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Nuclear physics for cultural heritage

ISBN: 9782759820917 Language: English
Publisher: EDP SCIENCES
Subject: Biology
Added to DOAB on : 2016-10-07 15:10:21
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Nuclear physics applications in medicine and energy are well known and widely reported. Less well known are the many important nuclear and related techniques used for the study, characterization, assessment and preservation of cultural heritage. There has been enormous progress in this field in recent years and the current review aims to provide the public with a popular and accessible account of this work.The Nuclear Physics Division of the EPS represents scientists from all branches of nuclear physics across Europe. One of its aims is the dissemination of knowledge about nuclear physics and its applications. This review is led by Division board member Anna Macková, Head of the Tandetron Laboratory at the Nuclear Physics Institute of the Czech Academy of Sciences, and the review committee includes four other members of the nuclear physics board interested in this area: Faiçal Azaiez, Johan Nyberg, Eli Piasetzky and Douglas MacGregor. To create a truly authoritative account, the Scientific Editors have invited contributions from leading experts across Europe, and this publication is the combined result of their work.The review is extensively illustrated with important discoveries and examples from archaeology, pre-history, history, geography, culture, religion and curation, which underline the breadth and importance of this field. The large number of groups and laboratories working in the study and preservation of cultural heritage across Europe indicate the enormous effort and importance attached by society to this activity.

Perspectives on Nuclear Medicine for Molecular Diagnosis and Integrated Therapy

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9784431558927 9784431558941 Year: Pages: 326 DOI: 10.1007/978-4-431-55894-1 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Internal medicine
Added to DOAB on : 2016-06-08 17:37:22
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​This work is devoted to understanding the recent advances in nuclear medicine and molecular imaging technologies along with their application to integrated medical therapy and future drug development. This anthology is based on the international symposium in 2015 entitled “Perspective on Nuclear Medicine for Molecular Diagnosis and Integrated Therapy. “The symposium provided an opportunity to exchange ideas on how to promote nuclear medicine technology and how to extend the technology to medical therapy and drug development, and was also a good opportunity to discuss the future perspective of nuclear medicine and molecular imaging by worldwide leaders in the field. Molecular imaging technologies have been rapidly developed worldwide in recent years. Among those developments, nuclear medicine has come to play an important role in quantitative analysis of biological process in vivo as well as in wide clinical use. With the current progress of nuclear medicine and molecular imaging, this modality has been applied for treatment monitoring and predicting its outcome with the use of optimal imaging biomarkers and suitable quantitative analysis. Truly, a new era has arrived with clinical use of nuclear medicine and molecular imaging for personalized medicine.This volume will benefit a wide variety of researchers in life science including those working in drug development, molecular imaging, and medical therapy as well as physicians who utilize diagnostic imaging.

Resilience: A New Paradigm of Nuclear Safety: From Accident Mitigation to Resilient Society Facing Extreme Situations

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ISBN: 9783319587677 9783319587684 Year: Pages: 356 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-58768-4 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Technology (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2017-11-24 15:37:45
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This book summarizes presentations and discussions from the two-day international workshop held at UC Berkeley in March 2015, and derives questions to be addressed in multi-disciplinary research toward a new paradigm of nuclear safety. The consequences of the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear accident in March 2011 have fuelled the debate on nuclear safety: while there were no casualties due to radiation, there was substantial damage to local communities. The lack of common understanding of the basics of environmental and radiological sciences has made it difficult for stakeholders to develop effective strategies to accelerate recovery, and this is compounded by a lack of effective decision-making due to the eroded public trust in the government and operators. Recognizing that making a society resilient and achieving higher levels of safety relies on public participation in and feedback on decision-making, the book focuses on risk perception and mitigation in its discussion of the development of resilient communities.

A Nuclear Refrain

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9781950192618 9781950192625 Year: Pages: 146 DOI: 10.21983/P3.0271.1.00 Language: English
Publisher: punctum books
Subject: Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-13 11:21:03
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"A Nuclear Refrain is a spatial fiction that critiques the &#xD;policy of nuclear deterrence, the concept of Mutually Assured &#xD;Destruction, and the UK’s decision to replace its Vanguard submarines, &#xD;so-called Trident replacement. We challenge that decision via extending &#xD;our geographical imaginations into the past, present, and future. Noting&#xD; the more usual economic, moral, and strategic objections to Trident and&#xD; its replacement, A Nuclear Refrain considers the issues from &#xD;less familiar perspectives: the emotional and embodied, empire and the &#xD;establishment, and the impact on democratic potentialities.&#xD;Set against the authors’ ongoing participation in extensive public &#xD;protests against the UK’s decision to replace Trident in 2016, A Nuclear Refrain&#xD; disrupts familiar academic and policy forms of writing. It is “an &#xD;uncomfortable hybrid between academia and fiction,” intent on &#xD;discomfiting the reader to spur the radical reimagining of a world &#xD;profoundly shaped by the threat of nuclear weapons. Inspired by author &#xD;and social critic Charles Dickens, this book draws on the form of A Christmas Carol.&#xD; Transported by “ghosts” of the nuclear past, present and future, a &#xD;pro-Trident British policy maker, the Right Honourable Roger C. &#xD;Bezeeneos, has his perceptions sorely challenged. But will Roger allow &#xD;his feelings to influence his decision-making? Will he recognize the &#xD;yearning for empire-lost that mobilizes the British establishment? And &#xD;will he admit the limiting of political participation that a commitment &#xD;to nuclear deterrence determines? It’s your call, Roger."&#xD;

A History of Radionuclide Studies in the UK: 50th Anniversary of the British Nuclear Medicine Society

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9783319286235 9783319286242 Year: Pages: 152 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-28624-2 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Internal medicine
Added to DOAB on : 2017-02-21 14:14:57
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The British Nuclear Medicine Society celebrates its 50th Anniversary with this booklet, which reflects the research of many of the pioneers in the use of radionuclides for the diagnosis and therapy of human disease. Since 1949 there have been remarkable advances in radionuclide techniques and imaging equipment: from the first devices “home-made” in the many physics departments throughout the UK, to the sophisticated multimodality imagers now in everyday use in Nuclear Medicine. The BNMS has been instrumental in promoting the use of radionuclide techniques in the investigation of pathology by supporting and providing education, research and guidelines on the optimum use of radiation to help patients. The future of Nuclear Medicine is bright, thanks to improved imaging resolution, new radiopharmaceuticals, and new diagnostic and therapeutic techniques and procedures.

Viral Interactions with the Nucleus

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Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889452477 Year: Pages: 124 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88945-247-7 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Science (General) --- Microbiology
Added to DOAB on : 2018-02-27 16:16:44
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Viruses cause numerous medically important diseases, affecting developing, developed, rich and poor alike. The diseases vary in severity, including chickenpox, smallpox, influenza, shingles, herpes, rabies, polio, Ebola, hanta fever, AIDS and the common cold, amongst others. Regardless of the type of tissue or organ affected, all viruses follow the same basic steps to infect host cells. Once in contact with host cells viruses release their genetic material into the cell followed by genome replication, production of viral proteins, assembly of the virus particle and egress from the infected cell. Viruses disrupt normal host cell processes in order to facilitate their own replication/assembly by re-directing cellular machinery for viral transcription, translation, assembly, release and by inhibiting antiviral responses. Regulated nuclear transport of macromolecules through the nuclear pore complex, the only means of transport across the nuclear membrane, is essential for normal cell function and an effective antiviral response. Many viruses disrupt or exploit the nucleocytoplasmic trafficking pathways in host cells. Cytoplasmic viruses exploit the host cell nucleocytoplasmic trafficking machinery to access nuclear functions and/or disrupt nuclear transport, while several DNA viruses use the trafficking pathways to enable export of their components into the cytoplasm; yet others complete their assembly within the nucleus and use nuclear export pathways to access the cytoplasm. Indeed, the many and varied interactions of viruses and viral proteins with nucleocytoplasmic trafficking components have been invaluable in pathway discovery. Importantly, mounting evidence suggests that these interactions play essential roles in virus replication/assembly and hence may be key to understanding pathophysiology of viral diseases. This Frontiers Research Topic is dedicated to the importance of nucleocytoplasmic trafficking to viral pathogenesis.

International Cooperation for Enhancing Nuclear Safety, Security, Safeguards and Non-proliferation–60 Years of IAEA and EURATOM: Proceedings of the XX Edoardo Amaldi Conference, Accademia Nazionale dei Lincei, Rome, Italy, October 9-10, 2017

Authors: --- ---
Book Series: Springer Proceedings in Physics ISSN: 0930-8989 ISBN: 9783662573655 9783662573662 Year: Volume: 206 Pages: 220 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-662-57366-2 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Grant: European Commission
Subject: Nuclear Physics
Added to DOAB on : 2018-06-29 11:14:44
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This open access book examines key aspects of international cooperation to enhance nuclear safety, security, safeguards, and non-proliferation, thereby assisting in development and maintenance of the verification regime and fostering progress toward a nuclear weapon-free world. The book opens by addressing important political, institutional, and legal dimensions. Current challenges are discussed and attempts made to identify possible solutions and future improvements. Subsequent sections consider scientific developments that have the potential to increase the effectiveness of implementation of international regimes, particularly in critical areas, technology foresight, and the ongoing evaluation of current capabilities. The closing sections examine scientific and technical challenges and discuss the role of international cooperation and actions of the scientific community in leading the world toward peace and security. The book – which celebrates 60 years of IAEA Atoms for Peace and Development and the EURATOM Treaty – comprises contributions presented at the XX Edoardo Amaldi Conference, where eminent scientists, diplomats, and policymakers were able to compare national perspectives and update international collaborations.

Centrales nucléaires et environnement - Prélèvements d'eau et rejets

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9782759809134 Year: Pages: 258 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_519657 Language: French
Publisher: EDP SCIENCES
Subject: Mathematics
Added to DOAB on : 2014-07-31 09:06:00
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Environment, nuclear power Plant, pollution, rejection, water

Exercises with Solutions in Radiation Physics

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ISBN: 9783110442069 9783110433739 Year: Pages: 278 DOI: 10.2478/9783110442069 Language: English
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: Physics (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2015-08-11 09:17:28
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The textbook begins with exercises related to radioactive sources and decay schemes. The problems covered include series decay and how to determine the frequency and energy of emitted particles in disintegrations. The next chapter deals with the interaction of ionizing radiation, including the treatment of photons and charged particles. The main focus is on applications based on the knowledge of interaction, to be used in subsequent work and courses. The textbook then examines detectors and measurements, including both counting statistics and properties of pulse detectors. The chapter that follows is dedicated to dosimetry, which is a major subject in medical radiation physics. It covers theoretical applications, such as different equilibrium situations and cavity theories, as well as experimental dosimetry, including ionization chambers and solid state and liquid dosimeters. A shorter chapter deals with radiobiology, where different cell survival models are considered. The last chapter concerns radiation protection and health physics. Both radioecology and radiation shielding calculations are covered. The textbook includes tables to simplify the solutions of the exercises, but the reader is mainly referred to important websites for importing necessary data.

Grappling with the Bomb

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Book Series: Pacific Series ISBN: 9781760461379 9781760461386 Year: DOI: 10.22459/GB.09.2017 Language: English
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: Environmental Sciences --- Sociology --- Medicine (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2017-11-14 11:01:50
License: ANU Press

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Grappling with the Bomb is a history of Britain’s 1950s program to test the hydrogen bomb, code name Operation Grapple. In 1957–58, nine atmospheric nuclear tests were held at Malden Island and Christmas Island—today, part of the Pacific nation of Kiribati. Nearly 14,000 troops travelled to the central Pacific for the UK nuclear testing program—many are still living with the health and environmental consequences. Based on archival research and interviews with nuclear survivors, Grappling with the Bomb presents i-Kiribati woman Sui Kiritome, British pacifist Harold Steele, businessman James Burns, Fijian sailor Paul Ah Poy, English volunteers Mary and Billie Burgess and many other witnesses to Britain’s nuclear folly.

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