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Arctic Mineral Resources. Science and Technology

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ISBN: 9783038978244 9783038978251 Year: Pages: 432 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-825-1 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-04-25 16:37:17
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Abstract

The Arctic zone of the Earth is a major source of mineral and other natural resources for the future development of science and technology. It contains a large supply of strategic mineral deposits, including rare earths, copper, phosphorus, niobium, platinum-group elements, and other critical metals. The continued melting of the sea ice due to climate change makes these resources more accessible than ever before. However, the mineral exploration in the Arctic has always been a challenge due to the climatic restrictions, remote location, and vulnerability of Arctic ecosystems. This book covers a broad range of topics related to the problem of Arctic mineral resources, including geological, geochemical, and mineralogical aspects of their occurrence and formation; chemical technologies; and environmental and economic problems related to mineral exploration. The contributions can be tentatively classified into four major types: geodynamics and metallogeny, mineralogy and petrology, mineralogy and crystallography, and mining and chemical technologies associated with the exploration of mineral deposits and the use of raw materials for manufacturing new products. The book can be of interest for all those interested in Arctic issues and especially in Arctic mineral resources and associated problems of mineralogy, geology, geochemistry, and technology.

Keywords

forsterite --- typochemistry --- crystal structure --- Kovdor phoscorite–carbonatite complex --- pyrochlore supergroup minerals --- typochemistry --- crystal structure --- Kovdor phoscorite-carbonatite complex --- pyrrhotite --- chalcopyrite --- pentlandite --- cobaltpentlandite --- typochemistry --- crystal structure --- Kovdor phoscorite-carbonatite complex --- shkatulkalite --- titanosilicate --- crystal structure --- Kola Peninsula --- Lovozero alkaline massif --- transformation mineral species --- vuonnemite --- titanium --- niobium --- heap leaching --- bacterial leaching --- cryomineralogenesis --- low-grade copper-nickel ore --- raw materials --- apatite-nepheline-titanite ore --- sulfuric-acidic decomposition --- titanyl sulfate --- hydrothermal synthesis --- ivanyukite --- batievaite-(Y) --- hainite-(Y) --- titanosilicate --- rinkite group minerals --- Kola Peninsula --- Sakharjok massif --- Keivy alkaline province --- transformation mineral species --- vanadium mineralization --- mineralogy --- Paleoproterozoic --- Kola region --- Arctic zone --- Fennoscandian Shield --- zircon --- macrocrysts --- kimberlite --- trace elements --- geochronology --- cathodoluminescence --- Ti-in-zircon geothermometry --- antigorite --- ore dressing tailings --- mechanical activation --- alkali-activated binder --- Yenisei-Khatanga basin --- Siberian craton --- Arctic --- oil --- gas --- petroleum potential --- geodynamics --- apatite --- Khibiny --- apatite-nepheline deposit --- phase diagram apatite-nepheline-diopside --- silicocarbonatite --- melteigite --- calcite --- nepheline --- zeolite group minerals --- garnet --- crystal fractionation --- Breivikbotn --- Northern Norway --- saponite-containing waters --- diamond processing plants --- cryogenic treatment --- electrochemical separation --- saponite product applications --- U mineralization --- hydrothermal deposits --- U-Pb --- Rb-Sr --- Kola region --- evolution of the composition --- basic rocks --- Precambrian --- search of trend differences --- geodynamic evolution --- metallogeny --- beryllium minerals --- chemical composition --- mineral data --- alkaline rocks --- granite --- pegmatites --- hydrothermal veins --- Kola Peninsula --- Plume --- LIP --- PGE --- Palaeoproterozoic --- mafic intrusion --- U-Pb --- isotopes --- PGE --- South Reef --- West-Pana intrusion --- Fedorova-Pana Complex --- zircon dating --- U-Pb --- Khibiny promising structures --- conductive layers --- MHD-source “Khibiny”, Pechenga structure --- Kola Peninsula --- greenstone belt --- gold --- Kola Peninsula --- Northern Karelia --- rock alteration --- n/a

New Results and Advances in PGE Mineralogy in Ni-Cu-Cr-PGE Ore Systems

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ISBN: 9783039217168 9783039217175 Year: Pages: 228 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-717-5 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-09 16:39:37
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Abstract

The book (Special Issue) presents impressive new results related to a wide spectrum of occurrences of platinum-group minerals (PGM) and natural compounds enriched in platinum-group elements (PGE), which are associated with various complexes and deposits, such as Uralian-Alaskan-type complexes, layered intrusions and placers. The geographical locations of the involved deposits and complexes include, on a truly international scale, different areas of the Urals, Western and Eastern Sayans and Gornaya Shoria in Siberia, Southern Central Asian Orogenic Belt in China, Northern Michigan, USA, South Africa and Zimbabwe, etc. Of particular interest is the first description of a new species of PGM, thalhammerite (approved by the Commission on New Minerals, Nomenclature and Classification of the International Mineralogical Association), which is a new species of palladium-silver sulfobismuthide discovered in the Noril’sk region of Russia. Additionally, comprehensive reviews, on compositional variations in Pt–Fe alloy minerals and processes of transformations of PGM in exogenic environments, are presented which will also attract attention from international readers.

Keywords

platinum-group elements --- platinum-group minerals --- PGE alloys --- chromian spinel --- schemes of substitution --- Ti- and REE-rich inclusions --- Sisim placer zone --- Lysanskiy complex --- Eastern Sayans --- Russia --- platinum-group elements --- gold --- platinum-group minerals --- placer deposits --- ophiolite complexes --- western Sayans --- Russia --- thalhammerite --- platinum-group mineral --- Pd9Ag2Bi2S4 phase --- reflectance data --- X-ray-diffraction data --- crystal structure --- Komsomolsky mine --- Talnakh deposit --- Noril’sk region --- Russia --- chromitite --- platinum group minerals --- primary inclusions --- ophiolite --- Alaskan-type complex. --- Urals --- Russia --- Alaskan-type complex --- Central Asian Orogenic Belt --- PGM --- PGE mineralization --- Bushveld Complex --- South Africa --- Great Dyke --- Zimbabwe --- platinum-group minerals --- primary ores --- oxide ores --- placers --- allogenic --- authigenic --- Echo Lake --- Midcontinent --- palladium --- platinum --- magnetite --- gabbro --- platinum-group elements --- platinum-group minerals --- Pt–Fe alloys --- compositional variations --- element substitutions --- placer deposits --- ore mineralization --- ultramafic-mafic complexes --- Ural Platinum belt --- Ural-Alaskan massif --- Svetloborsky massif --- placer system --- platinum group elements --- platinum group minerals --- platiniferous tetra-auricupride --- Pt-for-Au substitution --- platinum --- gold --- ophiolite --- Bolshoy Khailyk placer --- western Sayans --- Russia --- platinum-group elements --- gold --- platinum-group minerals --- placer deposits --- micrometric inclusions --- Gornaya Shoria --- Siberia --- Russia --- n/a

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MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (2)


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CC by-nc-nd (2)


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english (2)


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2019 (2)