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Migration from the Middle East and North Africa to Europe: Past Developments, Current Status and Future Potentials

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ISBN: 9789089646507 Year: DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_496763 Language: Undetermined
Publisher: Amsterdam University Press
Subject: History --- Migration
Added to DOAB on : 2014-08-12 11:01:16
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One of the most important challenges concerning the future of the European Union is the demographic reproduction of the European population. Decreasing birth-rates and the retirement of the baby boomers will dramatically reduce the labour force in the EU, which will entail not only a lack of manpower but also lower contributions to European social systems. It seems clear that the EU will have to counterbalance this population decrease by immigration in the coming years. Migration Between the Middle East, North Africa and Europe takes this challenge as a point of departure for analysing the MENA region, in particular Morocco, Egypt and Turkey, as a possible source of future migration to the European Union. At the same time, it illustrates the uncertainties implied in such calculations, especially at a time of radical political changes, such as those brought about by the Arab Uprising.

Society, Law, and Culture in the Middle East. “Modernities” in the Making

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ISBN: 9783110439755 9783110470642 Year: Pages: 176 DOI: 10.1515/9783110439755 Language: English
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: Sociology --- History
Added to DOAB on : 2016-01-06 13:27:03
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Society, Law, and Culture in the Middle East: “Modernities” in the Making is an edited volume that seeks to deepen and broaden our understanding of various forms of change in Middle Eastern and North African societies during the Ottoman period. It offers an in-depth analysis of reforms and gradual change in the longue durée, challenging the current discourse on the relationship between society, culture, and law. The focus of the discussion shifts from an external to an internal perspective, as agency transitions from “the West” to local actors in the region. Highlighting the ongoing interaction between internal processes and external stimuli, and using primary sources in Arabic and Ottoman Turkish, the authors and editors bring out the variety of modernities that shaped south-eastern Mediterranean history. The first part of the volume interrogates the urban elite household, the main social, political, and economic unit of networking in Ottoman societies. The second part addresses the complex relationship between law and culture, looking at how the legal system, conceptually and practically, undergirded the socio-cultural aspects of life in the Middle East. Society, Law, and Culture in the Middle East consists of eleven chapters, written by well-established and younger scholars working in the field of Middle East and Islamic Studies. The editors, Dror Ze'evi and Ehud R. Toledano, are both leading historians, who have published extensively on Middle Eastern societies in the Ottoman and post-Ottoman periods.

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Book Series: Politik und Gesellschaft des Nahen Ostens ISBN: 9783658311605 Year: Pages: 287 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-658-31160-5 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Political Science --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2020-11-19 00:20:09
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This edited volume is an open access title and assembles both the historical consciousness and transformation of the MENA region in various disciplinary and topical facets. At the same time, it aims to go beyond the MENA region, contributing to critical debates on area studies while pointing out transregional and cultural references in a broad and comparative manner.

Social accountability, citizenship and social protection in the MENA region: exploring the linkages (Book chapter)

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ISBN: 9781786431981 9781786431998 Year: Pages: 23 DOI: 10.4337/9781786431998 Language: English
Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing
Subject: Sociology --- Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2019-11-28 12:01:00
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This book presents a state of the art in the developing field of social policy in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region. It offers an up-to-date conceptual analysis of social policy programmes and discourses in the MENA region by critically reviewing the range of social insurance and social assistance schemes that are currently in existence there. It also analyses and offers suggestions on which of these policies can positively impact the region’s advancement in terms of human development and in addressing social and economic inequalities and exclusion.

Discussing Borders, Escaping Traps

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ISBN: 9783830940456 Year: Pages: 230 DOI: https://doi.org/10.31244/9783830990451 Language: english
Publisher: Waxmann Verlag
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2020-10-29 14:04:58
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We live in strange times. Old borders are vanishing just before our astonished eyes, while new ones are rapidly emerging. Nearly three decades after the publication of Francis Fukuyama’s The End of History and the Last Man, the zeitgeist that predicted a bright future for mankind to a large extent turned out to be rather more of a dystopia. Crises in and outside Europe multiplied the number of border controls, triggered the construction of walls and fences and widened ideological gaps. The book Discussing Borders, Escaping Traps is a transdisciplinary and transspatial approach to investigating these vanishing, emerging and changing material and immaterial borders. It is the result of a two-year project by AreaS, a research group in area studies located at Østfold University College in Norway, and by partners of AreaS.

Across the Sahara

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ISBN: 9783030001452 Year: Pages: 260 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-00145-2 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Economics --- History --- Geography --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2020-09-23 00:07:20
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This open access book provides a multi-perspective approach to the caravan trade in the Sahara during the 19th century. Based on travelogues from European travelers, recently found Arab sources, historical maps and results from several expeditions, the book gives an overview of the historical periods of the caravan trade as well as detailed information about the infrastructure which was necessary to establish those trade networks. Included are a variety of unique historical and recent maps as well as remote sensing images of the important trade routes and the corresponding historic oases. To give a deeper understanding of how those trading networks work, aspects such as culturally influenced concepts of spatial orientation are discussed. The book aims to be a useful reference for the caravan trade in the Sahara, that can be recommended both to students and to specialists and researchers in the field of Geography, History and African Studies.

Realizing Islam

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ISBN: 9781469660844 9781469660844 Year: Pages: 307 DOI: 10.5149/9781469660844_Wright Language: English
Publisher: The University of North Carolina Press Grant: Andrew W. Mellon Foundation
Subject: Religion --- History --- Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2020-07-29 23:59:00
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The Tijaniyya is the largest Sufi order in West and North Africa. In this unprecedented analysis of the Tijaniyya's origins and development in the late eighteenth century, Zachary Valentine Wright situates the order within the broader intellectual history of Islam in the early modern period. Introducing the group's founder, Ahmad al-Tijani (1737 - 1815), Wright focuses on the wider network in which al-Tijani traveled, revealing it as a veritable global Islamic revival whose scholars commanded large followings, shared key ideas, and produced literature read widely throughout the Muslim world. They were linked through chains of knowledge transmission from which emerged vibrant discourses of renewal in the face of perceived social and political corruption. Wright argues that this constellation of remarkable Muslim intellectuals, despite the uncertainly of the age, promoted personal verification in religious learning. With distinctive concern for the notions of human actualization and a universal human condition, the Tijaniyya emphasized the importance of the realization of Muslim identity. Since its beginnings in North Africa in the eighteenth century, the Tijaniyya has quietly expanded its influence beyond Africa, with significant populations in the Middle East, Southeast Asia, and North America.

Sediment Transport in Coastal Waters

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ISBN: 9783038978442 9783038978459 Year: Pages: 284 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-845-9 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Science (General) --- Oceanography
Added to DOAB on : 2019-04-25 16:37:17
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The interface of 440,000 km long coastline in the world is subject to global change, with an increasing human pressure (land use, buildings, sand mining, dredging) and increasing population. Improving our knowledge on involved mechanisms and sediment transport processes, monitoring the evolution of sedimentary stocks and anticipating changes in littoral and coastal zones is essential for this purpose. The special issue of Water on “Sediment transport in coastal waters” gathers thirteen papers which introduce the current revolution in the scientific research related to coastal and littoral hydrosedimentary dynamics, and reflect the diversity of concerns on which research in coastal sediment transport is based, and current trends — topics and preferred methods — to address them.

Keywords

suspended sediment --- sediment transport --- coastal hydraulics --- Mekong --- river plume --- monsoon --- mathematical model --- geochemical map --- particle transfer process --- tidal current --- analysis of variance (ANOVA) --- Cluster analysis --- Mahalanobis’ generalized distances --- Seto Inland Sea --- East Coast Low --- nearshore processes --- coastal erosion --- coastal management --- climate change --- numerical modelling --- Southeast Australia --- soil erosion --- SWAT --- water scarcity --- sediment transport modelling --- Tafna catchment --- North Africa --- suspended sediment --- sediment transport --- lagoon --- geochemistry --- Ni mining --- sediment trap --- hydrodynamics --- New Caledonia --- dry season --- Senegal River delta --- Langue de Barbarie spit --- delta vulnerability --- river-mouth migration --- spit breaching --- ERA hindcast waves --- longshore sediment transport --- Vietnam --- South China Sea --- erosion --- recovery --- storminess --- winter monsoon --- typhoons --- shoreline --- waves forcing --- storms --- resilience --- post-storm recovery --- Bight of Benin --- seasonal cycle --- trend --- sand-mud mixture erosion --- numerical modelling --- non-cohesive to cohesive transition --- remote sensing reflectance --- turbidity --- seagrass beds --- bed shear stress --- fresh water runoff --- oceanic water intrusion --- suspended particulate matter --- aggregates --- flocculation --- biomass --- sediment --- turbidity --- remote-sensing --- MODerate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) --- Support Vector Regression (SVR) --- oligotrophic lagoon --- bathymetry --- reflectance --- seabed colour --- coral reef --- New Caledonia --- sediment transport --- cohesive sediments --- non cohesive sediments --- sand --- mud --- coastal erosion --- sedimentation --- morphodynamics --- suspended particulate matter --- bedload

Contemporary Nostalgia

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ISBN: 9783039215560 9783039215577 Year: Pages: 194 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-557-7 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Media and communication
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-09 11:49:15
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Some of the most pressing contemporary issues (ecological crisis, migration and integration, fragmented worldviews, social media, fake news, extremist politics and terrorism) can be understood more profoundly through how they interact with both individual and collective forces of nostalgia. Nostalgia is politics, but these politics are also interwoven with media and culture. Notwithstanding how nostalgia is used or contextualized in terms of politics and social practices, commodification or personal development, its power is primarily situated within its efficacy as a governing, influential human emotion. The vast and luminous contributions to this special issue on contemporary nostalgia are all investigating the role different aesthetic media formats (film, music, literature, computer games) plays in nostalgic negotiations with style, history, migration, love, nationalism, diaspora, irony, modernity, colonial and postcolonial discourses, and adoption. Mutually, these essays stand out as important, original, critical contributions to the expanding field of nostalgia studies and offer a valued insight on our world.

Keywords

nostalgia --- railways --- modernity --- modernism --- American literature --- heritage cinema --- Hollywood --- reflective nostalgia --- restorative nostalgia --- metanostalgia --- nostalgia --- Lars Gustafsson --- poetry --- tropic reinvention --- landscape --- childhood --- imagery --- expatriation --- nostalgia --- Ian McEwan --- Atonement --- ethics --- responsibility --- nostalgia --- contemporary nostalgia --- nostalgic experience --- nostalgic narrative --- narrative modes --- narrative mediation --- reflective nostalgia --- idealisation --- first-person narrative --- Finland-Swedish literature --- Second World War --- North Africa Campaign --- Egypt --- cosmopolitanism --- imperial nostalgia --- colonial nostalgia --- collective memory --- nostalgia --- ostalgia --- Czech film --- Czech history --- normalisation --- post-communism --- Yugonostalgia --- post-Yugoslav music --- the concept of love --- commodification of feelings and memories --- émigré writers --- lost ideal --- nostalgia --- myths --- popular literature --- nostalgia --- video games --- independent style --- retro aesthetics --- historical recreation --- simulation --- nostalgic dystopias --- F. Scott Fitzgerald --- “The Rich Boy” --- Niklas Salmose --- nostalgia --- nostalgic strategies --- text-image relations --- Red Book Magazine --- F.R. Gruger --- illustrations --- advertisements --- media --- intermediality --- transnational adoption --- nostalgia --- motherhood --- autobiography --- Naumann --- Rickardsson --- nostalgia --- Richard Ford --- pastoral --- southern gothic --- grotesque --- memory --- partition --- nation-state --- Foucault --- heterotopia --- India --- Pakistan --- Partition fiction --- refugees --- Nubia --- nostalgic spaces --- displacement --- territory --- disembodied territoriality --- spatial production --- n/a

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