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China's Energy Revolution in the Context of the Global Energy Transition

Book Series: Advances in Oil and Gas Exploration & Production ISBN: 9783030401542 Year: Pages: 700 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-40154-2 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Environmental Technology --- Agriculture (General) --- Geology --- Earth Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2020-06-16 23:59:04
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This open access book is an encyclopaedic analysis of the current and future energy system of the world’s most populous country and second biggest economy. What happens in China impacts the planet. In the past 40 years China has achieved one of the most remarkable economic growth rates in history. Its GDP has risen by a factor of 65, enabling 850,000 people to rise out of poverty. Growth on this scale comes with consequences. China is the world’s biggest consumer of primary energy and the world’s biggest emitter of CO2 emissions. Creating a prosperous and harmonious society that delivers economic growth and a high quality of life for all will require radical change in the energy sector, and a rewiring of the economy more widely. In China’s Energy Revolution in the Context of the Global Energy Transition, a team of researchers from the Development Research Center of the State Council of China and Shell International examine how China can revolutionise its supply and use of energy. They examine the entire energy system: coal, oil, gas, nuclear, renewables and new energies in production, conversion, distribution and consumption. They compare China with case studies and lessons learned in other countries. They ask which technology, policy and market mechanisms are required to support the change and they explore how international cooperation can smooth the way to an energy revolution in China and across the world. And, they create and compare scenarios on possible pathways to a future energy system that is low-carbon, affordable, secure and reliable. ;

Civil Engineering and Symmetry

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9783039210022 9783039210039 Year: Pages: 198 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-003-9 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General) --- General and Civil Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2019-06-26 08:44:06
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A topic of utmost importance in civil engineering is finding optimal solutions throughout the life cycle of buildings and infrastructural objects, including their design, manufacturing, use, and maintenance. Operational research, management science, and optimization methods provide a consistent and applicable groundwork for engineering decision-making. These topics have received the interest of researchers and, after a rigorous peer-review process, eight papers have been published in this Special Issue. The articles in this Printed Edition demonstrate how solutions in civil engineering, which bring economic, social, and environmental benefits, are obtained through a variety of methodologies and tools. Usually, decision-makers need to take into account not just a single criterion, but several different criteria and, therefore, multi-criteria decision-making (MCDM) approaches have been suggested for application in five of the published papers; the rest of the papers apply other research methods. Most approaches suggested decision models under uncertainty, proposing hybrid MCDM methods in combination with fuzzy or rough set theory, as well as D-numbers. The application areas of the proposed MCDM techniques mainly cover production/manufacturing engineering, logistics and transportation, and construction engineering and management. We hope that a summary of the Special Issue as provided here will encourage a detailed analysis of the papers included in the Printed Edition.

Structural Prognostics and Health Management in Power & Energy Systems

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
ISBN: 9783039217663 9783039217670 Year: Pages: 218 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-767-0 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2020-01-30 16:39:46
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The idea of preparing an Energies Special Issue on “Structural Prognostics and Health Management in Power & Energy Systems” is to compile information on the recent advances in structural prognostics and health management (SPHM). Continued improvements on SPHM have been made possible through advanced signature analysis, performance degradation assessment, as well as accurate modeling of failure mechanisms by introducing advanced mathematical approaches/tools. Through combining deterministic and probabilistic modeling techniques, research on SPHM can provide assurance for new structures at a design stage and ensure construction integrity at a fabrication phase. Specifically, power and energy system failures occur under multiple sources of uncertainty/variability resulting from load variations in usage, material properties, geometry variations within tolerances, and other uncontrolled variations. Thus, advanced methods and applications for theoretical, numerical, and experimental contributions that address these issues on SPHM are desired and expected, which attempt to prevent overdesign and unnecessary inspection and provide tools to enable a balance between safety and economy to be achieved. This Special Issue has attracted submissions from China, USA, Portugal, and Italy. A total of 26 submissions were received and 11 articles finally published.

Keywords

prognostics --- residual useful life --- similarity-based approach --- supporting vector machine (SVM) --- reliability --- non-probabilistic reliability index --- sensitivity analysis --- techno-economic assessments --- life cycle cost --- vibration transmission mechanism --- underground powerhouse --- lateral-river vibration --- low frequency tail fluctuation --- rotation of hydraulic generator --- vertical axis wind turbine --- structural health monitoring --- operational modal analysis --- stochastic subspace identification --- vibration test --- offshore structures --- oil and gas platforms --- offshore wind turbines --- retrofitting activities --- renewable energy --- dynamic analysis --- wind and wave analysis --- dynamic analysis of the structure --- wave–structure interaction (WSI) --- probabilistic analyses of stochastic processes and frequency --- data-driven --- machine learning --- deep learning --- DNN --- prognostic and Health Management --- lithium-ion battery --- wind turbines --- health monitoring --- fault detection --- optimized deep belief networks --- supervisory control and data acquisition system --- multioperation condition --- wind turbine blade --- full-scale static test --- neural networks --- strain prediction --- dynamic fuzzy reliability analysis --- extremum surface response method --- weighted regression --- turbine blisk --- fuzzy safety criterion --- lithium-ion battery --- remaining useful life --- regeneration phenomenon --- wavelet decomposition --- NAR neural network --- empirical mode decomposition --- analysis mode decomposition --- analysis-empirical mode decomposition --- mode mixing --- sifting stop criterion

Modeling and Simulation of Energy Systems

Author:
ISBN: 9783039215188 9783039215195 Year: Pages: 496 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-519-5 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General) --- General and Civil Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-09 11:49:16
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Energy Systems Engineering is one of the most exciting and fastest growing fields in engineering. Modeling and simulation plays a key role in Energy Systems Engineering because it is the primary basis on which energy system design, control, optimization, and analysis are based. This book contains a specially curated collection of recent research articles on the modeling and simulation of energy systems written by top experts around the world from universities and research labs, such as Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Yale University, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, National Energy Technology Laboratory of the US Department of Energy, University of Technology Sydney, McMaster University, Queens University, Purdue University, the University of Connecticut, Technical University of Denmark, the University of Toronto, Technische Universität Berlin, Texas A&M, the University of Pennsylvania, and many more. The key research themes covered include energy systems design, control systems, flexible operations, operational strategies, and systems analysis. The addressed areas of application include electric power generation, refrigeration cycles, natural gas liquefaction, shale gas treatment, concentrated solar power, waste-to-energy systems, micro-gas turbines, carbon dioxide capture systems, energy storage, petroleum refinery unit operations, Brayton cycles, to name but a few.

Keywords

cogeneration --- process integration --- solar energy --- thermal storage --- desalination --- optimization --- naphtha recovery unit --- statistical model --- simulation --- optimization --- concentrating solar thermal --- CST --- concentrating solar power --- CSP --- parabolic trough --- PTC --- thermal storage --- industrial process heat --- hybrid solar --- power plants --- supervisory control --- dynamic simulation --- dynamic optimization --- optimal control --- post-combustion CO2 capture --- energy efficiency --- time-varying operation --- shale gas condensate --- process synthesis and design --- shale gas condensate-to-heavier liquids --- technoeconomic analysis --- supercritical carbon dioxide --- recompression cycle --- combined cycle --- efficiency --- organic Rankine cycle --- exergy loss --- second law efficiency --- auto thermal reformer --- palladium membrane hydrogen separation --- polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cell (PEMFC) --- multi-loop control --- nonsmooth modeling --- process simulation --- DMR liquefaction processes --- fuel cost minimization problem --- FCMP --- piecewise-linear function generation --- linearization --- natural gas transportation --- compressor modeling --- compressibility factor --- isentropic exponent --- friction factor --- demand response --- energy management --- energy storage --- optimal battery operation --- battery degradation --- micro gas turbine --- modelling --- diagnostics, gas path analysis, analysis by synthesis --- circulating fluidized bed boiler --- refuse derived fuel --- waste to energy --- dynamic modeling --- process control --- dynamic modeling --- process control --- load-following --- supercritical pulverized coal (SCPC) --- cycling --- time-delay --- smith predictor --- energy systems --- modeling and simulation --- multi-scale systems engineering --- sustainable process design --- energy economics --- top-down models --- hybrid Life Cycle Assessment --- oil and gas --- offshore wind --- combined cycle --- hybrid system --- kriging --- multi-objective optimisation --- solar PV --- wind power --- life cycle analysis --- energy storage --- multiphase equilibrium --- RK-ASPEN --- methyl-oleate --- biodiesel --- supercritical CO2 --- WHENS --- work and heat integration --- building blocks --- superstructure --- MINLP --- absorption refrigeration --- H2O-LiBr working pair --- double-effect system --- cost optimization --- nonlinear mathematical programming --- Organic Rankine Cycle (ORC) --- geothermal energy --- binary cycle --- R245fa --- R123 --- mixture ratio --- Dieng --- Indonesia --- modeling --- simulation --- energy --- energy systems --- process systems engineering --- optimization --- process design --- operations

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