical perspectives of various disciplines to produce a multi-faceted work, which provide the reader with a concise socio-political history based on the interaction between literature and politics.‘A Fire of Lilies’ will therefore make a significant contribution to the research on modern Persian literature as well as literary historiography.

Cultural Crossroads in the Middle East

Authors: --- ---
Book Series: Studia Orientalia Tartuensia. Series Nova ISBN: 9789949031764 Year: Pages: 349 Language: English
Publisher: University of Tartu Press
Subject: Political Science --- Social Sciences --- Religion --- History --- Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2019-11-26 11:21:03
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The region of the Middle East has been called the cradle of mankind. This volume studies historical, cultural, religious, social and political legacies, which play a central role in obstructing intercultural dialogue in the Middle East. The region became home to numerous cultures, religions and ethnicities with long experience of living together in a multicultural environment and has an immense impact on the entire human civilization as first human civilizations were born there. Today, more than 50% of world population follow Abrahamic religions (e.g. Christianity, Islam, Judaism), which have their roots in the Middle East. This book focuses on multiple topics related to the Middle East, including ancient history, the religion and mythology of the Ancient Near Eastern regions, Arabic, Persian and Islamic studies, Persian, Turkish and Arab literature, as well as modern Middle Eastern issues related to politics, security, society and the economy. The volume includes papers by Amar Annus, Tanja Dibou, Peeter Espak, Yoel Guzansky, Ingrida Kleinhofa, Jaan Lahe, Lidia Leontjeva, Aynura Mahmudova, Yossi Mann, Kobi Michael, Holger Mölder, Limor Nobel-Konig, Üllar Peterson, Itamar Rickover, Vladimir Sazonov and Krzyztof Ulanowski.

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